Chinese Government Orders Computer Manufacturers to Pre-install Filtering Software
A Chinese government directive requiring domestic computer manufacturers and manufacturers that export computers to China to pre-install filtering software – “Green Dam Youth Escort” software – was made public on June 8, 2009. Human Rights in China (HRIC) has translated the directive and compiled the following background information on the development and use of the software.
The directive, titled “Notice Regarding Requirements for Pre-Installing Green Filtering Software on Computers,” was issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) on May 19, 2009, and was made available on the software provider’s website on June 8, 2009.
The software was jointly developed by the Beijing Dazheng Human Language Technology Academy Company (北京大正语言知识处理科技有限公司) and the Jinhui Computer System Engineering Company (郑州金惠计算机系统工程有限公司). Under the MIIT’s leadership, the two companies established a working group called Green Online Filtering Software Project Working Team in July 2008.
According to information posted by the Department of Software Service Provider Industry (软件服务业司) [unofficial translation by HRIC] of the MIIT, as of June 1, 2009, there have been 2,170,000 installations of the software in about 80 percent of all elementary and high schools in China.
The following is the directive in the original Chinese and in English translation by HRIC.
Notice Regarding Requirements for Pre-installing Green Filtering Software on Computers
|Translation by Human Rights in China (June 8, 2009)
|Document of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology [MIIT]
|Gong Xin Bu Ruan2  No. 226
|Notification Regarding Requirements for Pre-installing Green Filtering Software on Computers
|To the work units concerned:
|In order to build a green, healthy, and harmonious online environment, and to avoid the effects on and the poisoning of our youth’s minds by harmful information on the Internet, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT), Civilization Office3 of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Central Committee, and Ministry of Finance, in accordance with the Government Procurement Law, have used CCP financial capital to purchase one-year exclusive rights to use “Green Dam Youth Escort” Green Online Filtering Software (hereinafter referred to as “Green Dam Youth Escort”) along with related services so that the whole society may use it free of charge. After comprehensive testing and pilot use, the software has been shown to effectively filter harmful content in text and graphics on the Internet and has already satisfied the conditions for pre-installation by computer manufacturers.
|To achieve further results of the Special Corrective Action Against Vulgarity on the Internet campaign, continue combining punishment and prevention, ensure the healthy growth of minors, and push for the healthy and orderly development of the Internet, according to the overall deployment for the Special Corrective Action Against Vulgarity on the Internet campaign, the following are the specific requests for the pre-installation of green filtering software:
|1. Computers manufactured and sold domestically should have the newest version of “Green Dam Youth Escort” software pre-installed when they leave the factories. Imported computers should have the newest version of “Green Dam Youth Escort” pre-installed before being sold.
|2. “Green Dam Youth Escort” should be pre-installed on the hard drive of the computer or in the form of a CD accompanying the computer. It should also be included in the backup partition and system restore CD.
|3. Providers of “Green Dam Youth Escort” should use active measures to support computer manufacturers in developing pre-installation-related work.
|4. Computer manufacturers and sellers should finish pre-installation tests for “Green Dam Youth Escort” and related work by the end of June 2009. All computers manufactured and sold after July 1, 2009, should have “Green Dam Youth Escort” pre-installed.
|5. In 2009, computer manufacturers and “Green Dam Youth Escort” software providers should report monthly computer sales figures, filtering software pre-installation figures of the previous month, and suggestions to the Department of Software Service Provider Industry of the MIIT; and should, starting in 2010, before the end of each February, report yearly figures for the previous year.
|For all instances of computers that have not had the software pre-installed, late reports, false reports, or refusal to report, MIIT will order the missing reports to be submitted within a specific time frame, or take corrective actions.