On Monday, August 10, in Geneva, a United Nations expert body concluded its dialogue with a Chinese delegation on China’s progress in implementing its obligations under the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (the “Convention”).
In two review and dialogue sessions characterized as constructive, open, and frank by both the Chinese delegation and the expert members of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (the “Committee”), the Chinese government emphasized a “comprehensive” system of law and constitutional provisions that protect the rights of ethnic minorities, and recited numerous statistics regarding economic development in the ethnic regions.
The Committee raised many issues concerning the processes in place for protecting the rights of China’s ethnic minority groups, as well as key systemic problems that impede the protection of these rights. Among the systemic issues raised by the Committee were:
Some specific questions raised by the Committee included:
“The Chinese government has become increasingly sophisticated with the processes and more fluent in the language of the UN human rights system,” said Sharon Hom, executive director of Human Rights in China. “It has to demonstrate that it is implementing protection of rights, and provide relevant and accurate information documenting genuine progress and impact.”
The Committee will issue a final country report on China by the end of August. The Committee is a body of 18 independent experts tasked with monitoring implementation by State parties to the Convention. As a party to the Convention, China is required to report regularly to the Committee on its efforts to pursue, by all appropriate means and without delay, a policy of eliminating racial discrimination in all its forms.
For more information on the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination review of China, see: