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Wang Lihong: A Chronology

November 16, 2011

October 28, 1955

Born into a military cadre’s family in Qingdao, Shandong Province.

September 1963–July 1969

Attended elementary and secondary schools in Beijing.

April 1975–May 1978

“Sent down” to the countryside in Yan’an, northern Shaanxi Province.1

October 1978–July 1982

Studied Chinese language and literature at Yan’an University.

September 1982–May 1991

Worked for the Standing Committee of the Beijing Municipal People’s Congress.

June 1991

Resigned from her government position and went into business.

July 2008

Retired from business and began public interest volunteer work, focusing on women’s rights and participating in citizen reporting.

July 2008

Located, visited, and offered assistance to Wang Jingmei, the mother of Yang Jia.2

End of 2008–February 2010

Followed the case of Guizhou migrant Zhang Xianping. Along with rights defenders Laohu Miao and A’er, started an online movement to raise funds for Zhang’s medical expenses. The effort enabled Zhang to get effective treatment for a 20-year-old leg ailment that had rendered him unable to walk.

April–May 2009

Along with Xu Zhiyong, appealed on behalf of Shandong petitioner Yao Jing, who had been seriously wounded by the staff of the Beijing-based government office of Linyi, Shandong. Facilitated the settlement of a dispute over Yao’s medical and legal expenses.

May 2009

Traveled to Hubei Province with other netizens to support rape victim Deng Yujiao and urged authorities to investigate and prosecute her attackers.

October 2009

Appealed on behalf of Shandong petitioner Li Shulian, who had been “hanged to death,” and on behalf of her family. Also visited Li’s family in Longkou, Shandong Province.

December 2009–June 2010

Wrote 22 letters to Sun Chunlan, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China in Fujian Province, urging her to show concern for the Fujian Three Netizens’ case.

March 19 and April 16, 2010

Traveled to Fujian to support the Three Netizens at the Mawei District People’s Court.

April 2010

Made multiple visits and provided material assistance to Beijing rights defense lawyer Ni Yulan, who has been essentially homeless since being released from prison in 2010. Began an online movement called the “Wang Lihong Compassionate Volunteers Studio” in an effort to reach more netizens willing to do social services volunteering and help raise social awareness. Along with other netizens, visited and offered assistance to artist Yan Zhengxue, who had been imprisoned for “inciting subversion of state power” and released early for medical treatment. Yan was arrested while in the process of creating a sculpture of Lin Zhao, a politically sensitive historical figure.

October 8, 2010–March 2011

Placed under administrative detention for eight days and then detained in a hotel for another eight days for celebrating Liu Xiaobo’s Nobel Peace Prize award. After release, was placed under house arrest for several months.

Early 2011

Forced by authorities to take a ten-day “trip” during which all outside contact with Wang was lost.

March 17, 2011

Traveled to Henan to visit Wang Yi, a netizen ordered to serve Reeducation-Through-Labor, and Tian Xi, an imprisoned HIV patient.

March 21, 2011

Detained on the charge of “picking quarrels and provoking troubles,” leading officials to search her home.

April 21, 2011

Formally arrested on charges of “gathering the masses to disturb traffic.”

August 12, 2011

Tried by Beijing’s Chaoyang District People’s Court for “picking quarrels and provoking troubles.”

September 9, 2011

Sentenced to nine months’ imprisonment. Announced her intention to appeal. Projected release date: December 20, 2011.

Translator’s Notes

1. Mao Zedong initiated a policy of having educated young people from the cities “sent down” to the countryside during the Cultural Revolution, from about 1966 to 1977, for the purpose of ideological reform. ^

2. In October 2007, Yang Jia was detained in Shanghai for riding an unlicensed bicycle and, as he stated in court, was insulted and beaten by police officers. On July 1, 2008, he attacked police at the Zhabei District Substation of the Shanghai Municipal Public Security Bureau, killing six and injuring five. He was arrested and convicted, but received a great deal of public sympathy and became a symbol of public anger over police brutality. He was executed on November 26, 2008. ^

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