The information contained in this summary is based on information collected by HRIC in October and is not intended as a complete list. Rather, it should be viewed as a representation of larger trends of dissent and repression in China.
Flooding trapped nine miners in the Wangda Graphite Mine in Heye Township on October 4. All nine miners were rescued on October 7, after a 74 hour rescue operation that included nearly one hundred people.
Another nine miners were trapped on October 5, when a gas explosion flooded a coalmine in Heilongjiang Province during a routine maintenance operation. Attempts to rescue the trapped miners failed. Nineteen others escaped unharmed. This is the second fatal gas explosion to occur at the Baoxing Coal Mine and the owners were arrested on October 6.
Thirteen people were killed and seven injured in a gas explosion in the state-owned Furong Coal Mine in Yibin, Sichuan Province on October 6. This is the second fatal accident to occur at this coal mine. It was later reported that the 13 victims were prisoners in China's "re-education through labor" system.
Seven miners were trapped and one escaped after a coalmine flooded in Yuxian County in Shanxi Province on October 8.
Twenty-six people died in Hebei Province in various accidents over a period of four days from October 13 to October 17. They include 13 miners in the Longxin Coal Mine, three workers in a collapsed mine in Qinhuangdao City, four miners in Xuandong Coal Mine, and a total of six construction workers in the collapse of buildings in Canzhou and Langfang.
Eight miners were missing after a blast at the Xingwei Coal Mine in Hegang City, Heilongjiang Province on October 15.
The Fengfeng Coal Fields in Handan City caught fire on October 16, trapping 28-eight of the 63 miners working there.
Thirteen people died and 22 were treated in the hospital after a coal mine accident at the Longxin Coal Mine in Hecun Town, Handan City on October 16. Thirteen Another 52 people were rescued from the fire, which was blamed on a faulty electric cable. It was reported that the mine had continued to operate even after it was ordered to stop for safety reasons in December 2005.
Also on October 16, six people suffocated after a fire broke out in an underwear workshop in Gurao Town, Shantou City, Guangdong Province. The victims were three relatives of the workshop owner and three female employees.
Eight people died in a garment factory fire in Zhili Town, Huzhou on October 21. Twenty-four people were rescued. The owner of the factory, Yu Mujun, was later arrested for failing to provide a safe working environment for his employees and operating a clothing factory without the required safety controls.
A collapsed quarry on October 23 in Nanwang Village, Henan Province left three people dead, three missing and seven injured.
A gas explosion at the Xinyu Coal Mine in Baishan City, Jilin Province left 11 miners dead on October 26.
Fourteen miners were killed and six injured in a coal mine blast in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region on October 28.
Also in Xinjiang on October 28, 12 workers were killed in an oil tank explosion. The explosion occurred during antiseptic treatment on the tank, which was under construction in Karamay. In addition to the 12 dead, 12 others were injured and hospitalized, with six released after treatment.
A coal mine gas explosion left 29-nine dead and 19 injured at the Weijiadi Mine in Baiyin City, Gansu Province on October 31.
Seventy-seven sanitation workers went on strike on October 16 because they had not received all of their pay. They resumed work again on October 19.
Soap operas regulated
In early October, the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television announced plans to reduce the number of soap operas that include storylines focusing on extramarital affairs. This decision was made based on the belief that television 
"Uncensored" Internet during Olympic Games
On October 4 it was reported that Li Jingbo, the media services chief of the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games, announced in early October that access to the Internet would be uncensored during the 2008 Olympic Games. He then went on to deny that the Internet is currently censored in China, a publicly documented fact.
Government shuts down Tibetan blog
The government shuttered the blog of a Tibetan woman named Woeser, Human Rights Watch reported on October 9. Formerly an employee of the Tibet Cultural Association, Woeser has published politically sensitive books about Tibet. She started her blog in 2005 because Tibetans did not have access to her books.
Anniversary of arrest of Gang of Four ignored
The 30-year anniversary of the arrest of the Gang of Four was on October 6 this year, but Chinese news media ran no stories on the subject. It is believed that the Chinese government does not want to bring up "sensitive anniversaries," as this could lead to a closer look at recent history.
Author Yan Lianke censored
It was reported on October 9 that the latest book by awarding-winning author Yan Lianke was not published, despite extensive self-censorship done by the author. The story is a satirical account of a blood-selling scandal that occurred in Henan Province. Yan Lianke's works have been banned twice in the past.
Rapper Jay-Z's tour cancelled
Jay-Z was scheduled to perform in Shanghai on October 23, but his show was cancelled halfway through the month. China's Ministry of Culture deemed Jay-z's music "too vulgar."
On October 10, Wikipedia announced that its Web site was now accessible in China. Wikipedia has made headlines for being one of the few major Web sites to not give in to the Chinese government's demands for censorship. At this point, the English-language version is accessible, but the Chinese-language version is not. Additionally, access to "sensitive" articles (such as anything relating to Tiananmen Square) is blocked.
Online defamation banned in Chongqing
Anyone who spreads rumors about another person or attacks their character will now be warned or fined up to 5,000 yuan, according to the Standing Committee of the Chongqing People's Congress as reported on October 16 by Xinhua.
China Youth Daily editors purged
Li Erliang, editor-in-chief of China Youth Daily, was demoted on October 13 to the position of editor-in-chief of Children of the Fatherland, and Wang Hongyou lost his position as director and secretary general of China Youth Daily's Communist Party cell. It is believed that they were being punished for being too liberal.
Man arrested for satirical poem
Qin Zhongfei, a low-level government official, was formally arrested for making fun of officials in a poem disseminated through text messages and email, according to The People's Daily on October 20. He was arrested in August but was not charged until this month.
Real name requirements for blogs
State media announced on October 23 that the Internet Society of China has told the government that bloggers should register under their own names. This would make it easier for the government to regulate and control internet content.  It was further reported on October 26 that The Ministry of Information Industry has asked the Internet Society of China to form a team tasked with studying the administration of blogs. This team has already held discussion about the registration of real names and telephone numbers when a person wants to open a new blog account.
Media chiefs told To stick close to party
On October 24, 450 media chiefs were called to Beijing, where President Hu Jintao and propaganda head Li Changchun reminded them to follow the party line. This move is seen as an unsubtle warning to the Chinese press that dissent will not be tolerated in their ranks.
Patriotic movies given preference throughout October
October was declared Golden Autumn Excellent Domestic Film Exhibition month by the Chinese government. Throughout the month, patriotic Chinese movies have been given preference in movie theaters across the country. Despite this preference, the patriotic films have done much worse in the box office than their commercial competitors.
Hong Kong protesters on National Day
A dozen protesters mourning the victims of the 1989 Tiananmen protests carried a wreath near a National Day celebration on October 1. They carried a banner that read "The verdict on June 4 hasn't been reversed, how can there be a national day celebration? There can only be national sorrow," while chanting, "Reverse the verdict on June 4." There was some confrontation with police, but no one was arrested.
Petitioners arrested during National Day weekend
Officials from around China traveled to Beijing to arrest petitioners from their regions during National Day weekend. Police also blocked the entrances to the appeal offices of the State Bureau for Letters and Calls, the National People's Congress, the Ministry of Public Security, the Supreme Court and the Ministry of Construction. Additionally, there were reports of petitioners being beaten by hired thugs.
Protest against police negligence
Nearly 1,000 villagers raided a police substation and protested at the town government building in Danzhou, Hainan Province, from October 2 to October 4. The villagers were protesting the death of a young person from their village who they believed died due to police negligence. Two police officers were reportedly injured, and the substation was damaged. The death is under investigation.
Workers protest for higher minimum wage in Hong Kong
The Hong Kong-based People's Alliance for a Minimum Wage reported that 800 workers marched to Hong Kong's Government House on October 3, demanding legislation that would set minimum wage at HK$30 an hour. Official reports put the number of protesters at 600. The protesters submitted a petition containing 10,000 signatures supporting the proposed legislation, which has raised objections from employers in Hong Kong.
Organizer of "kneeling protest" arrested
Zhou Zirong (周志荣) was reported arrested on October 6 after organizing the "Kneeling Petition on Tiananmen Square," in which farmers protested the fact that they have not received compensation for seizure of their land by local authorities. Zhou's fellow organizer, Hong Yunzhou (洪运周) was also reported arrested, and the whereabouts of both are unknown.
Laid-off workers protest in Nanyang
Workers from forcibly closed cement plants, lime kilns and quarries in Nanyang City staged a sit-in protest on October 9. Three workers were injured when 100 police officers were called in to break up the protest. Another 400 workers have been staying around the clock at the Huafeng cement factory to press for compensation.
Villagers protest in Guangzhou
Approximately 900 villagers staged a protest outside government offices in Guangzhou on October 15 over official seizure of their land. When police were sent in to break up the protest, dozens of protesters were beaten, two were hospitalized and some were reported detained. The police ordered the protestors onto buses back to their hometowns, but they returned later to continue their protest, and some continued on to petition the central government in Beijing.
Elderly protesters beaten in Beijing
It was reported on October 24 that 100 retired scientists from the Chinese Academy of Sciences were beaten by police after protesting the construction of a power transformer that will supply power to the Olympic Park. The transformer has undermined the foundations of buildings in the neighborhood, causing water pipes and gas lines to burst. The pensioners were reported to have sung the old Communist resistance song "The Internationale" while being attacked.
Thousands of students protest diplomas
Thousands of students from the privately-run Clothing Vocational College in Jiangxi took to the streets after learning that their college was not allowed to award diplomas under the name of a more reputable university. There were no reported injuries or arrests as of October 25, but President Hu Jintao was reportedly so alarmed by the protests that he called an emergency meeting with Public Security Minister Zhou Yongkang.
Large-scale roundup of petitioners in Shanghai
Shanghai police carried out a large-scale roundup of petitioners in the beginning of the month and end of September to prevent them from going to Beijing during the sixth plenary session of the 16th Communist Party Congress. HRIC learned of more than 30 people detained or placed under other forms of restriction since September, but sources said these represented only a portion of the people harassed under orders from deputy Party secretary Liu Yungeng and others. Detainees included: Zhu Libin (朱黎斌), along with his wife and two children aged 10 and 8, Guo Rong （郭蓉), who was prevented from attending the funeral of a sister who died while he was in detention, Sun Xicheng (孙喜成), Wei Qin (魏勤), Liang Faxiang (梁发香), Chen Enjuan (陈恩娟), Zhou Jinmei (周金妹), Lu Longzhen (吕龙珍), Li Shujia (李淑杰), Ma Zhishen (马志森), Duan Muyun (端木云), Wang Linzhen (王琳珍), Wang Feiyue (王飞跃), Ou Chunfang (殴春芳), Wu Yuping (邬玉萍), Chen Zonglai (陈宗来), Shen Yonghai (沈永梅), Ma Changfa (马长发), Zhang Xinzhen (张新珍), Zheng Shumei (张淑妹), Shao Zhegen (邵褚根), Deng Weixiu (邓维秀), Liu Pingying (刘平英), Yang Chunhua (杨春华), Lu Shanming (陆善明), Wang Hong (王鸿), Li Caidi (李彩娣) and Zhu Donghui (朱东辉).
HIV+ activists arrested
Three HIV-positive hemophiliacs were arrested after a routine check-up at a hospital in Shanghai. They have publicly accused the government of selling them HIV-tainted blood. After their arrest, almost 30 hemophiliacs gathered outside the municipal building to demand their release, citing health concerns.
Yuan Weijing (袁伟静), wife of the activist Chen Guangdong, was detained by the police during the Mid-Autumn Festival after trying to visit here parents and three-year old son, whom she had not seen in over a year. She was forced into a police car after the police stopped her bus, and then held for nine hours, during which she was threatened and taunted. Since the arrest of her husband, Yuan has been monitored 24-hours a day and continually harassed by the police.
Zheng Enchong （郑恩宠), a Shanghai lawyer who has been under house arrest since June, was prevented from attending a church service on October 14. Police officers surrounded Zheng and his wife, then proceeded to knock Zheng to the ground when he tried to continue on to the church. In protest, Zheng sat on the ground and refused to move until he was forcibly relocated to a room in his building. Earlier this month, on October 4, shortly before the Chinese Moon Festival, sources say that Zheng Enchong's former high school teacher, a 76-year-old man surnamed Zhu, attempted to visit Zheng along with several old classmates, but police prevented them from going to Zheng's home. On the day of the Moon Festival, October 6, police also reportedly prevented Zheng and his family from visiting his 94-year-old mother as is custom during the holiday. A police officer reportedly told Zheng Enchong that Shanghai's deputy Party committee secretary, Liu Yungeng, had specifically ordered that Zheng be kept under the tightest possible restrictions at home. Police officers have also reportedly harassed Zheng's daughter at school.
On October 25 it was reported that He Wei, a Shanghai lawyer, was beaten while trying to investigate a work injury case for a 17-year-old migrant worker. The lawyer was reportedly confronted and beaten by the girl's boss and three of his men when he went to the factory where she had worked.
A female supporter of Buddhist activist monk Master Shengguan （圣观大师） was detained and forcibly admitted to a hospital for psychiatric treatment on October 21. The woman, surnamed Zou （邹）, was one of three woman accused of having a sexual relationship with Master Shengguan supporting his efforts to weed out corruption in his temple's financial system. It is believed that Zou's brother, a government official, collaborated with authorities to orchestrate her arrest.
The Chinese activist lawyer Gao Zhisheng （高智晟） was officially arrested and charged with inciting subversion on October 13, after being held in a Beijing detention center since August. Gao has represented numerous groups that are targeted by the Chinese government, including Falun Gong practitioners, members of underground churches and people who have had their land illegally seized by corrupt officials. He has also sent critical open letters to the Chinese government and recently staged a hunger strike to protest police abuse of lawyers and activists.
On October 5, The New York Times reported that its Chinese researcher, Zhao Yan （赵岩）, would possibly appear in court soon. Zhao was charged with a lesser charge of fraud after originally being accused of leaking state secrets. Zhao's lawyers fear they will not be allowed to call witnesses in his trial.
Protestant house church pastor Wang Zaiqing (王在庆) was given a sentence of two years' imprisonment in Anhui on October 9 on charges of "illegal business practices." Wang's crime was printing and then distributing Bibles and other Christian literature to fellow believers free of charge. Wang's lawyer argued that the crime requires the accused to make a profit, which Wang did not do.
Cyber-dissident Guo Qizhen （郭起真） was given a four-year prison sentence on October 16 for "incitement to subversion." The charges stem from articles criticizing the Chinese government's crackdown on freedoms in China that Guo posted on foreign Web sites. His original arrest is believed to be linked with his participation in hunger strikes staged by activist lawyer Gao Zhisheng （高智晟）.
Li Jianping （李建平）, a cyber-dissident arrested over a year ago, was given a two-year prison sentence on October 25, the first day of French President Jacques Chirac's visit to China. The charges, for which he went to trial in April, were "inciting subversion of the state." Li is a businessman who also wrote articles criticizing the Chinese government posted on overseas Web sites. Additionally, Li was active in the Tiananmen Square demonstrations in 1989 as the founder of the Independent Federation of Shanghai Universities.
Kabar Abdureyim and Alim Abdureyim, sons of Uyghur activist Rebiya Kadeer (热比娅）, were put on trial for tax fraud charges on October 26, their sister reported on October 29. Only four family members were allowed to attend the closed trial in Urumqi, which lasted four hours. It is believed that the real reason for the men's arrest is their mother's political activism.
It was reported on October 30 that Hong Kong journalist Ching Cheong (程翔) was denied an open appeal hearing for his conviction on charges pf espionage. Ching was sentenced to five years in prison on August 31.
Yang Xiaoqing （阳小青）, a reporter who was jailed in January for alleged extortion, was released on October 17, three months before his one-year sentence was completed. Because the Chinese court did not reverse the guilty verdict, Yang's family intends to appeal the conviction now that he is free.
Zhu Wenming (祝文明) and Zhu Liangsheng (祝良省) were executed around October 4 after the Jiangxi Province Higher People's Court affirmed the death penalty on murder charges handed down by the Yingtan Intermediate People's Court.
Pan Yongzhong (潘永忠) and Liu Zhiqiang (刘志强) were sentenced to death on murder charges by the Hohhot Intermediate People's Court in Inner Mongolia on October 10.
Zhang Bo (张波) was sentenced to death for murder by the Changsha Intermediate People's Court around October 11.
Jin Wanhai (金万海) and Cao Zhanyong (曹战永) were sentenced to death on murder charges by the Shenyang Intermediate People's Court on October 11.
Wang Daofa (汪道法), convicted of murder, was sentenced to death with two-year reprieve by the Beijing No. 2 Intermediate People's Court around October 11.
Qiu Xinghua (邱兴华), convicted of murder, was sentenced to death by the Ankang Intermediate People's Court in Shaanxi on October 19.
Li Shisheng (李世生), Guan Youju (管有聚), Chen Maokuan (陈茂宽) and Wang Xiangwei (王相伟) were sentenced to death after the Henan Province Higher People's Court ratified the death penalty handed down for damaging oil pipelines.
Yang Shuguo (杨蜀国), convicted of murder, was sentenced to death by the Mianyang Intermediate People's Court in Sichuan near October 31.
Smuggling and Trafficking
Tang Shangguang (唐上光) was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve by the Nanning Intermediate People's Court in Guangxi after being found guilty of smuggling cigarettes, as reported on October 9.
Zhou Guanglong (周广龙) was sentenced to death with two-year reprieve on October 20 after the Guangdong Province Higher People's Court reduced the death penalty handed down by the Guangzhou Intermediate People's Court for leading a triad organization and other charges.
Li Bin (李斌) was sentenced to death by the Shanghai Intermediate People's Court on October 24 after being found guilty of leading triad organizations and drug smuggling.
Ma Zeying (马泽英) and Tan Zhenming (谭振明) were sentenced to death on October 24 after the Qinghai Province Higher People's Court ratified the death penalty on gun smuggling charges handed down by the Haidong Intermediate People's Court.
Sang Yuechun was executed on September 29 after the Supreme People's Court affirmed the death penalty handed down by the Jilin Intermediate People's Court on corruption charges.
 "Court Orders Journalist Freed But Stops Short of Quashing His Conviction." Reporters Without Borders, October 20, 2006.