Skip to content Skip to navigation

Mothers of Tiananmen Victims Call for Public Inquiry

2002年11月18日

As the 16th Congress of China's Communist Party closed at the end of last week with the announcement of a new leadership, relatives of students killed in a brutal army crackdown in Tiananmen Square 13 years ago appealed to President Jiang Zemin's successor, and his politburo deputies, to set up an independent inquiry into the deaths.

In a letter to the Congress, circulated by New York-based Human Rights in China (HRIC), the Tiananmen Mothers urged members of the new Politburo Standing Committee to set up an investigative body to look into the army's actions in June, 1989, and to make its findings public and award financial compensation to the victims' families.

"The open letter makes a strong point in saying that the Chinese authorities can't hope for the June 4th Massacre to simply fade away with time, nor can they make it disappear through suppression," said HRIC's president Liu Qing. "The longer this impasse drags on, the greater the frustration and ill-feeling it causes. A speedy resolution is the only effective way to heal the nation's wounds," Liu said.

The letter from the Tiananmen Mothers, a group representing families of protesters killed or injured in the central Beijing square, also called on the Committee, the politburo's inner core, to accept responsibility for the killings which ensued when the People's Liberation Army stormed the pro-democracy protesters.

While there has been no official confirmation of the death toll, the group of mothers has compiled a list of 155 people who were killed and 65 who were wounded during the demonstration which called for, among other democratic protections, the introduction of a multiparty system in China where the Communist Party has ruled ever since a protracted civil war more than 50 years ago.

In television broadcasts on every national channel Friday, Jiang's successor, 59-year-old Hu Jintao, committed the party to continuing Jiang's doctrine of increased openness and dedication to meeting the material needs of the population.

China's formal entry into the World Trade Organisation last December is seen as a major step towards the nation of over one billion people becoming a focal destination for foreign investment and gaining more favorable access to overseas markets for its products.

However, organizations such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have mounted strong lobbies among China's trading partners, particularly in North America and Europe, to take its human rights record into account during trade negotiations.

"The Chinese authorities are fully aware of the need to introduce reforms in line with China's rapid economic and social changes, and with the requirements of international trade agreements," said Amnesty in a statement released last month. "The reforms introduced so far, however, have focused almost exclusively on the economic aspects of the rule of law."

HRIC said it supported demands made by the Tiananmen Mothers for the new leadership to usher in political, economic, and social reforms, creating a more participatory political system. "If China's new Politburo Standing Committee can take the open letter of the mothers to heart, this will be an important step in the right direction," it said.

The nine-member Committee was presented in the local media over the weekend as a new generation of statesmen, aged in their fifties and early sixties, although it included at least six with strong ties to Jiang, who is reported to be remaining as head of the party's military commission.

Jiang is expected to hand over his position as president to Hu at the next meeting of the National People's Congress, the country's parliament, in March. Retiring with Jiang are five other elder leaders, including the former premier Li Peng, who took the decision to dispatch tanks against the unarmed students in Tiananmen.

更多話題

709事件 公眾知​​情權 司法公正 行政拘留 法律天地 任意羈押
公示財產 雙邊對話 黑監獄 書評 商業與人權 審查
零八憲章 兒童 中國法 翻牆技術 公民行動 公民記者
公民參與 民間社會 評論 中國共產黨 憲法 消費者安全
思想爭鳴 腐敗 反恐 向強權說“不!” 文革 文化之角
時政述評 網絡安全 社會民生 民主和政治改革 拆遷 異議人士
教育 選舉 被迫失踪 環境 少數民族 歐盟-中國
計劃生育 農民 結社自由 言論自由 新聞自由 信仰自由
政府問責 政策法規 施政透明 香港 軟禁 中國人權翻譯
戶口 人權理事會 人權動態 非法搜查和拘留 煽動顛覆國家政權 信息控制
信息技術 信息、通信、技術 公民權利和政治權利國際公約 國際人權 國際窗口 國際關係
互聯網 互聯網治理 建三江律師維權 司法改革 六四 綁架
勞改場 勞工權利 土地、財產、房屋 律師權責 律師 法律制度
國內來信 重大事件(環境污染、食品安全、事故等) 毛澤東 微博 全國人大 新公民運動
非政府組織 奧運 一國兩制 網上行動 政府信息公開 人物
警察暴行 司法評述 政治犯 政治 良心犯 歷史鉤沉
宣傳 抗議和請願 公開呼籲 公共安全 種族歧視 勞動教養
維權人士 維權 法治 上海合作組織 特別專題 國家賠償
國家秘密 國家安全 顛覆國家政權 監控 科技 思想理論
天安門母親 西藏 酷刑 典型案例 聯合國 美中
維吾爾族人 弱勢群體 婦女 青年 青年視野