Updated December 5, 2019
A timeline of the developments surrounding the extradition amendments introduced by the Hong Kong SAR government, which triggered a series of mass demonstrations, including a march of an estimated two million people on June 16, 2019, the largest in Hong Kong’s history.
While on vacation in Taiwan, a Hong Kong man, Chan Tong-kai, 19, strangles his girlfriend, Poon Hiu-wing, 20, also from Hong Kong. Source.
After returning to Hong Kong, Chan Tong-kai is taken into custody by Hong Kong police for theft and money-laundering. During questioning, he admits to killing his girlfriend. Source.
The Security Bureau proposes amending the existing Fugitive Offenders Ordinance (FOO) and the Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Ordinance (MLAO) to allow ad hoc extraditions to jurisdictions with which Hong Kong does not have existing rendition arrangements, allowing extradition of criminal suspects from Hong Kong to mainland China, Macau, and Taiwan. Source.
The Civil Human Rights Front (CHRF), comprising dozens of Hong Kong’s pro-democracy groups, calls the first protest against the extradition amendments; thousands march to the government headquarters in Admiralty.
Carrie Lam, Chief Executive of the Hong Kong SAR government, submits the proposed amendments to the Legislative Council (LegCo), citing the murder case.
Various sectors, including the legal and business sectors, immediately voice their concerns over the proposed amendments. The Hong Kong Bar Association issues a set of Observations, listing its concerns.
Thursday, April 25
Hong Kong bookseller Lam Wing-kee flies to Taiwan out of security concerns over the proposed extradition amendments. Lam was abducted from Hong Kong in October 2015 by mainland Chinese security forces. He was returned to Hong Kong in June 2016 after eight months’ detention in mainland China. Source.
Sunday, April 28
In the second protest called by Civil Human Rights Front, more than 100,000 march to the LegCo.
Monday, April 29
Chan Tong-kai is sentenced to 29 months' imprisonment for money-laundering. With the 13 months he has already spent in custody since his arrest, and a possible one-third sentence reduction for good behavior, he may be released as early as October 2019. Source.
Friday, May 17
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo expresses concern that the Hong Kong government’s proposed extradition amendments would “threaten Hong Kong’s rule of law.” Source.
Monday, May 20
The government, bypassing normal procedure, withdraws the bill from the Bills Committee and schedules a second reading in a full legislative session on June 12. Source.
Tuesday, May 21
Chief Executive Carrie Lam says LegCo needs to pass the extradition bill before summer. Source.
Friday, May 24
Under the direction of Secretary for Security John Lee Ka-chiu, the House Committee, with a pro-Beijing majority, dismisses the Bills Committee.
Thursday, May 30
Secretary for Security John Lee announces measures to limit the scope of extraditable crimes, including raising the threshold for extradition to crimes punishable by seven or more years of imprisonment. Source.
Widening concerns are expressed by various sectors in Hong Kong, including legal, academic, business, diplomatic, and press. Foreign governments and international bodies also raise their concerns. See a select list of those groups and bodies voicing their concerns and opposition here.
Taiwan authorities say they will not seek the extradition of Chan Tong-kai and will not accept extradition arrangements with Hong Kong.
Tuesday, June 4
Annual candlelight vigil to commemorate victims of the 1989 June Fourth massacre is attended by an estimated 180,000 people, in one of the largest crowds in years. Source.
Thursday, June 6
More than 3,000 lawyers clad in black stage a silent march from the Court of Final Appeal to the Central Government Offices to oppose the extradition bill. Source.
Sunday, June 9
Amid heavy police presence, an estimated 1 million Hong Kongers march from Victoria Park to the Legislative Council in Admiralty, to oppose the extradition bill. Crowd control measures included shutting down of some MTR stations and trains skipping stops near LegCo. Source.
Monday, June 10
Chief Executive Carrie Lam issues statement at 11 p.m. confirming that the second reading of the extradition bill in LegCo is set to commence on Wednesday, June 12.
Universities call for class-boycott starting Wednesday. Other sectors call for general strike on Wednesday.
Civil Human Rights Front, together with legislators and political parties, calls for rally to surround LegCo on Wednesday.
LegCo announces police will handle security for the LegCo complex on Wednesday.
Tuesday, June 11
LegCo Chairman Andrew Leung announces timetable for extradition bill consideration and voting: 66 hours for reading and debate to be concluded by 8 p.m., Thursday, June 20, to be followed by voting.
Civil Human Rights Front officially calls for rally starting at 11 a.m. on Wednesday around LegCo.
Various other forms of protest are announced for Wednesday, including strike by Social Workers Union, Artists’ Union, and Teachers’ Union; class-boycott by seven universities; and “drive slow” for Hong Kong Island Bus Service by the Bus Drivers’ Union.
Wednesday, June 12
In tears, Carrie Lam says in a TV interview that she has sacrificed a lot for Hong Kong and that she could not have “sold out Hong Kong,” but in the same interview refers to the protestors as spoiled children, saying “If my son was stubborn and I spoiled him and tolerated his stubborn behavior every time, I would just be going along with him.” (video)
LegCo announces delay of second reading of extradition bill.
Protests continue with thousands of demonstrators gathering in front of the LegCo complex in Admiralty. An estimated 5,000 riot policemen in heavy gear guard the LegCo building. In mid-afternoon, as protesters press toward the police phalanx, some throwing objects, including bricks, policemen fire tear gas, rubber bullets, and beanbag rounds at the protestors. Source.
Elsewhere, excessive police force against protesters and journalists is widely reported and documented in video footage. Incidences include:
News reports cite police use of tear gas on June 12 as greater than that used during the 79 days of the Occupy protest in 2014.
In the afternoon, Police Commissioner Stephen Lo declares clashes between protesters and police a “riot,” justifying the violent response, and calls on the protesters to go home. Source.
The Hong Kong Hospital Authority reports that 22 people were taken to public hospitals by Wednesday evening, but later reports that at least 72 people have been injured, two in serious condition. Source.
Civil Human Rights Front calls for rally on Sunday, June 16, and for schools and shops to strike on Monday, June 17.
Thursday, June 13
LegCo announces cancellation of second reading of extradition bill. No announcement on voting date. Source.
A canteen manager of Police Headquarters in Wanchai quits, paying back one month’s salary in lieu of advanced notice. His resignation letter reads: “I refuse to serve evils.” He later says in an interview: “It’s as if I am supplying [the policemen] with food and drinks that give them the strength go to out and beat up people—I can no longer accept this work.” Source.
Friday, June 14
Reuters reports that some Hong Kong tycoons are starting to move personal wealth offshore as fears rise over the extradition bill. Source.
Pro-establishment LegCo member Michael Tien calls for delay of extradition bill and says in a radio interview that the conflict between the police and demonstrators has forced a rethink of the government’s plan. Source.
6,000 mothers dressed in black stage a sit-in in Charter Garden holding signs saying “Don’t shoot our children.” A petition with 44,000 signatures objects to Lam’s claim of acting like a “good mother.” Source.
The Chinese Foreign Minister Lu Yucheng summons the deputy chief of mission at the U.S. Embassy in Beijing, Robert Forden, to complain about Washington’s comment about the extradition bill. A statement by the Foreign Ministry says: “China called on the United States . . . to immediately stop all interference in Hong Kong’s affairs and stop taking action that would affect the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong.” Source.
Carrie Lam meets with Chinese Vice Premier Han Zheng in Shenzhen to review the situation. Source.
Saturday, June 15
In a speech, Carrie Lam announces suspension of “current legislative exercise” on extradition bill, but not its withdrawal, arguing that withdrawing the bill would mean that it is groundless. Lam expresses “sorrow and regret” that she failed to convince the public that the bill was needed. Source.
In official statements, the mainland Chinese government says that it supports Lam’s decision to suspend the bill. Source.
The shelving of the bill does not appear to quell public anger. Claudia Mo, a democratic lawmaker, says, “Postponement is temporary. It’s just delaying the pain.” Source.
Hunger striker Minnie Li, a Shanghai born activist and lecturer at the Education University of Hong Kong, is hospitalized for fever and low blood sugar. Source.
A 35-year old protester, after hanging a banner from a Pacific Place building in the Admiralty district calling for the withdrawal of the extradition bill, falls to his death. Police declare it a suicide. Source.
Sunday, June 16
In the largest march in Hong Kong’s history, an estimated 2 million people—roughly one in four Hong Kongers—march from Victoria Park to the Legislative Council in Admiralty in continued protest against the extradition bill. The greatest concentration of protesters is in Admiralty, Harcourt Road, Hennessey Road, Causeway Bay, and Wan Chai. Most of the marchers wear black, to commemorate the protester who fell to his death the day before. Source.
Demands reflected in chants and placards include:
Protesters make way for ambulances in a dramatic scene. (Video)
In a written statement, Chief Executive Carrie Lam:
Hong Kong pro-democracy activist Joshua Wong is released from prison after serving one month of a two-month prison term for contempt of court related to the 2014 Umbrella Movement. He joins the protests and calls for the resignation of Carrie Lam. Source.
Monday, June 17
The Hong Kong police reverses its earlier characterization of the June 12 clashes between protesters and the police as a “riot.” Police Commissioner Stephen Lo Wai-chung says that only those who threw bricks and wielded metal poles against officers outside of LegCo would be accused of violating anti-rioting laws. “Others who have participated in the same public order event but have not engaged in any violent act need not to worry in committing rioting offences,” Lo says. Source.
Following the June 13 arrest of two protesters at Queen Elizabeth Hospital after they received treatment for injuries sustained on June 12, Pierre Chan, the medical sector LegCo member, states he has proof that the Hospital Authority allows police unhindered access to its system to get information on injured protesters. The Authority denies providing information of patients from the June 12 protests to the police. Source.
Tuesday, June 18
Chief Executive Carrie Lam apologizes in second press conference saying she “personally has to shoulder much of the responsibility,” but refuses to resign. Source.
In a joint declaration, protesters put forth four demands and set a deadline of 5 p.m. on June 20, for Carrie Lam to respond:
Wednesday, June 19
In a speech at LegCo, Secretary for Security John Lee apologizes for “causing social disputes and anxiety” but defends police’s use of tear gas and pepper spray against protesters on June 12 when dozens of people were injured and 32 people were arrested. He is criticized by pro-democracy lawmakers, including Charles Mok, who says, “Everything you have said today is polarizing the people. . . . You are the one that’s heating things up right now.” Source.
Thursday, June 20
Six student unions plan escalation-of-protest actions if the government does not respond to their demands by 5 p.m. They are student unions of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, University of Science and Technology, Education University, City University, Academy for Performing Arts, Hang Seng University and the Federation of Students. The deadline set by protesters is ignored. Source.
Friday, June 21
Thousands of protesters stage a sit-in outside the LegCo building, block lanes of Harcourt Road, and barricade the entrance to the Police Headquarters. One protest sign on the outside wall of the Police Headquarters reads: “We will never submit.” Source.
Saturday, June 22
Hong Kong’s Secretary for Justice Theresa Cheng rejects protesters’ demands to not charge people who took part in the protests on June 12, saying that any charges pressed by the Department of Justice are “based on the law, relevant facts and (our) prosecution rules.” Source.
Sunday, June 23
Civil Human Rights Front organizes a rally outside LegCo demanding accountability of police for abuse of power, with a focus on disproportionate violence against protestors.
In a joint letter, 32 former government officials and politicians, including Anson Chan and Martin Lee, appeal to Carrie Lam to:
Starry Lee, chairwoman of the pro-establishment party in LegCo, the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB), says the party “would not oppose” a full withdrawal of the extradition bill. Source.
Monday, June 24
Over 100 protestors gather outside and in the foyer of the Revenue Tower in Wan Chai, blocking entry into the building but allowing some employees to leave, in another wave of civil disobedience action. Source.
In her oral update at the 1st Meeting of the 41st Regular Session of the Human Rights Council, Michelle Bachelet, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, commends the decision of the Hong Kong authorities to delay passage of the extradition bill, “in response to the massive display of civic activism by a large proportion of the population,” but “encourage[s] the authorities to consult broadly before passing or amending this, or any other, legislation.” Source.
Wednesday, June 26
In advance of the G20 summit in Osaka (June 28-29) where China has said it “will not allow” discussion of Hong Kong’s extradition bill, protesters delivered a petition to 16 foreign consulates to urge them to “Back HK up at G20 Summit by Supporting: 1) Full Withdrawal of Extradition Bill, 2) Establishment of Investigation Committee on Police Brutality.” 1,500 protestors march to the U.S. and British consulates and EU’s representative office to deliver the petition; the protestors then split into three groups to go to the following consulates: Germany, South Korea, Argentina, Japan, Australia, Austria, Mexico, France, Italy, Canada, Brazil, Russia, Indonesia, and India. The last three consulates in this list did not accept the petition. Source 1. Source 2.
Thursday, June 27
Nine members of the Committee on Human Rights and Humanitarian Aid of the German parliament issue a statement to support Hong Kong’s people and urge German Chancellor Angela Merkel to bring up Hong Kong's autonomy at the G20 Osaka Summit. Excerpts from "The autonomy of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region cannot be compromised” (Die Autonomie der Sonderverwaltungszone Hongkong ist nicht verhandelbar):
“As members of the Human Rights Committee of the German Bundestag, we stand shoulder to shoulder with the demonstrators in Hong Kong who share our values of civil liberty, democracy and the rule of law. . . . We appeal to the Hong Kong Government not only to suspend the controversial legislative changes, but to formally withdraw [the bill] . . . . We urge German Chancellor Angela Merkel to stress in an upcoming discussion with Xi Jinping at the G20 summit that the autonomy of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region must not be compromised and that the principle of "one country, two systems" must be fully respected.”
On eve of the G20 Osaka Summit, dozens demonstrate in downtown Osaka in solidarity with Hong Kong’s anti-extradition protest. Source.
Friday, June 28
On June 27 and 28, crowdfunded full-page ads headlined “Stand With Hong Kong at G20” are published in 17 newspapers in at least 12 different countries, including the New York Times (U.S. and international), Guardian (U.K.), Asahi Shimbun (Japan), Süddeutsche Zeitung (Germany), Chosun Ilbo (South Korea), and Apple Daily (Taiwan).
Saturday, June 29
A 21-year-old student, Lo Hiu-yan, jumps to her death from a building in Ka Fuk Estate in Fanling. She leaves a message to fellow protesters written in red ink on a wall in which she reiterates the protesters’ demands and urges the protesters to persevere. Source.
The Civil Human Rights Front (CHRF) secretariat issues an open letter to Carrie Lam, urging her to respond to the protesters’ demands. Source.
G20 ad-campaign officially concludes with 20 newspapers running ads. Source.
Sunday, June 30
A pro-police rally is held in Tamar Park with between 53,000 (police estimate) and 165,000 (organizers estimate) people participating. Legislator Lam Cheuk Ting (Democratic Party) is attacked and beaten by police supporters attending the rally. Reporters and journalists covering the rally are reportedly assaulted. Source.
Pro-police protesters tear down signs, banners, and post-it notes at the Lennon Wall. Some also tear down the memorial for Marco Leung, the protester who fell to his death on June 15. Source.
A 29-year-old woman, Zhita Wu, jumps from a walkway of the IFC building in Central onto Man Cheung Street at 3 p.m. She is pronounced dead at 9 p.m. Wu left a message on her social media account supporting the protesters. Source.
Commemorative activities are held at the two sites of the suicide deaths, and the makeshift memorial at the Lennon Wall is reestablished.
Monday, July 1
In her first public appearance since June 18, Carrie Lam delivers remarks at a ceremony marking the 22nd anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to China and acknowledges: “What happened in recent months has caused dilemmas and divides between the government and citizens. It has made me understand that as a politician, I must remind myself I have to accurately get the pulse of the society. I have learned that even with good intentions, I have to be open and inclusive.” Source.
The annual flag-raising ceremony is moved indoors to the Wanchai Exhibition Center. Guests watch a live broadcast of the flag raising outside in Bauhinia Square. Source.
Protesters occupy the roads around LegCo before dawn, raising a black flag in place of the PRC flag, and lowering the Hong Kong flag to half-mast to commemorate those lost. Outside LegCo, riot police use pepper spray and batons against protesters. Several protestors are injured and 13 police officers are sent to the hospital after being splashed with an unidentified liquid. Source.
In the early afternoon at LegCo, protestors use metal trollies and metal bars to ram a glass panel next to the legislators’ entrance. Democratic Party lawmaker Roy Kwong, other opposition legislators, and other protestors attempt to persuade these protestors to cease the ramming. Pan-democratic legislator Leung Yiu-chung is tackled to the ground while trying to stop protesters from breaking into LegCo. Source.
The police try to persuade the Civil Human Rights Front (CHRF) to postpone or reroute the annual July 1 march, and official permission is withdrawn for Admiralty to be the march destination. CHRF refuses to postpone the march, and it begins in the early afternoon from Causeway Bay toward Central, a contingent destination in light of activities at LegCo. Source. Organizers say 550,000 take part in the march, and the police put the figure at 190,000. Source.
At 6:26 p.m., LegCo issues a red security alert for the first time in history, and the building is evacuated. Shortly after, the government issues a statement saying it “strongly condemns and deeply regrets the extremely violent acts committed by some protesters, ” and that “the police will take appropriate enforcement action to protect public order and safety.” Source.
After a long standoff, the police retreat from their posts guarding the entrance to the LegCo building. After smashing through the glass door, hundreds of protesters rush into building at around 9 p.m. The police appear to have evacuated the building. Once inside, a small group of protestors spray paint the walls with graffiti, including messages such as “Carrie Lam step down,” “The government forced us to revolt,” “It was you who taught us that peaceful protest is useless,” “There are no rioters, only tyranny,” and “Oppose Chinese colonialism.” Pictures of Legislative Council President Andrew Leung and former president Rita Fan are defaced, the Hong Kong official emblem is partially covered in black paint, and a British colonial flag is draped over the podium of the LegCo president. A protester destroys a copy of the Basic Law. Source & Source. However, protesters protect items of historic value, books, and personal property in the building. Source.
At around 10 p.m., the police release a video on Facebook announcing a deadline of midnight for the protestors to leave the building. Source. Protesters on-site and within LegCo begin discussions on whether to stay or withdraw.
Just before midnight, a few protestors read a declaration addressed to Hong Kong citizens explaining the decision to enter LegCo: “Since June, Hong Kongers have protested numerous times, including a march of 2 million, urging the government to withdraw the bill. The government refused to listen to the people. . . . The current Hong Kong government is no longer what the Hong Kong people are wishing for. . . . We hope Hong Kong can unite against the vicious laws and the suppressive regime, and safeguard Hong Kong together.” Source. The protesters move out of the LegCo building chanting “We leave together!”
Tuesday, July 2
Shortly after midnight, riot police enter the building. No protesters remain inside. Outside, protestors retreat from a baton charge by riot police. Source. Police begin firing rounds of tear gas, forcing the remaining protesters out of the Admiralty area. The police clear roadblocks and continue to fire tear gas at retreating protesters, who throw bricks, eggs, and umbrellas. By 1 a.m., all the protesters have left the area around LegCo. Source.
The police stop and search passengers of minibuses and cars leaving Central, searching the belongings of those wearing black, requiring them to remove their masks, and videotaping their faces. Source.
Chief Executive Carrie Lam, Secretary for Administration Matthew Cheung, Secretary for Security John Lee, and Police Chief Stephen Lo hold a press conference at 4 a.m. Lam condemns “extreme violence” by protesters, saying, “I can say here, whether it’s pan-democratic lawmakers or groups of young people, in future days, I am very willing to communicate about the matters they care about.” Source. Asked why she would not meet with pro-democracy legislators earlier, she replied, “With this level of violence . . . I’m sure the public will understand that going to the scene for dialogue was of no help.” Reporters question her lack of response to the three suicides, but she gives no specific response. Source. The Hong Kong Journalists Association (HKJA) question why questions related to the suicides were deleted from the official transcript of the press meeting. Source.
Independent Police Complaints Commission confirms receipt of over 100 complaints relating to anti-extradition protests since early June and that it will begin investigation. Chairperson Anthony Neoh clarifies that any information or potential evidence of criminal conduct, including that of protestors, will be handed to police. Source.
Wednesday, July 3
A 28-year-old woman, surnamed Mak, jumps to her death at her residence in Cheung Sha Wan, leaving a suicide note in support of the anti-extradition protests. This marks the fourth suicide related to the protests. Despite concerns about "copycats," her family members and close friends agree to share her message with media, and state that it is the government’s responsibility to put a stop to the young people’s despair. Source 1, source 2.
Arrests of protesters begin. Twelve are arrested for activities at the LegCo area on July 1 (unrelated to the break-in), the youngest of them aged 14. Eight more are arrested for "cyberbullying" police officers and releasing police officers' personal information online. Source 1, Source 2.
Thursday, July 4
Carrie Lam and Executive Council members reach out in secret to the student unions of Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and Chinese University of Hong Kong, inviting student leaders to attend a closed-door meeting. The student unions decline the invitations. In a joint press conference, student unions of all universities criticize the invitation as a "publicity stunt" and demand two conditions for any meeting to take place: 1) exoneration of all protesters facing charges and 2) that any meeting be in public. Source 1, Source 2.
Pastor Lau Chi-Hung and fellow activists commence a 50-hour hunger strike outside government offices in Admiralty in support of protesters. Source.
Friday, July 5
More than 800 Hong Kong mothers attend a rally at Edinburgh Place in support of young protesters, reiterating that their children are not rioters, urging the government to respect human lives, and calling on fellow Hong Kong citizens to support the movement. Source.
Sunday, July 7
More than 230,000 march in Kowloon, aimed at spreading messages of the anti-extradition movement to mainland Chinese tourists arriving in the Tsim Sha Tsui area as well as the High-Speed Rail station near Austin. Source.
Afterwards, protesters march along Nathan Road from Tsim Sha Tsui to Mong Kok, occupying the streets and stopping traffic. Legislators on site attempt to negotiate as protesters are trapped by barricades set up by police, which impede joining the procession as well as leaving the march (to comply with police demand to evacuate the area). When protesters attempt to slowly and gradually retreat, they are violently dispersed by police officers, equipped with shields, batons, and pepper spray who target protesters, journalists, and passers-by.
Live-streams and reports show that identification numbers on police officers’ badges are covered up. The Hong Kong Journalists Association criticizes the police for assaulting journalists on-site and causing undue obstruction to press activities. Six are arrested over the clashes. Source 1, Source 2, Source 3.
Tuesday, July 9
“Lennon Walls,” colorful collages of Post-it notes on wall, appear throughout all districts of the city in support of the protestors, with slogans such as “add oil Hongkonger” and “No China extradition.” First appearing during the Umbrella Movement in 2014, the message walls take inspiration from the Lennon Wall in Prague. Source.
Wednesday, July 10
200 police officers remove messages with personal details of police from a “Lennon Wall” in a pedestrian underpass near Tai Po MTR station. Source.
Saturday, July 13
An estimated 30,000 protestors (4,000 estimated by the police) march in Sheng Shui from North Sports Ground passing along eight streets against parallel traders (mainlanders crossing the border to purchase goods in Hong Kong to sell on the mainland). A similar march, to “Reclaim Shengshui,” was first held in 2012. Source.
After the march, protestors clash with the police when a bridge near the MTR station was clogged with people. Reportedly, one protestor panics when targeted by the police and tries to jump off the bridge but is stopped by a photojournalist and police officers. Protestors defend themselves with umbrellas against batons and pepper spray used by the police. Source.
Sunday, July 14
An estimated 11,500 protesters take to the street in Shatin shouting slogans like “The police knowingly broke the law” and “Fight on, Hong Kong.” Hundreds of protestors retreat into New Town Plaza shopping mall when the police start clearing the streets. At around 9 p.m., riot police inside the shopping mall use batons and pepper spray against the protestors. More than 40 people are arrested and 22 people injured. Police commissioner Stephen Lo defends the deployment of riot police blaming the protestors for the violence and says 10 police officers were injured. Source 1, Source 2.
Monday, July 15
Carrie Lam visits injured police officers from the weekend clashes at a hospital in Taipo and condemns the “violent protestors” as “rioters.” Source.
24 pro-democracy lawmakers issue a joint statement criticizing the police for “deliberately provoking conflict between protesters and police” and to demand that the police commissioner explain the incident, discipline the commanders and officers involved in the violence, and apologize to affected businesses and members of the public. Source.
The police state that they have arrested a man suspected of possessing explosives after finding cache of weapons and explosives, including petrol bombs, knives, corrosive acid, and 2kg of triacetone triperoxide
The police bar a planned Sunday protest from ending in Admiralty and Court of Final Appeal in Central, citing safety concerns related to explosives discovery in their decision that the protest end in Wan Chai. Source.
Sunday, July 21
430,000 protestors march in Wan Chai beginning Sunday afternoon calling for an independent inquiry into the excessive use of force by the police against anti-extradition demonstrators. The protests now focus on four demands: 1) complete withdrawal of the extradition bill, 2) retraction of “riot” characterization of June 12 protests, 3) unconditional release of arrested protestors, and 4) universal suffrage. Despite police urging that protestors leave after reaching Wan Chai, the march continue toward Admiralty. Source.
Hundreds of protesters surround Beijing’s liaison office and deface the building and a PRC national emblem. Source. Shortly after 8 p.m., riot police move towards the liaison office and remove road barriers placed by protestors. Groups of protestors flee but others charge forward. The police fire tear gas and shoot rubber bullets into the crowds during subsequent scuffles with protestors. Source.
A few hours after the end of the Wan Chai protests, violence erupts at the Yuen Long MTR station, in western New Territories, where hundreds wearing masks and white t-shirts, believed to be triad members, begin attacking people indiscriminately with sticks and other weapons. A total of 45 people are injured, including local resident s, and journalists and protestors, as well as Democratic Party lawmaker Lam Chuek-ting. Source 1. Source 2. Source 3.
Police take 35 minutes after first reports to arrive at the scene. Mall officials at Yoho Mall, next to the MTR station say that they tried calling the police but could not get through. Source.
Pro-Beijing lawmaker Junius Ho is videotaped around 10 p.m. in Yuen Long applauding men dressed in white t-shirts and declaring: “all of you are my heroes.”
Monday, July 22
Junius Ho admits meeting with attackers in white t-shirtsand that some of them are his friends. Source. Pro-democracy lawmakers note that during the Yuen Long violence the day before, reporting hotlines did not work and the local police station was closed. In a joint statement, Pro-democracy lawmakers denounce police as “colluding” with triads and “condoning” the attacks. They call on Police Commissioner Stephen Lo to resign and for an independent inquiry into the incident. Source. Senior leaders, including ex-ministers and former allies of Carrie Lam, call for the administration to initiate an independent inquiry into clashes between police and protesters. Source.
Tuesday, July 23
Police arrest six men on suspicion of “unlawful assembly” following violent attacks in Yuen Long. Several of the arrested men have triad backgrounds. Source.
24 pro-democracy lawmakers issue a joint statement denouncing the police for “colluding” with triads and “condoning” the attacks in Yuen Long. Source.
Dozens of masked protesters vandalize pro-Beijing lawmaker Junius Ho’s office in Tsuen Wan. They smash glass panels and spray graffiti, criticizing him for praising Yuen Long attackers the night before. Source.
Wednesday, July 24
Dozens of masked protesters bring trains to a halt during morning rush hour in an act of civil disobedience against the MTR Corporation, causing overcrowding on the platform and disruption of Island Line services. Source.
Over 300 mid-level civil servants issue a joint-letter criticizing Carrie Lam's administration as well as police handling of the anti-extradition protests. Source.
34 former senior officials and legislators launch a second petition urging an independent commission of inquiry into political decision-making and police-protester clashes. Source.
Pro-democracy lawmaker Eddie Chu calls for a full investigation into Junius Ho's involvement in the attacks in Yuen Long. Source .
Pro-democracy lawmaker Andrew Wan from the New Territories files complaint with Independent Commission Against Corruption, alleging misconduct by the Yuen Long district regional commander in relation to July 21 Yuen Long attacks. Source.
A spokesperson for China’s defense ministry condemns Hong Kong’s anti-government protests and reiterates that Hong Kong can call upon Chinese military personnel stationed in the city to intervene if necessary. Source.
Max Chung, a Hong Kong resident, submits application to the police to hold a march in Yuen Long on July 27 to protest the violent attacks on July 21. Source.
Thursday, July 25
The police reject Max Chung’s application and say a protest in Yuen Long could increase the likelihood of further violence, referring to 13 letters from Yuen Long district leaders and 1,700 letters from members of the public who are worried for their safety. Max Chung says he will still walk the route as scheduled. Source.
Friday, July 26
The police confirm and defend their use of 55 cans of tear gas, 24 sponge grenades, and 5 rubber bullets to clear crowds in Sheung Wan during the July 21 protest. Reports confirm this was the first time in Hong Kong’s history that the police have used sponge grenades as riot control weapons. Source.
Approximately 15,000 protesters including flight attendants and airport staff stage an 11-hour protest in an attempt to hold the government accountable for violent attacks on Yuen Long residents in the prior week. Protesters make a small airport Lennon Wall, collect more than 14,600 signatures in support of their demands, and distribute leaflets. They sit on the ground chanting, “Free Hong Kong” as travelers walk through the terminal. Source 1. Source 2.
Saturday, July 27
Approximately 288,000 people attend a protest in Yuen Long according to organizer Max Chung, despite protest application’s rejection by police. Source.
Sunday, July 28
Max Chung is arrested for “organizing an unlawful assembly” on July 27. 13 others are arrested in connection with the march on charges including unauthorized assembly, possession of offensive weapons, and common assault. Source.
16 people are injured and 49 arrested as a result of clashes between protestors and police in Sheung Wan. Source.
Tuesday, July 30
Four protesters charged with possession of offensive weapons at the July 27 Yuen Long protest are denied bail by the Fanling Magistrates’ Court, and their cases are remanded until September 3. Source.
Wednesday, July 31
44 protesters charged with rioting on July 28 are released on bail, on the condition that they report to the police each week. The rioting charge carries a maximum prison sentence of 10 years under the Public Order Ordinance. Source.
Thursday, August 1
Hong Kong police reject the application for a pro-democracy protest planned for Saturday, August 3, in Mong Kok, and tell organizers that protestors can gather in a playground instead. Source.
The Law Society calls for an independent inquiry into the recent political crisis, and the president of Baptist University calls for a “truth commission,” becoming the the third university chief to make a statement. Source.
The police arrest pro-independence Hong Kong National Party founder Andy Chan and seven others on charges of possession of an offensive weapon and possession of explosives without a license after a raid on a warehouse. Hundreds of people gather at Sha Tin and later Ma On Shan police stations in protest. Source 1. Source 2.
Friday, August 2
In the first of four days of planned consecutive mass protests, thousands of civil servants go on strike despite warnings by the Secretary of Administration and other civil servant organizations that civil servants must remain "politically neutral" and in support of government. Police deploy tear gas and fire pepper ball rounds without warning. Source 1. Source 2. Source 3.
Police announce seven more arrests on charges of unlawful assembly, in connection with the July 21 Yuen Long attacks. Source.
Saturday, August 3
Standoffs and clashes between the police and protesters occur in several locations throughout the city, including Mong Kok, Tsim Sha Tsui and Wang Tai Sin. Protestors besiege and vandalize police stations and defend themselves from police with umbrellas and barricades fashioned from road blocks, while police fire teargas and pepper spray and pin down protestors.
A peaceful protest attended by thousands of people in Mong Kok deviates from the approved route: protestors walk to Tsim Sha Tsui, taking over main roads in Kowloon, and later on leave blockades at the entrance of the cross-harbor tunnel.
Photos show police subduing demonstrators and demonstrators bleeding outside a police station in Mong Kok. Police release a statement saying protesters had hurled bricks into the station and set fire to objects nearby.
Protests spread to Wang Tai Sin as local residents confront police until late at night, demanding they release other protesters believed held at a nearby police station. Source.
Protestors are seen throwing a Chinese flag from a pier outside Harbour City into the sea. Former Hong Kong Chief Executive CY Leung offers a reward of HK$1 million for useful information leading to the prosecution of the persons removing the flag, and a government spokesman condemns protesters for “challenging national sovereignty”. Source 1. Source 2.
90,000 people, according to the pro-establishment organizers, or 26,000 people, according to the police, attend a rally in support of the police and the government in Victoria Park under the theme “a hopeful tomorrow.” Source.
Sunday, August 4
Simultaneous marches occur in Tseung Kwan O and Western Hong Kong. Source.
A spokesperson from the central government condemns the protesters for “violating” the national flag laws of the PRC and Hong Kong and offending state and national dignity. Source.
Police announce the arrest of 20 people during Saturday’s protest clashes for offences including assault and unlawful assembly. Source.
Monday, August 5
Workers from 20 business sectors strike in the biggest general strike in decades. The Confederation of Trade Unions estimates that 350,000 people take part. Strikers include teachers, lifeguards, security guards, construction workers, and engineers. Subway lines, buses and roads are suspended and blocked. More than 2300 aviation workers join strike, 224 flights are cancelled.
At 10 a.m., Carrie Lam holds her first press conference in two weeks, and blames protesters for disrupting the workday, harming the economy, and harboring ulterior motives of revolution.
Hundreds of thousands of protesters and workers on strike attend simultaneous rallies in seven districts in the afternoon. Two cars drive through barricades in Yuen Long and Sha Tin.
Police begin shooting tear gas in Admiralty at 5 p.m. Protestors in helmets, goggles, and gas-masks run towards the tear gas, extinguishing it with traffic cones and bottles of water. Riot police shoot tear gas from rooftops. Clashes spread throughout various districts as marchers and neighborhood residents rally to protest against recent behavior of police officers.
In Sham Shui Po, police fired tear gas at residents who say they weren’t protesting.
In Tsuen Wan, a mob attacks protesters and passersby with knives.
In Wan Chai, protesters throw Molotov cocktails at the police headquarters.
Hong Kong police say they have arrested over 500 people and fired 1000 rounds of tear gas and 160 rubber bullets since June 9. The police fire nearly 1000 rounds of ammunition—tear gas, rubber bullets, and sponge-tipped rounds—on Monday alone. Source 1. Source 2. Source 3. Source 4. Source 5.
Tuesday, August 6
In a press briefing, the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council in Beijing issues its strongest warning yet to Hong Kong protesters. A government spokesperson says, “Those who play with fire will perish by it…. Don D who play with fire will perish by it State Councille/3021703/polic. . . . . Don . . play with fire will firm resolve and immense strength of the central government.” Source.
12,000 Chinese police officers stage an anti-riot drill in Shenzhen, directly across the border from Hong Kong, with police facing “protesters” dressed in construction hats and facemasks. Shenzhen police issue an online statement saying “All police forces in Shenzhen are always ready!” but claim the drills are public security measures in preparation for the PRC’s 70th anniversary celebrations. Source.
Baptist University student union president Keith Fong is arrested for ‘possession of offensive weapons’ after buying 10 laser pointers. The student union secretary alleges the police use excessive force in the arrest. Hundreds of protesters surround the Sham Shui Po police station and nearby roads in support of Fong. The police use tear gas to disperse the crowd, and arrest at least 6 people. Source.
Wednesday, August 7
Around 3,000 lawyers and legal sector professionals march from the Court of Final Appeal to the Department of Justice at midday. In this second “lawyers’ march,” the protesters wear black and march in silence. They call upon justice secretary Teresa Cheng to address allegations of politically-motivated prosecutions. Source 1. Source 2.
In response to Keith Fong’s arrest, over 1,000 people shone lasers on the side of the Hong Kong Space Museum in Tsim Sha Tsui during the regular nightly laser show.
Thursday, August 8
Hong Kong Baptist University Student Union president Keith Fong is released from jail and taken to the hospital. Source.
Friday, August 9
The Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) issues a warning to Cathay Pacific, in response to a Cathay pilot’s earlier arrest during a protest. Staff who had taken part in “illegal protests,” “violent actions,” and “radical activities,” will not be allowed to fly in and out of the mainland; Cathay must submit identification details of all crew using mainland airspace; and crew lists must be approved by CAAC for flights to use Chinese airspace. Source.
Saturday, August 10
Several hundred families march in a permitted pro-democracy rally to “guard [Hong Kong] children’s future.” Source.
Day Two of a three-day peaceful sit-in demonstration continues at Hong Kong International Airport. Source.
Sunday, August 11
Day Three of a three-day peaceful sit-in demonstration continues at Hong Kong International Airport. Source.
Protestors march from Victoria Park, and deviate from the police-authorized route. Police officers charge and fire tear gas at groups of protestors in Wan Chai, Sham Shui Po, Cheung Sha Wan, and Tsim Sha Tsui. Source 1. Source 2.
Undercover officers disguise themselves as protesters to infiltrate a crowd in Causeway Bay and arrest at least a dozen people. Photos show one protester’s face being pushed by an officer’s knee into a pool of his blood as he is arrested. Source 1. Source 2. Source 3.
Police officers fire tear gas inside Kwai Fong MTR station, a confined space. Source.
Police fire pepper balls at protesters at close range at Tai Koo MTR station, and beat with batons and push protesters an escalator. Source.
A young woman is shot in the eye, reportedly through her goggles, with a bean bag round at close range by police in Tsim Sha Tsui and suffers a ruptured eyeball and maxilla fracture. Source 1. Source 2 Source 3.
A police officer is burned on the legs after being hit by a petrol bomb inside Tsim Sha Tsui police station. Source.
Three lawyers file a complaint alleging police deliberately denied them their right to see their clients. Source.
A UK student, anonymously named “K,” is detained by two undercover police officers in Causeway Bay, beaten in the head with a baton, disallowed from contacting his parents, denied access to a lawyer and denied access to medical treatment for “six or seven hours” despite suffering from a brain hemorrhage. Source.
Monday, August 12
More than 5,000 protestors fill Hong Kong International Airport’s arrivals hall. Many wear eye patches in solidarity with the woman injured by police on August 11. Source.
Airport authorities suspend all flights for the rest of the day and evacuate Hong Kong International Airport. Source.
Medical professionals wear helmets and eyepatches to protest police violence. Source.
Hong Kong police invite journalists to a demonstration of new water-cannon anti-riot vehicles. Source.
The Global Times reports that People’s Armed Police armored personnel carriers have been assembling in Shenzhen over the weekend “in advance of apparent large-scale exercises.” Source.
At a press briefing, China’s Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office spokesperson says “the first signs of terrorism” are emerging in Hong Kong’s protests. Source.
Cathay Pacific warns its staff they could be subject to disciplinary measures or fired for supporting or participating in “illegal protests.” Source.
Tuesday, August 13
The office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights issues a statement urging the Hong Kong government to act with restraint towards protesters and to immediately investigate incidents of police use of weapons, including tear gas, that may be in violation of international norms and standards. Source.
Flights resume at Hong Kong International Airport in the morning. By afternoon, thousands of protesters occupy the airport for a second day, causing all remaining flights to be cancelled. Source.
Protesters seize two men: one they claim is an undercover mainland Chinese agent, and the other a Global Times reporter. Police come to free the two held men and to disperse the crowd with pepper spray and batons. A protestor takes the baton from an officer and is caught on footage attacking the officer, who then pulls out a gun. Source.
Chinese state media refers to Hong Kong protesters as “mobsters.” Source.
More than 1,000 doctors, nurses, and other health care workers from 13 public hospitals stage lunch-hour sit-ins to protest and condemn excessive use of force by police. Source.
Carrie Lam defends police against accusations of excessive use of force in a press conference. Source.
Wednesday, August 14
Most flights operate without disruption. The Airport Authority posts a formal notice of an interim court order, issued late Tuesday night, prohibiting inciting, aiding, and abetting unlawful and wilful obstruction of proper use of the airport. Protesters are prohibited from entering the departure hall and all but two designated sections of the arrivals hall. Source.
Protesters issue apologies for the disruption and clashes at the airport during previous nights. Source.
Riot police fire tear gas at protesters pointing laser beams at Sham Shui Po police station after the protesters do not heed verbal warnings to stop. Riot police disperse and subdue protesters gathered outside Tin Shui Wai police station. Source.
Thursday, August 15
Over 350 government workers and civil servants launch a second petition condemning police use of force against protesters, and warn of a strike if there is no dialogue or concession. Source.
The police deny permission to the Civil Human Rights Front to hold a planned rally for the first time, scheduled to be on Sunday, August 18. Source.
Friday, August 16
Cathay Pacific CEO Rupert Hogg resigns over the airline’s handling of issues related to the Hong Kong protests. CCTV announces the resignation. Source.
Saturday, August 17
People’s Daily posts a video of the People’s Armed Police conducting mock clashes with protesters in Shenzhen. Source.
Protesters march and rally in London, Toronto, Sydney, Melbourne, New York, and other cities in support of the Hong Kong protests. Source.
Three separate rallies take place in Hong Kong, including one in which thousands of teachers participate. Source.
Sunday, August 18
1.7 million people, according to organizers (and 128,000 protesters, according to police) peacefully assemble in Victoria Park and march to the government headquarters in Admiralty. Source.
Tuesday, August 20
In early morning, a knife-wielding Hong Kong resident attacks three people who are posting messages on the Tseung Kwan O Lennon Wall. Hong Kong police apprehend him as he tries to enter mainland China at Lo Wu in the afternoon. Source.
In press conference, Carrie Lam promises to set up a platform for dialogue, and says the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) fact-finding study commenced on July 4 will expand its scope and seek help from overseas experts. She refuses to withdraw the extradition bill and offers no concession to protesters’ five demands. Source.
IPCC head Anthony Neoh says he is not against a judge-lead independent inquiry into police handling of the protests, one of the five demands of the protesters, but that this inquiry should focus on ways to improve police operations and address social problems facing youth, instead of delving into individual police officers’ culpability. Source.
Friday, August 23
In an unauthorized but peaceful protest, an estimated 210,000 Hong Kongers form human chains across Hong Kong totally 30 miles, called the “The Hong Kong Way,” inspired by 1989 anti-Soviet “Baltic Way” protests. Source.
Hong Kong police officers receive first batch of 500 new protective anti-riot suits from mainland China. Source.
Saturday, August 24
HK MTR closes four stations in the vicinity of Kwun Tong (Lam Tin, Kwun Tong, Ngau Tau Kok and Kowloon Bay) after 12 p.m., where thousands are headed for a protest that has been authorized by the police. Source.
Early Saturday afternoon, on the 12th weekend of protests, tens of thousands occupy roads in Kwun Tong, Kowloon Bay, and Wong Tai Sin in Kowloon. Source. Police fire tear gas and rubber bullets, while protesters use sling shots, throw bricks, and wield iron rods—repeating their five demands and criticizing the government for breaching their privacy through its use of “smart” monitoring lampposts. Source. Ten people are injured, including two in a serious condition and one man who was hit in his left eye with a rubber-encased bullet. Source.
Around 2:30 p.m., Kwun Tong protesters arrive at Ngau Tau Kok police station. They pull down a smart lamp-post revealing components provided by China’s mass surveillance supplier, Skynet. Source.
After having met with former officials and other high-ranking politicians, Carrie Lam posts an appeal for dialogue on her Facebook page. Source.
Chinese police confirm release of Simon Cheng, employee of the British Consulate in Hong Kong who was detained for 15 days after trying to make his way back to Hong Kong from the Chinese border town of Shenzhen. Source.
Sunday, August 25
Following a peaceful march of 10,000 people in Tsuen Wan, Hong Kong police fire tea gas and plastic bullets at protesters, and use water cannon trucks for the first time since protests began in June. Protesters retaliate with sticks, bricks, and fire bombs. Source. Six officers drew their pistols. One fires a “warning shot” into the air. Source. Hong Kong police defend police officer for his “natural reaction” in kicking a kneeling, unarmed protester. Source.
Around 400 protesters say they are “relatives” of police officers hold rally at Edinburgh Place in Central, calling for an inquiry into the cause of the current political crisis. Source.
MTR announces it will be close three stations served by Tsuen Wan because of protests. Source.
By the end of the weekend, total arrests number 86 people, ranging from age 12 to age 52. Source.
Citing public concerns over surveillance, a Hong Kong technology company, TickTack Technology Limited, confirms it will stop supplying parts for HKSAR’s “smart lampposts” which are targeted during protests over the weekend. Source.
Tuesday, August 27
Carrie Lam addresses advisers in the Executive Council, stating that police have used minimal force against the protesters, and that, “We will not fight violence with violence.” She refuses to answer the question as to whether uniformed police officers should apologize for their alleged assault of a 62-year-old man, currently in hospital. On her refusal to respond to protesters’ demands, she adds, “It is not a question of not responding, it is a question of not accepting those demands”. Source.
The Appeal Board on Public Meetings and Processions upholds a police ban of a rally outside Cathay Pacific headquarters, organized to protest the airline’s dismissal of the head of cabin crew, for comments on social media. Source.
A 20-year old suspect, accused of storming the LegCo building on July 1, is accused of criminal damage and of “entering or staying in the chamber area.” Two other suspects, aged 19 and 29, are also accused of “entering or staying in the chamber area” and of conspiracy to commit criminal damage. Source.
Police defend arrest of 15 Hong Kongers aged 12-15, referring to special protocols for dealing with underage detainees. A social worker was with the 12-year-old boy when he was arrested, with his hands tied together with cable ties. An officer is caught on camera saying to the social worker, “How dare you call yourself a social worker. If you really care about the youngsters, don’t let them get out here.” Source.
Wednesday, August 28
Hundreds of protesters gather to condemn Cathay Pacific for firing staff and caving to pressure from Beijing. Source.
30,000 people attend a rally hosted by the Hong Kong Women’s Coalition on Equal Rights at Chater Garden in Central Hong Kong, demanding answers from the police for alleged instances of sexual assault, accusing police officers of “using sexual violence as an instrument of intimidation.” Source.
Hong Kong workers announce general strike on September 2 and 3. Source.
Secondary students announce class boycott on September 2, declaring that they will block entrances to schools if they do not receive a response from the government within 10 days. Source.
Thursday, August 29
Convenor of Hong Kong Civil Rights Front, Jimmy Sham, and his friend are attacked by two masked men with baseball bats on the same day police ban a rally that Mr Shan had planned for Saturday. Source.
Independence activist and leader of the banned Hong Kong National Party Andy Chan is arrested on suspicion of rioting and assaulting a police officer during a previous protest in Sheng Shui. Source.
Friday, August 30
Pro-democracy activists Joshua Wong and Agnes Chow are arrested on charges of organizing, inciting, and taking part in an illegal assembly. Former president of the University of Hong Kong’s student union, Althea Sun is arrested on suspicion of conspiracy to destroy or damage property. Source. Sha Tin District Council member Rick Hui is arrested on suspicion of obstructing officers. Source. Pro-democracy lawmakers Cheng Chung-tai, Au Nok-hin, and Jeremy Tan are also arrested. Source.
The Civil Human Rights Front cancels march set for Saturday, August 31, after the ban by the Hong Kong police is upheld by the Appeal Board on Public Meetings and Processions. Source. The march will have coincided with the fifth anniversary of a decision by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress in 2014 stating that candidates for the office of Chief Executive to be elected in 2017 would be selected by a 1,200-member Nominating Committee. This decision reversed the Standing Committee’s 2007 decision that the election of the Hong Kong Chief Executive in 2017 “may be implemented by the method of universal suffrage.” Source.
Saturday, August 31
Protestors defy ban on protest and first march in central Hong Kong toward the PRC Liaison Office in Sai Ying Pun. As the area is in virtual lock down with the metro station closed and two water cannon trucks stationed, marchers head in the direction of LegCo, where protestors clash with police. Police fires tear gas and blue-colored water cannons at the protestors. Some protesters throw objects and gasoline bombs, pile barriers and set small fires. Source. Source.
Protesters gather outside the police headquarters in Wan Chai. Some throw Molotov cocktails. Fires erupted on the road outside of police headquarters. Source.
All five MTR lines are suspended. Police officers from the Hong Kong Special Tactical Squad, known as the Raptors, storm into a MTR train at Prince Edward station and start hitting passengers with batons and pepper spray. Source. Source.
63 people are arrested. Source.
Sunday, September 1
Hundreds of protestors converge at the Hong Kong International airport. In the afternoon, the Airport Express rail service is cancelled and one of the nearest MTR station to the airport, Tung Chung station, is closed because of damage by protestors according to MTR. Source.
Monday, September 2
Police announce that they have arrested 159 people during the protests over the weekend, with 16 charged with rioting, describing the situation as a “catastrophe” while defending their use of tear gas and beating protesters with batons at Prince Edward MTR station. Police also deny any “error” in subjecting protesters to a two-hour lockdown without access to medical care. Source.
2014 “Occupy” student leader Agnes Chow wins High Court appeal against disqualification from running in election. Source.
Protesters gather outside Mong Kok police station to protest police decision to send “raptors”—the Special Tactical Squad—into Prince Edward MTR station on August 31. Source.
Tuesday, September 3
Carrie Lam declares full withdrawal of extradition bill. Many protesters see it as “too little, too late.” Pro-democracy lawmaker Claudia Mo describes the move as “us[ing] a garden hose to put out a hill fire.” Source.
A leaked 24-minute audio recording reveals Carrie Lam saying, in a private meeting with a group of business people the prior week saying, that she would “quit” if she had the choice. In the recording, she also expresses sympathy for police officers “who have been suffering tremendously” but does not address the protesters’ demands for an independent inquiry into police violence. She says that “the rule of law requires law enforcement” through arresting protesters who “may not be violent by nature but [who] are very willing to resort to violence” in order to reduce their numbers and address “early signs of anarchism.” Source. Source.
Hospital Authority says three protestors are sent to Kwong Wah Hospital for treatment. The three include a young man suffering neck trauma. Police is reported to have initially denied him first aid. Source.
Hong Kong Journalists Association (HKJA) accuses police of using “pepper spray against journalists at a close distance without any protesters around, without anyone charging and without issuing a warning” during gathering on Monday night. Source.
Twenty-five people are arrested across Hong Kong for “illegal assemblies,” including Keith Fong Chun-yin, leader of the student union at Baptist University. Source.
Wednesday, September 4
Police arrest at least 20 protesters on a bus in Kowloon Bay. One of the protesters is 15 years old. The police refuse to allow social workers on the scene to accompany underage protester. Source.
The Chairman of Cathay Pacific announces his resignation, three weeks after the company’s CEO, Rupert Hogg, stepped down as chief executive, amidst pressure from Beijing to “fall into line” following Hong Kong protests. Source.
A man who was arrested in connection with protests last month says he was “beaten up and abused” by police officers while in the police van and again at the station, denied access to a lawyer for over six hours, and subjected to an invasive search whereby police officers “strongly squeezed [his] genitals”. Source.
Hundreds bring flowers to estate in Fanling after 9th suicide in anti-extradition movement. Source.
Thursday, September 5
“Silver haired” protesters ask Carrie Lam to attend public forum on Sunday, dissatisfied with failure to respond to all five demands. Source.
Legislator Junius Ho announces that he has formed the “Public Monitoring Steering Concern Group," which sends inspectors into schools to monitor students striking. The legislator Liang Meifen says that teachers who refuse to act to stop minors from protesting may be held criminally liable. Source.
Pro-democracy activist leader, Joshua Wong, charged with illegal assembly, calls on the international community to increase its support for Hong Kong’s democratic institutions, saying that ahead of China’s National Day on October 1, the “most important battle now is to secure democratic elections for the city.” Source.
Friday, September 6
MTR announces it will preserve “relevant” security footage from its stations for three years. A crowd of protesters gather and kneel at Prince Edward MTR station, “begging” for the railway operator to release the CCTV footage from the clashes on August 31st. Source.
Saturday, September 14
Fist fights break out across parts of Hong Kong between anti-government and pro-Beijing and pro-police supporters. In Amoy Plaza shopping center in Kowloon Bay, clashes intensify as pro-Beijing supporters sing the Chinese national anthem, waive the Chinese national flag and take down a nearby Lennon Wall. A Lennon Wall in Fortress Hill, on Hong Kong Island, is also cleared out. Source.
The pro-democracy group Free Hong Kong raises HK $8.3 million (US$1.1million) in crowdfunding to run advertisements on October 1. Source.
Sunday, September 15
Despite a letter of objection issued by the police, tens of thousands of peaceful protestors march west from Causeway Bay toward Admiralty, where the SAR government headquarters are located. Some protestors confront the police. The police respond by firing tear gas and spraying blue-dyed water from water cannons. Riot police officers are deployed. Source
More than ten black-clad protestors throw at least three firebombs at two traffic policemen in Wan Chai who draw their revolvers. Source. Protestors hurl bricks at government offices in Admiralty, and pile barricades and set a fire outside Wan Chai MTR station. Source.
During their retreat eastward, some protestors are attacked in Fortress Hill by a group of men dressed in white. In North Point farther east, various fights break out between protesters and white-clad men, with several journalists assaulted. At least one man in Wan Chai is seriously injured after being attacked by protestors. Source.
Hundreds of protestors gather outside the UK consulate in Hong Kong to deliver a petition, urging the UK government to support the Hong Kong democracy movement and publicly acknowledge that China has violated the Sino-British Joint Declaration by interfering in Hong Kong affairs. Source.
Journalism student Boaz So is arrested for carrying a butter knife in his bag while covering demonstrations on Sunday after having eaten cakes with classmates to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival. Source.
Monday, September 16
Hong Kong pro-democracy legislator Tanya Chan speaks at the 42nd Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva, urging the United Nations High Commissioner to “convene an urgent session and establish a Commission of Inquiry, to ensure justice and human rights for the people of Hong Kong.” Source.
In a statement, the Junior Police Officer’s Association in Hong Kong warns that members may use firearms with live ammunition if they feel they are under lethal attack by protestors, following incident on Sunday when firebombs were thrown at traffic policemen. Source.
Hundreds of students march through Hong Kong Baptist University protesting the arrest of Mr. So the day before. Source.
Friday, September 20
Police Public Relations Branch Chief Superintendent Tse Chun-chung holds a press conference, rejecting Amnesty International’s recent report which found a “disturbing pattern of reckless and unlawful tactics against people during the protests.” Source. Mr. Tse disagrees with the report, saying it is “unfair to the police” due to the anonymity of the complainants. Source.
Saturday, September 21
Pro-Beijing legislator, Junius Ho launches “Clean Hong Kong Day,” urging supporters to destroy pro-democracy “Lennon Walls” erected by protesters. Source.
In the afternoon, nearly 2,000 protesters march in Tuen Mun, protesting against middle-aged mainland women known as “dama” or “big mama” for upsetting residents with their loud singing and dancing in the park. Source. Police attack first aiders. Source. A 13-year-old girl is arrested for burning a PRC flag. Source.
Around 5 p.m., police officers start firing tear gas and pinning protesters to the ground. Protesters throw bricks and gasoline bombs in response. Source.
In the evening, hundreds of protesters stage a sit-in at a shopping mall near the Yuen Long MTR station. Source. More than 50 shops close as protesters gather to sing the new Hong Kong protest anthem, “Glory to Hong Kong.” Source. A protester is trapped in an alleyway and beaten by dozens of police officers. Source.
Sunday, September 22
By 7:30 a.m., 14 men and one woman have been taken to hospital. One is in serious condition. Six are stable. Source.
During the day, protesters gather in shopping malls in Sha Tin and Nam Cheong, targeting pro-Beijing or pro-police businesses. Police fire tear gas, while protesters build and burn barricades and destroy the PRC flag. Source. After being found with a can of spray-paint and a laser pen, a 14-year-old boy is arrested for possessing “offensive weapons”. Source.
In the evening, police arrest at least five people for blocking roads and burning objects outside Mong Kok police station. Riot police arrive at Nathan Road to clear protesters, after MTR announces it will close the Mong Kok and Prince Edward MTR Stations. Several individuals dressed in black wielding batons take part in subduing protesters and prevent journalists from recording the event. One woman dressed in black confirms she is an undercover police officer. Source.
Tuesday, September 24
Pro-democracy lawmaker Roy Kwong is ambushed, punched and kicked by three people when he is walking to his car in Tin Shui Wai. A fourth person was filming the attack. Source.
Thursday, September 26
Hong Kong’s first community dialogue is held at Queen Elizabeth Stadium with about 130 people from the public asking questions and venting their frustration at Carrie Lam and four ministers including the mainland affairs secretary Patrick Nip and the health chief Sophia Chan. Source.
A reporter at Apple Daily is punched and kicked by four men in Sau Mau Ping. Source.
Dan Garrett, an American author who has documented Hong Kong protests since 2011, is denied entry to Hong Kong after testifying before the U.S. Congressional Executive Commission on September 17on Hong Kong anti-government protests. Source.
Friday, September 27
Cofounder of the pro-independence Hong Kong National Party Andy Chan is attached and beaten with electric torches by three or four men wearing hats, sunglasses and masks. Source.
Saturday, September 28
Tens of thousands of peaceful protestors rally in Tamar Park celebrating the fifth anniversary of the start of the Umbrella Movement. The police use water cannons, tear gas and pepper spray against protesters allegedly throwing firebombs. Source.
Following the protests, the police conduct large-scale arrest and stop-and-search a number of buses in Wan Chai, Causeway Bay and Hung Hom looking for protestors. Source.
Sunday, September 29
Despite failing to obtain a letter of no objection, protestors stage a “global anti-totalitarianism” march from Causeway Bay to Admiralty. The situation quickly turns violent when the police start firing tear gas and rubber bullets and clashes between the police and protestors goes on for hours in Causeway Bay, Admiralty and Wan Chai. A group of protestors vandalize Wan Chai MTR station. Source.
A 39-year-old Indonesian journalist from the Suara Hong Kong News was shot in the right eye by a beanbag round. Source.
A plain-clothes officer fire live warning shots to deter protestors. Source.
A masked man in yellow helmet throws red paint at canto-pop singer and activist Denise Ho at a march organized by the Taiwan Youth Association for Democracy in Taipei. Source.
Hong Kong Labor Party member Stanley Ho is attacked by four masked men, breaking both of his hands. The party condemns the assault and describes it as “white terror.” Source.
Tuesday, October 1
While Beijing celebrates the 70th anniversary of the Communist Party’s rule of China, thousands of protesters in Hong Kong defy police ban to march throughout the city., some shouting “There is no National Day celebration, only a national tragedy.” Before a march in Causeway Bay, Labour Party politician Lee Cheuk-yan says, “We are mourning those who sacrificed for democracy in China.” Source.
MTR closes several MTR stations in the morning. By 11pm, 47 out of 94 stations are closed. Source.
Protests turn violent with clashes between the police and protesters in 13 different locations including on Hong Kong Island, in Wong Tai Sin, Sham Shui Po, Tuen Mun, Tsuen Wan, and Sha Tin. Source. Source.
Police fires tear gas into a residential flat in Tsim Sha Tsui, breaking a window and forcing a family with an infant to flee. Source.
A minivan crashes into a crowd of protesters in Wong Tai Sin and is found burning six hours later. Source.
Around 4 p.m. in Tsuen Wan, a police officer shoots 18-year-old Form 5 student, Tsang Chi-kin, at close range in the upper left chest, three centimeters from his heart. The incident takes place on Tai Ho Road during clashes between the police and protesters, marking the first time a police officer shoots a protestor with live ammunition. Tsang was later charged with rioting and assaulting police. Source. Source. Source.
According to news reports, the police changed internal guidelines on use of firearms at 10 p.m. the night before, lowering the threshold event for which a police officer is allowed to use a firearm, from "attacks intended to cause death or grievous bodily harm" to "attacks intended to or very likely to cause death or grievous bodily harm." Other changes allow police officers facing "strong resistance" to use pepper spray, pepper water, tear gas canisters, hand-thrown tear-gas grenades, tear-gas water, thermal tear-gas dispenser, and pepper balls, in addition to subdue and control with force (as per previous guidelines. )Source.
At a midnight press conference, Hong Kong police commissioner Stephen Lo defends the shooting, saying the officer had given a verbal warning before opening fire and had acted in a “legal and reasonable” way. Source.
A total of 269 people are arrested; the police fire 1,400 tear gas canisters, 900 rubber bullets, 190 beanbag rounds and 230 sponge-tipped rounds, reaching record numbers in a single day. Six live rounds are fired. Source. Source. Source. At least 74 people are hospitalized for injuries, two in critical condition; 30 police officers are injured. Source. Source. At least 10 journalists from various media outlets covering the protests are injured. Source.
Wednesday, October 2
Hundreds of people march from Chater Garden in Central protesting the shooting of the high school student the day before. Protesters also gather at Tamar Park, in Sha Tin, and in Kowloon Tong. Students at Tsuen Wan Public Ho Chuen Yiu Memorial College, the school of the victim, organize a sit-in and other secondary schools students organize ad-hoc class boycotts. Source. After the headmaster of the victim’s school refuses to condemn the shooting, alumni also protest his silence. Source.
The 18-year-old student shot on Monday is in stable condition at Princess Margaret Hospital with a serious lung injury, having undergone a chest operation to have the bullet removed at Queen Elizabeth Hospital. Source.
Lawyer of the Indonesian journalist Veby Mega Indah, who was shot in the eye with a rubber bullet on September 29, confirms that the journalist will end up permanently blind in one eye. Source.
96 people arrested for rioting on September 29—including doctors, nurses, teachers, surveyors, social workers, and many students—have their cases heard in West Kowloon Magistrates' Courts. All are granted bail. Source.
Friday. October 4
Chief Executive Carrie Lam announces a face mask ban effective October 5, 2019. The ban prohibits wearing of masks or any facial covering that obscures the face in all authorized or unauthorized assemblies and processions and carries a penalty of a maximum one year prison term and a HKD 25,000 fine. The ban excludes police officers and reporters. The ban is declared under the Emergency Regulations Ordinance, which permits the Chief Executive to “make any regulations whatsoever which he may consider desirable in the public interest.” Source. Source.
The Hong Kong High Court dismisses application submitted by activist Lester Shum for emergency bid to halt the mask ban. Source.
Protests erupt in more than a dozen neighborhoods, including Central and Western Districts (Source), Taikoo (Source), and Wan Chai, Admiralty, with their protest chant change from “Hong Kongers, Persist!” (香港人！加油！) to “Hong Kongers, Resist!” (香港人！反抗！). Source.
An off-duty police officer drives a car into a crowd in Yuen Long, reportedly bumping a person. He then shoots a 14-year-old boy in the left thigh when he is surrounded by protesters. After the shot goes off, the officer is beaten and is hit by a petrol bomb thrown at him. Source.
Saturday, October 5
The MTR continues to suspend its operations “until further notice” after having shut down all its services on Friday night at 10.30 p.m. Dozens of shopping malls and banks are also closed in the wake of Friday night’s unrest. Source.
The 14-year-old boy who was shot in the thigh by police on Friday, October 4, is charged with rioting. Source.
Sunday, October 6
At 2 p.m., despite the pouring rain, thousands of protesters march in large and peaceful processions in Kowloon, Causeway Bay, and Victoria Park. Source. In Causeway Bay, protesters gather outside shuttered malls and shops, chanting “Hong Kongers, resist!” The demonstrations quickly turn violent. Source. Source.
A taxi in the middle of a crowd of protesters in Sham Shui Po, in Kowloon, picks up speed suddenly and rams into the crowd, reportedly injuring at least two people. Source. One of the injured, female, sustains open fracture on left leg and dislocation of right knee (Source). Protesters the drag the driver out of the taxi and beat him. Source.
A video circulated online shows a scene shot from high angle of police officers changing into black clothing, apparently in disguise as protesters. Source.
Despite assurances from authorities that professionals are exempted from the mask ban, riot police confront a journalist and remove his mask, saying, “Who gave you the privilege to wear a mask?” Source.
Chinese soldiers stationed in Kowloon warn protesters that they may be arrested for shining lasers at the police barracks. Source.
24 pro-democracy lawmakers file an application for injunction in the High Court to suspend the mask ban, accusing Carrie Lam of by-passing the legislature in breach of the constitution. Justice Godfrey Lam rejects the application, saying his reasons will be given on Tuesday. Source.
Monday, October 7
In a statement, the police describe the incident of a taxi ramming into protesters on October 6 as a “traffic accident.” Source.
A Hong Kong-based journalist who was hit by a petrol bomb during protests on Sunday recovers in hospital, having suffered a burn to the face. Source.
A male university student and a 38-year-old woman appear in court as the first people charged with breaching the anti-mask ban. Source.
The Education Bureau announces that starting from 11am on October 8, all schools will be required to report on the number of students who wear masks to school. Source. They are also required to report on students who boycott classes or who are absent “for abnormal reasons.” Source.
While security guards attempt to block the doors, riot police storm a shopping mall in Ma On Shan to arrest a man while also pushing a Stand News reporter to the ground, removing her glasses, threatening her with pepper spray, and taking her charging cable. Residents inside the mall criticize police for storming into a private area. They then protest outside Ma On Shan police station. Source.
Police accuse 19-year-old pregnant woman of “faking it” when her water breaks after she is pushed to the ground during Monday’s protest. They stall for 20 minutes before allowing her to be sent to hospital, and then threaten to send her to San Uk Ling detention center. When she is in hospital, a male police officer enters her delivery room to obtain her personal information. Source. Police then continue to guard her delivery suite. Source.
Tuesday, October 8
The taxi driver who rammed into the crowd of protesters on Sunday October 6, is hospitalized but not charged, while a 20-year-old man in the crowd is arrested for rioting. Source.
Nearly 200 firefighters and paramedics issue a joint statement condemning police obstruction of humanitarian aid. Source.
Jannelle Leung Hoi-ching, a pro-democracy Kwun Tong district council candidate, is attacked with a blow to the head by an unidentified man when she is distributing leaflets several hours after announcing her campaign. She is hospitalized with a head injury. Source.
Carrie Lam says she “won’t rule out” accepting help from mainland China in dealing with the Hong Kong protests. Source.
Wednesday, October 9
Hong Kong High Courts hears application by pro-democracy activist Edward Leung to appeal his six-year jail sentence on rioting conviction. The conviction stemmed from his involvement protests in Mong Kok on February 8 and 9, 2016, supporting street vendors being cleared by the authorities. The Court reserves its judgment until next year. Source. Hundreds of pro-democracy protesters gather outside the Court in support of Edward Leung, chanting, “Liberate Hong Kong, revolution of our times.” Source.
The taxi driver who rammed into the crowd of protesters on Sunday October 6, still not charged, receives a RMB52,000 donation from a pro-Beijing group. Source. The 20-year-old is accused of “vigilante beating” of the taxi driver. Source.
Michael Vidler, the lawyer representing the Indonesian journalist who was shot in the eye on September 29, accuses the police of failing to gather evidence from the scene at the time of the incident. He says that it was a group of lawyers who collected the rubber bullets and other related evidence from the scene five days later. Source.
It is reported that five security guards were arrested for attempting to stop police from entering the mall in Ma On Shan on Monday. Source. The security workers union issues a statement condemning their arrest. Source. Hundreds of people gather in the Ma On Shan shopping mall in support of the security guards. Source.
Hong Kong police confirm that in the evening of Tuesday October 8, a plain clothes Hong Kong police officer had dressed as a protester inside the closed Sham Shui MTR station, in order to conduct “an investigation.” Source.
The Hong Kong Community College dismisses Chan Wei-keung, a lecturer of 14 years, after his anti-protester comments spark outrage among students. Source.
A study of Hong Kong residents aged 15 and above shows that Hong Kongers’ mental health is at its worst in eight years, exacerbated by tensions arising from protests. Source.
After being arrested on the night of October 7, a 27-year-old protester remains in intensive care with brain hemorrhage resulting from an injury inflicted during the protest that night. Source.
A Chief Inspector at the police headquarters in Wan Chai tells 400 officers in a convening that they have the right “to remove a mask from anyone in a public place whenever they reasonably believe the person is wearing it to prevent identification.” Source.
Thursday, October 10
The Office of the Ombudsman says it has received more than 10,000 complaints about the police since June, but investigations into these complaints are limited by the scope of its authority. Source.
Chief Secretary Matthew Cheung Kin reveals that nearly a third of the protesters arrested since June are under 18. He describes the trend as “shocking” and “heartbreaking.” Source.
Friday, October 11
MTR re-opens all its stations after being shut for a week, and the Legislative Council holds its first session since pro-democracy demonstrators stormed the LegCo building in July. Source.
Indonesian migrant workers rally outside their consulate, urging action on reporter shot blind during protests. Source.
Hong Kong officials reveal that one-third of the 2379 protesters arrested since June are under 18; and 104 of them are under 16. Source.
The Police Deputy Commissioner threatens to arrest female student Sonia Ng and her family for slander after she alleges she was sexually assaulted in custody by the police. Source. Hundreds of protesters gather in Chater Garden to show their solidarity for Ng. Source.
Saturday, October 12
A woman who attempts to rip a face mask off a demonstrator in a protest is later discovered to be a prosecutor at the Department of Justice. Source.
After the assault on district council candidate Janelle Leung, 25, on October 8, a second candidate, Jocelyn Lau, 23, is attacked by a middle-aged man while distributing pamphlets. Source.
Sunday, October 13
Two people are arrested in Kwun Tong after an officer is “slashed in the neck” by a protester. Source.
Protesters vandalize a Starbucks branch in the Tseung Kwan O district, as they call on people to boycott allegedly pro-China businesses. Source.
Monday, October 14
In the early morning, police shoot Now news van driver in the head with a beanbag round. They then beat him at the police station and release him to hospital two hours later with a broken jaw. Source. A senior officer apologizes for the incident and promises to conduct an investigation. Source.
Police say that on October 13, protesters detonated a homemade bomb—the first time such a device was used in the Hong Kong protests. Source.
Students and friends gather to commemorate Chan Yin-lam, the 15-year-old girl who was found dead in the sea in September, at the Hong Kong Design Institute when she was a student. Protesters demand explanation from school authorities of the gaps in the CCTV footage from the day she was last seen. After the school fails to respond, the students vandalize school property. Source.
19 members of the Children’s Commission urge police to review their procedures in relation to their handling of underage arrestees. Source.
In the evening, 130,000 people gather at Chater Garden, pressing Washington to pass the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act. Source.
Over a hundred protesters gather in the rain at Southorn Stadium to support NBA manager Daryl Morey, who spoke out in defense of the Hong Kong protesters. They also burn a basketball jersey to denounce LeBron James’ comments. Source.
Tuesday, October 15
The United States House of Representatives approves the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, with the Senate vote next week. Source.
The Hong Kong Design Institute releases 20 more seconds CCTV footage relating to Chan Yin-lam, showing her in an elevator with a man on the evening she went missing and leaving the elevator. In the afternoon, students vandalize the library. Source.
The convenor of the Hong Kong Civil Human Rights Front, Jimmy Sham, is attacked in Kowloon in the evening with two men wielding hammers. When he is taken into the ambulance, he tells the reporter: “five demands, not one less”. Source.
Wednesday, October 16
During her policy address, Carrie Lam admits that she is not offering any political solutions, but says she hopes to do so after calm is restored. Source.
Guri Melby, a Norwegian Parliamentarian, nominates the people of Hong Kong for a Nobel Peace Prize. Source.
In a public opinion poll conducted by the Chinese University of Hong Kong from October 8-14, 71% of respondents oppose the mask ban, 62% believe the ban achieves the opposite of quelling the unrest, and 52.5% believe the SAR government bears the greatest responsibility for the violent clashes between police and protesters. Source.
Friday, October 18
Murder suspect Chan Tong-kai whose case triggered the extradition bill crisis agrees to surrender to Taiwan authorities after his release next week. Taiwan authorities urge Hong Kong authorities to keep him in custody in Hong Kong, “in order to investigate the truth and seek criminal liability for justice.” Source.
Sunday, October 20
Police fire blue-colored tear spray liquid through water cannons at a mosque in Kowloon, despite eye witness accounts that there were no protesters nearby. Source.
Monday, October 21
Carrie Lam arrives at the mosque in Kowloon to apologize to Muslim community leaders for the police’s “inadvertent spraying” of the mosque the day before. Source.
A 22-year-old man from mainland China is remanded in custody at Fanling Court where he faces one count of wounding with intent after allegedly stabbing a 19-year-old pro-democracy student surnamed Hung in the neck and stomach. The attack occurred on Saturday, October 19 when Hung was handing out protest pamphlets. Source.
Police refuse to suspend the officer who shot at the Kowloon mosque with a water cannon on Sunday, October 20, saying it would do nothing to solve the problem. Source.
Taipei says murder suspect Chan Tong-kai’s surrender to Taiwan authorities is not enough to prosecute him and requests the Hong Kong government to agree to a mutual legal assistance framework. Carrie Lam says the Hong Kong government would only provide assistance “within the legal limits of Hong Kong.” Source.
Tuesday, October 22
In a surprise reversal, Taiwan agrees to accept murder suspect Chan Kong-tai from Hong Kong. Vice-Chairman of the mainland affairs council, Chiu Chui-cheng, says while he regrets the Hong Kong’s refusal to agree to a mutual legal assistance mechanism, he says that in the interests of justice, “if Hong Kong will not handle it, [Taiwan] will handle it.” Source.
Four people who were struck by the water cannons outside the Kowloon mosque on October 20 file official complaints against the police, alleging that the police did not follow their own guidelines in using the water cannons. Source.
Wednesday, October 23
Chan Kong-tai is released from prison in Hong Kong after serving 19 months for money laundering charges. Chan apologizes to the victim’s family and says he will “surrender” himself to face trial in Taiwan. Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen says Taiwan will “not agree to his surrender in exchange for leniency” and again requests Hong Kong to provide “judicial assistance, especially in the area of evidence gathering.” Source. Hong Kong rejects Taiwan’s request to send law enforcement authorities to escort Chan to Taiwan. Source.
Hong Kong’s legislature formally withdraws the extradition bill that sparked the protest movement. Source.
Friday, October 25
The Hong Court high court issues a broad injunction banning people from publishing personal details about police officers and their families online. Source.
Saturday, October 26
Thousands attend medical profession assembly, criticizing police abuse and expressing concern for injured protesters who avoid going to the hospital for fear of arrest. Source.
Sunday, October 27
At 3 p.m., more than a thousand people gather at Salisbury Garden in defense of “civilians, journalists and the Muslim community” against police brutality. After some protesters throw objects at the police, officers retaliate with pepper spray and tear gas. Multiple clashes break out around the city throughout the afternoon and into the evening. One reporter is hit in the leg by a police projectile and the police demands others to remove their masks. Source.
At 4 p.m., hundreds gather at a paper crane ceremony to commemorate the people who have died or been injured during the protest movement. Source.
Monday, October 28
Several hundred Tuen Mun residents protest outside the Tai Hing operational police base over suspected tear gas testing at the base, which many residents claim caused them to feel unwell in the afternoon. After clashes between the two sides, police give a warning and fire tear gas canisters into the crowd. Source.
Tuesday, October 29
Joshua Wong is the first candidate to be disqualified from the district council elections, which will take place on November 24. Source.
Wednesday, October 30
More than 70 people—mostly residents—are arrested in Tuen Mun following another protest relating to claims of tear gas leaking from the Tai Hing operational police base. Source.
Thursday, October 31
Police ban a rally planned for Saturday, November 2, in Victoria Park and Tamar Park. Source.
The High Court grants a temporary injunction effective through November 15 banning users of messaging apps including Telegram and the “Reddit-like forum” LIHK from sending messages that incite violence or acts causing damage to property. Source.
Police fire tear gas to disperse a group of masked anti-government protesters and partygoers near the clubbing district Lan Kwai Fong. They also fire tear gas at masked protesters in Nathan Road. Source.
Saturday, November 2
Police discontinue a pre-approved peaceful assembly in Central minutes after it has begun. Later in the day, police use tear gas to disperse a gathering in Victoria Park which protesters characterize as an “election meeting” concerning upcoming district council elections, which, in principle, does not require police permission. Police also deploy water cannons in Central, Wan Chai, and Causeway Bay. Source.
Fires are set at the MTR Central Station, as protesters smash glass, leading MTR to announce its closure at 6 p.m. Protesters also vandalize the headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party-owned Xinhua News Agency. Source.
In Central, a firefighter accuses officers of firing a tear canister projectile into his fire engine. Officers push him up against the wall, and push away journalists nearby and use pepper spray against them. Source.
In Causeway Bay, a volunteer first aider suffers serious burns to his back after apparently being hit with a tear gas canister. Source.
Sunday, November 3
Riot police storm several shopping malls, including in Tai Koo Shing on Hong Kong Island and in Sha Tin in the New Territories, where some protesters gather peacefully while others have vandalized shops and restaurants. Source.
In Tai Koo Shing, four people are injured following clashes between police and protesters outside the shopping mall. Pro-democracy councillor Andrew Chiu has part of his ear bitten off by someone wielding a knife, another man is found unconscious in a pool of blood with wounds in his back, and a third is beaten by a crowd accusing him of starting the attack. Source.
Monday, November 4
Hundreds of angry students besiege the president of Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Wei Shyy. They demand that he condemn police brutality after a fellow student is reported to have suffered a brain injury after falling from a car park in Tseun Kwan O while fleeing tear gas fired during clashes between protesters and police early this morning. Source.
Police hold an emergency press conference to "express sadness" over student in critical condition after falling from car park in Tseung Kwan O the night before. They deny involvement of officers and refute claims of police obstructing an ambulance’s access to the student. Source.
Wednesday, November 6
While campaigning on a sidewalk in Tuen Mun, pro-Beijing lawmaker Junius Ho is stabbed by a man dressed as a campaign volunteer. Source.
Friday, November 8
Chow Tsz-lok, the 22-year-old Hong Kong student who fell from a car park building on Monday, November 4, dies at 8.09 a.m. Source.
Tung Pak-fai, the suspect who was arrested for stabbing Junius Ho on Wednesday, November 6, is charged with attempted murder and will remain in custody until February as he chose not to apply for bail. A spokesperson for the Chinese State Council’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office condemns the attack as “blatant violence,” which creates a “chilling effect . . . to achieve a political gain”. Source.
Magistrate So Wai-tak finds a 16-year-old boy guilty of one count of possessing offensive weapons in a public place and one count of possessing offensive weapons with intent, on the basis of his carrying a laser pointer, a modified umbrella and a hiking pole to a protest in September. Police discovered the items on the boy during a body search after his arrest near the Tuen Mun MTR station on September 21. Source.
Monday, November 18
The Hong Kong High Court rules the ban on face-covering at protests unconstitutional, saying it “goes further than necessary” in restricting fundamental rights.
The Court of First Instance of the Hong Kong High Court rules the ban on face-covering at protests unconstitutional, saying it “goes further than necessary” in restricting fundamental rights. Source.
Protesters trying to flee the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) campus are met with a “hailstorm” of tear gas and rubber bullets. They also try to rush a police cordon but are pushed back onto the campus. Student leaders say protesters suffered eye injuries and hypothermia after being struck by a stinging dye shot from a police water cannon. Source.
Seven pro-democracy lawmakers are detained or face arrest for their “involvement in [causing] a fracas” over the now-withdrawn extradition bill at a local assembly session back in May 2019. The lawmakers claim the government action is an “excuse to postpone or cancel [the] November 24 district elections.” Source.
Monday, November 11
In a call for a citywide strike, protesters cause wide-spread traffic disruption, resulting in suspension of classes at 11 universities on Monday, and at 10 universities on Tuesday. Police enter the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), and the University of Hong Kong (HKU), leading to violent clashes and several arrests. Source.
In Sai Wan Ho, a police officer fires three live rounds and shoots an unarmed 21-year-old protester in the stomach at close range. The protester remains in critical condition following surgery. Source.
A 57-year old man is doused in flammable liquid and set alight after confronting a group of protesters at Ma On Shan station. He suffers head trauma and severe burns to his body as he “fight[s] for his life in hospital.” Source.
Tuesday, November 12
More than 1,000 demonstrators rally during the lunch hour in Hong Kong’s Central financial district. Police fire tear gas at demonstrators and arrest more than a dozen people. Police also fire tear gas at students rallying at the City University in Kowloon Tong and at the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) in the New Territories where protesters throw petrol bombs and bricks at police. A senior officer says the city is on “the brink of total breakdown.” Source.
In clashes that last for hours at a barricaded bridge outside the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), police fire hundreds of rounds of tear gas and rubber bullets; students hurl gasoline bombs and bricks, and shoot flaming arrows. More than 100 injured students are taken to a makeshift first-aid clinic in a gym. Source.
During the negotiated ceasefire between protesters and the police, the vice chancellor of CUHK, Rocky Tuan, is shot with tear gas. Police also fire a water cannon despite announcing their retreat. Source.
Protesters create road blocks in over 13 districts to obstruct police reinforcements. The Hospital Authority announces 51 injured following the clashes. Source.
Wednesday, November 13
Bus routes, train services, and major roads are shut down as part of a general strike protesting the death of Chow Tsz-lok on Friday, November 8. Mainland students evacuate the city, and protesters erect barricades and roadblocks around the city, preparing for further clashes with police. Source.
In Central at lunchtime, workers support protesters through cheers and chants. Police clash with protesters and fire tear gas. Source.
A Stand News reporter is diagnosed with an incurable skin condition, Chloracne, after repeated exposure to dioxins released by tear gas. Source.
The Hong Kong High Court rejects an application for injunction by the Chinese University (CUHK) student union seeking to prevent police from entering the campus without a warrant. Source.
CUHK calls off all classes “with immediate effect until the beginning of Term 2 on 6 January 2020.” Several other universities suspend classes for the rest of the week. Source.
In Tin Shui Wai around 10 p.m., a 15-year-old boy suffers a serious injury from apparently being hit in the head with a tear gas canister. He is taken to hospital and undergoes brain surgery. Source.
In Kwai Chung around 10 p.m., an unidentified man aged around 30 and dressed in black is found on the street in a pool of blood. He is taken to hospital and declared dead. Police say he died from falling from height. Source.
Hundreds of young protesters fortify parts of the campuses of Polytechnic University and University of Hong Kong (HKU), in addition to those of CUHK, Baptist University, and City University. At CUHK, protesters carry supplies by foot including protective gear, food, water, and weapons. Source.
Thursday, November 14
Sporadic clashes break out between protesters and police near the Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Kowloon. On Hong Kong Island, protesters block roads surrounding the University of Hong Kong, causing traffic delays. At the Chinese University of Hong Kong, protesters barricade themselves inside the grounds and block all entrances for the third day in a row. Source.
Office workers come out in support of protesters in Central during their lunch hour, and in Tai Koo, in the northeastern part of Hong Kong Island. Source.
In the morning in Sheung Shui, a man dressed in black is taken to hospital after he is beaten by at least ten baton-wielding men. A young woman dressed in black also claims to have “narrowly escaped” being kidnapped by the baton-wielding men. Source.
A 70-year-old man dies after being hit in the head with a brick in Sheung Shui the day before, during clashes between protesters and police. Source.
Friday, November 15
White collar workers continue to show support for protesters by attending more lunchtime rallies– the fifth day this week. Friday’s rally includes the formation of a channel for black-clad “braves” to run through, carrying bricks in anticipation of a police crackdown. Source.
Two Democratic Party district election candidates announce they intend to file a civil claim against police for ill treatment during their detention. Source.
Saturday, November 16
Hong Kong journalists condemn a police officer for allegedly firing a sponge grenade at a radio reporter while he was covering protests in the early hours of Saturday morning. Police say they are investigating the incident and the officer involved has been put on leave. Source.
PLA soldiers from the army’s garrisons in Hong Kong clean up a protest site. Source. Article 14 of the Basic Law states, “Military forces stationed by the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region for defence shall not interfere in the local affairs of the Region. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may, when necessary, ask the Central People’s Government for assistance from the garrison in the maintenance of public order and in disaster relief.” Source. A Hong Kong government spokesperson is reported to have said that the soldiers’ assistance had not been requested. Source.
Sunday, November 17
Police clash with protesters around Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) throughout the day in the most violent confrontation since the protests began in June. Police use tear gas, rubber bullets and water cannons. Protesters resist and hit an officer in the leg with a flaming arrow. Source.
A reporter from Mad Dog Daily suffers serious injuries to his head and waist after being hit in the head by a blast from the police water cannon outside PolyU. Source.
By the evening, police take over all entry points to PolyU, trapping hundreds of people inside. Source. At 8.30 p.m., riot police advance on protesters at the Cheong Wan Road Bridge aided by two armored trucks, but are beaten back by Molotov cocktails. Source.
At midnight, police issue a warning that live ammunition may be used against protesters. Source.
Monday, November 18
At around 5.30 a.m., police enter the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU). Makeshift barricades are set on fire, with firefighters arriving later to put out the flames. Source. Police carry out many arrests near the campus; a large group of people are seen seated outside a hotel in the Tsim Sha Tsui district of Kowloon with their hands zip-tied behind their backs. Police arrest 51 people who they say “claim to be medics or journalists” outside PolyU. The regional police commander says anyone who walks out of PolyU will be arrested for rioting. Source.
Protesters trying to flee the campus are met with a “hailstorm” of tear gas and rubber bullets. They also try to rush a police cordon but are pushed back onto the campus. Student leaders say protesters suffered eye injuries and hypothermia after being struck by a stinging dye shot from a police water cannon.
At least 500 protesters remain inside the university in the afternoon. Some protesters escape by climbing down ropes or plastic hoses dropped from a bridge on campus, as supporters on motorcycles await them on the road below. At least 116 people are injured by the end of the day. By nightfall, 100 people (mostly parents of the protesters) stage a sit-in outside the school. Dozens of protesters lined up at the designated exit are arrested on charges of rioting. Source.
The Hospital Authority confirms 38 people were injured on Sunday. Source. Police announce 154 arrests over the weekend, bringing the total number of arrests to 4,491 since the protests started in June. Source.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says the United States is “gravely concerned” about the deepening unrest and violence, including at PolyU and other campuses. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell also calls on leaders in Beijing and Hong Kong to “de-escalate”. Source. The United Kingdom Foreign Office expresses its concern over the escalating violence at PolyU, emphasizing the vital need for the authorities to provide appropriate medical care to those who are injured, and “safe passage” for all those who want to leave. Source.
The Hong Kong High Court rules the ban on face-covering at protests unconstitutional, saying it “goes further than necessary” in restricting fundamental rights. Source.
Hong Kong Police Commissioner Stephen Lo retires, saying that an independent investigation would be “unjust” as “police have not abused use of force.” Source.
Tuesday, November 19
The National People’s Congress Standing Committee slams the High Court’s ruling declaring the face-covering ban unconstitutional, saying it is the only body that can judge and decide whether Hong Kong laws are constitutional. Source.
Wednesday, November 20
The Hong Kong Secretary for Food and Health, Sophia Chan says tear gas chemical ingredients should not be made public because doing so would affect the police force’s operational capabilities. Source. She says that based on internal studies, there is no evidence to support claims that tear gas poses major public health or environmental risks through producing dioxins or cyanide. Secretary for the Environment, Wong Kam-sing suggests that, based on the major sources of dioxin globally—hill fires and waste burning in the open air—dioxins in Hong Kong may be sourced to protesters’ fires and Molotov cocktails. Source.
The Hong Kong Department of Justice asks the Hong Kong High Court to suspend enforcing the November 18 ruling on the mask ban so that the ban can continue pending an appeal. Source.
According to the President of Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), by the afternoon about 100 protesters remain barricaded inside the university for the fourth consecutive day. Source. 300 minors surrender and 280 people are sent to hospital. Source. Supporters attempt to distract the police by disrupting the city’s train network. Source. The Hong Kong Secretary for Justice says all those who leave will be arrested for rioting. Source. Six people are arrested for attempting to escape the campus via the sewers. A 21-year-old student describes how she and others underwent a “painful” swim through the squalid water, which was filled with snakes and cockroaches. Source.
Over 200 people who tried to help those trapped inside the besieged PolyU campus on Monday, November 18 are charged with rioting in Tsim Sha Tsui, Jordan and Yau Ma Tei—areas around the university. They are brought to courts in six districts across Hong Kong, for hearings scheduled from 9p.m. to 1a.m.. The Chief Magistrate of the Eastern Magistrates Court, Qian Li, slams the prosecution for its unsatisfactory schedule and for wasting both the courts’ and lawyers’ time. Source. Source.
Former employee of the United Kingdom’s Hong Kong consulate, Simon Cheng, says, during his detention by mainland authorities, he was beaten, deprived of sleep, “shackled, blindfolded and hooded” by Chinese secret police as they interrogated him on the UK’s role in supporting the protests. On August 15, he was stopped at Shenzhen when he tried to reenter Hong Kong after a trip. Source.
Hong Kong’s Secretary for Justice, Teresa Cheng, says she has “no opinion” on Simon Cheng’s allegations of torture against the Chinese government. Source.
Thursday, November 21
Almost a hundred protesters remain inside the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) campus, which police have surrounded since Sunday, November 17. Although desperate to leave, protesters say they would rather be arrested than surrender voluntarily. Source.
Four months after the attacks of protesters at the Yuen Long MTR station, 36 people have been arrested but only six have been formally charged with rioting and conspiracy to injure others. Source.
In the evening at Yau Ma Tei near the PolyU campus, thousands of people try to encircle police officers in order to distract them and rescue those trapped inside. At around 11.30 p.m., a white van accelerates towards a fleeing crowd, followed by two police cars. Officers from the Special Tactical Squad exit from the van and chase the protesters. Some officers fire pepper balls at the crowd and a stampede ensues. One person breaks an arm but cannot receive treatment as police officers wield pepper spray and demand all medics to leave. Source.
Friday, November 22
A 43-year-old Hong Kong man is arrested for allegedly taking photographs of an elite police squad known as the “Flying Tigers,” who were involved in a clearance operation the previous weekend amid protests in Tsim Sha Tsui.
The Hong Kong High Court says it will wait seven days before declaring the anti-mask law unconstitutional in light of an imminent appeal by the government. Source.
An 18-year-old woman files a complaint with the Hong Kong Police alleging she was raped by four men during her detention at Tsuen Wan police station on September 27. Source.
Sunday, November 24
A record turnout of over 71 percent of registered voters delivers a landslide victory for the pan-democrats in the district council elections, who win 389 out of 452 seats (up from 124) and gain control of 17 of the city’s 18 district councils. Source. Source.
Over 30 people are still trapped inside Hong Kong Polytechnic University for the eighth day in a row. Representatives tell reporters that those still stuck inside are suffering from panic attacks, starvation, and loss of speech. Source.
Hong Kong’s top judge, Geoffrey Ma Tao-li, says the independence of the judiciary is one of the “fundamental features” of Hong Kong’s legal system, as “guaranteed and spelled out in the clearest of terms in the Basic Law.” Source.
Monday, November 25
Hundreds gather in Tsim Sha Tsui East near Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) demanding the release of dozens of protesters who are still trapped inside the university, besieged by police since November 17. Source. Chief Executive Carrie Lam refuses to order the police to retreat, saying that the siege is part of the police’s role in upholding the rule of law. Source.
Later in the day, following pleas from the university, police agree to enter PolyU with a team comprising school principals, social workers, clinical psychologists and others, to negotiate the protesters’ retreat. The police promise not to make any arrests, to provide medical treatment to those who need it, and to treat the protesters similar to minors. Chief Superintendent Ho Yun-sing, district commander of Yau Tsim District says he will not rule out arresting them later. Source.
Tuesday, November 26
Chief Executive Carrie Lam says she is considering setting up an independent “review” committee to investigate the causes of the social unrest in Hong Kong. Source.
Hundreds of protesters gather at IFC Mall in Central Hong Kong and on the streets in Kowloon Bay. In Central, they express their support for the protesters who are still trapped inside Hong Kong Polytechnic University after major clashes with police there on Sunday, November 17. In Kowloon Bay, protesters occupy the crossroads between Sheung Yuet Road and Wang Chiu Road, halting traffic for 20 minutes, riot police arrive wielding batons, shields and crowd control guns, and holding a blue sign which tells people they are taking part in an illegal assembly. Source.
Amy Pat Wai-fan, 24, who was charged with two counts of rioting at the Mong Kong protests in 2016 and convicted in the District Court earlier this month on both counts, is sentenced to three years and ten months in prison. Source.
Newly-elected district council party member, Huang Guotong, is denied entry to Macau on national security grounds. Source.
Wednesday, November 27
Over 3,700 intellectuals in the international academic community sign a joint petition condemning police violence in Hong Kong and urging universities to deny police entry to campuses, in support of freedom of assembly and academic freedom. Source.
The 18-year-old protester, “Ms. X” who filed a complaint on October 22 after allegedly being raped by several officers during her detention at the Tsuen Wan Police Station in September, wins a court application to revoke a search warrant that allowed police to obtain her medical records and clinic surveillance footage after her complaint was filed. Source. According to anonymous sources, the woman was impregnated and had an abortion. Source.
President of the United States, Donald J. Trump, signs into law the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act and the Protect Hong Kong Act, which could sanction Hong Kong government for not maintaining its autonomy from mainland China under ‘one country, two systems’ framework. Source.
Thursday, November 28
In the first case where a Hong Kong court has criminalized the possession of a laser pointer as an offensive weapon, the 16-year-old boy who on November 8 was found guilty of possessing “offensive weapons” in a public place, and possessing “offensive weapons” with intent—on the basis of bringing a laser pointer, a modified umbrella, and a hiking pole to a protest—is ordered to attend a rehabilitation center at his sentencing hearing. Already in custody for two months, the boy will continue to serve a short custodial sentence and receive work training and counselling. Source.
Newly appointed Police Commissioner Chris Tang tells reporters during a tea gathering that the police “may consider” using wooden bullets against protesters, which Civil Rights Observer group says are more dangerous than rubber bullets and in breach of the spirit of the United Nations’ “Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials.” Source.
Friday, November 29
At noon, police end their 12-day siege on Hong Kong Polytechnic University. During their final search of the University, they find no remaining protesters. Source.
Saturday, November 30
Seniors join with students as part of a cross-generational rally of several hundred people at Chater Gardens in Central Hong Kong. Many sing “Glory to Hong Kong”—the unofficial anthem of the protest movement. Some wave U.S. flags to show their appreciation for the new U.S. laws, the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act and Protect Hong Kong Act. Source.
Residents gather to conduct a vigil outside Prince Edward MTR station, paying their respects to protesters who they believe were killed by police there three months ago. Police continue to deny the account and refuse to release full CCTV footage from the night. A few hundred protesters also gather in Kowloon Bay where they form a line and stand side by side, holding hands. Source.
In an opinion piece in South China Morning Post, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, urges the Hong Kong government to “prioritise a long-overdue process of meaningful, inclusive dialogue” and conduct “a proper independent and impartial judge-led investigation into reports of excessive use of force by the police. Source.
At around 3 p.m., approximately 380,000 people gather to march from Tsim Sha Tsui Clock Tower to Hung Hom Stadium in the largest of three rallies approved on the same day, with “Don’t forget our original intentions” as its theme. The police revoke the notice of no objection issued just one hour later and clash with protesters across the city—in Tsim Sha Tsui, Whampoa and Mong Kok—using pepper spray, pepper balls, and tear gas, and carrying out many arrests. Source. Source. Officers storm into Tsim Sha Tsui MTR station where they use pepper spray against crowds and push a kneeling woman to the ground, who appears to be pleading with them. Source.
Police Commissioner Chris Tang, denies the existence of police violence in Hong Kong and criticizes the media for conducting a mass smear campaign against the police force through spreading “fake news.” Source. He rejects calls for an independent investigation into alleged police misconduct, refuses to apologize for the July 21 attacks in Yuen Long and confirms that the officer who drove his motorcycle into a crowd of protesters on November 11 is back on active duty. Source.
Monday, December 2
Thousands of people, including protesters dressed in black, the elderly, as well as families, march along a main thoroughfare on Kowloon’s Victoria Harbour waterfront chanting “five demands, not one less” and “disband the police force.” The march is cut short after riot police fire tear gas and arrest several people. Some protesters throw paving stones at police. At night-time, more tear gas is fired after dozens of protesters set up road blocks and vandalize restaurants and shops with ties to the mainland. Source.
At 12 p.m. in Chater Garden, over a thousand people from the advertising industry gather to kick-start a five-day strike in support of the five demands. Source.
Pro-democracy lawmakers introduce a private member’s bill (introduced by a legislator who is not acting on behalf of the executive branch) to amend the “colonial, draconian and out of date” public order ordinance. The bill seeks to reduce the maximum penalty for rioting from ten years in prison to three, and bring down the maximum penalty for unlawful assembly from five years in prison to six months. Currently, almost 6,000 people have been arrested during almost six months of protests. Source.
Yuli Riswati, an Indonesian migrant, domestic worker, and acclaimed writer who wrote about the protests, is deported, after 28 days in detention for overstaying her visa. She had a two-year contract beginning in January 2019 with her employer, who had requested that her visa be extended. Source.
2019 Anti-Extradition Protests
2014 Occupy Movement