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In 2021, Hong Kong authorities, citing coronavirus health risks, banned, for the second year straight, the annual candlelight vigil in Victoria Park where Hong Kongers had gathered every June 4 since 1990 to commemorate the victims of June Fourth crackdown on the 1989 Democracy Movement. The police...
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Inspiration from Hong Kongers prosecuted and sentenced for involvement in the June 4, 2020 candlelight vigil in Victoria Park
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Thirty-two years ago, hardliners in the Communist Party of China made the cold-blooded decision to crush citizens’ voices and mobilize the People’s Liberation Army against the Chinese people, killing and maiming unarmed, peaceful protestors demanding the fundamental conditions for a healthy society...
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[Translation by Human Rights in China] On June 4, 1989, in a time of peace, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, under the leadership and command of the ruling authorities, sent tanks, armored vehicles, and soldiers with live ammunition onto the ten-mile Chang’an Avenue in Beijing. Without...
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Originally published by the U.S.-Asia Law Institute . In December 2020 the European Union (EU) announced that it had concluded in principle a Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI) with China . In so doing, the EU deliberately segregated its investment negotiations with China from its human...
At the request of Ding Zilin, a founding member of the Tiananmen Mothers, a group of survivors and family members of the military crackdown on 1989 Democracy Movement, HRIC posts her letter below. Ding Zilin extends her deep appreciation for international support and humanitarian assistance for the...
Sharon Hom: “An agreement without human rights clauses or obligations in effect provides a blank check for an authoritarian regime and, frankly, leaves the companies to their own devices to address, ignore, or be complicit in human rights violations.”
In the Joint Appeal, HRIC joins 35 NGOs and labor unions around the world to express grave concerns that the EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI)—reached between leaders of the two governments in December 2020—“sends a signal that the European Union will push for closer cooperation...
HRIC joins 23 NGOs and individuals in urging the Biden Administration to prioritize human rights in U.S-China policy as the “scope and scale of human rights violations committed by the Chinese government inside and outside the country require a fundamental shift.” February 17, 2021 Joseph R. Biden...
Guo Feixiong ( 郭飞雄 ) , well-known Chinese human rights activist, was stopped at the Shanghai Pudong Airport on January 28 while en route to the United States to care for his ailing wife. The authorities reportedly cited “ suspicion of endangering national security " as the reason. Guo has begun a...
GUO FEIXIONG: URGENT APPEAL TO HIGHEST CHINESE LEADERS Chairman Xi Jinping, Premier Li Keqiang, Chairman Li Zhanshu, Your Public Servants: I am Yang Maodong, a citizen of the People’s Republic of China, and my pseudonym is Guo Feixiong. I am a free idealist and human rights worker dedicated to...
Sharon Hom: “Human rights defenders, as well as all users of social media or technology tools, are trapped between a rock and a hard place—between the manipulation for profit of “surveillance capitalism” and the economic and political constraints of party-state authoritarianism.”
On January 10, well-known Chinese rights activist Guo Feixiong issued an urgent open letter (see below) to Premier Li Keqiang and Minister of Public Security Zhao Kezhi, urging them to order Guangzhou authorities to return his passport so that he may come to the United States to take care of his...
  • A scene from the unofficial primaries held in July 2020, which the authorities characterize as “subversion of state power” under the National Security Law. (Photo: Studio Incendo)
Sharon Hom: “This is the moment to hold the authorities’ feet to the fire, a test, and an opportunity to give Article 4 real teeth to provide rights protections guaranteed in the international obligations of the mainland Chinese and Hong Kong SAR governments.”
HRIC’s submission describes overarching challenges to the right to education and academic freedom in Hong Kong and highlights specific concerns regarding the effective implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR, art. 13).
On the December 9, at her year-end press conference at the Human Rights Council, UN High Commission for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet spoke out on the serious human rights violations in Xinjiang and expressed concerns regarding what she called the “rapidly shrinking civic and democratic space in...
  • Chang Weiping
Just six days after making this statement, Chang was taken away by police on October 22, 2020. Chang’s disappearance followed 10 months of “residential surveillance in a designated location” (RSDL)—presented by the authorities as “bail” condition of his previous detention that occurred in mid-...
  • Credit: Studio Incendo
Against the troubling rights erosion made possible by the NSL and the political abandonment by the Hong Kong SAR government of its people are: the institutional and normative safeguards inherent in Hong Kong’s judicial and legal system, and the safeguards provided by international human rights...
  • UN Human Rights Council
During the UN Human Rights Council’s 45th session that concluded yesterday in Geneva, Council member states and civil society organizations voiced urgent concerns about China’s serious and ongoing human rights abuses, centering on two sets of actions that have prompted international outcry:...
  • Wang Zang (left) and Wang Li (right)
Human Rights in China has learned that poet Wang Zang ( 王藏) and his wife Wang Li ( 王丽), of Chuxiong City, Yunnan Province, have been arrested for "inciting subversion of state power." Police authorities have referred their cases in mid-September to the procuratorate to seek indictments. According...
An open letter to: UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet, UN Member States. We, the undersigned organizations, join together to call for an international mechanism to address the Chinese government’s human rights violations, and urge you to...
In a joint communication to the Chinese government, seven United Nations independent human rights experts presented a legal assessment of the National Security Law for Hong Kong (NSL). They also detailed their numerous concerns that the law does not comply with the government’s international legal...
In this update, Xu Yan, wife of detained human rights lawyer Yu Wensheng, provides the latest developments in her husband’s case. On the morning of September 3, Yu’s two defense lawyers plan to meet with Yu at the Xuzhou Municipal Detention Center to discuss his upcoming trial of second instance...
Sharon Hom: “While the use of online platforms enables broader participation, greater transparency, and easier access, we also urge greater attention to potential measures for protecting civil society groups and human rights defenders against retaliation, particularly for those operating in...
From The Toronto Star : Ottawa remains silent as pressure mounts to help victims of China's crackdown in Hong Kong . . . . . “ Sharon Hom, executive director of Human Rights in China , gave a forceful defence of the need for Western countries not to give up and prematurely declare Hong Kong a lost...
On August 20, 2020, Peking University issued a “Notice on Regulating the Declaration and Approval of Participation in Online International Conferences Organized by Foreign Parties.” The Notice requires all teachers and students planning to participate in online conferences (webinars) to declare...
From Radio Free Asia (RFA) , “ 香港为何向黎智英开刀?蓬佩奥深表担忧 (Why did Hong Kong attack Jimmy Lai? Pompeo expresses deep concern) ”: Human Rights in China senior advisor, Gao Wenqian , explains why Hong Kong went after Jimmy Lai first. “First, Next Media is the only Hong Kong media company that can take a...
Sharon Hom, HRIC Executive Director: “Hong Kongers continue to exercise their rights in the closing civil society space and express resistance in creative, diverse ways. The international community must stand in solidarity with the people of Hong Kong.”
“Dear Foreign Ministers, We, a coalition of 17 organizations and independent scholars, write to express our grave concerns about Hong Kong’s National Security Law. Governments need to stand by the people of Hong Kong and respond with urgent and meaningful actions. We urge all governments….”
Many were charged with and convicted of “subversion of state power” and “inciting subversion of state power.” HRIC’s updated 709 case chart highlights the ongoing impunity of the Chinese authorities in violating the rights of rights defense professionals and activists, the right of an individual to...
In this timely essay, Chen Jiangang, one of China’s well-known rights defense lawyers, tells the story of the campaign waged by the Chinese authorities over the past decade intended to crush the rights defense legal profession.
HRIC has prepared an annotated bilingual chart of the NSL-HK to facilitate reading of the law and highlight the troubling, problematic aspects of the law, including…
“The new law is Beijing’s ultimate tool to crush dissent, shut down civic space, and erase the rule of law in the Special Administrative Region (SAR).”
Under siege at home and abroad, Xi Jinping, the helmsman of the Communist Party of China, decided he may as well go all out, wage a war against whatever may come while other countries are preoccupied, and settle the Hong Kong question once and for all…
On June 10, Zhang Hai of Wuhan submitted a complaint to the Wuhan Municipal Intermediate People’s Court in the first case filed by a Wuhan citizen against government authorities for concealing information about the new coronavirus. This concealment, he argues, led to his father’s death. Zhang…
“We urge the NPCSC to abandon plans to introduce national security legislation for Hong Kong, as what is known about the draft law so far and the experiences with respective national security laws in mainland China strongly indicate that neither the law nor its application would conform to...
Distributing democracy leaflets in Beijing landed Feng Xiaoyan in the No. 4 People’s Hospital in Linyi, Shandong, where she has been kept as a psychiatric patient and force-fed medications.
In his article, lawyer Chen Jiangang discusses what he terms as the “Four Breakthroughs” that President Xi Jinping has “achieved” during his administration: 1. Breaking with the principle of abiding by international treaty obligation, (referring to the the 1984 Joint Declaration that the Chinese...
On January 19, 2018, lawyer Yu Wensheng published a "Citizen’s Proposal to Amend the Constitution," with recommendations for deleting the "Preamble” to the Constitution and for other political reforms. He was criminally detained the following day, on suspicion of "obstructing official business" and...
Xu Zhiyong wrote in his seminal essay in 2012: “China Needs a New Citizens Movement”: “China needs a new citizens movement. This movement is a political movement in which this ancient nation bids utter farewell to authoritarianism and completes the civilized transformation to constitutional...
  • June Fourth Victoria Park 2016
For the first time in 30 years, Hong Kong authorities are banning the annual June Fourth candlelight vigil in Victoria Park. “The ban comes amid an alarming acceleration of attacks on the autonomy of Hong Kong and the undermining of the rights and freedoms of the Hong Kong people guaranteed under...
[English translation by Human Rights in China] “We have to ask the Chinese ruling party and the Chinese government: Which civilized Chinese law expressly confers the government the right to use state military force to kill, at will, students and civilians in peaceful demonstrations?
Gao Wenqian writes, “The pandemic has severely impacted China's politics, and seriously questioned and challenged Xi’s “almighty” status that he has so painstakingly crafted. This was unimaginable before the outbreak in Wuhan. The image of Xi as a "wise leader" no longer exists, with his true form—...
On Thursday, May 21, authorities in Beijing announced a draft Decision to formulate and enact national security legislation prohibiting four identified security threats in Hong Kong: secession, subversion of state power, terrorism, and foreign interference. The move contravenes requirement in...
HRIC has selected the Chinese-language timelines that make use of Chinese government, news, scientific, social media sources, along with English-language sources, that tell the story of the pandemic from the perspective of those affected by it inside China and for a Chinese audience.
Wang Quanzhang ( 王全璋) , a lawyer in custody since the “709” crackdown in 2015, was supposedly released from prison on April 5, 2020. But instead of being allowed to go home to Beijing, Wang was sent to Jinan ostensibly for a 14-day quarantine. But by April 23, he had still not been allowed to...
April 30, 2020 is the 10th anniversary of the revocation of Tang Jitian and Liu Wei's lawyer's licenses. In 2008, Tang Jitian and Liu Wei were among 35 lawyers who called for the direct elections of officers of the state-controlled Beijing Lawyers Association. In 2010, Tang and Liu’s lawyer...
Pressure has been clearly mounting on the Hong Kong SAR government to once again make an attempt to introduce an Article 23 law. The overwhelming election of Pan-Democratic candidates in the district council elections in November 2019, along with the sustained mobilization of diverse sectors during...
  • 15 arrested pro dem figures collage (Photo: Courtesy Hong Kong Free Press)
The arrests of 15 pro-democracy activists on Saturday, April 18 marked a sharp turning point in the protest movement that has engulfed the city for nearly a full year. Taking place amidst a global pandemic and renewed calls for enactment of Article 23 national security law, this campaign targeted...
On April 2, 2020, the Zhengzhou Lawyers Association issued a disciplinary “warning” to lawyer Liu Yingying( 刘莹莹 ) for posting on her blog an article titled, “Today, family members lined up in a long queue to pick up their relatives’ ashes at the Hankou Funeral Home.“ The warning states that Liu is...
Following the outbreak of COVID-19 in China, thirteen Chinese citizens from Beijing, Fujian, Hunan, Shandong, and other provinces, including Li Yingzhi ( 李英之 ) , Zha Jianguo ( 查建国 ) and Lin Yubin ( 林于斌 ) urge the government to take the following actions: Conduct a public memorial service on Qing...
In her statement, Shi Minglei, the wife of Cheng Yuan, the public interest advocate facing charges of “subversion of state power,” cites serious factual inaccuracies in the article, "The Cheng Yuan I know" (谈谈我认识的程渊). She states that the article maliciously links, without evidence, the arrest of...
In this article, Lu Dachun, a long-time petitioner who previously served a two year-sentence for petitioning-related activities, points out that although the central government has emphasized the need to solve the outstanding problems of "two no worries [about food and clothing] and three...
Christian Jiang Zhanchun ( 蒋湛春) has been criminally detained in Zhenjiang City Detention Center on suspicion of “picking quarrels and provoking trouble and disrupting the working order of state organs." Xu Yonghai ( 徐永海) , an elder of the Beijing Christian house church, Divine Love Group, appeals...
The Peking University professor and advocate of judicial reform in China says in this handwritten short essay, “Without press freedom, not only would the people’s livelihood be difficult, there would be no trust in government, let alone the possibility of a capable modern governance system.” 贺卫方:...
The group’s appeals include the following: the protection of fundamental human rights in the course of epidemic prevention and control; the establishment by the National People’s Congress of a special investigative commission that includes independent professional and organizations to conduct a...
The lead advocate of the New Citizens Movement lambasts Xi Jinping for his incompetence and mismanagement of the coronavirus epidemic, asking the Chinese president to resign for the sake of the country. Xu was detained in southern China on February 17, 2020. He is reported to be facing “inciting...
Xu Yan ( 许艳 ) , the wife of Beijing lawyer Yu Wensheng ( 余文生 ) , sends a letter to the Mayor of Beijing, seven Deputy Mayors, and the Chief Secretary of the municipal government, appealing to them, on whom the people depend for their livelihood, to immediately launch a mechanism for protecting and...
In the beginning of March, “A Battle against Epidemic,” a book whose publication had been trumpeted by the propaganda machine of the Communist Party of China just days earlier, was hastily withdrawn even before its release. Many thought, therefore, that there is a limit to the CPC’s shamelessness...
No one had expected that the novel coronavirus pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan more than a month ago would quickly turn into the disaster of the century, spreading across China and to the world. The authorities first covered up the epidemic, created a flourishing scene of happiness and prosperity,...
As the grip of the coronavirus continues to tighten , local governments are at the forefront of efforts to implement ever-stricter regulations aimed at stopping the epidemic in its tracks. Just this week, for example, the Zhangwan District of Shiyan City in Hubei Province issued a notice on...
This notice from the Zhangwan District of Shiyan City in Hubei Province, approximately 300 miles from Wuhan, with a population of 410,000 in the district, was posted on the website of Shiyan City at a little after 9:00 p.m. on February 12, 2020, announcing “Wartime Management and Control” beginning...
On the afternoon of December 30, 2019, Dr. Li Wenliang, an ophthalmologist at the Wuhan Central Hospital, posted two messages in a Wechat group of his medical school classmates: “Seven cases of SARS were diagnosed connection with Huanan Fruit and Seafood Market” and “The latest news is that the...
The " Beijing News " reported on January 16, 2020 that a court in Henan upheld a lower court’s “picking quarrels and provoking trouble” conviction of three Henan farmers in connection with their petitioning activities. Lu Dachun, a veteran petitioner and rights activist, questions why the farmers...
Li Qiaochu ( 李翘楚 ), the girlfriend of New Citizens Movement advocate Xu Zhiyong ( 许志永) , posted an article on Twitter describing the police search of Xu’s home and her home in Beijing on New Year's Eve. When officers came to search Xu’s home, Li was there but Xu was not. Afterwards, they took Li to...
Shi Minglei (施明磊), the wife of Cheng Yuan (程渊), who has been in custody for his public interest advocacy, tweeted today that as a result of her continuous fight, the Changsha Municipal Bureau of State Security finally lifted her residential surveillance that had lasted nearly six months, and...
  • Luo Huining. Photo: Handout
[Translation by Human Rights in China] Just as the New Year begins, a long-simmering rumor of Beijing replacing the chief of the Liaison Office of the Central People’s Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has finally been confirmed. Why would Beijing change horses at this...
HRIC is deeply concerned about the statement by the spokesperson for the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) during a briefing on November 19, 2019, that castigated the “extreme violence” committed by young protesters in Hong Kong, “including against the police force.” While...
HRIC condemns the Hong Kong police’s actions on and around the campus of Hong Kong Polytechnic University after trapping students, journalists, and first aiders , and reportedly handcuffing the latter group. Video footage circulating online of scenes from early morning November 18, Hong Kong time,...
In August 2018, China underwent a periodic review by the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination on the country’s implementation of obligations under the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD). Among the key topics of the Committee’...
Chinese Government’s Follow-up Response to the Concluding Observations of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination October 8, 2019 中国政府关于联合国消除种族歧视委员会 结论性意见后续行动的答复材料 Source: https://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CERD%2fC%2fCHN%2fCO%...
FIDH 40 th Congress – Taipei, Taiwan FIDH Urgent Resolution on the Human Rights Situation in Hong Kong Sponsored by Human Rights in China (HRIC) and the Taiwan Association for Human Rights (TAHR) Delegates gathered at the FIDH 40 th Congress, Recognizing that over the past four months, diverse...
At its congress in Taipei, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), a global federation of 192 human rights member organizations from more than 100 countries, unanimously approved an urgent resolution (full text below) supporting the Hong Kong people’s protests calling for government...
The military parade and celebrations marking the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China have finally ended. As the boss of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping can finally breathe a sigh of relief. He managed to break the “Russell’s curse” that had haunted the CPC,...
As Beijing mounted a tightly choreographed spectacle of tanks, bombers, and missiles, with a march of 15,000 soldiers, to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, a police officer in Hong Kong shot a teenage demonstrator in the chest at close range. While...

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