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October 2007

October 31, 2007

The information contained in this summary is based on information collected by HRIC in October and is not intended as a complete list. Rather, it should be viewed as a representation of larger trends of dissent and repression in China.

Media Censorship

Petitions and Protests

Human Rights Defenders

Labor

Death Penalty



Media Censorship

China’s online population reaches 172 million
The number of Internet users in China reached approximately 172 million, or 13 percent of the total population, at the end of September. More than 100 people in China are accessing the Internet every minute of the day.[1]

Media censors Burma news
Chinese media coverage of the situation in Burma has given more prominence to the Burmese junta’s official line, and access to uncensored information remains limited. On September 25, the Xinhua News Agency reported that protesters wanted “an improvement to people’s livelihoods, the release of prisoners and national reconciliation.” There was no mention of the democratic reform demands that have widely been reported on outside China.[2]

Online forum on HIV/AIDS shut down
On October 9, an online forum on HIV/AIDS became inaccessible for the fourth time since September 29. Meng Lin (孟林), the forum’s founder, told Radio Free Asia (RFA) that the Internet service provider said the closure was due to technical problems, but that he could not speculate on the real motive behind the closure.[3]

China “purifies” television shows
Two weeks ahead of the 17th National Congress, it was announced that reality television shows will have to abide by new restrictions. Candidates chosen to participate in the shows will have to have a “clean appearance and mature attitude.” Live voting by telephone or Internet was banned, and only live television audiences will have voting privileges.[4]

Sex ads banned
During the first two weeks of October, China banned a total of approximately 2,000 television and radio advertisements on the basis of promoting sex-related material.[5]

Sichuan website cancels popular forum
On October 3, rights defender Huang Xiaomin (黄晓敏) told RFA that a Sichuan-based website cancelled one of its very popular sub-forums on October 1. Wang speculated that the cancellation was related to the upcoming 17th Party Congress. RFA reported in mid-September that the same website removed a heavily-viewed post about an attack on an evictee.[6] The forum was restored as of October 31.[7]

China blocks RSS feeds
On October 4, Ars Technica reported that China’s Public Security Bureau blocked all incoming URLs that begin with “feeds,” “rss” and “blog,” effectively censoring RSS feeds. The story quickly spread to numerous technical and blog-related publications before subsequent reports provided necessary clarification. These reports stated that China is not dynamically blocking all RSS feeds, although RSS feeds will be blocked if they are coming from sites that are already blocked.[8]

More access for overseas media
On October 9, China Daily reported that overseas reporters would have greater access to cover the 17th Party Congress. Besides three open press conferences, overseas reporters also had access to more group interviews and to more interviews with delegations. Instead of having to take photos from afar, overseas photographers were allowed closer contact with Party leaders and delegates.[9]

Netizens use Internet to voice opinions
As the 17th Party Congress commenced on October 15, Chinese citizens used chatrooms and online surveys to voice their ideas. Four of the top concerns voiced were: restraining the power of officials; reducing corruption; improving living standards; and narrowing the wealth gap. On a bulletin board sponsored by People’s Daily, 7,000 messages were directly addressed to Hu Jintao and urged him to get rid of corrupt officials and provide more channels for people to raise complaints against officials.[10]

U.S. search engines redirected to Baidu
Google, Yahoo!, and Microsoft websites were blocked on October 17, and Internet users were redirected to the Chinese-owned Baidu search engine. Analysts speculated that the move was made by the Chinese government in retaliation for the U.S. awarding the Dalai Lama the Congressional Gold Medal.[11]

Restrictions on marriage-seeking advertisements
On October 18, Shanghai Daily reported that the city’s civil affairs bureau in Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, placed additional restrictions on marriage-seeking advertisements. Violations of the new regulation by newspapers running the advertisements will result in a warning. Two warnings will lead to suspension, and violators will be shut down if they receive three warnings. The regulation will take effect in November.[12]

Tibetan literature website shut down
A popular Tibetan literature website, reportedly the first of its kind, was shut down on October 20. Tibetan writer Woeser told RFA that the website had been careful not to publish articles related to political and current affairs and that the closure was likely linked to the Dalai Lama’s receiving the Congressional Gold Medal award in the U.S.[13]

BBC journalists suspended from interviewing
On October 21, BBC journalist Juliana Liu was forced to stop interviewing a labor rights consultation unit in Guangdong Province. Local authorities interrupted the interview, and police subsequently followed and harassed the head of the unit. In related news, a BBC Chinese team was not allowed to cover the 17th Party Congress; the same team was not allowed to cover the National People’s Congress meeting in March. No explanation was provided.[14]

U.S. supports Internet laws
On October 24, BBC reported that legislation stopping Internet companies like Yahoo!, Google and Microsoft from revealing personal data to Chinese authorities gained support from the House Foreign Relations Committee. Under the legislation, companies would not be allowed to provide personal information to designated “Internet-restricting” countries except for legitimate law enforcement purposes as determined by the U.S. Department of Justice. Companies would also have to reveal to the U.S. Department of State the terms and phrases they filtered in those countries. The bill now needs approval from the House Energy and Commerce Committee.[15]

Fake reporters jailed for extortion
It was reported on October 25 that four Chinese men who had posed as reporters from China Legal News to blackmail an official were each given sentences of between three and eight years. The four men had tried to extort 100,000 yuan from an official in southern Hainan Province in return for not reporting the unauthorized commercial use of a piece of farmland.[16]

UK journalists detained for interviewing petitioners
On October 30, RFA reported that two journalists from UK Channel 4 TV were detained for six hours while interviewing petitioners for the documentary “China’s Olympic Lie.” The journalists’ Chinese interpreter was detained for 16 hours. The documentary was following a detention center where petitioners were reportedly held and sometimes beaten. Chinese authorities deny the existence of such centers. The TV station also contacted the Beijing Olympic Organizing Committee, which denied knowledge of these centers.[17]



Petitions and Protests

Anhui workers beaten for petitioning
On September 27, more than 1,000 workers of an Anhui iron and steel industry organized a mass demonstration after their factory allegedly employed thugs to beat them. At least 14 workers who had been protesting conditions related to the factory’s privatization were reportedly injured. A woman told RFA that her husband was one of those beaten by metallic bars, and as a result, suffered bone factures and was hospitalized. RFA discovered that most of the online posts discussing the incident were removed on October 3.[18]

Hunan petitioner forced into psychiatric hospital
On October 3, Hunan petitioner Liu Ping (刘萍) told RFA that she had again been forcefully admitted to a psychiatric hospital for 42 days beginning January 26. This resulted from her petitions to Beijing since 2006 on the local government’s failure to provide compensation after the factory where she worked went bankrupt. Liu was sent to a psychiatric hospital for the first time in September 2006 after petitioning in Beijing. Liu estimated that 60 percent of the petitioners in Beijing have been detained in psychiatric hospitals.[19]

Farmers and police clash over cotton sales
On October 4, Reuters reported that a violent clash between farmers and police in the Suxingtan area of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) over cotton prices left 40 people injured and 25 detained in late September. Tensions erupted after farmers sold cotton in the market rather than to the government-operated Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC), because the farmers were not satisfied with XPCC prices. Police set up checkpoints to prevent the farmers from selling their cotton and made midnight raids on households. In response, the residents attacked the checkpoints and the Suxingtan police station.[20]

Petitioners demand democratic reform
More than 12,000 mainland petitioners from 30 provinces sent an open letter to Communist Party of China (CPC) leaders urging democratic reform and basic human freedoms. The letter highlighted China’s social problems and called for the abolition of the Reeducation-Through-Labor (RTL) system and an end to the persecution of petitioners.[21] Liu Jie (刘杰) and Wang Guilan (王桂兰), two of the letter’s main representatives, were arrested on October 11 and October 14, respectively, while the other two organizers Liu Xueli (刘学立) and Cheng Yingcai (程英才) remain in hiding.[22]

Mass incidents in Guangdong decrease

Mass protests and riots in Guangdong have decreased greatly in recent years because of the government’s efforts to solve social conflicts, according to statements by Guangdong’s Communist Party Chief Zhang Dejiang on October 16.[23]

Beijing employs thugs to manage petitioners

On October 25, RFA reported that the Provincial Government's Regional Offices in Beijing increasingly employ thugs to deal with petitioners. Petitioners are captured and secretly held for days, sometimes months, in hotels transformed into illegal detention facilities, like the Yi Hua Hotel in Beijing Haidian district, the report says. According to petitioners who had been detained there, thugs are employed by the government to suppress dissent, terrorize and beat petitioners. Their wages are reportedly calculated according to the number of petitioners captured and beaten.[24]

Government notice reports petitioners sent to psychiatric hospitals
According to the Sichuan-based Tianwang Human Rights Center, the Wuxi Bureau for Letters and Calls (which received petitions from residents) in Jiangsu Province issued a document in 2003, stating that petitioners “with mental illness,” such as Lin Xiuqing (林秀青) and Zhu Shiqing (朱士清), were damaging Wuxi City’s image.[25] On October 25, RFA reported that Lin’s admission to psychiatric hospitals in 2001 and 2003 was retaliation against her petitioning in Beijing over undercompensated eviction. Zhu had been kept in psychiatric facilities for more than 200 days because he had complained about the police’s inaction over his beating by thugs in 1992.[26]

Apartment owners to be detained for renting to petitioners
Petitioner Liu Baochun (刘宝纯) told RFA on October 25 that Beijing authorities would detain apartment owners for 15 days if they rent to petitioners. As a result, many petitioners have moved to outlying suburbs.[27]

Villagers demand land property rights
On October 26, residents of Huangyong Village, Guangdong Province, surrounded the local village committee building to demand land property rights and a fair share of land profits. They were soon confronted by more than 1,000 policemen, who arrested four leaders and injured three elderly protesters. One of the detainees was released immediately, but the other three were detained for 10 days.[28]

Tibetan convicted for expressing support for the Dalai Lama
On October 29, Ronggyal Adrak was tried and convicted by a Sichuan court for subversion. The judge said the final sentence would be announced in six to seven days. He was detained and then formally arrested during a festival in Lithang, Sichuan Province, on August 1, when he expressed support for the Dalai Lama. Ronggyal Adrak was also considered responsible of instigating subsequent protests, in which 1,000 Lithang nomads called for his release.[29]



Human Rights Defenders

Harassment and other unfavorable treatment
In October, reports emerged that organizers and participants of the rights defense campaign against three major communications giants were monitored, intimidated and prosecuted in recent months.[30]

  • Hunan rights defender Chen Shuguang (陈曙光) was arrested in September for extortion; he and fellow rights defender Ye Jian (叶剑) were detained. Chen’s wife said the approximately 10,000 yuan in dispute was compensation Chen was given lawfully.
  • Guangdong-based Chen Shuwei (陈书伟), one of the main organizers of the campaign, was kept under house arrest for 12 days so that he could not petition in Beijing during the 17th Party Congress. He was released on October 21. Chen said his relatives and friends were also harassed, and that the shop of fellow activist Xia Chuhui (夏楚辉) was splashed with red paint soon after he complained about one of the communications companies in September.
  • In August, another rights defender, Wang Jianghui (王建辉), was investigated for disrupting communications until he promised to cease his complaints.
  • Between July and August, Jiangxi-based Zhang Renwen (张仁文), Zhang Renwu (张仁武), and Zhou Meicen (周梅岑) were unlawfully detained until they agreed to stop their complaints.
  • In June, Qingdao-based Geng Shengxue (耿升学) was assaulted by unidentified thugs when he was making a complaint in one of the companies’ sales department.

Beijing-based rights defense lawyer, Li Heping (李和平) was abducted, beaten, and tortured with electric rods by a group of unidentified masked men on September 29. He was held in a basement outside Beijing until early September 30, when he was dumped in the woods outside the city. As he was beaten, Li was told to leave Beijing with his family. When he returned home, Li discovered that his license to practice law and other personal belongings were missing. His computer had also been completely erased. Later, Li visited a hospital where doctors told him that he may have suffered serious head injuries.[31]

On October 8, a group of lawyers, intellectuals, and rights defense activists issued an open letter to the State Council, Supreme People’s Procuratorate, Ministry of Public Security, and Ministry of State Security, protesting the violent attack on the Beijing lawyer Li Heping (李和平). The letter urged the government to investigate and resolve the case quickly to ensure a safe environment for Li Heping and other lawyers in China to practice their profession. The signatories demanded a prohibition on illegal kidnappings, illegal detentions, and violent assaults on lawyers, scholars, journalists, and other rights defenders.[32]

Religious and housing rights activist Hua Huiqi (华惠棋) was knocked unconscious on October 11 during a fight involving police and private security guards. Hua Huiqi, his father, and his wife were removed from their residence by the police from Chongwen District and sent to Fengtai District on October 8. Police informed Hua this move was due to the upcoming 17th Party Congress. Fengtai police brought Hua back to the Chongwen house on October 11, where a fight broke out between them, the Chongwen police, and private guards from the company New World China Land, which has been demolishing old houses in the neighborhood. Hua was knocked unconscious during the fight. Police and the hospital where Hua was admitted have reportedly declined comment.[33]

Shanghai rights defense lawyer Zheng Enchong (郑恩宠) was unable to pay his last respects to his dying mother because the police had disconnected his phone line. Hospital staff at the Social Welfare Institution for the Aged in Nanhui District, Shanghai, tried to call Zheng on the evening of October 11 to inform him about his mother’s deteriorating condition, but could not reach him. His mother died the next morning.[34] He was also ordered by police not to leave his home when Shanghai tycoon Zhou Zhengyi’s trial opened on October 23.[35]

Yao Lifa (姚立法) and Lü Banglie (吕邦烈), two of China’s leading democracy campaigners, went missing a week ahead of the 17th Party Congress. Their disappearance was believed to be part of the crackdown on potential protesters before the key meeting. Lü has been engaged in fighting corruption and other illegal activities in village elections. Yao, who had been missing since October 1, campaigned to win an independent seat in his local Party-controlled congress and organized disgruntled citizens to challenge restrictions on political activity.[36]

Huang Yan (黄燕) was freed on October 23. She had made public information about Gao Zhisheng’s family, and because of that was detained on the same day as Gao and put under house arrest in a Hubei hostel for a month.[37] Huang reportedly attempted suicide during house arrest after being harassed and beaten by police.[38]

On October 28, rights defense lawyer Gao Zhisheng (高智晟) had spoke with fellow human rights defender Hu Jia (胡佳) over the phone for the first time since Gao was taken away by police more than a month ago. Gao said in the one-minute conversation that he had been in Shaanxi and Shanxi during the past month, but he did not reveal further details. On September 22, Gao was taken away after writing a letter to the U.S. Congress, addressing human rights, the environment, and other issues in China.[39] Hu said Gao’s wife Geng He (耿和) and their daughter are being followed by police, and Geng was also warned not to talk to anyone about her situation.[40]

The wife of blind self-taught lawyer Chen Guangcheng (陈光诚), Yuan Weijing (袁伟静), remains under close surveillance from local authorities. Zhang Jianfu, the party secretary of the local township government, also gave instructions that Yuan Weijing not be allowed to see a doctor outside of Shuanghou Township. On October 29, Yuan was again prevented from leaving town to see a dentist.[41]

Arrest
Freelance writer Lü Gengsong (吕耿松) was arrested on charges of subverting state power. The lecturer-turned-activist has written extensively, including a book titled Corrupted Officials in China, which appeared in Hong Kong in 2000. He disclosed information on illegal eviction cases involving real estate developers and provincial and city officials.[42]

Two relatives of Ye Guozhu (叶国柱), a housing rights activist who was detained for organizing protests against forced evictions for the 2008 Beijing Olympics, were detained on September 29. Ye Mingjun (叶明君), Ye Guozhu’s son, was charged with inciting subversion of state power, while Ye Guoqiang (叶国强), Ye Guozhu’s brother, was charged for protesting forced evictions for the Olympics.[43]

Prison conditions
Mongolian dissident Hada’s health has continued to deteriorate. According to his son Uiles, he has been separated from other prisoners, and his prison cell does not have any sunlight. Hada was sentenced in 1996 to 15 years in prison on charges of separatism and espionage, as a result of his support for the Southern Mongolian Democratic Alliance, which sought greater rights for ethnic Mongols.[44]

Yang Chunlin (杨春林), a land rights activist, had his arms and legs stretched and chained to four corners of an iron bed in prison. According to a released inmate who served time with Yang, he had been chained for days in the same position, and then was forced to clean up the excrement of other prisoners subjected to the same torture. Yang was detained in July after gathering more than 10,000 signatures for a petition titled, “We want human rights, not the Olympics.”[45]

Shanghai petitioner and rights defender Mao Hengfeng’s (毛恒凤) husband, Wu Xuwei (吴雪伟), was prevented from visiting her in prison until October 26. His visit was delayed for 20 days because the authorities did not want him to see’s Mao’s bruises from a September 13 beating. Wu reported that Mao was again abused at the Shanghai Women’s Prison and at a hospital she was taken to earlier this month. Mao was beaten and force-fed in retaliation for publicizing mistreatment in July and August this year.[46]

Trial developments
Nine Chinese Christians who were arrested in Hubei on July 15 were sentenced to RTL ranging from one to one and a half years, on charges of using a reactionary sect or heretical organization to undermine the implementation of the laws. Li Mei (李梅), one of those sentenced but released temporarily, told RFA on October 8 that none of them were allowed to appoint lawyers. Li herself suffered from profuse uterine bleeding while detained but was not given sufficient treatment. Her uterus eventually had to be removed.[47]

It was reported on October 24 that Liu Guiqin (刘贵琴) was sentenced to a year and a half in prison for illegally possessing state secrets. Liu was appointed as China’s first civil mediator on petitioning matters by the Yunxi County government in Hubei Province in May 2007, but was placed under criminal detention in June. Dissident Huang Qi (黄琦) argued that the document in dispute did not actually contain state secrets; rather, Liu was charged because local officials were unhappy with her active involvement with petitioners.[48]

On October 30, RFA reported that Chen Yunfei’s (陈云飞) movements were currently restricted and he was not allowed to do media interviews. Chen was sentenced to six months’ residential surveillance for inciting subversion. He published an advertisement on the Chengdu Evening News offering a tribute to Tiananmen mothers on June 4.[49]

Release
Wuhan dissident Wang Dalin (汪达林) was reportedly released on September 28 after serving two years in a RTL facility. Wang was detained in September 2005, three months after he wore a shirt printed with “Freedom and Democracy” and conducted a “patriotic cultural shirt campaign” in Tiananmen Square. His friend Liu Feiyue (刘飞跃) said Wang was beaten and abused.[50]



Labor

New law combats employment issues
The Employment Promotion Law, which will take effect on January 1, 2008, will target several employment issues in China. The law will ban job discrimination, allow disadvantaged people to be entitled to tax reduction and exemption and micro-credit loans in entrepreneurial undertakings, and provide free professional education and training for children from zero-employment households.[51]

Farmers-turned-workers join trade unions
Approximately 62 million farmer-turned-workers had joined trade unions by the end of September.[52]

Beijing to close illegal coal mines
Beijing planned to close down 1,000 small unlicensed coal mines ahead of the Olympics. On September 30, all of the illegal coal mines in the vicinity of the city were ordered to stop operations immediately, dismantle their equipment, fire their workers and hand in explosives within 15 days. Mine owners who cooperated would face reduced or no punishment. Those who do not would face more than 10 years in jail.[53]

Deaths from coal mine accidents decrease
According to the State Administration of Work Safety, the number of deaths from coal mine accidents per million tons of coal produced in 2006 has decreased by 60 percent from 2001. In 2006, 4,746 died in coal mine accidents while 6,078 people died in 2001. China has closed more than 9,000 small mines over the last two years and has invested nine billion yuan in the mining industry to improve safety.[54]

Coal mine cafeteria serves food poisoning
Eighty-nine of the 136 coal mine workers in Midong area of Urumqi City, XUAR, were sent to the hospital after they ate half-cooked beans served by the mine’s cafeteria. Ten were diagnosed with serious food poisoning. No deaths were reported. The city’s health authority suspended the mine’s cafeteria.[55]

Official defends punishments over slave scandal
On October 20, Yu Youjun, the former governor of Shanxi Province, defended his handling of a slave labor scandal earlier in 2007. The scandal involved more than 1,300 people, including children and mentally handicapped people, who were forced to work at brick kilns under terrible conditions. Of the 95 CPC officials punished, only eight were expelled from the Party and lost their jobs. Yu said the punishments were proportional and unprecedented.[56]

China plans to assist unemployed factory workers
To meet its emissions control goal, China will close factories in more than ten industries, including coal mining, steel and iron, construction materials, and electricity. To prepare for the mass unemployment, the central government plans to create new employment incentives to assist the factory workers.[57]

Free arbitration services for employees
If approved, a law on the mediation and arbitration of labor disputes will provide for free arbitration services for employees in labor disputes. Public funds will cover the cost of arbitration committees, which will be granted final-decision making powers in three kinds of cases. The kinds of cases are: disputes over labor payments, workplace injuries, compensation, and pensions; disputes over holidays and social security; and disputes over collective contracts. The law also imposes punishments on employers who do not present relevant evidence to the committees.[58]

Major labor accidents in October:

Date Location Industry Disaster Casualties
10/6 Zhuyuan Town, Fuyuan County, Yunnan Province Shunxing Coal Mine Colliery blast[59] 9 dead, 3 injured, 1 missing
10/7 Yongding County, Fujian Province Chankeng Coal Mine Flood[60] 1 dead, 4 missing
10/8 Zhangjiagang Port, Jiangsu Province Technology Company’s Construction Site Wall collapse[61] 6 dead, 5 injured
10/10 Anhui Province Iron Ore Collecting Landslide[62] 6 dead
10/13 Shangtang Township of Fengcheng City, Jiangxi Province Jianxin Coal Mine Gas explosion[63] 19 dead, 2 injured
10/16 Xiangfang District, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province Under-Construction Sports Venue Ceiling collapse 1 dead, 4 injured
10/19 Jingyuan County, Baiyin City, Gansu Province Wangjiashan No.2 Coal Mine Flood[64] 5 dead
10/21 Hong’an Town, Xiushan County, Chongqing Province Fireworks Factory Explosion[65] 17 dead, 15 injured, 2 missing
10/21 Putian City, Fujian Province Feida Workshop (Shoe Factory) Fire[66] 37 dead, 19 injured
10/21 Sijiazizhen area of Chifeng City, Inner Mongolia Jinhuatai Firecrackers Factory Explosion[67] 2 dead, 10 missing
10/22 Yangquan city, Shanxi Province Yinying Coal Mine Tunnel collapse[68] 13 dead, 2 injured
10/23 Puqian Township of Hengfeng County, Jiangxi Province Yinying Coal Mine Gas explosion[69] 3 dead, 7 injured
10/25 Nanping County, Nanchuan District, Chongqing Province Yuejin Coal Mine Gas explosion[70] 10 dead, 1 missing
10/26 Chengcheng County, Weinan City, Shaanxi Province Yaotou Coal Mine Flood[71] 9 missing
10/28 Le'an County, Jiangxi Province Lingxian Coal Mine Flood[72] 9 missing
10/28 Xiaolongshan Island, Lushun, Liaoning Province Shanghai Yingchuan Shipping Co. Ltd. Sunk ship[73] 1 dead, 15 missing
10/30 Hongshan District, Chifeng City, Inner Mongolia Tequan Labor Safety Goods Co. Ltd. Fire[74] 6 killed

Punished

Chen Zongfei and Huang Shubin, the two owners of the Feida Shoe Factory in Putian City, were arrested on October 24 for failing to prevent a fire that killed 37 workers and injured 19 others. Qui Jincai, an official in charge of work safety with Xiuyu District Government in Putian, was also suspended from duty.[75] In the aftermath of the blaze, a total of 64 workshops have been closed in Xiuyu because they had problems similar to Feida. A citywide campaign to inspect all shoe factories was launched and will last until March 2008.[76]

Police detained four people suspected of being responsible for an October 25 coal mine explosion in Chongqing Province that left ten dead and one missing. Those detained included Wang Dafu, board chairman of Yuejin Coal Mine, Li Shiwu, manager of the mine, a deputy manager, and a staff member.[77]



Death Penalty

Violent Crimes

On September 30, the Chuzhou Intermediate People’s Court in Anhui Province sentenced to death Nanjing business woman Zhang Jing (张晶) for intentional murder.[78]

On October 2, Xinhua reported that Cai Chao (蔡超) was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve by the Shaanxi Higher People’s Court for attempted murder.[79]

On October 8, Aierken Abulimiti was sentenced to death for murder by the Wuhan Intermediate People’s Court.[80]

On October 10, it was reported that Yan Shuo (闫烁) was sentenced to death by the Beijing No. 1 Intermediate People’s Court for homicide, fraud, and theft.[81]

Xu Xionghui (徐雄辉), Huang Yaobao (黄耀宝), and Cheng Yunliang (成云亮) were executed in Guangdong on October 25 after the Supreme People’s Court upheld their sentence on murder charges.[82]

Drug trafficking

On September 30, Jiang Lei (江垒) was sentenced to death by the Hefei Intermediate People’s Court in Anhui Province for drug trafficking charges. His accomplice, Du Hao (杜皓), was sentenced to death with two-year reprieve.[83]

On October 28, Xinhua News Agency reported that Yan Kuan (晏宽) was sentenced to death for drug trafficking by the Kunming Intermediate People’s Court in Yunnan Province.[84]

Other crimes

On October 8, Legal Daily reported that Wang Yujiang (王玉江) and Liu Linbin (刘林彬) were sentenced to death by the Dongying Intermediate People’s Court in Shandong Province for damaging combustible and hazardous facilities. Their accomplice Liu Xiaoke (刘晓克) was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve.[85]


//



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[3] He Shan, “Online Forum on HIV/AIDS Shut Down” [滋病人交流平台’爱之方舟论坛’被关闭], Radio Free Asia, October 9, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/09/aizhifangzhou.

[4] “Models Of Morality Hit China’s TV Screens,” Agence France-Presse, October 11, 2007, http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hF7vRE5ibV2LbcdLMaGVQnidRLFQ

[5] “China’s Censors Hot Under Collar Over Racy Ads,” Agence France-Presse, October 11, 2007, http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5jbJhWAkBqdth0foEDyKy59eiPwpg.

[6] Xin Yu, "Sichuan Website Cancels Popular Forum Ahead of CPC Meeting” [四川麻辣论坛删除 “群众呼声” 栏目], Radio Free Asia, October 3, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/03/forum.

[7] See the “Sichuan Forum” at http://bbs.newssc.org.

[8] Jacqui Cheng, “China’s Great Firewall Turns Its Attention To RSS Feeds,” Ars Technica, October 4, 2007, http://arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20071004-chinas-great- firewall-turns-its-attention-to-rss-feeds.html; Kennedy, John, “China: Removing the blocked RSS rumor,” Global Voices Online, October 9, 2007, http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2007/10/09/china-removing-the-blocked-rss-rumor/; Goldkorn, Jeremy, “Nonsense reporting about China,” Danwei, October 8, 2007, http://www.danwei.org/foreign_media_on_china/nonsense_about_china_from_slat.php; “China not blocking RSS/Feeds,” Nart Villeneuve, October 8, 2007, http://www.nartv.org/2007/10/08/china-not-blocking-rssfeeds/.

[9] “Overseas Media Get Closer View,” China Daily, October 9, 2007, http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/6279055.html.

[10] “On The Net The People Make Their Voices Heard,” Xinhua News Agency, October 15, 2007, http://www.shanghaidaily.com/sp/article/2007/200710/20071015/article_334486.htm.

[11] US Search Engines ‘Hijacked’ In China: Analysts,” Agence France-Presse, October 19, 2007, http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5g8nFY8uuEryKV2iAGgCjr5SpH2Gg; Rebecca McKinnon, “Foreign search engines briefly redirected on some Chinese ISP's = mass confusion under heaven,” RConversation, October 20, 2007, http://rconversation.blogs.com/rconversation/2007/10/foreign-search-.html.

[12] Winny Wang, “'Tycoon,' 'Beauty' Banned From Marriage Ads,” Shanghai Daily, October 18, 2007.

[13] Shi Shan, “China's First Tibetan Literature Website Shut Down” [中国首个藏族文学网被关闭], Radio Free Asia, October 22, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/22/tibet/.

[14] Ding Xiao, “Authorities Obstruct Work of BBC Journalists Twice in October” [BBC短期内两种遭遇 反映中国式新闻自由], Radio Free Asia, October 23, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/23/press_freedom/

[15] “US Panel Supports China Net Laws,” BBC, October 24, 2007, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7059417.stm.

[16] “China Jails 4 ‘Reporters’ For Extortion,” Associated Press, October 25, 2007, http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/10/25/asia/AS-GEN-China-Reporters-Extortion.php

[17] He Shan, “UK TV Station Shows Documentary ‘China's Olympic Lie’” [英国电视台播出纪录片《中国奥运谎言》], Radio Free Asia, October 30, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/cantonese/xinwen/2007/10/30/china_media.

[18] Yan Ming, "Anhui Authorities Censor Online Discussion on Beatings of Protesting Workers” [安徽职工请愿反遭殴 官方屏蔽网上消息], Radio Free Asia, October 3, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/03/anhui.

[19] Xin Yu, “Hunan Petitioner Forcefully Admitted to Psychiatric Hospital” [湖南株洲女职工上访未果被强行送进精神病院], Radio Free Asia, October 4, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/03/shangfang.

[20] “Clash In China’s Xinjiang Injures 40 –Rights Group,” Reuters, October 4, 2007, http://in.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idINIndia-29852320071004.

[21] Minnie Chan, “12,000 Petitioners Send Letter Urging Democratic Reform,” South China Morning Post, October 10, 2007.

[22] “Drafters of Open Letter on Maltreatment of Petitioners Say They Are Not Inciting Subversion” [万余访民联名信组织者声明:不是煽动颠覆], Radio Free Asia, October 17, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/17/fangmin2/.

[23] “Unrest Down ‘Greatly’ In China’s Guangdong,” Reuters, October 16, 2007, http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/PEK317096.htm.

[24] “In Brief: Provincial Government's Regional Offices in Beijing Employ Thugs to Manage Petitioners” [简要新闻:驻京办雇打手对付上访者 仪化宾馆时闻惨叫声], Radio Free Asia, October 24, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/xinwen/2007/10/24/xinwen/.

[25] Huang Qi, “Government Document: Higher Authorities Want to Keep Petitioners with Mental Problems in Order” [政府文件:上级要收治一批精神病上访者], Tianwang Human Rights Center, http://www.64tianwang.com/bencandy.php?fid=5&aid=629.

[26] Gao Shan, “Jiangsu's Petitioners Detained in Psychiatric Hospital” [无锡的上访者被关进精神病院], Radio Free Asia, October 25, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/25/shangfang1.

[27] Ding Xiao, “Petitioners Wish for New Policies to Protect Basic Rights and Dignity After CPC Meeting” [十七大后访民盼望新政出台 保障基本人权尊严], Radio Free Asia, October 25, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/25/shangfang.

[28] Ding Xiao, “One Thousand Policemen Dispatched Against Villagers; Several Hundred People Go to Township Government to Petition,” Radio Free Asia, October 26, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/26/shunde/.

[29] “China Finds Tibetan Nomad Guilty Over Lithang Protest,” Radio Free Asia, October 30, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/english/news/2007/10/30/tibetan_nomad/.

[30] Ding Xiao, “Rights Defenders Harassed After Suing Communications Companies” [万人诉讼光辉背后通讯维权者被抓捕恐吓], Radio Free Asia, October 22, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/22/lawsuit/.

[31] Human Rights in China, “Rule Of Law Threatened By Extra-Legal Attacks Against Lawyer,” October 1, 2007, http://www.hrichina.org/public/contents/45122;
David Barboza, “Chinese Lawyer Recounts Abduction,” New York Times, October 3, 2007, http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/03/world/asia/03china. html?_r=3&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss&oref=slogin&oref=slogin&oref=slogin.

[32] Human Rights in China, “Press Statement: Chinese Government Must Listen to Voices of the People,” October 9, 2007, http://www.hrichina.org/public/contents/45185.

[33] Human Rights in China, “HRIC Statement: HRIC Condemns Attack On Hua Huiqi In Lead Up to 17th Party Congress,” October 12, 2007, http://www.hrichina.org/public/contents/45221.

[34] Human Rights in China, “Case Update: Zheng Enchong Unable to Pay Last Respects to Dying Mother,” October 12, 2007, http://www.hrichina.org/public/contents/45265.

[35] Human Rights in China, “Case Update: Police Ordered Zheng Enchong not to leave home as Tycoon Zhou's Case Opens,” October 22, 2007, http://www.hrichina.org/public/contents/45370.

[36] “Democracy Activists ‘Missing’ After Crackdown,” Agence France-Presse, October 11, 2007; “China Detains Activist Before Party Meet, Says Son,” Reuters, October 10, 2007, http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSPEK267723.

[37] Zhang Min, “Gao Zhisheng Calls Hu Jia for the First Time After Being Abducted More Than a Month Ago” [本台独家报道:高智晟律师被绑架月余首次致电胡佳], Radio Free Asia, October 29, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/29/gao_zhisheng.

[38] Fang Yuan, “Gao Zhisheng's Wife and Children Frightened by Police During CPC Meeting” [十七大期间高智晟妻子和孩子再次陷入惊恐状态], Radio Free Asia, October 17, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/17/Gao_zhisheng.

[39] Zhang Min, “Gao Zhisheng Calls Hu Jia for the First Time After Being Abducted More Than a Month Ago” [本台独家报道:高智晟律师被绑架月余首次致电胡佳], Radio Free Asia, October 29, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/29/gao_zhisheng.

[40] Fang Yuan, “Gao Zhisheng's Wife and Children Frightened by Police During CPC Meeting” [十七大期间高智晟妻子和孩子再次陷入惊恐状态], Radio Free Asia, October 17, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/17/Gao_zhisheng.

[41] Human Rights in China, “Case Update: Chen Guangcheng’s Wife Prevented From Seeing Dentist Again,” October 29, 2007, http://www.hrichina.org/public/contents/45415.

[42] “China Arrests Cyber-Dissident,” Agence France-Presse, September 30, 2007, http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5h3L1XQot1TEhq9-vzwFk3o3SJXmw.

[43] “China Mistreating Detained Dissidents- Reports,” Reuters, October 5, 2007, http://sport.guardian.co.uk/breakingnews/feedstory/0,,-6973381,00.html.

[44] “China Mistreating Detained Dissidents- Reports,” Reuters, October 5, 2007, http://sport.guardian.co.uk/breakingnews/feedstory/0,,-6973381,00.html.

[45] Audra Ang, “China Land Activist Tortured In Prison,” Associated Press, October 8, 2007, http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5iM8SYkY05Wx80w_ECpklkTuT5LLgD8S52VDO3.

[46] Human Rights in China, “Mao Hengfeng Abused In Prison Again,” October 29, 2007, http://www.hrichina.org/public/contents/45402.

[47] Ding Xiao, “Nine Family House Church Members Sent to Reeducation-Through-Labor Facilities” [九名家庭教会成员遭劳教 关押中重病受虐打], October 8, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/08/church.

[48] Shen Hua, “China's First Civil Mediator on Petitioning Matters Sentenced to 1.5 Years' Imprisonment” [中国首位信访调解员被判刑], Radio Free Asia, October 24, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/24/liu.

[49] “In Brief: Chengdu Man Under Residential Surveillance for Publishing June 4 Ad on Newspaper” [简要新闻:成都六四广告事件当事人陈云飞被监视居住], Radio Free Asia, October 30, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/xinwen/2007/10/30/xinwen/.

[50] Gao Shan, “Wuhan Dissident Released After Spending 2 Years in Reeducation-Through-Labor Facility” [武汉异议人士汪达林被秘关两年后获释], Radio Free Asia, October 23, 2007, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/shenrubaodao/2007/10/23/wangsonglin.

[51] “Law Targets Work Discrimination,” China Daily, October 10, 2007, http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/6279932.html.

[52] “More Than Half Of Farmer-Turned Workers Join Trade Unions,” Xinhua News Agency, October 19, 2007, http://www.china.org.cn/english/news/228758.htm.

[53] “Beijing To Close 1,000 Small Coal Mines Before Olympic Games,” Agence France-Presse, September 30,2007, http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5iLpKsX7rzHeE_6GcU8_lOPfJtaFg.

[54] “China Reports Death Decrease In Coal Mine Accidents,” Xinhua News Agency, October 5, 2007, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2007-10/05/content_6153624.htm.

[55] Gu Jia, “89 Miners Sick After Eating Half-Cooked Beans,” Shanghai Daily, October 18, 2007.

[56] Ben Blanchard, “China Official Defends Handling of Slave Scandal,” Reuters, October 20, 2007, http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/PEK893.htm.

[57] “Govt Will Assist Jobless,” China Daily, October 25, 2007, http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90778/6290340.html.

[58] Wang Zhuoqiong and Hu Yinan, “Law To Give Workers Free Arbitration,” China Daily, October 25, 2007, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2007-10/25/content_6205145.htm.

[59] Lydia Chen, “Death Toll From Yunnan Mine Blast Hits 9,” Shanghai Daily, October 8, 2007, http://www.shanghaidaily.com/sp/article/2007/200710/20071008/article_333648.htm.

[60] “1Killed, 4 Missing In Flooded Coal Mine In Fujian,” Xinhua News Agency, October 9, 2007, http://www.shanghaidaily.com/sp/article/2007/200710/20071009/article_333792.htm.

[61] “Collapsed Wall At Construction Site Kills Six,” Xinhua News Agency, October 8, 2007, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2007-10/08/content_6158123.htm.

[62] “Landslide Kills Six In East China,” Xinhua News Agency, October 11, 2007, http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/6280991.html.

[63] “Last Miners’ Bodies Recovered,” Xinhua News Agency, October 16, 2007, http://www.shanghaidaily.com/sp/article/2007/200710/20071016/article_334619.htm.

[64] “Rescue Called Off As Final Bodies Retrieved From Coal Mine Disaster,” Xinhua News Agency, November 2, 2007, http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/90882/6295581.html.

[65] “Death Toll Reaches 17 In Fireworks Plant Blast,” Xinhua News Agency, October 25, 2007, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2007-10/25/content_6207703.htm.

[66] China Factory Inferno Kills 37,” Agence France-Presse, October 22, 2007, http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5iCeo0ISaBLR4w9S77-Hols_6iZmg.

[67] “Blast At Fireworks Workshops Kills 18 In China,” Reuters, October 23, 2007, http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSPEK44074; “2 Killed In N. China Fireworks Plant Blast,” Xinhua News Agency, October 23, 2007, http://www.china.org.cn/english/China/229429.htm.

[68] “Death Toll Rises To 13 In Mining Tunnel Collapse,” Xinhua News Agency, October 25, 2007, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2007-10/25/content_6206805.htm.

[69] “Gas Blast Kills Three, Injured Seven In East China,” Xinhua News Agency, October 23, 2007, http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/90882/6289055.html.

[70] “1 Killed, 10 Missing After Colliery Blast In Chongqing,” Xinhua News Agency, October 26, 2007, http://www.china.org.cn/english/China/229753.htm; “China Coal Mine Blast Kills 7,” Reuters, October 26, 2007, http://uk.reuters.com/article/oilRpt/idUKT13283320071026.

[71] “Coal Mine Flooding Traps Nine in NW China,” Xinhua News Agency, October 28, 2007, http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/6291926.html.

[72] “Miner Rescued From Flooded Colliery In E China, Nine Still Missing,” Xinhua News Agency, October 31, 2007, http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2007-10/31/content_6983539.htm.

[73] Wu Jin, “Ship Sinks In Lushan, One Dead, 15 Missing,” China.org.cn, October 30, 2007, http://www.china.org.cn/english/China/230146.htm.

[74] “Shop Fire Kills Six In North China,” Xinhua News Agency, October 31, 2007, http://www.china.org.cn/english/China/230338.htm.

[75] “Owners Arrested After Fatal Shoe Factory Blaze In East China,” Xinhua News Agency, October 25, 2007, http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/6290835.html.

[76] “64 Workshops Closed In E China In Wake Of Fatal Shoe Factory Blaze,” Xinhua News Agency, October 26, 2007, http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/6291687.html.

[77] “Mine Boss, Managers Detained For Deadly Colliery Blast In SW China,” Xinhua News Agency, October 30, 2007, http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/6293545.html.

[78] “Nanjing Businesswoman Sentenced to Death for Murdering Lover” [女老總為貪巨款 僱兇殺情夫], Wen Wei Po, October 3, 2007, http://www.wenweipo.com/news_print.phtml?news_id=CH0710030016.

[79] “Chinese Man Gets Death Penalty with Two-Year Reprieve for Torturing Ex-Girlfriend,” Xinhuanet, October 2, 2007, http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90776/6275975.html.

[80] “Pickpocket Sentenced to Death in Wuhan for Murdering Passerby Who Criticized His Criminal Behavior” [路人指责两小偷行窃惨遭杀害 主凶终被判死刑], Xinhuanet, October 9, 2007, http://news.xinhuanet.com/legal/2007-10/09/content_6849683.htm.

[81] Wang Dianxue and Chang Ming, “Beijing Man Sentenced to Death over Murder; Girlfriend Gets Reprieve for Burying Corpse” [帮助男友埋尸 女子被判缓刑], The Beijing News,, October 10, 2007, http://www.thebeijingnews.com/news/beijing/2007/10-10/014@092157.htm.

[82] Xie Jing, “Guangdong Kidnapper Executed for Murdering People's Congress Delegate” [男子为求钱财绑架活埋女人大代表 被执行死刑], Guangzhou Daily (via EastDay.com), October 26, 2007, http://news.eastday.com/s/20071026/u1a3187393.html.

[83] Ge Rujiang, “Anhui Drug Trafficker Sentenced to Death” [安徽合肥市新中国成立以来最大一起贩毒案宣判], Xinhuanet, October 1, 2007, http://news.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2007-10/01/content_6820994.htm.

[84] Qu Mingguang and Wang Yan, “Yunnan Drug Trafficker Sentenced to Death” [云南昆明:一疯狂运毒3万余克男子被判处死刑], Xinhuanet, October 28, 2007, http://news.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2007-10/28/content_6958271.htm.

[85] Zhang Zhihua and Yuan Chengben, “Trio Sentenced to Death for Stealing Oil from Submarine Pipeline” [盗油作案手段升级海底输油管线打孔], Legal Daily, October 8, 2007, http://www.legaldaily.com.cn/bm/2007-10/08/content_712403.htm.

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