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June 2008

June 30, 2008

The information contained in this summary is based on information collected by HRIC in June and is not intended as a complete list. Rather, it should be viewed as a representation of larger trends of dissent and repression in China.

Olympics

Protests and Petitions

Media

Human Rights Defenders



Olympics
In the lead-up to the Olympics, HRIC will be monitoring Olympics-related news in the Monthly Briefs, in addition to regular topic areas.

Beijing Authorities Bar Basement Leases
According to a government document issued in late May, all tenants leasing basements in Beijing must vacate their rooms before July 1. Failure to do so will result in a fine. The majority of people living in Beijing basements are migrant workers. The directive is to ensure a “secure environment” for the Olympics.[1]

Broadly-Worded Guidelines for Foreigners
On June 2, the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Olympic Games (BOCOG) issued the “Legal Guidelines for Foreigners Entering, Exiting and Staying in China during the Olympics.” The guidelines prohibit entry into the country for those who are mentally ill and others “who are believed to potentially engage in other activities that may harm the national security and interests.” They also stipulate that any documents or other materials that are classified as “state secrets” are prohibited from being taken out of China.”[2]

Beijing Considers Converting Park into Petitioning Zone
Sixty days before the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games, Beijing has continued to increase security measures. Besides preparing for any emergencies, it was reported on June 10 that Beijing authorities plan to meet petitioners using a new strategy rather than with physical force as it had been done in the past. The government plans to convert World Park, a park in the suburbs of Beijing, into a petitioner-only district. In World Park, petitioners will be able to petition, hold lectures, demonstrate, and other related activities.[3] However, on June 20, there were reports of Shanghai petitioners being prohibited from visiting Beijing during the Olympics for any demonstrations. As a result, these petitioners have filed a complaint to the International Olympic Committee.[4]

Beijing Authorities Order Caution against Three Types of People
Hong Kong media has reported that within the upcoming two months before the Olympics, Beijing authorities have ordered caution against three categories of people: terrorists, anti-Chinese groups, and people “discontent with society.” Beijing has also prohibited the leasing of basement apartments, instituted security checks in subways, and tightened visa restrictions. In addition, Chinese authorities have warned petitioners against using the Olympics as an international stage for protests.[5]

Australian Athletes Not Attending Olympic Ceremony
It was reported on June 17 that Australia decided to ban track and field competitors from marching at the opening ceremony, partially out of the fear that Beijing’s pollution will harm their health and performance. In related news, a PRC Ministry of Transport spokesman stated that 1,890 passenger buses still need to be refitted and a further 700 to be replaced in order to meet national emission standards as of June 20.[6]

High Security Presence for Western Legs of Torch Relay
There was a heightened security presence when the Olympic torch passed through the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), and Qinghai Province between June 17 and 24. Western journalists were given controlled tours in some of the cities, many shops were closed, and locals had been told to stay home. While there were spectators cheering the torch, they were mostly Han Chinese, nominated through their work units. Foreign correspondents were bussed to designated spots and restricted to viewing only the opening and closing ceremonies. Several legs of the relay were shortened, including the Lhasa relay, reportedly due to security concerns.[7]

IOC Looks Into Chinese Official’s Speech
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is investigating a political speech made by Tibet’s Communist Party leader, Qin Yizhi, at the end of the torch relay in Lhasa on June 21. He announced to the crowd, “Tibet’s sky will never change and the five-starred red flag will forever flutter high above it. We will certainly be able to completely smash the splittist schemes of the Dalai clique.” The IOC sent a reprimanding letter to the BOCOG and released a public statement, regretting the political statement and reminding the Chinese authorities to separate sports and politics.[8]

China Demolishes Mosque for Not Supporting Olympics
XUAR authorities have allegedly demolished a mosque for refusing to put up signs in support of the Beijing Olympics. The World Uyghur Congress said on June 23 that China is forcing mosques to publicize the Beijing Olympics to get Uyghurs to support the Games. The group also said that authorities have seized all copies of the Koran from that particular mosque and detained and tortured numerous people.[9]



Protests and Petitions

Parents of Quake Victims Clash with Police
On June 3, Duijiangyan police forcibly removed over 100 grieving parents protesting in front of the town courthouse. Authorities have stepped up intervention in these protests as they progressed. The parents of schoolchildren in nearby Juyuan, where nearly 300 students died when their middle school crumbled, demanded accountability in the alleged shoddy construction of the school. Pictures of collapsed schools surrounded by buildings still standing have fueled anger.[10]

HK Vigil for Tiananmen Square
Tens of thousands turned out the evening of June 4 in Hong Kong for the annual candlelight vigil commemorating the 1989 crackdown in Tiananmen Square. Lee Cheukyan, chairman of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements in China, which organized the event, said, “After 19 years, the Victoria Park vigil could still draw a crowd of 40,000 to 50,000 people, that's a sign of Hong Kong people's persistence.” However, the number of people who attended the vigil went down to 48,000 from last year’s 55,000.[11]

Thousands of Tibetan Monks Leave Monastery
On June 5, it was reported that government officials requested that Tibetan monks from Gede Monastery in Sichuan Province sign a blank document, and most of them signed it. After it was discovered that the purpose of the document was used as proof that they were opposed to the Dalai Lama, about 2,000 Tibetan monks left the monastery. Only 200 monks now remain.[12]

300 Tibetan Nuns Protest
On June 8, more than 300 Tibetan Buddhist nuns in Sichuan Province were detained and many were beaten after marching to county government offices demanding the release of a protesting colleague. Earlier that day, a nun identified as 28-year-old Tsering Tsomo from Samten Ling Nunnery was detained as she handed out leaflets in the Draggo (Chinese: Luhuo) area, calling for the return of Tibet's exiled leader, the Dalai Lama. Ten protesters were seriously injured and taken to a nearby hospital for treatment.[13]

Teacher Detained for Subversion
On June 9, Chinese police detained a retired teacher on subversion charges after she published essays on overseas Chinese websites decrying the collapse of school buildings and arguing that corruption may have played a role. Zeng Hongling, 56, was formerly a teacher at the Southwest China University of Science and Technology in Mianyang, Sichuan Province. Her comments coincide with protests in Mianyang by grieving parents who blamed government corruption and neglect for the deaths of their children in collapsed school buildings.[14]

Protest Suppressed at Nanjing Artillery Institute
It was reported on June 10 that police suppressed a protest by female non-military major students at Nanjing Artillery Institute. The school had promised to award non-military major students bachelor’s degrees, but the school instead gave only a certification. The students protested as a result.[15]

Three Tibetans Beaten During Protest
At least three Tibetans were severely beaten and detained by the Public Security Bureau on June 11 while staging a peaceful protest in Garze (also known as Kardze, Chinese: Ganzi) Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (TAP), Sichuan Province. The Tibetans were residents of Garze County, who began voicing pro-Tibet slogans and distributing pamphlets calling for “freedom in Tibet” and “the swift return of the Dalai Lama to Tibet.” Three have been taken to the county detention center.[16]

Parents from Quake Apologize to Children
Grieving and angry parents demanded an explanation from government officials on June 12, and at the same time apologized to their loved ones buried under the rubble of the Beichuan No. 1 Middle School. The parents gathered in front of the remains of school, where around 1,300 children were killed. Mu Qibing, whose 17-year-old son was killed, said, "None of us have seen our children yet, not even after one month."[17]

500 Chengdu Police Raid Village
In May, five families from Taiping Village near Chengdu City received notices ordering them to move out in three days. Two of the families refused to move. Five hundred police and workers went in early morning on June 17 while villagers were asleep and forcefully removed the residents. The two houses were then demolished.[18]

Tibetan Detainees Released
China has released a total of 1,157 people, who the government said had been detained for minor offenses connected with the unrest last month in Tibet. The government, prior to their releases, had not publicly acknowledged the detainees’ whereabouts or the reason for detention. The announcement of their release came on the eve of the shortened two-hour Tibetan leg of the Olympic torch relay.[19]

500 Workers Protest over Factory’s Dismissal
The corporation Jiulong Zhiye (玖龙纸业) fired approximately 500 workers at a factory in Dongguan. Workers were unhappy about the amount of compensation for the dismissal and set up a roadblock in front of the factory. There was some conflict between police and workers, and 40 workers were arrested and over ten workers had to go to the hospital for their injuries.[20]

Large Protest over Police Investigation
Over 10,000 people took to the streets on June 28 in Guizhou Province, due to dissatisfaction over police investigation into a little girl's death. Protesters ransacked three government and police buildings after the girl's uncle died from an alleged beating by police trying to stop him from protesting the way they handled the case. Police have arrested nearly 200 people, and over 1,500 paramilitary and riot police were dispatched to the county.[21]



Media

China Urged to Extend Quake Openness to Tiananmen
On June 4, Bao Tong (鮑彤), former Policy Secretary to Zhao Ziyang (赵紫阳), urged China to reject Deng Xiaoping (邓小平)'s '"greatest mistake" and increase transparency regarding the Tiananmen Square crackdown. Bao's former boss, Zhao, was removed from his post as a result of his opposition to Deng's decision to send the People's Liberation Army into Tiananmen Square. He remained under house arrest until his death in 2005.[22]

Reports Expelled During Quake Coverage
Foreign journalists were expelled from Dujiangyan, the town where the collapse of several schools in China's earthquake drew charges of corruption from parents of dead children. The action, which came one month after the May 12 quake, followed a promise the day before by China that foreign reporters would be allowed unrestricted access to report on the disaster aftermath.[23]

Uyghur Website Remains Closed
The popular website, Uyghur Online (維吾爾在線), has been shut down for over one month. The website addressed issues regarding Uyghur rights and social/economic problems in the Uyghur community such as unemployment and inequality.[24]

BBC Promises to Cover Protests at the Olympics
The BBC has stated that it will show political protests if they occur during the Games, even if the organizers attempt to censor official footage. Dave Gordon, head of major sports events for the BBC said, "We have to cover the Olympics, warts and all." NBC, the official Olympics broadcaster for the United States, has not made similar promises.[25]

Foreign Networks Can Broadcast from Tiananmen Square
On June 20, Chinese officials announced that all networks that have paid a rights-holders fee will be allowed to broadcast live from Tiananmen Square during the Games. This change in position occurred after foreign broadcasters voiced their concerns at a May 29 meeting.[26]

Journalists Stopped from Seeing Tibetan Temple
Chinese officials on Sunday abruptly cancelled a planned visit by foreign media to a temple in Lhasa that was at the heart of the Tibetan protests in March. Foreign reporters who were allowed into Lhasa to cover Saturday's tightly-controlled Olympic torch relay were to have visited the Jokhang Temple on Sunday in a government-organized tour. However, Jokhang was removed from the itinerary without explanation. Earlier this year, monks at Jokhang interrupted a media tour organized by the Chinese government for foreign journalists.[27]

Tighter Media Controls After Quake
The Communist Party of China has ordered a tightening of their news media propaganda system, a shift from the relative openness and access after the Sichuan earthquake. Party newspapers said on June 24 that all domestic media had been ordered to “earnestly study and implement” a speech last week by President Hu Jintao stating that the primary task of the news media was to guide public opinion correctly.[28]



Human Rights Defenders

Harassment and Other Unfavorable Treatment
The Shanghai Public Security Bureau has reportedly issued a document stating that dissidents should be prevented from leaving the city and from expressing any political views to the foreign media. The new rules have been in effect since April 1 and will remain in effect until the end of October. Those classified as “controlled,” such as petitioners, underground churchgoers, and dissidents, must give the police a weekly update of their whereabouts. In order to prevent social unrest, assemblies in public places are banned.[29]

After the annual renewal deadline on May 31, rights defense lawyers Teng Biao (滕彪) and Jiang Tianyong (江天勇) were unable to renew their licenses. Judicial authorities based the decision on their “involvement in sensitive cases.” Jiang’s colleague, lawyer Li Xiongbing (黎雄兵), obtained his license just before the renewal deadline. On June 30, Jiang finally obtained his license renewal. Other rights defense lawyers, including Henan-based Mo Hongluo (莫宏洛), Beijing-based Cheng Hai (程海) and Xie Yanyi (谢燕益), Guangdong-based Tang Jingling (唐荆陵), and Shanxi-based Zhang Jinakang (张鉴康), also faced obstacles in renewing their licenses, presumably as a result of their public offer to help Tibetans detained following the March protests.[30]

Besides difficulties in obtaining the renewal of their licenses, Li Xiongbing and Cheng Hai have also confronted other disturbances in the course of their work. On June 3, the two lawyers were barred from meeting their detained clients in Hainan on the grounds that the case concerned “state secrets.” The lawyers filed an administrative suit, requesting that the court order the detention center to allow them to meet their client, and it was overruled by Xiuying District Court on June 17, which stated that the detention center is not an appropriate defendant.[31]

Many activists were harassed on the 19th anniversary of the June Fourth crackdown. Yin Min (尹敏), a member of the Tiananmen Mothers, decided to stay home after being warned by police. When rights defense lawyer Pu Zhiqiang (浦志强) was preparing to go to Tiananmen Square to stand in silent tribute to June Fourth victims, he was escorted home by state security police. Dissident Liu Xiaobo (刘晓波) was forced into a local guard post which was set up to monitor his activities. Furthermore, on the afternoon of June 4, a "June Fourth Memorial," hosted by a human rights symposium organized by activists in the Guiyang City Square, was dispersed by authorities. More than 200 police entered the square and arrested participants. Shen Younian (申有连) and Tian Zuxiang (田祖湘) were among those detained. Du Heping (杜和平) was forcibly sent 100 kilometers away by the police on "a tour." The day before, university student Song Zerui's (宋泽睿) school threatened him with expulsion if he participated in June Fourth memorial events.[32]

On June 7, Zeng Jinyan (曾金燕), an activist blogger and wife of imprisoned Beijing rights defender Hu Jia (胡佳), left Beijing with her daughter and returned to Fujian, her home province. This was a result of having already endured severe pressure from state officials and the increasing pressure ahead of the Olympics. Although she continues to be under strict surveillance, Zeng will now have support from her family in caring for her child and relieving the stress of being an activist. A supporter of Hu and fellow rights defender Qi Zhirong (齐志勇) had been under house arrest since Hu’s detainment up until June 6.[33]

On June 9, Shenzhen consumer rights activist Chen Shuwei (陈书伟) was reportedly beaten by seven or eight unidentified men for “asking too many questions.” When Chen visited the office of a communications company to dispute a bill, an argument ensued between Chen and the office staff. Chen then dialed 110 for the police, and was attacked shortly afterwards. He was later admitted to hospital with severe eye and ear injuries. In recent years, Chen has been at the forefront in fighting for consumer rights in China. He alleged that three main communication giants charged excessive fees.[34]

On June 17, several unidentified men forced their way into the home of Pastor Hua Huiqi (华惠棋), threatening him not to cause any trouble during the Olympics. Hua suspected the harassment was due to his plan to apply for a protest permit.[35]

Prominent AIDS activist Wan Yanhai (万延海) told to RFA that he has been closely followed by police officers since meeting with European Parliament member Jules Maaten on June 18. Police had warned him not meet with Maaten that morning. Wan noted that the police have not issued him a subpoena and therefore have no legal right to follow him; he tried to raise a suit against the police department for its illegal actions on June 19, but the court rejected his case.[36]

Zhang Qing (张青), the wife of the imprisoned rights defender Guo Feixiong (郭飞雄), revealed to the press that their children were refused admission to school.[37] She publicized an open letter to Premier Wen Jiabao on June 29, urging him to help fix the situation. Her letter to Wen recounts how Guangzhou police previously threatened Guo that his children would not be able to attend school, and the obstacles that Zhang faced when she attempted to enroll the children in local schools. "I hope that, with your authority and sense of justice, you can change the situation that they face. They should not have to encounter hardships and injustice like this at such a young age," Zhang wrote to Premier Wen.[38]

Detention
Leading rights activist Huang Qi (黄琦) has been criminally detained on suspicion of illegally possessing state secrets after visiting the Sichuan earthquake zone and publishing news about the plight of parents who lost children in the disaster. Huang has been denied access to legal counsel on the grounds that his case involves state secrets. He was taken away in a car by unidentified individuals on June 10. Huang is the founder of the rights defense website http://www.64tianwang.com. Pu Fei (蒲飞) and Zuo Xiaofan (左晓凡), volunteers working with Huang, were briefly detained and later released.[39]

As of June 15, Ren Shangyan (任尚燕), manager of a rights defense website, has reportedly been detained by the Heilongjiang authorities for a month; no warrants or notification have been shown to her family. It is understood that Ren was conducting a corruption investigation prior to her detention.[40]

Release
On June 17, Mongolian dissident Jaranbayarin Soyolt was released by Chinese authorities after six month detention. Soyolt told RFA in a phone interview after his release that he was detained at Beijing International Airport on January 6 and accused of “splittist” activities while in detention. Soyolt is a native of Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region but went into exile in Mongolia and was granted citizenship there in 1997.[41]

On June 27, democracy activist Cha Jianguo (查建国) was released after nine years in prison. Cha was sentenced on subversion charges in 1999 after announcing the establishment of China Democracy Party. He suffered from serious dental maladies and gastro-intestinal pain while in prison.[42]

//




SOURCES

[1] “Beijing Prohibits Leasing of Basements; Tenants Must Leave before July” [北京禁出租地庫 遷走10萬「北漂族」], Ming Pao [明报], June 11, 2008.

[2] “Legal Guidelines for Foreigners—Olympic Traps for Foreigners?” Human Rights in China, June 5, 2008, http://www.hrichina.org/public/contents/55647.

[3] “Beijing Considers Converting Park into Petitioner-Only District during Olympics,” [北京拟辟示威情愿专区], Ming Pao [明报], June 10, 2008.

[4] Fang Yuan [方媛], “Shanghai Petitioners Raise Complaint to IOC after Detainment and Threats to Not Petition during Olympics,” [访民因奥运行动受阻 投诉国际奥委会], Radio Free Asia [自由亚洲电台], June 20, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/aoyun-06202008095654.html.

[5] Xin Yu [心语], “Beijing Authorities Order Caution Against Three Types of People” [北京当局下达指令奥运必需严防三类人物], Radio Free Asia [自由亚洲], June 8, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/aoyun-06082008174308.html.

[6] John Garnaut and Jessica Halloran, “Beijing Fury at Aussies’ Smog Boycott,” Sydney Morning Herald, June 17, 2008, http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2008/06/16/1213468333272.html; Xin Dingding, “Clean Air Campaign Targets Buses, Trucks,” China Daily, June 20, 2008, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2008-06/20/content_6781057.htm.

[7] James Reynolds, “Olympic Torch in Town,” BBC, June 18, 2008, http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/thereporters/jamesreynolds/2008/06/olympic_torch_in_town.html; “Torch Shines on Ethnic Tensions,” Reuters, June 18, 2008, available at http://www.smh.com.au/news/world/torch-shines-on-ethnic-tensions/ 2008/06/17/1213468422054.html; Hai Nan et. al., “Tight Security in Western China,” Radio Free Asia, June 24, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/english/news/tibet/torch-06242008163639.html; Yang Jia Dai [杨家岱], “China Restricts Foreign Reporters Covering the Torch Relay in XUAR” [圣火在新疆传递 中国限制境外记者采访], Radio Free Asia, June 18, 2008,
http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/torch_xinjiang-06182008164349.html.

[8] Nick Mulvenney, “IOC Investigates Anti-Dalai Lama Torch Relay Speech,” Reuters, June 25, 2008, http://www.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUSPEK26911720080625; Chris Buckley, “China condemns Dalai Lama in Tibet,” Reuters, June 21, 2008, http://www.reuters.com/article/topNews/idUSPEK19916620080621; Jeff Z. Klein, “The Starting Line: China Denies IOC Criticism After Official’s Tibet Remarks,” New York Times, June 26, 2008, http://olympics.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/06/26/the-starting-line- china-denies-ioc-criticism-after-officials-tibet-remarks/?hp.

[9] Ben Blanchard, “China Demolishes Mosque for Not Supporting Olympics: Group,” Reuters, June 23, 2008, http://www.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUSPEK18996820080623.

[10] Peter Ford, "China's Bereaved Parents Push for Accountability,” Christian Science Monitor, June 3, 2008, http://www.csmonitor.com/2008/0603/p01s08-woap.html; Chris Buckley, "China seeks to quell quake parents' outrage", Reuters, June 06 2008, http://www.reuters.com/article/asiaCrisis/idUSPEK294669; Cara Anna, "Chinese Police Drag Grieving Parents from Protest", Associated Press (via Google), June 03 2008, http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5gBr_dOzJ9Pnc_U9gSgtTgE-cR-KwD912N9600.

[11] Keith Bradsher, "Hong Kong Vigil for Tiananmen Square Protesters Low-Key This Year,”
International Herald Tribune, June 4, 2008, http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/06/04/asia/hong.php; Clare Cheung and Bei Hu, "Annual Tiananmen Square Vigil Draws Thousands,” June 5, 2008, New York Sun, http://www.nysun.com/foreign/annual-tiananmen-square-vigil-draws-thousands/79317/.

[12] “Over 2000 Tibetan Monks Leave Gede Monastery in Protest,” [格德寺二千多名僧人离寺回乡以示抗议], Radio Free Asia, June 05, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/cantonese/news/tibetan_monks-06052008111316.html.

[13] Tsewang Norbu and Dorjee Tso, "Tibetan Nuns Stage Large Protest,” Radio Free Asia, June 10, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/english/news/tibet/tibet_nuns-06102008134650.html, Tibetan Center for Human Rights and Democracy, "China detains scores of nuns calling for the release of solo protester and critically injures three monks in Kardze Protests," June 09, 2008, http://www.tchrd.org/press/2008/pr20080609.html.

[14] Chris Buckley, "China detains quake school critic: rights group,” Reuters, June 18, 2008, http://uk.reuters.com/article/behindTheScenes/ idUKPEK31256720080618?pageNumber=1&virtualBrandChannel=0.

[15] “Police Suppress Demonstration of Nanjing Artillery Institute Students” [南京炮兵学院学生抗议示威 当局出动武警镇压], Radio France Internationle, June 10, 2008, http://www.rfi.fr/actucn/articles/102/article_7865.asp.

[16] Tibetan Center for Human Rights and Democracy, "China detains at least three Tibetans for peaceful protest in Kardze, Tibet", June 11, 2008, http://www.tchrd.org/press/2008/pr20080611.html.

[17] Chris Buckley, "Quake parents apologise to loved ones under rubble", Reuters, June 11, 2008, http://www.reuters.com/article/asiaCrisis/idUSPEK345824.

[18] Qiao Long [乔龙], “500 Chengdu Police Raid Village and Arrest Villagers,” [成都500警察强拆太平村 村民被捕], Radio Free Asia, June 17, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/taipingchun-06172008160029.html.

[19] “China Releases 1,157 Involved in Tibet Unrest: Xinhua,” Agence France-Presse (via Yahoo! News), June 20, 2008, http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20080620/wl_afp/chinatibetunrestrelease; James Pomfret, "Many Detained by China after Tibet Riots: Amnesty", Reuters, June 18, 2008, http://www.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUSHKG17081420080619.

[20] “Over 500 Workers Clash with Police over Paper Factory's Dismissal” [玖龙纸业解雇五百多名工人引起冲突], Radio Free Asia, June 18, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/cantonese/news/labor_strike-06182008110058.html.

[21] Robert Saiget, “Riots in Southwest China over Girl's Death: Report”, Agence France-Presse (available at YahooNews), June 29, 2008, http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20080629/wl_asia_afp/ chinarightsunrest_080629091017;_ylt= Al3XHmjDX376dqMCxW.U.aRPzWQAylt=Al3XHmjD.

[22] Benjamin Kang Lim , “China Urged to Carry over Quake Openness to Tiananmen,” Reuters, June 04, 2008, http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSPEK203326.

[23] “Reporters Kicked out of China City Where Schools Collapsed,” Agence France-Presse (via Google), June 12, 2008, http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5i-TY53mT_omuVEH6m_vXYxeMB2_Q.

[24] “Popular Forum "Uighur Online" Remains Closed after One Month” [“维吾尔在线” 已被封一个月], Radio Free Asia, June 12, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/cantonese/news/internet_control-06122008111612.html.

[25] Geoffrey A. Fowler, Stacy Meichtry and Matthew Futterman, "Beijing Continues Search for Balance on Olympic Beam," Wall Street Journal, June 19, 2008, http://online.wsj.com/article/SB121383862421687115.html.

[26] Scott Dingley, "Olympic networks win right to broadcast from Tiananmen Square," CBC, June 20, 2008, http://www.cbc.ca/olympics/story/2008/06/19/olympic-broadcasters.html?ref=rss.

[27] “Reporters Stopped from Seeing Sensitive Tibetan Temple”, Agence France-Presse (via Google), June 21, 2008, http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5ioetFeDMSc_xuTO8dgU-1QlMsxwg.

[28] Mure Dickie, “Beijing Orders Tighter Media Controls”, Financial Times, June 24, 2008,
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/bda7cc42-4206-11dd-a5e8-0000779fd2ac, dwp_uuid=9c33700c-4c86-11da-89df-0000779e2340.html.

[29] Bill Savadove, “Shanghai Bars Dissidents from Speaking to Foreign Journalists,” South China Morning Post, June 25, 2008.

[30] Human Rights in China, “HRIC Statement: Chinese Authorities Abuse Licensing System to Harass Rights Defenders,” June 2, 2008, http://hrichina.org/public/contents/55445M; Jiang Tianyong [江天勇], "Victory by Rule of Law - I Have Received My Annual License Renewal" [法治的胜利—我已通过律师执业证年检注册], China Human Rights Lawyers Concern Group [中国维权律师关注组], June 30, 2008, http://www.chrlcg-hk.org/?p=295.

[31] Human Rights in China, “HRIC Press Release: Revised ‘Lawyer Law’ Fails to Protect Lawyers,” June 19, 2008, http://hrichina.org/public/contents/56883.

[32] “June Fourth Memorial Activities Closely Monitored in China,” Human Rights in China, June 5, 2008, http://www.hrichina.org/public/contents/55854.

[33] Ji Lisi [姬励思], “Zeng Jinyan Returns to Fujian home under Surveillance of State Security” [曾金燕在国保监视下返回福建老家], Radio Free Asia [自由亚电台], June 12, 2008, http://rfa.org/cantonese/news/china_hu-06122008114245.html.

[34] Xin Yu [心语], “Consumer Rights Activist Chen Shuwei Beaten for Asking Too Many Questions” [通信维权代表陈书伟因电话收费问题遭殴打], Radio Free Asia [自由亚洲电台], June 11, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/chenshuwei-06112008093754.html.

[35] Ding Xiao [丁小], “Beijing Religious and Housing Rights Activist Hua Huiqi Threatened before Applying to Protest” [北京维权人士拟申请游行遭恐吓], Radio Free Asia [自由亚洲电台], June 17, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/huahuiqi-06172008174127.html.

[36] Zhang Liming [张丽明], “AIDS Activist Wan Yanhai Followed and Harassed by Police after Meeting with EU Official” [万延海与欧盟议员见面后被公安跟踪骚扰], Radio Free Asia [自由亚洲电台], June 20, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/cantonese/news/china_sue-06202008104005.html.

[37] Zhang Min [张敏], “Children of Imprisoned Rights Defender Guo Feixiong Refused Admission into School” [狱中郭飞雄儿女入学被拒 张青急请关注], Radio Free Asia [自由亚洲电台], June 25, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/guofeixiong-06252008170300.html.

[38] Human Rights in China, “Children of Rights Defender Guo Feixiong Barred from School Enrollment,” June 30, 2008, http://www.hrichina.org/public/contents/62475.

[39] “Rights Activist Huang Qi Detained on Suspicion of Holding State Secrets,” Human Rights in China, June 16, 2008, http://www.hrichina.org/public/contents/56586; Human Rights in China, “Case Update: Huang Qi Denied Access to Counsel,” June 24, 2008 http://hrichina.org/public/contents/60742; Ping Riyao [冯日遥], “Volunteer Detained with Huang Qi Released, Reveals Police’s Attempts to Torture Him into Confession” [与黄琦同时被捕的同事获释后指公安刑讯迫供], Radio Free Asia [自由亚洲电台], June 25, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/cantonese/news/rights_detain-06252008110731.html.

[40] Xin Yu [心语], “Rights-Defending Website Manager Ren Shangyan Detained for a Month” [维权网站中华申正网站长任尚燕被拘押一月], Radio Free Asia [自由亚洲电台], June 16, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/weiquan-06162008104020.html.

[41] Han Qing, “Mongolian Dissident Freed, Months Later,” June 25, 2008, Radio Free Asia, http://www.rfa.org/english/news/china/mongolia-06252008142657.html.

[42] Xin Yu [心语], “China Democracy Party Key Member Cha Jianguo Released after 9 Years in Prison” [中国民主党负责人查建国在服刑九年后出狱], Radio Free Asia [自由亚洲电台], June 29, 2008, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin/yataibaodao/zha-06292008164045.html.