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July 2006

July 31, 2006

The information contained in this summary is based on information collected by HRIC in July and is not intended as a complete list. Rather, it should be viewed as a representation of larger trends of dissent and repression in China.

Labor

Media Censorship

Petitions and Protests

Human Rights Defenders

Death Penalty


Labor

In mid-July, more than 100 miners lost their lives in six separate tragedies occurring in just over a week's time.[1]

Disasters
Fumes from a leak of liquid chlorine at a chemical plant in China's northwest caused the hospitalization of 164 people on July 6. The victims were mostly children and elderly who lived nearby, according to plant employees and government news. The leak at the Xing'erte Chemical Products Co. in Yinchuan, a city in the Ningxia Autonomous Region, was blamed on a break in a rusty pipe. It was reported under control by July 10.[2]

In Sichuan's Junlian County, a severe gas explosion at Lilan Coal Mine killed five miners and injured 34 on the evening of July 13.[3]

The worst accident occurred in Shanxi Province, where 53 miners were killed in a coal mine blast on July 15 at Linjiazhuang Coal Mine in Lingshi County, near Jinzhong. Officials report that 59 miners were working at the time of the blast. Only six escaped, and another died of carbon monoxide poisoning while helping the rescue operations. Initial investigations show the explosion at the illegal Linjiazhuang colliery was triggered by an explosion in the adjacent Xiamen colliery.[4]

Eighteen miners were killed in Guizhou Province during a flooding accident that occurred while 31 miners were working underground at the Pianpoyuan Coal Mine in the Ziyun Autonomous County. Rescuers recovered 15 bodies by July 22, and the last was found on July 27. The privately-owned Pianpoyuan Coal Mine has an annual production capacity of 30,000 tons.[5]

At least 22 people were killed in an explosion that destroyed a chemical plant in Sheyang County, Jiangsu Province on July 28. Another 29 of the 71 employees working at the time were hospitalized, with five admitted in serious condition. Officials ordered the evacuation of more than 7,000 people who lived near the Sino-German joint-owned factory, which produced benzene and fluorine-related chemicals.[6]

Disputes
An unemployed miner in Guangdong Province blew himself up at a local police station on July 13 after pleading with officers to help him obtain unpaid wages. Police identified the miner as Liu Yingqiu, a native of Hunan Province who had worked for an illegal mine in Guangdong's Wenguan City. The explosion damaged the police station, but no police were injured.[7]

More than 200 laid-off employees from China's largest lender, the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC), staged a sit-in protest on July 19. The workers demanded their jobs back and complained of inadequate redundancy compensation. Protestors said this was their third day of protesting outside the All China Federation of Trade Unions in downtown Beijing amid a heavy police presence.[8]

Hundreds of teachers petitioned the Yunnan provincial government for wage increases on July 19.[9] Protests also occurred in Hubei Province and Chongqing on July 10 and 11, with hundreds of teachers from private schools in Hubei and Chongqing demanding better retirement protection amid layoffs resulting from a policy introduced in the early 1990s.[10]

A Chinese man set himself on fire in Beijing's Tiananmen Square on July 20 to protest unpaid wages. Authorities say the man, 53, was from a peasant from Hubei Province. The flames were quickly extinguished and the man rushed to the hospital for treatment.[11]

A riot erupted at major toy factory in Dongguan, Guangdong Province on July 22. Labor activists say the riot was sparked by poor wages and living conditions for 11,000 workers at the factory, owned by the Hong Kong-based Merton Company. At the height of the protest, more than 1,000 workers clashed with security guards and police officers, resulting in many injuries, according to China Labor Watch, a New York-based worker rights group. The factory supplies plastic toys to several iconic American brands, including Disney, McDonald's, Mattel and Hasbro. China Labor Watch reported that the factory's workers were typically required to work 11 hours a day, six days a week, with total overtime of up to 70 hours a month.[12]Dozens were detained in the protest.[13]


Media Censorship

New policy considered
Beijing is drafting a law that will impose heavy fines for unauthorized reporting of major disasters and social unrest. The proposal is part of a government campaign to tighten controls on media, which have tested officials' tolerance by reporting on corruption and protests. News outlets that report emergencies without authorization or issue fraudulent reports would be fined up to $12,500 under the draft law being considered by the National People's Congress. Officials say that the proposed law would also apply to foreign journalists.[14]The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists urged China not to pass the law.[15]

Starting on July 6, Chongqing netizens have to register with the local government via their Internet service providers before browsing the Internet from home.[16]

The central authorities issued a notice on July 12 requiring that any publications or audio-visual productions relating to the Cultural Revolution be first submitted to the General Administration of Press and Publication. The authorities were reacting to the "adverse social impact" of some publications and programs on the Cultural Revolution produced outside of the mainland.[17]

Li Datong (李大同), former editor of the weekly supplement Freezing Point (Bing Dian) was refused permission to publish his new book in mainland China, even though the authorities had not read his manuscript. Freezing Point, a supplement of the China Youth Daily newspaper, was shut down in January because of a controversial article on the history of the Boxer Rebellion. Although the supplement was later allowed to reopen, Li was forced to resign.[18]

Officials banned a book revealing an official cover-up of the Tangshan earthquake, which happened 30 years ago.[19] The TV Series "Tangshan Earthquake," directed by Hong Kong filmmaker Chung Siu-hung, was also banned in Sichuan for criticizing the lack of official response to early warnings. The whole series contained 20 episodes but it was pulled after eight were broadcasted.[20]

The Information Centre for Human Rights and Democracy reported that China has developed a cyber blacklist containing the names of 200,000 dissidents. According to the report, the authorities are now able to shut down dissidents' computer systems when they try to send coded messages.[21]

New Anti-Piracy Campaign Launched
On July 14, officials announced that they had closed down establishments producing Falun Gong materials as well as pornographic and pirated DVDs as part of an intensive 100-day campaign against piracy. Among those arrested were Zhou Guilan and Zhang Jingqi, who produced Falun Gong leaflets, books and scrolls in Heilongjiang Province. In Guangdong Province, eight illegal VCD production lines were closed. Finally, a website called "Artilleryman Club" containing pornographic content was shut down, and its owner, Du Jun from Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, was fined and sentenced to 11 years in prison.[22]

Web Sites Closed
Mainland authorities shut down a popular chat room on July 25. Operated by Beijing-based Life Week magazine, the chat room had served as a hub for commentary on political, cultural and historical issues.[23] The closure followed an announcement the previous week that Century China's popular Web site had been ordered to shut down. The Chinese University of Hong Kong and the Beijing Zhongqing Future Community Culture Development Research Institute had established the Century China site in July 2000. It hosted eight online forums, the most popular of which attracted more than 30,000 registered members. Earlier in July, Cat898.com also received official orders to tone down political rhetoric on its flagship Mao Yan Kan Ren forum.[24]

On July 28, two blogs by leading Tibetan poet Woeser (also known as Oser and in Mandarin as Wei Se) were closed by the Web sites that hosted them, presumably on government orders. Woeser used the sites to post poems and essays about Tibetan culture, as well as articles written by her husband, Wang Lixiong, an independent Chinese writer. Most of the visitors to the blogs were Tibetan students who, like Woeser, had been educated in Chinese and who wanted to renew contact with Tibetan culture. The disappearance of her blogs followed the closure a few days earlier of Wang Lixiong's Web site forum Dijin-democracy.net.[25]


Petitions and Protests

Police conflicts
Hundreds of people rioted in Guiyang, Guizhou Province on July 10, overturning and smashing several police vehicles, state media reported. The riot occurred shortly after men employed by police allegedly beat a man for not possessing a temporary residence permit. A local newspaper reporter said that around 300 people, mostly migrant laborers, rioted in outrage at the beating. At least 10 people were arrested.[26]

Paramilitary troops were dispatched to quell a riot in Sichuan Province's Bazhong City on July 19. The Hong Kong-based Information Center for Human Rights reported that the clash erupted when 2,000 protesters surrounded a government building following the beating of a youth by four members of a special law enforcement unit. At least 30 people were reported injured in the violent confrontation between protesters and police, during which government offices were ransacked and two vehicles destroyed. The Bazhong Daily confirmed on its Web site that a clash had taken place, but reported only three people injured after they "slipped and fell on some broken glass."[27]

Resettlement Protest
Shanghai resident Jiang Caiyu jumped off a 14-story building on July 14 to protest forced relocation. Jiang was made homeless four years ago when a buy-up of her neighborhood forced her family to relocate.[28]

More than 50 apartment owners were taken away on public order charges for protesting on a main road in Beijing on July 25. They were reportedly protesting against a developer who asked them to accept sub-standard apartments.[29]

Five hundred police officers clashed with 3,000 Christians who were protesting the forced demolition of a church in Zhejiang Province on July 29, leaving four people with serious injuries. The authorities claimed the church was an illegal structure.[30]

Public Health
A group of peasants from Jiangmen, Guangdong Province went to Hong Kong to appeal for help for their children, who contracted acute toxic encephalitis after taking a meningitis vaccine distributed by the mainland authorities last year. Some of the children reportedly lost the ability to talk, walk or even sit up after the injections. The local authorities refused to take any responsibility for the matter, saying that the children had "bad luck".[31]


Human Rights Defenders

Harassed
Gansu human rights defender Sun Xiaodi (孫小弟) has been persecuted in various ways by the government since 1989 for revealing contamination from an illegally operated uranium mine. Most recently, his family's electricity and water supply were cut around July 4, and his 23-year-old daughter has not been able to find a job since graduating six years ago.[32]

"Pan-Blue Coalition" member Zhang Qi (张起), 23, was released on July 13 after being detained for 20 days for commemorating the June 4th crackdown and hanging the flag of Taiwan's Kuomintang Party.[33] Another member in the Coalition, Zuo Xiaohuan (左晓环), was dismissed from his teaching position for giving a speech opposing the Communist Party and trying to run for local elections.[34]

Shanghai lawyer Zheng Enchong (郑恩宠) and his wife, Jiang Meili, were taken from their home separately by police on the evening of July 12. Both were released later that night, but they remain under virtual house arrest. Police also conducted a search of Zheng's home and took away a computer that Jiang Meili's brother had left there, along with a quantity of documents. Zheng Enchong was released from prison on June 5 after serving a three-year sentence for "illegally providing state secrets overseas." Under the terms of his sentence, he is deprived of his political rights for an additional year. Since his release, Zheng has been under constant police monitoring and has been warned not to speak to the media.[35]

Attacked
Henan AIDS activist Liu Xiaowu (刘小武) was stabbed in the back three times by an unknown assailant on June 15, four days after he complained to the Ministry of Health about health officials profiting from free medicine supplied by the central government. He was still receiving treatment on July 3. According to Liu, the police have made no real effort to track down his attacker.[36]

Activist Feng Caihong (冯彩虹) was wounded in mid-July by a man whom she believed was employed by local authorities. Feng was one of the leaders of a group of residents of Taishi Village, Guangdong Province who attempted to impeach their corrupt village head a year ago. Plans to commemorate the anniversary of the Taishi protests have been cancelled.[37]

An official investigation into the assault of Three Gorges petitioner Fu Xiancai (付先财) concluded on July 26 that his injuries were self-inflicted. Fu was paralyzed from the shoulders down after a blow to the back of his neck so severe that three of his vertebrae were shattered, and doctors reportedly expect him to never regain use of his legs. Fu Xiancai and his family have questioned the fairness of the investigation from the beginning, as the authorities assigned to conduct the investigation previously sanctioned and colluded in harassment against Fu. Sources say that officials told Fu not to appeal this decision or file a new complaint, although this is his legal right.[38] In addition, authorities are keeping Fu's friends and family members under close surveillance that is tantamount to harassment.[39]

Detained
Shanghai petitioners Du Yangming (杜阳明), Wang Shuizhen (王水珍), Tian Baocheng (田宝成) and Zhang Cuiping (张翠屏) were detained during the Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit held in June. They had been detained for 37 days as of July 10, but their families were not informed of their legal status as required by law.[40]

Petitioner Mao Hengfeng (毛恒风) was formally arrested on property damage charges on June 30 after she broke a lamp in a hostel where she was being detained.[41]

Huseyincan Celil, who holds Canadian and Chinese citizenship, was arrested while visiting Uzbekistan in late March, then extradited to China, where he had been sentenced to death in absentia for his political activities. The 37-year-old father of six was arrested in China for his activism in the mid-1990s, but escaped and was granted refugee status in Turkey in 2001, after which he moved to Canada and became a citizen. In China, Celil may face the death penalty. Celil has had no access to consular officials, lawyers or his family, and as of July the Canadian government had not yet been able to ascertain Celil's location.[42]

Shanxi priest Hu Qinghua (胡青华) was expelled from the official church for trying to arrange for an American priest to preach in his church on July 7.[43]

The US-based Cardinal Kung Foundation reported that 72-year-old Bishop Jia Zhiguo (贾治国), a leader of China's underground Catholic church, was taken from his hospital bed in Hebei Province on June 25, with officials saying he required "education." His whereabouts were unknown as of July 10.[44]

Namkha Gyaltsen, a Tibetan monk from the Gyasoktsang family in Thinley Lado Village, in Ganzi, faces up to eight years in jail on allegations of painting separatist slogans on government property and circulating pro-independence posters. Gyaltsen, one of four master chanters at the Ganzi monastery, allegedly painted pro-independence slogans on the walls of government buildings in Ganzi and on two iron bridges nearby in March this year. Fearing arrest, he tried to escape to India via Lhasa, but police detained him in Lhasa and returned him to Ganzi. His exact whereabouts were unknown as of July 14, according to a Radio Free Asia report.[45]

Jilin Protestant House Church leader Wang Jinhua (王金花) was detained for "illegal cult activities" on July 14.[46] Scores of Protestant church leaders and members were arrested, detained and/or fined in Henan and Sichuan provinces in late June and July.[47]

Henan AIDS activist Li Xige (李喜阁) was put under criminal detention on July 28. She and six others who had contracted the HIV virus through blood transfusions in a local hospital went to Beijing for the fifth time on July 19 to petition for adequate compensation and demand a thorough investigation. They were forcibly returned to Henan and Li was detained on July 20.[48]

Dissident lawyer Gao Zhisheng (郭飞鸿), was beaten and briefly detained by Chinese police on July 30 after complaining that surveillance teams monitoring him were making too much noise. Gao, aged in his early 40s, was disbarred and placed under police surveillance last November after he published open letters to President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao urging an end to the torture of Falun Gong practitioners. Gao had previously made a name for himself representing underground Christians, cyber-dissidents and other lawyers detained for involvement in rights disputes.[49]

Sentenced
Li Yuanlong (李元龙), a reporter for Guizhou's Bijie Daily newspaper, was sentenced to a two-year prison term on July 12. He was detained in September 2005 and charged in February 2006 with circulating essays that "fabricated, distorted and exaggerated facts, incited subversion of the state and (sought) to overthrow the socialist system." Li's lawyer stated that international outcry over Li's case may have been a factor in his relatively light sentence.[50]

Trials Delayed
The trial of Chen Guangcheng (陈光诚), a blind lawyer who raised concerns about forced abortion and sterilization, was delayed for a second time on July 20 when fighting broke out between supporters and police outside the court house. Chan faces charges of intentionally damaging public property and inciting others to disrupt traffic. Chen, 34, was formally arrested in Jule, but he has been effectively in custody since last August when thugs in his eastern Shandong Province village confined him to his home and beat up visitors who tried to reach him. Since then, Chen has been subject to physical abuse by police, and local officials have repeatedly interfered with attempts by Chen's legal team to interview witnesses and gather evidence.[51]

The verdict in the trial of The New York Times researcher Zhao Yan (赵岩) has been delayed beyond the legal time limit, his lawyer said on July 25. Zhao was tried in a closed-door proceeding on June 16 on charges of fraud and leaking state secrets. He was detained in September 2004, shortly after the Times published a story accurately predicting that former president Jiang Zemin was stepping down as chairman of the Communist Party's Central Military Commission. The Times denied that Zhao was its source for the information. Charges were dropped in March, weeks before President Hu Jintao visited the United States, but were reinstated in May.[52]

Ching Cheong (程翔), the Singapore-based Straits Times journalist detained by China since April 2005, was expected to go on trial on espionage charges at the Beijing Second Intermediate Court on July 31, his wife said. However, Ching had still not gone to trial by the end of the month. A month after Ching's arrest in southern China in April 2005, the Chinese foreign ministry announced that Ching had confessed to being a spy in the pay of foreign agencies. Media advocacy groups say China has not produced any evidence against Ching, who faces a possible death sentence.[53]

Released
Independent filmmaker and blogger Wu Hao (吴皓) was freed in July after being held in isolation without charge for five months. Wu returned to China in 2004 after living in the United States for 12 years, and was detained on February 22 after interviewing a human rights lawyer while making a documentary about an underground Protestant church. He was held in isolation for 140 days and denied access to a lawyer. Chinese authorities never gave a reason for his detention and barred his relatives from visiting or phoning him.[54]

Feng Liangxi (冯亮熙), the son of Shanghai petitioner Liu Xinjuan (刘新娟), was detained at the end of June after going to a mental hospital to reclaim his mother's belongings. Liu Xinjuan had recently escaped from the mental hospital after being forcibly admitted by the authorities and held for 20 days against her will. Liu said the authorities were holding Feng in her place. Feng was finally released on July 14.[55]

Rights activist Liu Beixing (刘北星) was released from prison on July 25, but authorities in Yibin County, Sichuan Province arrested two people planning a welcome home gathering for Liu. Authorities also questioned other members of the group over allegedly "planning an illegal gathering and demonstrations." Liu was sentenced to a three-year prison term in 2003 for representing villagers in a compensation lawsuit.[56]

Rights defenders Liu Anjun (刘安军) and Yu Xinjiao (愈心焦) were both released from prison in late July. Liu Anjun was crippled in 2003 in an attack by thugs allegedly in the hire of developers while petitioning on behalf of residents displaced by a redevelopment scheme. He was detained and imprisoned in 2004 for disturbing public order after objecting to police beating someone else. Yu Xinjiao, a poet and June 4th veteran, became an active campaigner in expanding cultural space and human rights. He was detained in 1999 on fabricated rape charges and sentenced to 7 years in prison.[57]


Death Penalty

Violent Crimes
Zhang Xiaodong (张晓东) and six other unnamed persons were executed for kidnapping and murder by the Jiangsu Higher People's Court around July 3.
[58]

Xu Shuangfu, Li Maoxing and Wang Jun, founder and members of the "Three Grades of Servants," or Church of Truth Christian sect, were sentenced to death with a two year reprieve on June 28 for murdering members of the Eastern Lightning religious group. The verdict was handed down on July 5.[59]

Wang Yu (王郁), convicted of killing his mentally disabled sister, was sentenced to death on July 5 by the Lanzhou City Intermediate People's Court.[60]

Wang Jingsheng (王京生), 28, unemployed, was convicted of murdering two people in Beijing in 2004 and sentenced to death by Beijing First Intermediate People's Court on July 7.[61]

Zhang Bei, Qu Yuntong, Wang Libin and one other were sentenced to death on July 7 by the Second Intermediate People's Court Of Beijing for committing a series of murders, kidnappings and robberies beginning in 1994.[62]

Xu Dan (徐丹), convicted of killing his ex-lover in 1996, was sentenced to death with two year reprieve by the Zhejiang Province Ningbo City Intermediate People's Court on July 8.[63]

Luo Shujian (罗述坚) and Xu Xionghui (徐雄辉), convicted of kidnapping and burying alive an NPC representative in October 2005, were sentenced to death on July 11 by the Foshan Intermediate People's Court in Guangdong Province.[64]

Gong Runbo was sentenced to death by the Jiamusi Intermediate People's Court on July 13 for molesting six children and murdering five of them in February.[65]

He Zhiqiang (和志强), 19, a farmer convicted of murdering a policeman in a robbery in May 2006, was sentenced to death by the Lijiang Intermediate People's Court in Yunnan Province on July 13.[66]

Li Heping (李和平) and Dong Mengquan (董孟全) were put to death on July 14, 2006 after the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Higher People's Court found them guilty of raping and murdering two women in 2005.[67]

Sun Gaohong (孙高红), Yang Yongqiang (杨永强) and Zhu Hongsheng (朱红生) were executed on July 14 after the Shanxi Province Higher People's Court found them guilty of kidnapping and murdering a 6 year-old boy.[68]

Liang Jiqian (梁积倩), convicted of murdering several children and women with a hatchet, was sentenced by the Guangxi Qinzhou City Intermediate People's Court around July 14.[69]

Lin Yueyou (林月友) and Lin Yueduo (林月夺), brothers convicted of murdering a policeman on a train to Daxinanling from Dalian, were sentenced to death by Harbin's Railway Transportation Intermediate Court around July 17. Lin Yueduo was given a two-year reprieve.[70]

Zhang Junfeng (张俊峰) was put to death on July 18 after Beijing's First Intermediate People's Court found him guilty of murdering his boss in April 2004.[71]

Li Zhiqiang(李志强), 27, was put to death on July 18 after Beijing's First Intermediate People's Court convicted him of raping and murdering his 84-year old neighbor in April.[72]

Cai Mingxin (蔡明新) was sentenced to death on July 19 by the Zhejiang Province Wenzhou City Intermediate People's Court for the murder and rape of a woman in Hebei Province. He was given a two-year reprieve.[73]

Chen Shanfu (陈山富) and Zeng Qiang (曾强) were sentenced to death for murder by the Chengdu Intermediate People's Court on July 27.[74]

Theft
Su Juncai (粟君才), convicted of robbery, illegally possessing guns and serious assault in March, was sentenced to death by the Shanghai No. 2 Intermediate People's Court on July 4.[75]

Ding Hanqin (丁汉勤) and Zhang Wen (张文) were sentenced to death with a two year reprieve by the Sichuan Higher People's Court on July 27 for stealing oil from a pipeline near Guangyuan.[76]

Corruption
Tian Yufei (田玉飞) was sentenced to death by the Sichuan Chengdu Intermediate People's Court on July 13 for accepting bribes while holding official office. He was given a two-year reprieve.
[77]

Luo Lianguo (罗连国) and Wu Haifeng (吴海峰), a Jilin company chairman and Changchun Bank director, were sentenced to death by the Jilin Province Higher People's Court for financial crimes around July 27.[78]

Drug Trafficking
Yang Chao (杨超), 22, was sentenced to death for drug trafficking by the No. 2 Beijing Intermediate People's Court around July 26.
[79]


//

ENDNOTES

[1] "Spate of China Coal Mine Accidents Occur in Mid-July." International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers' Unions. 24 July 2006.

[2] "164 hurt in Chlorine leak at China plant." AP via YahooNews. 10 July 2006.

[3] "Death toll in mining accidents hits 68." People's Daily Online. 18 July 2006.

[4] "53 Confirmed dead in north China colliery blast." Xinhuanet. 19 July 2006.

[5] "18 Trapped Miners All Confirmed Dead at Flooded Coal Mine in SW China." Eastday. 27 July 2006.

[6] "Death toll from plant explosion hits 22." Shanghai Daily. 31 July 2006.

[7] "Unemployed Guangdong Miner Commits Suicide Over Unpaid Wages." Radio Free Asia. 14 July 2006.

[8] "Hundreds protest over redundancies at Chinese bank." Today Online. 19 July 2006.

[9] "云南数百名教师上访要求落实政策加薪 (Hundreds of Teachers Petition for Wage Increases In Front of Yunnan Government Building)", Radio Free Asia, July 19, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/....

[10] "湖北教师信访要求关注民办教师生活 (Private School Teachers in Hubei Petition City Government for Better Treatment)", Radio Free Asia, July 11, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/....

[11] "Man sets self on fire in China's Tiananmen." Reuters. 20 July 2006.

[12] "An unhappy toy story: Unrest in China." International Herald Tribune. 28 July 2006.

[13] "Dozens Said Arrested at Chinese Factory." Washington Post. 27 July 2006.

[14] "Beijing Official Says Curbs Apply to Foreign Journalists." New York Times. 4 July 2006.

[15] Fullbrook, David. "The Return of China's Censors." Asia Times Online. 12 July 2006.

[16] "重庆新规定:个人家中上网须在公安局备案 (New Regulation: Chongqing Residents Must File Report with Public Security Bureau to Go Online)", Radio Free Asia, July 07, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/...; "重庆市公安局关于加强国际联网备案管理的通告 (Notice by the Chongqing Public Security Bureau on Strengthening the Management of Reports on Using the Internet", http://www.cq.gov.cn/... (browsed on July 31, 2006).

[17] "文革出版品须备案 (Publications on Cultural Revolution Must Be Reported Under New Notice)", Ming Pao, July 14, 2006, http://www.mingpaonews.com/....

[18] "新闻悍將新书未出先禁 冰点前主编谈封对改革影响 (Former Editor of Freezing Point Not Allowed to Publish New Book)", Ming Pao, July 03, 2006, http://www.mingpaonews.com/....

[19] "当年瞒预警 今日禁披露 (Book Revealing Official Cover-up of Tangshan Earthquake Is Banned)", Ming Pao, July 27, 2006, http://www.mingpaonews.com/....

[20] "港人导演电视剧被腰斩 (TV Series "Tangshan Earthquake" Banned in Sichuan for Criticizing Official Response to Early Warnings)", Apple Daily, July 27, 2006, http://appledaily.atnext.com/....

[21] "中国建立"互联网黑名单" (China Establishes "Internet Blacklist")", BBC, July 23, 2006, http://news.bbc.co.uk/....

[22] "China shuts down Falun Gong, porn and pirate publishers." China View. 14 July 2006.

[23] "Another Web Service Told to Shut Down." Asia Media. 27 July 2006.

[24] "Popular forum rushes to go offline after closure order." Asia Media. 25 July 2006.

[25] "Tibetan poet's blogs closed down." Reporters Without Borders. 31 July 2006.

[26] "Guiyang police assaulted, 9 cars damaged." Shanghai Daily. 12 July 2006.

[27] "China paramilitary police dispatch to quell riot." China Post. 28 July 2006.

[28] "上海访民跳楼自杀." Radio Free Asia. 18 July 2006.

[29] "50业主维权 徒步三环主路 (Over 50 Beijing Apartment Owners Detained on Public Order Charges for Protesting on Main Road)", The Beijing News, July 26, 2006, http://news.thebeijingnews.com/....

[30] "China Clash as Church Demolished", BBC, July 31, 2006, http://news.bbc.co.uk/....

[31] "Desperate Parents Seek Help in HK", SCMP, July 20, 2006, http://china.scmp.com/....

[32] "揭露核污染维权人士孙小弟受到各方孤立 (Rights Defender Sun Xiaodi Persecuted for Revealing Nuclear Pollution), Radio Free Asia, July 04, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/....

[33] "泛蓝联盟重庆成员张起获释回家 (Chongqing Member of "Pan-blue Alliance" Zhang Qi Released)", Radio Free Asia, July 13, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/....

[34] "泛蓝联盟成员被学校解雇 ("Pan-blue Alliance" Member Dismissed from Work)", Radio Free Asia, July 31, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/....

[35] "Zheng Enchong Detained Again." HRIC Press Release. 12 July 2006.

[36] "AIDS Activist Stabbed After Corruption Claim." South China Morning Post. 4 July 2006.

[37] "太石村纪念维权一周年 村民再次被砍伤." Radio Free Asia. 25 July 2006.

[38] "Officials Conclude Self-Inflicted Injury in Fu Xiancai Case." HRIC Press Release. 26 July 2006.

[39] "Fu Xiancai's Family and Friends Harassed by Police "Minders"." HRIC Press Release. 20 July 2006.

[40] "上海访民被超期刑拘 (Four Shanghai Petitioners Detained for More Than 37 Days; Families Not Informed of Legal Status as Required by Law)", Radio Free Asia, July 10, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/....

[41] "上海访民的遭遇 (The Fate of Shanghai Petitioners After the SCO Summit)", Radio Free Asia, July 06, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/....

[42] "Group protests China's silence on fate of Canadian citizen." CBC News. 21 July 2006.

[43] "美国牧师在山西应邀前往讲道被阻 (Chinese Authorities Revoke Consent to US Pastor's Visit to Shanxi)", Radio Free Asia, July 24, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/....

[44] "中国天主教地下教会一主教被扣押 (Catholic Bishop Jia Zhiguo Detained)", Voice of America, July 10, 2006, http://www.voanews.com/....

[45] "Tibetan Monk Faces Eight Years for Separatism." Radio Free Asia. 14 July 2006.

[46] "吉林河南四川家庭教会成员被关押扣留 (Protestant House Church Members in Jilin, Henan and Sichuan Detained)", Radio Free Asia, July 17, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/....

[47] "吉林河南四川家庭教会成员被关押扣留 (Protestant House Church Members in Jilin, Henan and Sichuan Detained)", Radio Free Asia, July 17, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/...; "四川警方抓捕三十多家庭教会信徒 (Sichuan Police Arrest Over 30 Protestant House Church Petitioners)", Voice of America, June 30, 2006, http://www.voanews.com/....

[48] "联合国艾滋病规划署关注李喜阁被拘案 (UN Program on HIV/AIDS Expresses Concern over Criminal Detention of Activist Li Xige)", Radio Free Asia, July 27, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/...; "河南输血感染艾滋病妇女上访卫生部 (Seven Henan Women Having Contracted HIV Through Blood Donations Petition to Ministry of Health)", Radio Free Asia, July 20, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/....

[49] "Police beat China dissident lawyer after complaint." China Post 1 August 2006.

[50] "China Sentences Net Writer to Two Years." Reuters. July 13, 2006.

[51] "Scuffles at China activist trial." BBC News. 20 July 2006.

[52] "China Researcher Faces Delayed Verdict." Washington Post. 26 July 2006.

[53] "Media Advocacy Groups Launch Appeal for Detained Chinese Journalist Ching Cheong." Voice of America. 26 July 2006.

[54] "China frees film maker after 5 months in isolation." Reuters. 11 July 2006.

[55] "访民刘新娟逃离精神病院 儿子遭警方扣留 (Petitioner Liu Xinjuan Escapes from Mental Hospital and Her Son Is Detained)", Radio Free Asia, July 03, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/..., "上海访民被超期刑拘 (Four Shanghai Petitioners Detained for More Than 37 Days; Families Not Informed of Legal Status as Required by Law)", Radio Free Asia, July 10, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/....

[56] "宜宾政府逮捕村民代表打压维权 (Two Villagers Arrested for Planning to Welcome Home Released Rights Leader Liu Beixing)." Radio Free Asia. July 21, 2006. http://www.rfa.org/....

[57] "维权人士刘安军和诗人俞心焦出狱 (Human Rights Defender Liu Anjun and Poet Yu Xinjiao Released from Prison)." Radio Free Asia. July 28, 2006. http://www.rfa.org/....

[58] "跨国境抓回人渣 江苏特大跨国系列绑架杀人案 主犯被执行死刑 (Chinese Police Went to Cambodia to Catch Suspects; Seven Executed for Abduction and Murder)." Legal Daily. July 04, 2006. http://www.legaldaily.com.cn/....

[59] "China Sentences Sect Members to Death for Murders." Reuters (via YahooNews). July 07, 2006.

[60] "男子掐死智障姐姐奸尸续:凶手一审被判处死缓." Shenzhen Daily. July 06, 2006. http://www.sznews.com/....

[61] "北京JJ舞厅凶杀案主犯一审被判死刑." Xinhuanet. July 10, 2006. http://news.xinhuanet.com/...

[62] "Gang convicted of theft from Yu Minhong, murder of others." China Daily. 24 July 2006.

[63] "被告人故意杀人被判死缓." Legal Daily. July 07, 2006. http://www.legaldaily.com.cn/...

[64] "广东两名男子绑架活埋人大代表被判死刑." EastDay.com, July 12, 2006. http://news.eastday.com/...

[65] "Serial Boy Killer Faces Death." Shanghai Daily. July 17, 2006 http://www.shanghaidaily.com/...

[66] "云南丽江:杀警凶犯一审被判死刑 (Yunnan Man Sentenced to Death for Murdering Policeman)," Xinhuanet. July 14, 2006. http://news.xinhuanet.com/....

[67] "新疆石河子两凶犯残害妇女被判极刑." Xinhuanet, July 14, 2006. http://news.xinhuanet.com/...

[68] "陕西潼关县一民警参与绑架杀害堂侄被执行死刑." Xinhuanet, July 17, 2006. http://news.xinhuanet.com/...

[69] "广西杀死杀伤7名儿童、妇女的犯罪分子被判死." Xinhua. July 14, 2006. http://news.xinhuanet.com/...

[70] "林氏兄弟列车上袭警致一死两伤被判重刑." Xinhuanet. 17 July 2006. http://news.xinhuanet.com/...

[71] "北京一批重犯今天上午被执行死刑/图." Xinhuanet. 18 July 2006. http://news.xinhuanet.com/...

[72] "北京一批重犯今天上午被执行死刑/图." Xinhuanet. 18 July 2006. http://news.xinhuanet.com/...

[73] "曾使警督李久明蒙冤判死缓 真凶昨被执行死刑." Xinhuanet. 20 July 2006. http://news.xinhuanet.com/...

[74] "被判死刑 黑老大当庭放狠话(图)." Xinhuanet. 28 July 2006. http://news.xinhuanet.com/...

[75] "黄金大盗粟君才被判死刑 3•5老庙劫金案一审宣判." EastDay.com. July 05, 2006. http://why.eastday.com/....

[76] "我国首次判决打孔盗油者死刑." Legal Daily. 27 July 2006. http://www.legaldaily.com.cn/...

[77] "涉案3千余万 四川犍为原县委书记田玉飞判死." Xinhuanet. July 13, 2006. http://news.xinhuanet.com/...

[78] "吉林俩"金融大骗"合谋诈骗1亿余元终审均判死." Xinhuanet. 28 July 2006. http://news.xinhuanet.com/....

[79] "迂回三省运毒进京22岁男子被判死缓." Xinhuanet. 26 July 2006. http://news.xinhuanet.com/...