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August 2006

August 31, 2006

The information contained in this summary is based on information collected by HRIC in August and is not intended as a complete list. Rather, it should be viewed as a representation of larger trends of dissent and repression in China.

Labor

Media Censorship

Petitions and Protests

Human Rights Defenders

Death Penalty



Labor

Disasters
Eighteen miners were killed in a coal mine gas leak in Ningwu County in the north China's Shanxi Province on August 4.[1]

A fire in a workshop in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province, left ten dead and injured two people on August 10. The victims included eight workers and two children, police said.[2]

Thirteen miners were killed and one injured in the collapse of a coal mine shaft in northwest China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region on August 13. The accident occurred at 3:10 p.m. in the privately-owned Guangyuan coal mine in Fukang when the 14 miners were working underground.[3]

Three people were killed and two seriously injured in an explosion at a chemical plant in the north-eastern oil city of Daqing, Heilongjiang Province on August 14.[4]

Seven people were trapped underground by a gas blast at a coal mine in Jiangxi province at around 4:30pm on August 16. Two of the miners were rescued, but the other five died.[5]

A further 12 miners were trapped in the collapse of a coal mine in Guizhou on the afternoon of August 17. All were rescued by noon on August 18.[6]

Disputes
Workers at a Wal-Mart store in the southeastern city of Quanzhou voted to form the company's first union in China on July 29. The Chinese government had been putting increasing pressures on the American retail giant to allow unions to be formed in its Chinese stores. Wal-Mart has consistently fought efforts to form unions elsewhere in its worldwide operations, but ultimately agreed to work with the state-sanctioned labor federation to allow unions at its outlets in China, where it has 30,000 employees. In the following weeks, at least 16 of Wal-Mart's 60 stores in China formed unions, according to the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU).[7]

Following moves by Wal-Mart to allow unions in its stores across China, a survey published by China's Youth DailyApple Computer Inc. acknowledged on August 18 that its main supplier of iPod music players allowed employees in a China plant to work longer hours than permitted under Apple's corporate code of conduct. Allegations of labor abuses at the iPod plant had been circulating in the media, but iPod maintained that the excessive working hours were voluntary on the part of the workers. The company has now made moves to enforce work weeks of 60 hours, with measures put in place to track compliance. revealed that 71.6 percent of the respondents believe China's trade unions have not fully carried out their responsibilities. Complaints reported concerned compulsory overtime and unreasonably low pay in companies all over the country.[8]

Apple Computer Inc. acknowledged on August 18 that its main supplier of iPod music players allowed employees in a China plant to work longer hours than permitted under Apple's corporate code of conduct. Allegations of labor abuses at the iPod plant had been circulating in the media, but iPod maintained that the excessive working hours were voluntary on the part of the workers. The company has now made moves to enforce work weeks of 60 hours, with measures put in place to track compliance.[9]



Media Censorship

Approval needed before speaking to media
Guangzhou health authorities issued an internal notice in June requiring hospitals to seek approval before accepting media interviews. They explained in early August that the requirement "only" applied to large-scale incidents.[10]

Web sites shut down

Reporters Without Borders expressed concern that the editor of e-Wiki, an online Chinese encyclopedia, felt obliged to close down in late July due to government pressure. Experts point out that this Web site and the popular Web site Wikipedia, which was closed down last year, are difficult for the authorities to control because their content is written and edited by users.[11]

The Web site Century China, a popular forum for liberal critics of the Communist Party, was shut down by the authorities at the end of July. The Web site was set up by a Hong Kong university and a Beijing research institute and had over 30,000 registered members, including academics as well as dissidents. In the days following its closure, more than 100 intellectuals joined in a petition, condemning the action.[12]

A well-known Tibetan writer, whose blogs were closed down by Chinese authorities, vowed on August 1 to continue to speak out and raise awareness of Tibetan culture in China. Woeser, who lives in Beijing, thinks that her blog was closed because she posted a picture of the Dalai Lama.[13]

Online activity banned

Online spoofs and satirical films of Chinese Communist icons and approved films and celebrities will soon be banned. The State Administration for Radio, Film and Television (SARFT) is drafting rules to block Internet broadcasts of short films that satirize officially approved cultural products.[14]

Advertisements banned

A ban on advertisements for weight loss, breast enlargement and other beauty products and treatments that became effective from August 1 is expected to cause a 60 percent decline in advertising revenue for Chinese television stations. The ban was introduced by the SARFT and the State Administration for Industry and Commerce (SAIC) because of fears that these commercials could violate consumers' rights and endanger their health.[15]

Regulations on Television Programs

The Chinese Communist Party has banned foreign cartoons from peak-time television out of concern for the potential effects of foreign culture on Chinese children. The move is also intended to protect the Chinese animation industry. The ban on screening foreign animations between 5pm-8pm will come into effect on September 1. (BBC).[16]

Anti-Piracy Campaign

China's copyright authorities have announced plans to prepare an Internet system to fight online piracy. According to the National Copyright Administration, the system would be able to identify pirated software, movies, music and other copyrighted works.[17]

During August, the initial month of a 100-day intensive crackdown on piracy in China, officials announced that 3,014 shops selling pirated materials were closed. About 8.371 million illegal publications, mainly pirated CDs, DVDs and computer software, were confiscated, according to the State Press and Publication Administration (SPPA), which oversees the country's anti-piracy efforts. Police and copyright officials have raided more than 89,000 shops and street vendors nationwide, with 9,508 penalized for selling pirated products.[18]



Petitions and Protests

Corruption-related riot in Liaoning

A riot by 2,000 villagers in northeast China's Liaoning Province on July 13 allegedly caused the injury of 40 farmers and 10 police officers. The protest was aimed at local officials who the villagers accused of siphoning off compensation funds from a locally-built iron mine. The incident was not immediately reported because the China State Council has forbidden the reporting of "mass incidents." In the first week of August, the township Communist Party secretary and the township director were detained to be investigated of corruption.[19]

Thug attacks

Thugs reported employed by eviction companies in Chengdu, Sichuan Province attacked police officers and people being forcibly removed from their homes for redevelopment on August 1. The thugs were released soon after being arrested.[20]

Catholics detained

On August 2, police detained 90 protesters who were demanding the release of two clergymen in Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province. At least two of the protestors were "seriously injured," and a woman suffered a miscarriage. Seventy of those detained were later released, while 20 were still being held by police at last report. The demonstrators were protesting the detention of bishop Yao Liang (姚良) and priest Li Huisheng (李会生) of China's underground Catholic church.[21]

Taxi drivers protest

One hundred taxi drivers protested outside the Suizhou Government Building in Hubei Province on August 7 over the prevalence of unlicensed taxis. Two representatives for the drivers were arrested.[22]

Property clash

Six hundred property owners gathered outside of the Shenzhen Intermediate People's Court on August 8 to protest the non-enforcement of a court decision. They clashed with police who prevented them from entering the court building. No one was injured or arrested.[23]

Eviction protest
In an eviction action conducted in Yiwu, Zhejiang Province on August 9, dissatisfied villager Wu Guangde (吴广德) crashed a car into the government eviction team, killing three and injuring others. Wu was arrested.[24]

Village violence
Local government officials in Hunan Province announced on August 9 that a riot between two villages in July resulted in the injury of 19 people. They emphasized that the violence was between villagers only, and that there was no conflict between the villagers and police.[25]

Dispute over water charges
Villagers in Maoming, Guangdong Province on August 16 detained several officials whom they suspected of overcharging them for water use. Some 160 police officers were called in, with a dozen injuries reported on each side.[26]

Demonstrating against privatization
Hundreds of employees protested the privatization of their previously state-owned shopping mall in Nanling, Guangxi Province on August 17. Eight hundred police officers were called in to disperse the crowd and a dozen workers were injured.[27]

Parents protest bad vaccines

A group of peasants from Jiangmen, Guangdong Province went to Hong Kong in August to appeal for help for their children, who contracted acute toxic encephalitis after taking a meningitis vaccine distributed by the mainland authorities last year. Some of the children reportedly lost their ability to talk, walk or even sit up after the injections. The local authorities refused to take any responsibility for the matter, saying that the children had "bad luck". Parents protested in Tiananmen Square on August 17. The Chinese Health Ministry claimed that officials had found no problem with the vaccines.[28]

Redevelopment petition
A group of Shanghai residents displaced in a redevelopment project controlled by Shanghai tycoon Zhou Zhengyi filed a formal complaint with the Supreme People's Procuratorate on August 25, alleging that well-connected local officials are implicated in Zhou's fraudulent leasing of the redeveloped property. The complaint, filed by Zhou Daye and other former residents of the neighborhood known as Dongbakuai, provides the first detailed allegations that local officials may have assisted Zhou Zhengyi in his fraudulent procurement of a land lease and massive bank loans for a piece of prime urban land valued at several billion yuan.[29]



Human Rights Defenders

Human Rights Defenders
Shanghai Petitioner Liu Hualin (刘华林) was beaten by three Shanghai policemen in Tiananmen Square on August 2 while Beijing police officers stood by. She was then sent back to Shanghai. Feng Liangxi (冯亮熙), the son of Shanghai petitioner Liu Xinjuan (刘新娟), was dismissed from his working unit because of his mother's petitioning activities. [30]

On August 9, rights defender Guo Feixiong (郭飞雄) was beaten by train police on his way to Beijing and then taken to Shaoguan, Guangdong Province, where he was detained overnight. On August 10, he was forcibly sent back to his home in Guangzhou. Police falsely accused Guo of holding a fake train ticket; no other reason was given for the beating or detention. Guo had provided legal assistance to Taishi villagers attempting to impeach their village head in August 2005, and since then he has been detained or harassed at least four times.[31]

In late August, it was revealed that a Buddhist temple administered by a 1989 democracy activist, Master Shengguan (formerly known as Xu Ziqiang), is being harassed following allegations of corruption made by temple personnel against local officials. Master Shengguan was forcibly expelled from the temple on August 19, after an incident on June 4 during which he ignored pressure by Yichun's Religious Affairs and United Front departments and joined with another 1989 activist, Li Xiang, in performing rituals of salvation for people killed in the 1989 crackdown. A female temple volunteer was also detained illegally and beaten until she falsely confessed to being involved sexually with Master Shengguan. Several incidents of threats and harassment against the Huacheng Buddhist Temple and its personnel have reportedly been instigated by six top Yichun municipal officials: Party Secretary Song Chenguang, Mayor Yang Xianping, People's Consultative Conference Chairman Zhou Yafu, Religious Affairs Bureau Director Yang Xu, United Front Department Director Xu Jianyuan and Buddhist Association Chairman Miao'an. HRIC also learned that Master Shengguan was ordered to leave Jiangxi Province shortly after his expulsion from the temple.[32]

Detained
Huseyin Celil, who holds Canadian and Chinese citizenship, was arrested while visiting Uzbekistan in late March, then extradited to China, where he had been sentenced to death in absentia for his political activities. The 37-year-old father of six was arrested in China for his activism in the mid-1990s, but escaped and was granted refugee status in Turkey in 2001, after which he moved to Canada and became a citizen. In China, Celil may face the death penalty. Celil has had no access to consular officials, lawyers or his family, and as of August 8, the Canadian government had not been able to ascertain Celil's location.[33]

Zeng Jinyan (曾金燕), the wife of AIDS activist Hu Jia (胡佳), who has been under de facto house arrest since July 17, wrote a letter to the mayor of Beijing complaining of police harassment and rights violations on August 1. Police had been following Zheng for the preceding two weeks.[34]

Shanghai petitioners Wang Yongzhen (王永珍), Du Yangming (杜阳明), Tian Baocheng (田宝成) and Mao Hengfeng (毛恒风) have been detained since June/July. Tian's wife Zhang Cuiping (张翠萍) has been sentenced to 1.5 years of re-education through labor.[35]

The wife of Protestant house church member Wang Weiliang (王伟良) was informed on August 14 that her husband had been placed under criminal detention.[36]

Beijing authorities admitted on August 18 to having detained the successful civil rights attorney, Gao Zhisheng (高智晟). He had disappeared three days earlier and it was suspected that he was being detained. He had also been beaten and detained the previous month. The Beijing Public Security Bureau arrested Gao Zhisheng because he is "suspected of being involved in illegal activities." He had also been involved in campaigning for the release of Chen Guangcheng. Gao has been one of the country's boldest advocates for a number of controversial causes, including labor rights, farmers' issues, and freedom of religion.[37]

At least five dissidents have been arrested since mid-August, apparently because of their support for detained human rights lawyer Gao Zhisheng. The wife of Shaanxi dissident Deng Yongliang (邓永亮) confirmed that her husband has been held in detention since August 18, when he went to Shandong Province to support rights defender Chen Guangcheng. The authorities arrested Zhao Xin (赵昕) in Beijing on August 19 and claimed they would bring him back to his home in Yunnan Province, but Zhao's father said he had not yet returned home. Two other dissidents, Xiao Qiao (小乔) and Ouyang Xiaorong (欧阳小戎), were also arrested on August 21 in Qingdao. The former was brought back to Shanghai, while Ouyang was reportedly placed under house detention in Kunming. Hangzhou Democratic Party member Wang Rongqing (王荣清) was placed under criminal detention on August 24 for inciting subversion, with a friend speculating that the detention might be related to his calls for Gao Zhisheng's release. Wang has been detained and monitored for his political activities several times in the past two years.[38]

Six detained Protestant house church leaders have been formally arrested since August 21 for "inciting violence to resist implementation of the law" after their church in Xiaoshan, Zhejiang Province was destroyed in late July. They are Ni Wenmin, Shen Zhuke, Shen Chengyi, Wang Weiliang, Feng Guanglian, Guo Lijun. The authorities claimed the church was an illegal structure.[39]

Arrested
Chinese authorities detained journalist Zan Aizong on August 11 for posting reports on the Internet about government repression of Christians. Zan had posted a report in early August detailing the arrests of around 50 Protestants demonstrating against the destruction of a church in late July. He posted another report two days later detailing warnings that he had received from authorities to stop posting the material. He was detained soon after, and the police searched his home and seized personal documents. Zan was freed on August 18, but then received a written notice from his employers dismissing him from his position as bureau chief of the Zhejiang office of China Ocean News.[40]

Trial developments

It was reported on August 7 that Buddhist practitioner Lei Dayong (雷大勇) was sentenced to four years in prison in October 2005 by the Tongzhou District People's Court in Beijing for engaging in "illegal business activities." Lei appealed, but the court upheld the verdict in February 2006. The "illegal business activities" involved publishing free Buddhist sutras without official approval.[41]

No verdict has yet been announced in the trial of internet activist Li Jianping (李建平) as of August 8, nearly four months after his trial. Li was tried on April 12 on charges of "incitement to subvert state power" on the basis of articles he wrote that were posted on overseas Web sites. He has been almost completely cut off from communication with his family and lawyer. The delay in announcing the verdict arguably violates China's Criminal Procedure Law.[42]

Tan Kai (谭凯), a founding leader of the banned environmental group "Green Watch," was sentenced to 1.5 years' imprisonment by a local court in Hangzhou on August 11. His lawyer, Li Heping, stated that Tan was originally detained on charges of "providing state secrets abroad," but the charge for which he was prosecuted was "illegally procuring state secrets." The charge was based on the fact that, while doing computer repair work for a local Party official, Tan backed up the official's computer files on his own computer. Tan's colleagues at Green Watch believe that the charge was fabricated and that the real issue was the group's controversial work.[43]

A Chinese sociologist went on trial behind closed doors on August 16. Lu Jianhua was accused of a crime involving state secrets, mainly due his alleged links to Ching Cheong. His trial, just a day after Ching's, lasted around 90 minutes. His wife was not allowed to attend the trial because the charge involved state secrets.[44]

Sentenced

Chen Guangcheng (陈光诚), the blind human rights activist who exposed family planning abuses in Shandong Province, was sentenced to four years and three months in prison on August 24 on charges of "damaging property and organizing a mob to disturb traffic." Chen was represented by court-appointed lawyers after police detained three members of his defense time the night before his trial. The U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Ellen R. Sauerbrey, on the sidelines of the China-U.S. Global Issues Forum in Beijing on August 10, called for Chen's release.[45]

A court in Beijing sentenced Straits Times reporter Ching Cheong (程翔) to five years in prison on August 31 on charges of spying for Taiwan. Ching, detained since April 2005, was also deprived of his political rights for a year and had personal property worth 300,000 yuan confiscated. Rights groups and journalists expressed concern for Ching, who is 56 and suffers from high blood pressure. Ching was charged with allegedly receiving money from a Taiwan foundation and using it to buy secret information on China's political, economic and military affairs between 2000 and 2005.[46]

Chinese journalist, Zhao Yan (赵岩), was sentenced on August 25 to three years in prison. The court dismissed a charge that he had leaked state secrets to the New York Times, for which he was facing a 10 year sentence. However, he was convicted of an unrelated fraud charge, stemming from an accusation that, before working for The Times, Zhao had promised to help a man avoid service at a labor camp in exchange for $2,500. The man claims Zhao took the money and failed to help. Zhao pleaded innocent to both and plans to appeal the remaining charge.[47]

Released

An Shuxin (安树新), a bishop in the underground Catholic church, was released on August 24 after being held under house arrest in Hebei Province for more than 10 years. The release resulted from his acknowledging the government's authority over the church, according to an official bishop at a local church in Hebei. The U.S.-based Cardinal Kung Foundation says six more bishops are still in prison. An Shuxin was reportedly arrested in 1996 for operating an underground seminary.[48]



Death Penalty

Violent Crimes

Zhang Zhiyuan (张志远), 23, convicted of murdering his father in November 2005, was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve by the Beijing No. 2 Intermediate People's Court around August 2.[49]

Li Guo (李果), convicted of murdering a policeman in September 2005, was sentenced to death by the Chongqing No. 1 Intermediate People's Court on August 2. Li said he would appeal.[50]

Pang Maosheng (庞茂升), 29, a farmer convicted of murdering a university professor in December 2005, was sentenced to death by the Beijing No. 1 Intermediate People's Court on August 2.[51]

Jiang xxxquan (江X泉), Zhou xxxzhong (周X忠) and Su Zexxx (苏泽X) (only partial names provided) were executed on August 3 after the Guangdong Province Higher People's Court ratified the death penalty on murder charges handed down by the Chaozhou Intermediate People's Court.[52]

Li Wei (李伟), Wang Qianjin (王前进) and Li Ya (李亚) were executed on August 4 after the Anhui Province Higher People's Court sentenced them to death for assault, leading a triad organization and other charges.[53]

Fang Lei (方磊), a courier, was sentenced to death by the Beijing No. 2 Intermediate People's Court on August 8 for a murder that he committed in December 2005.[54]

He Chonggang (何崇刚) and Zhang Honglin (张红林) were sentenced to death on charges of murder and leading a triad organization by the Neijiang Intermediate People's Court in Sichuan Province around August 9.[55]

Yang Shuming (杨树明), convicted of murdering nine women between 1992 and 2006, was sentenced to death by the Yangquan Intermediate People's Court in Shanxi Province on August 10.[56]

Chen Ping, a former prosecutor, was executed on August 12 after the Shaanxi Province Higher People's Court ratified the death penalty on a murder charge handed down by a local court.[57]

Lin Qingqi (林清旗), 38 and mentally ill, was sentenced to death with two-year reprieve by the Kunming Intermediate People's Court in on August 16 for killing four people in a vehicular manslaughter case in February 2006.[58]

Xiong Xutong (熊旭东) was executed on August 16 after the Guangdong Province Higher People's Court ratified the death penalty on murder charges handed down by the Dongguan Intermediate People's Court.[59]

Feng Lifa (冯礼发), convicted of murdering two people, was sentenced to death by the Suichuan Intermediate People's Court in Jiangxi Province on August 21.[60]

Fu Zhulan (付竹兰), a former cadre convicted of instigating murder, was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve on August 21 after the Guangdong Province Higher People's Court ratified the sentence handed down by the Foshan Intermediate People's Court in a re-trial. Peng Zhongxian (彭中献) and Peng Luxiang (彭路祥), the actual murderers, were executed.[61]

Huang Jianhua (黄建华), 49, was executed around August 22 after the Shaanxi Province Higher People's Court ratified the death penalty on a murder charge handed down by the Xi'an Intermediate People's Court.[62]

Liu Zhonghai (刘忠海) and Wan Hewang (万和王), convicted of murdering two people with hammers, were sentenced to death by the Chaozhou Intermediate People's Court on August 28.[63]

Li Fengbo (李峰波) was executed on August 29 after the Shaanxi Province Higher People's Court ratified the death penalty on murder and rape charges handed down by the Weinan Intermediate People's Court.[64]

Xu Lijun (许立俊) was sentenced to death on armed robbery and assault charges by the Guangdong Intermediate People's Court on August 30. His accomplice Huang Rongning (黄荣宁) was sentenced to death with two-year reprieve. They have launched an appeal.[65]

Wang Wenda (王文达) was executed after the Zhejiang Province Higher People's Court ratified the death penalty on rape and robbery charges handed down by a lower court.[66]

Drug Trafficking

Po Chunde (朴春德) and Zheng Chengdou (郑成斗) were sentenced to death for drug trafficking by the Dandong Intermediate People's Court in Liaoning Province on August 3.[67]

Economic Crimes

Zhang Baojing (张宝经), a former cadre convicted on corruption charges, was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve by the Beijing No. 1 Intermediate People's Court on August 4.[68]

Yang Xiangyun (杨祥云), a former senior cadre convicted on corruption charges, was sentenced to death with two-year reprieve by the Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Nationalities Autonomous Prefecture Intermediate People's Court in Hunan Province on August 4. He said he would appeal.[69]

Shan Jie (单杰), a manager convicted of financial fraud, was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve by the Beijing No. 2 Intermediate People's Court around August 17.[70]

Espionage

Tong Daning, a former central government official, was reported in August to have been executed in April on charges of spying for Taiwan.[71]


//



ENDNOTES

[1] "18 killed in gas leak at Shanxi coal mine," Shanghai Daily, August 7, 2006.
http://www.shanghaidaily.com.

[2] "10 smothered to death in SW. China workshop fire," Xinhuanet, August 11, 2006.
http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[3] "Death toll rises to ten in NW China coal mine collapse," Eastday.com, August 14, 2006.
http://english.eastday.com.

[4] "Explosion at chemical plant in China's oil city kills 3," Xinhuanet, August 15, 2006.
http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[5] "19 people trapped in two coal mine accidents in China," Xinhuanet, August 17, 2006.
http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[6] "19 people trapped in two coal mine accidents in China," Xinhuanet, August 17, 2006.
http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[7] "Wal-Mart unions in China to be controlled by government, lack free elections," Mercury News, August 15, 2006
http://www.mercurynews.com.

[8] "China's trade unions can do a better job, survey finds," People's Daily, August 15, 2006
http://english.people.com.cn.

[9] "Apple work code broken at supplier's China plant," Reuters, August 18, 2006.
http://news.yahoo.com.

[10] "广州市卫生局长回应"限访令" (Guangzhou Health Authorities Explain That Policy Requiring Approval for Media Interviews Only Applies to Large-scale Incidents)", Legal Daily, August 08, 2006, http://www.legaldaily.com.cn.

[11] "中国易维基网站关闭维权组织关注 (Concern over Closure of Another Online Chinese Encyclopedia)", Voice of America, August 08, 2006, http://www.voanews.com

[12] "Authorities close down Century China website," The Guardian, August 3, 2006.
http://www.guardian.co.uk

[13] "Banned, Blocked Tibetan Writer Vows to Speak Out in China," Radio Free Asia, August 1, 2006.
http://www.rfa.org.

[14] "Chinese censors target internet spoofs," The Guardian, August 15, 2006.
http://film.guardian.co.uk.

[15] "TV stations facing steep loss of revenue after ads banned," Xinhuanet, August 30, 2006.
http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[16] "China 'bans primetime Simpsons'," BBC, August 14, 2006.

[17] "China to set up Internet anti-piracy system," People's Daily, August 4, 2006.
http://english.people.com.cn.

[18] "China closes 3,000 shops in crackdown on pirated CDs, DVDs," Xinhuanet, August 15, 2006.
http://news.xinhuanet.com

[19] "40 injured during village riot in northeast China over corruption", Khaleej Times, August 4, 2006.
http://www.khaleejtimes.com.

[20] "四川陕西发生暴力拆迁 (Forced Evictions Turn Violent in Sichuan and Shaanxi)", Radio Free Asia, August 01, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[21] "Church Members Detained in China", AP( via YahooNews), August 04, 2006, http://news.yahoo.com.

[22] "湖北百的士市政府请愿 (Nearly 100 Taxi Drivers Petition at Suizhou Government Building, Hubei Province)", Ming Pao, August 08, 2006, http://www.mingpaonews.com; "湖北出租司机罢工请愿两代表失踪 (Hubei Taxi Drivers Went on Strike; Two Representatives missing)", Voice of America, August 08, 2006, http://www.voanews.

[23] "深圳600业主围法院抗议 (600 Property Owners Protest Non-Enforcement of Court Decision at Shenzhen Court)", Ming Pao, August 09, 2006, http://www.mingpaonews.com.

[24] "浙江拆迁冲突 3執法员殉职 (Three Officers Killed in Eviction Clash in Zhejiang; Suspect Arrested)", Ming Pao, August 10, 2006, http://www.mingpaonews.com.

[25] "Nineteen people injured in riot in central China: sources," People's Daily, August 10, 2006.
http://english.people.com.cn.

[26] "广东茂名警民冲突多人受伤 (Dozens Injured as Villagers Clash with Police in Maoming, Guangdong Province), Radio Free Asia, August 20, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[27] "广西南宁百货大楼职工罢工 (A Dozen Workers Injured as Police Disperse Strike in Nanling, Guangxi Province)", Radio Free Asia, August 18, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[28] "Chinese Police Haul Off "Bad Vaccine" Protesters," New York Times, August 17, 2006.
http://www.nytimes.com.

[29] Human Rights in China, "Shanghai Residents File Formal Complaint Suggesting Official Collusion in Zhou Zhengyi Fraud," August 30, 2006.

[30] "上海访民的遭遇 (Persecution Continues for Shanghai Petitioners)", Radio Free Asia, August 05, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[31] "郭飞雄赴京火车上被警察殴打 (Rights Defender Guo Feixiong Beaten on Train to Beijing)
Radio Free Asia, August 10, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[32] Human Rights in China, "Buddhist Temple Target of Corrupt Official Persecution," August 21, 2006; HRIC, "Top Buddhist Officials Join in Persecution of Activist Monk," August 23. 2006.

[33] Uyghur Human Rights Project, "Family of Uyghur-Canadian Huseyin Celil anxiously awaits word of his fate," August 8, 2006.

[34] "胡佳夫妇被软禁跟踪两周 (Hu Jia's Wife Writes Letter of Complaint to Beijing Mayor)", Radio Free Asia, August 02, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[35] "上海访民的遭遇 (Persecution Continues for Shanghai Petitioners)", Radio Free Asia, August 05, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[36] "地下基督教会成员王伟良被正式刑拘 (Protestant House Church Member Wang Weiliang Placed Under Criminal Detention)", Radio Free Asia, August 14, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[37] Gao Zhisheng Missing for Three Days, Beijing Admits Arrest," The Epoch Times, August 19 2006.
http://www.theepochtimes.com.

[38] "中国异见人士接连被抓或失踪 (More Dissidents Arrested or Missing Following Detention of Gao Zhisheng)", Radio Free Asia, August 29, 2006, http://www.rfa.org."杭州民主党成员王荣清被拘留 (Hangzhou Democratic Party Member Wang Rongqing Placed Under Criminal Detention)", Radio Free Asia, August 28, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[39] "Six House Church Leaders Formally Arrested in Zhejiang Province After Church Destruction", China Aid, August 22, 2006, http://www.chinaaid.org.

[40] "China Arrests Journalist for Internet Articles on Crackdown on Christians," Voice of America News, August 12, 2006.
http://www.voanews.com.

[41] "北京佛教居士雷大勇因印刷公益佛经被判刑四年 (Buddhist Practitioner Sentenced to Four Years' Imprisonment for Publishing Free Sutras)", Radio Free Asia, August 07, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[42] "李建平超期拘押至今未判 (Verdict Delayed for Internet Activist Li Jianping)", Radio Free Asia, August 08, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[43] "环保人士谭凯被判一年半刑期 (Environmentalist Tan Kai Sentenced to 1.5 Years' Imprisonment)", Radio Free Asia, August 11, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[44] "Chinese Sociologist on Trial Over State Secrets," New York Times, August 16, 2006.
http://www.nytimes.com.

[45] "Out for Justice," Yahoo News, August 28, 2006.
http://news.yahoo.com.

[46] "China Tries Journalist in Spy Case," Washington Post, August 15, 2006.
http://www.washingtonpost.com. "China Jails Singapore Reporter for Spying," Reuters (via YahooNews), August 31, 2006, http://news.yahoo.com.

[47] "China Gives Times Researcher 3 Years," New York Times, August 25, 2006
http://www.nytimes.com.

[48] "Underground Bishop Released After Bowing to Beijing", SCMP, August 28, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[49] "恶子不满管教弑父 胁迫母亲帮助埋尸 (Son Sentenced to Death with Two-year Reprieve for Murdering Father)", Xinhuanet, August 02, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[50] "重庆合川七人杀警察抢配枪 主犯被判死刑 (Head of the Seven Who Murdered a Policeman Sentenced to Death)", Xinhuanet, August 03, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[51] "劫杀清华女教师凶手被判死刑 (Murderer of Tsing Hua Professor Sentenced to Death)", The Beijing News, August 03, 2006, http://news.thebeijingnews.com.

[52] "灭门、杀哨兵、闹市枪扫无辜 粤3名杀人犯伏法 (Trio Executed for Murders in Chaozhou, Guangdong Province)", Xinhuanet, August 04, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[53] "最高法院督办李伟特大涉黑案终审3人获死刑 (Anhui Province Higher People's Court Gives Execution Order for Three Triad Ring Leaders)", Xinhuanet, August 07, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[54] "入户抢劫杀人 快递员被判死刑 (Courier Sentenced to Death for Robbing and Murdering Customer)", EastDay.com, August 09, 2006, http://ld.eastday.com.

[55] "四川内江判处一黑社会团伙 两名成员被判死刑 (Two Triad Members Sentenced to Death on Murder and Other Charges in Sichuan)", Xinhuanet, August 10, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[56] "男子14年间杀9女子获死刑 (Man Sentenced to Death for Murdering 9 Women in 14 Years)", The Beijing News, August 11, 2006, http://news.thebeijingnews.com.

[57] "China Ex-chief Prosecutor Executed for Killing Wife", Reuters (via YahooNews), August 13, 2006, http://news.yahoo.com.

[58] "昆明市政协司机闹市致26人伤亡一审被判死缓 (Man Sentenced to Death with Two-year Reprieve for Vehicular Manslaughter in Yunnan Province)", Xinhuanet, August 16, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com; "Mentally Ill Driver Who Killed Four Avoids Death", People's Daily, August 17, 2006, http://english.people.com.cn.

[59] "制造广东东莞"四尸五命案"凶手被执行死刑 (Murderer of Four Executed in Guangdong Province)", Xinhuanet, August 17, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[60] "男子遭退婚手刃未婚妻准岳母被判死刑 (Man Sentenced to Death for Murdering Two over Marriage Dispute in Jiangxi Province)", Xinhuanet, August 23, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com/.

[61] "落马女支书买凶杀人 (Dismissed Cadre Sentenced to Death with Two-year Reprieve for Murder)", Legal Daily, August 23, 2006, http://www.legaldaily.com.cn.

[62] "杀害西安新华书店原总经理凶手被执行死刑 (Man Executed for Murdering Manager in Xi'an)", Xinhuanet, August 22, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[63] "潮州严惩"铁锤帮" (Two Sentenced to Death for Murdering Two with Hammer in Chaozhou, Guangdong Province)", Legal Daily, August 31, 2006, http://www.legaldaily.com.cn.

[64] "陕西渭南系列强奸杀人案案犯被枪决 (Serial Rapist and Murderer Executed in Weinan, Shaanxi Province)", Xinhuanet, August 31, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[65] "主犯一审被判死刑 (Man Sentenced to Death for Multiple Armed Robberies in Dongguan, Guangdong Province)", Legal Daily, August 31, 2006, http://www.legaldaily.com.cn.

[66] "百名专家吁高院 速收死刑复核权 (100 Chinese Jurists Urge Supreme People's Court to Quickly Take Up Review of Death Penalty Cases)", Voice of America, August 31, 2006, http://www.voanews.com.

[67] "3男子跨国贩毒一审被判死刑 (Three Men Sentenced to Death for Cross-border Drug Trafficking)", The Beijing News, August 04, 2006, http://news.thebeijingnews.com.

[68] "北京:贪689万全输光 "张输光"被判死刑 (Beijing Cadre Sentenced to Death with Two-year Reprieve for Embezzling over Six Million Yuan)", Xinhuanet, August 07, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[69] "湘西第一贪"一审死缓 发土地财狂吞1495万 (Corrupt Cadre in Hunan Sentenced to Death with Two-year Reprieve in First Trial)", Xinhuanet, August 04, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[70] "北京一公司总经理伪造票据诈骗8千多万被判死缓 (Beijing Manager Sentenced to Death with Two-year Reprieve on Financial Fraud Charges)", Xinhuanet, August 17, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

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