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September 2006

September 30, 2006

The information contained in this summary is based on information collected by HRIC in September and is not intended as a complete list. Rather, it should be viewed as a representation of larger trends of dissent and repression in China.

Labor

Media Censorship

Petitions and Protests

Human Rights Defenders

Death Penalty



Labor

Disasters
From January through August of this year, 2,900 workers were killed in mine accidents, down 26 percent from the same period last year. The State Administration of Work Safety reported that 1,824 accidents were recorded during the first eight months of this year, and that China will invest three billion yuan worth of state bonds to improve coal mine safety through the end of 2006. Additionally, the Ministry of Supervision announced that 315 government officials and heads of state-owned enterprises have been disciplined this year for owning shares in coal mines.[1]

On September 3, six miners were killed in a flood at the Zhengxing Coal Mine in Hubei Province, while four survived: three escaped and one worker was rescued by the emergency team.[2]

Nineteen workers were on duty on September 13 when Xiren Mine in Tonghua City, Jilin Province, flooded. Nineteen workers were underground when the privately-owned mine flooded with water. Four workers escaped and eight were rescued early on September 14, announced the deputy director of the Jilin Provincial Coal Mining Bureau.[3]

Also on September 13, a gas leak at a mine in Shanxi Province killed at least one person, reported the Xinhua News Agency. Rescuers lifted 45 miners from the gas-filled pit at the Danangou Coal Mine in Datong, but one died in the hospital.[4]

A landslide killed two and injured two others on September 22, in Laiyuan County, Hebei Province. The accident occurred at an iron ore mine owned by the Laiyuan Iron and Steel Plant, at around 11 a.m. local time. The mine was a former state-owned enterprise but does not currently have a work safety permit.[5]

Also on September 22, two miners were killed at the Songzhu Coal Mine in Huaping County, Yunnan Province. A gas combustion accident killed the two workers immediately, while the remaining 27 workers were rescued and are in stable condition. The accident occurred at 9:20 a.m.[6]

Six workers were killed in Qitaihe City, Heilongjiang Province, when a coal mine collapsed on September 25. A pit in the Taoshan Coal Mine collapsed at 10:50 p.m., and only one was rescued. The mine is under the management of the Heilongjiang Longmei Coal Mine Group Ltd. In 2005, another explosion at a mine under the same management resulted the death of 171 miners.[7]

Disputes

iPod manufacturer, Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (Foxconn), the Shenzhen branch of Taiwan-based Hong Hai Precision Industry, has been ordered to set up a union for its workers by the end of 2006, reported the Beijing News. Last year, the company sued two journalists from the China Business News for defamation, when they reported that Foxconn had violated labor rights by forcing overtime on its workers at low pay. Apple had announced earlier this year that the manufacturer's practices violated Apple's code of conduct, and that it would take steps to address the issue.[8]

The Guangdong Labor and Social Security Department (LSSD) has announced new minimum wage standards, effective September 1, which are adjusted for different areas in the province according to level of economic development. It ranges from 450 yuan to 780 yuan a month. Shenzhen is exempt from the standard. Chinese law stipulates that employers can be fined 5,000 yuan to 500,000 yuan if they break labor laws. China Daily reports that this is the largest increase since Guangdong introduced the minimum wage since 1994.[9]



Media Censorship

Tibet's princess censored

According to industry sources, China is censoring media reports about Princess Yabshi Pan Rinzinwangmo, the daughter of Tibet's 10th Panchen Lama, apparently worried that her popularity would surpass that of the current Beijing-installed successor.[10]

Promised access

British Minister for Culture, Media and Sport Tessa Jowell announced on September 5 that she had been promised by the President of the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Olympic Games, Liu Qi, that foreign media would be allowed to move around without restrictions during the Olympic Games in 2008.[11]

Wiki unfiltered

Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia, announced on September 5 that it will not filter content to appease Beijing. Since last October, access to the website has been blocked by mainland authorities while a cloned version from Chinese web portal Baidu has been allowed to replace the site in China's web space.[12]

Director banned

Chinese director Lou Ye announced on September 6 that he would continue making films in spite of a ban by the Beijing government. He was issued with the ban after having decided to screen a film at the Cannes Film Festival without first submitting it to the Chinese censors.[13]

Baixing Web site closed
The Web site of a Chinese news monthly magazine, Baixing, appears to have been closed since September 7 for posting accounts of the beating death of a villager involved in a dispute with developers in eastern China.[14]

New foreign media regulations

The official Chinese Communist Party news agency, Xinhua, issued a statement on September 10, 2006, regarding new measures for foreign media operating in China. According to the new regulations, foreign news agencies are barred from directly soliciting subscribers in China and must use agents designated by Xinhua. The rules give Xinhua the right to select the information released by foreign agencies and to delete any materials that could potentially undermine China's social stability, endanger national security or disrupt the country's economic order, among other prohibitions. The new media regulations have received harsh criticism from many governments and a number of journalism and human rights organizations.[15]

Zou Tao's site closed

On September 11, the website of Zou Tao (邹涛) (http://www.zoutao.com), a 32-year-old blogger based in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, was closed as a result of the success of his Internet campaign to convince people not to buy apartments for three years in order to cool down an overheated real estate market. The closure of his site was likely to have been caused by his announcement in August that he was going to run as a candidate for Luoho district representative in the People's Congress of Shenzhen in the September 28 elections. Zou's candidacy, which was not nominated by the CPC, was likely to have been viewed as a threat by the authorities. He has been banned from leaving the region and has been threatened by the Shenzhen Public Security Bureau.[16]

Judges not allowed to speak to press

In an announcement on September 13, the Chinese government has decided to bar judges from speaking with the press, following the increasing trend of allowing only spokespersons of state agencies to speak with reporters. Xinhua reported that judges would be subject to "severe sanctions" if they do not follow these rules. The court spokesperson will speak for judges and have the power to ban other judicial officials from answering journalists' questions. This follows a similar ban for lawyers announced in May this year.[17]

Web sites closed

From September 6 to 8, more than 320 Web sites and Internet columns were shut down by police, who also deleted 15,000 pieces of "hazardous information." A Ministry of Public Security official stated that this is in reaction to the appearance of a large number of Web sites selling guns, explosives, narcotics, and offering gambling information, which threatened the "purity" of the Internet atmosphere. On September 15, the Ministry publicized a site where citizens can go to report information on such Web sites.[18]

Online survey gets senior editors fired

Two senior editors of the Guangzhou-based NetEase (http://www.163.com), news editor Tang Yan (唐岩) and opinion editor Liu Xianghui (刘向惠), were fired in September, but it is unclear what the reason is for the sudden dismissal. It is believed that they are being punished for conducting an online survey on whether Chinese readers would choose to be a Chinese national in their next life. Boxun.com, an overseas Chinese Web site, reported that 64 percent of the 10,234 respondents said "no," as of September 10. The survey was originally scheduled to run from September 4 through October 11, but had been removed by September 15. Of those who responded "no," 39 percent said that "being Chinese [makes me] feel that I lack human dignity," while 17 percent said "a happy life is unreachable because I cannot afford an apartment." Eighteen percent said "yes," because "I love my country and have no specific reason." The Web site staff could be reached for comment.[19]

Journalists beaten

Eight journalists were stopped by security guards and at least one township-level government official while attempting to report a car accident on a Guangzhou bridge. The security detail was ordered by the local government to maintain order after the fatal car accident. Reports say that the eight, who were from three local newspapers and a TV station, were taken away and beaten on September 25. Their equipment was damaged, and three were injured in the attack. They were then taken by police for questioning, who are currently investigating the incident. Township government officials were not available for comment, but the director of the general affairs office of the township people's congress spoke with the media, expressing regret and blamed the attack on poor communication.[20]



Petitions and Protests

Environmental protests

Protests, riots, and disputes related to the environment increased by 30 percent in 2005 to more than 50,000. Protests are occurring across the country, with local residents demanding answers and remedies to the proliferation of pollutants. They claim that the pollution is causing birth defects, making water unusable, and killing crops. In mid-July, a study was released that found that 81 percent of China's chemical plants were too close to population centers and water sources.[21]

Protest teacher's death

Thousands of protesters gathered in early September to protest the investigation the death of high school teacher Dai Haijing, 30. Her death has been declared a suicide by government officials, the result of falling from her fifth-floor residence in August. Many believe that the government is colluding with her husband, a prominent businessman surnamed Xie, in covering up his involvement. The protest reportedly turned into a riot when police tried to disperse the demonstrators; police fired tear gas into the crowd and arrested at least 12 people. On September 7, the protest started up again in front of the local government office while hundreds of riot police were called to the scene. There was also reported damage at Xie's factory.[22]

Villagers protest to vote

On September 12, hundreds of villagers clashed with police in Shadui, Guangdong Province. The villagers say that the local government did not issue them certificates to allow them to vote in a village election on September 12, reportedly in retaliation over a land dispute, reported Hong Kong's Cable TV station. Several hundred protesters protested Wednesday at local government offices to demand compensation for the injured from Tuesday's protest. A Shadui village official, who did not give his name, told Cable TV the village election "ran into some kinks," adding, "just a few kinks. It's not really anything." Officials at the Shadui local CPC offices and the local police station said that they had no comment.[23]

Migrants' riot

A dispute between migrants and security inspectors checking residence permits escalated into a riot in Foshan (佛山), Guangdong Province, on September 15, with at least 10 migrants attacking police booths and setting fire to official vehicles. Nobody was injured but one man was arrested after riot police were sent in. A local newspaper reported that the police had defined the riot as "an incident led by some individual lawbreakers inciting disorder by the masses who do not know the facts".[24]

Laid-off workers beaten and detained

More than 40 workers laid off from Suining's Suizhou Guesthouse went to the office of the Suining Municipal Party committee to deliver a petition on the morning of September 20. No officials responded until after 4 p.m., when Wang Yanwen, the deput director of the Suining Municipal PSB, and Li Nianguang, the director of the city's Letters and Petitions Office, arrived with several dozen police officers to remove the petitioning workers. Police officers reportedly pushed two female workers, Zhang Xiaohua (张晓华) and Liu Xiaohong (刘晓红), to the ground, and Zhang was badly beaten, suffering serious head injuries and nausea as a result. The Party Committee head reportedly instructed the hospital not to treat the women, but they were admitted nevertheless. Police also forcibly detained two other female petitioners, Wang Jun (王俊) and Xu Haiyan (许海燕), as they were returning home after the petitioning attempt. In addition, a male worker, Huang Zhu (黄柱), was detained by local police after he returned home that evening.[25]

Petitioners arrested ahead of the National Day
Over 200 petitioners were arrested in Beijing on September 20, 11 days before China's National Day. All around Beijing, police tightened control of petitioning activities during the holiday period. One petitioner reported being told that they were not to do anything in relation to human rights lawyer Gao Zhisheng, or they would be treated as Falun Gong practitioners. Eight other people protested the beating to death of an elderly petitioner at the U.S. Embassy in Beijing and were arrested on September 18.[26]

Protest on police power abuse

Over 400 students protested what they believed was a police assault on a student in Jingzhou (荆州), Hubei Province on September 21. The students believed the police used excessive force in arresting the student, who was charged with illegal gambling. The students demanded an explanation, blocked highways and damaged police vehicles. Police denied allegations of police brutality.[27]

Land protest

On September 25, about 10,000 villagers riding motorcycles protested near the Foshan City government building over unreasonable compensation they had been given for land acquisitions. Thousands of people protested at the government building again on September 28. In related news, over 90 percent of voters in Sanzhou Village (三洲村), Guangdong Province impeached a government cadre that they believed was corrupt on September 17.[28]

Crackdown on Shanghai petitioners

On September 27, twenty petitioners from Shanghai applied to assemble at Tiananmen Square to demonstrate their support for the recent corruption investigation into Shanghai Party Secretary Chen Liangyu. Their application, however, was rejected. They were taken away, and some petitioners were sent back to Shanghai.[29] In mid-August, a group of petitioners from Shanghai tried to meet members of the Central Discipline Inspection Committee who went there for an inspection visit. They wanted to express their concerns over forced relocation, corruption and other issues. The committee agreed to meet with petitioners, but instructed them to select five representatives instead of coming in a large group. However, after the petitioners left the building to choose their representatives, police prevented them from returning to the hostel to meet the committee. Since then, local authorities have undertaken a series of repressive actions against petitioners who attempted to meet with the committee. The petitioners have now written an open letter to the committee appealing for help. Petitioners targeted in recent months include Chen Xiaoming, Tianbaocheng, Zhang Cuiping, Wang Shuizhen, Zheng Enchong, Du Yangming, and Mao Hengfeng. Qiu Meili (裘美丽) was arrested on September 12.[30]



Human Rights Defenders

Harassed
As a result of intervention by the German media, Three Gorges activist Fu Xiancai (付先财) has been admitted to one of China's best rehabilitation hospitals. An outspoken advocate for villagers displaced by the Three Gorges Dam, Fu Xiancai was struck in the back of the neck by an unknown assailant on June 8 after local police questioned him over an interview he gave to the German television station Das Erste in May. Fu was hospitalized after the attack and remains paralyzed from the shoulders down. Fu's son, Fu Bing, says that the German media and other concerned individuals have seen to it that Fu will be transferred to Beijing's China Rehabilitation Research Center, and that he will have adequate funds for his continued medical care. However, local officials continue to harass Fu's family and friends to prevent further discussion on his attack. Fu Bing has repeatedly petitioned to have Yigui County Public Security Bureau chief Jia Li and other officials removed from the official investigation, given the previous harassment of Fu by the PSB. Sources say that officials have also repeatedly approached and harassed any of Fu's friends or relatives who maintain that he was deliberately attacked. Some friends have been forced to pay the local PSB 600 yuan per month to cover the cost of surveillance teams that prevent them from leaving the area or talking to the media. The roads in and out of Yangguidian Village are reportedly patrolled by more than a dozen police officers, and any journalists who come to the village are trailed by police surveillance teams.[31]

Sun Buer (孙不二), a "Pan-blue Alliance" candidate for a local People's Congress election, and his mother were beaten by four unknown men in Hubei Province on September 12. According to Sun, internal security officers advised him to withdraw from the election on September 12 or he risked being beaten. He refused, and was beaten that night.[32]

Detained
It was reported on September 19 that Lobsang Palden, a 22-year-old monk at Karze monastery in Sichuan Province, was detained on August 15 after police raided his room and found several incriminating documents, including photos of the Dalai Lama. He was the eighth monk arrested by Chinese policy in the Karze area this year.[33]

Zhang Jianhong (张建红), the founder of Aegean Sea (Aiqinhai) Web site, which was closed down in March, was detained on allegations of subversion through his political essays on September 6. Writing under the pen name Li Hong, Zhang criticized the government's treatment of journalists, dissidents, and other Chinese citizens in the run-up to the Olympics, calling the situation "Olympicgate." He was taken by police from his home in Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, who also seized his computer equipment. His family was later notified by the local public security bureau that he had been arrested on suspicion of "inciting subversion of state authority." Zhang, 48, was a founder and editor of the popular literary and news Web site until it was closed for unauthorized posting of international and domestic news. He was previously involved with the 1989 democracy movement and spent 18 months in a reeducation camp for "counterrevolutionary propaganda."[34]

Human rights and AIDS activist Hu Jia (胡佳) was detained on September 7 by twenty plainclothes police officers. No reason was given for his detention.[35] He was detained for twelve hours and released, but was warned that he would be brought in for questioning again on September 8.[36]

Chen Shuiqing (陈树庆), a founder of the China Democracy Party, was detained on September 14 in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, when he went to a local police in response to a summons from the police. Police also confiscated his computer's hard drive. Last year, his license to practice law was refused by the Zhejiang Bureau of Justice, despite his passing the exam, because he had posted articles online that were said to have violated the Chinese constitution.[37]

Arrested
Yang Maodong (杨茂东), also known as Guo Feixiong (郭飞雄), was detained on September 14 and formally arrested on September 28 in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, and charged with setting up a fake publishing house, selling 20,000 books, and using an ISBN without permission. Last year, he was detained on multiple occasions for assisting Taishi Village residents in their campaign against local government corruption. He posted several articles on the Internet relating to the matter.[38]

Trial development
Chinese Internet activist Guo Qizhen (郭起真) went to trial in Hebei Province on September 12. He was charged with subversion for publishing articles on the Internet, although his lawyer believed his participation in the hunger strike called by Gao Zhisheng was the real reason for the charge. The verdict is yet to be delivered.[39]

Released
Deng Yongliang (邓永亮) was released back to his home in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, on September 7, under police escort. He had been detained without official charge for three weeks since early August. After his release, the agents searched his home and confiscated several items, including a computer hard disk, a cell phone, and other personal belongings. Deng's wife, Zhu Yuling, told The Epoch Times that one of the police officials threatened to sabotage Deng's work in Xi'an unless he stopped engaging in political activities.[40]

According to a report by the Associated Press, in late September Vatican-appointed Catholic bishop Julius Jia Zhiguo (贾治国), aged 70, was released and returned to his home in Zhengding, Hubei Province, after spending more than 10 months in police custody. Jia was taken away by government agents on November 8, 2005. Jia has spent some 20 years of his life in prison and has been detained by police eight times since 2004.[41]



Death Penalty

Violent Crimes

Xiong Xinxing was sentenced to death by the Jiujiang Intermediate People's Court on September 26 for heading an underground organization and causing the death of a man.[42]

Li Fugui (李福贵), Li Qingyou (李庆友) and Wu Guojian (吴国俭) were sentenced to death for murder and assault by the Benxi Intermediate People's Court in Liaoning Province on September 22.[43]

Yang Lidang and Huang Guoping were executed near September 20 after the Jiangxi Province Higher People's Court ratified the death penalty on murder charges handed down by the Jiujiang Intermediate People's Court. Li Zhensheng was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve in the final verdict.[44]

Two men surnamed Shao (邵) and Luo (罗) were executed on September 14 after the Beijing Higher People's Court ratified the death penalty on murder charges handed down by a lower court.[45]

Wang Zhonghai (王中海) was executed on September 13 after the Gansu Province Higher People's Court ratified the death penalty on gun smuggling charges handed down by the Lanzhou Railway Intermediate People's Court.[46]

The death penalty of a former local People's Congress delegate Hou Jianjun (侯建军) was reduced to a death sentence with two-year reprieve by the Liaoning Province Higher People's Court in September because he showed regret and compensated the family of the murdered victim.[47]

Qin Ding (秦丁) was sentenced to death for committing murder during an act of robbery by the Guilin Intermediate People's Court in Guangxi Province on September 11.[48]

Chen Bo (陈波) and Yuan Hao (袁浩) were sentenced to death for committing murder by the Lanzhou Intermediate People's Court in Gansu Province on September 7.[49]

Jiang Yan (蔣衍), Chen Hongyu (陈洪玉) and two others were sentenced to death on September 5 for murdering a cadre and his wife in Shandong Province. Their accomplice Liu Ying (刘英) was sentenced to death with two-year reprieve.[50]

Chen Danlei (陈丹蕾) was sentenced to death with two-year reprieve by the Shanghai No. 1 Intermediate People's Court on September 4 for murdering her husband in the US.[51]

Tan Yongzheng (谭拥正), who murdered a policeman, was sentenced to death by the Hezhou Intermediate People's Court in Guangxi Province on August 31.[52]

Drug Trafficking

Liu Liping (刘丽萍) was sentenced to death by the Fuyang Intermediate People's Court in Anhui Province near September 27 for heading a drug trafficking group. Her accomplice Liu Kui (刘魁) was sentenced to death with two-year reprieve.[53]

In September, the Guangdong Province Higher People's Court upheld the death sentence for Zeng Jianji (曾建基) and two others on drug and weapon smuggling charges that was handed down by a lower court. He Jinshui (何金水) and another were sentenced to death with two-year reprieve.[54]

Economic Crimes

Former cadre and businessman Liu Junqing (刘俊卿) was sentenced to death with two-year reprieve by the Xuancheng Intermediate People's Court in Anhui Province on September 6 for corruption and illegal possession of weapons.[55]

Cadre Lei Yuan (雷渊) was sentenced to death with two-year reprieve on corruption charges by the Changsha Intermediate People's Court in Hunan Province on September 5.[56]


//



ENDNOTES

[1] "Accidents at coal mines kill 2,900 this year," Shanghai Daily, September 23, 2006.

[2] "Two coal mine accidents in central China kill 15, injure 5," Associated Press, September 3, 2006.

[3] "China mine flood traps 7," Associated Press, September 14, 2006.

[4] "One dead, 38 trapped in China mine accidents: reports," Agence France Presse, 13 September 2006.

[5] "Two killed in mine landslide in China's Hebei Province," Xinhua News Agency, September 23, 2006.

[6] "Two killed, 27 injured in colliery gas blast in China's Yunnan Province," Xinhua News Agency, September 22, 2006.

[7] "Coal mine collapse kills 6 in NE China city," Xinhua News Agency, September 25, 2006.

[8] "China tells local maker of iPods to set up union," Reuters, September 1, 2006.

[9] Zhan Lisheng, "Guangdong workers get guaranteed wage levels," China Daily, September 1, 2006; "Wage hike a positive step for migrants," China Daily, September 1, 2006.

[10] Asia News, "EXCLUSIVE - China media censors "blacklist" Tibetan princess", September 1, 2006, http://asia.news.yahoo.com.

[11] Reuters, "Beijing to back media freedom to travel in China: Jowell," September 5, 2006,
http://news.yahoo.com.

[12] China Knowledge, "Wikipedia will not filter content in China," September 5, 2006, http://www.chinaknowledge.com.

[13] BBC, "Director vows to defy filming ban," September 6, 2006, http://news.bbc.co.uk.

[14] International Herald Tribune, "Chinese Web site shut down for publicizing beating death of villager, editor says," September 7, 2006, http://www.iht.com.

[15] Bloomberg, "China's Xinhua Tightens Control Over Foreign News Agencies," September 10, 2006, http://www.bloomberg.com.

[16] Reporters Without Borders, "Three cyber-dissidents arrested and websites closed in new wave of Internet censorship," September 19, 2006.

[17] Reporters Without Borders, "Judges follow lawyers in being banned from talking to the press," September 14, 2006.

[18] "320 illegal websites, Internet columns shut down," Xinhua News Agency, September 15, 2006.

[19] "Website editors axed after poll on nationality preference for next life," South China Morning Post, September 18, 2006.

[20] "Investigation begins into 'beating of journalists,'" People's Daily, September 28, 2006.

[21] "Increase in environmental protests causes instability in China," Greenclippings.co.za, September 6, 2006.

[22] "Thousands protest probe into teacher's death in China: report," Kyodo News, September 8, 2006.

[23] "Villagers, Police Clash in China," Associated Press, September 14, 2006.

[24] "Police Attacked in Foshan Migrant Riot", South China Morning Post, September 19, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[25] Human Rights in China, "Laid-off Sichuan Workers Beaten and Detained Following Petition Attempt," September 21, 2006.

[26] "十一之前北京加紧戒备 (Over 200 Petitioners Arrested and One Beaten to Death in Beijing Ahead of National Day)", Radio Free Asia, September 21, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[27] "湖北荆州发生抗议警察暴力的学生暴动 (Over 400 Students Protest Police Brutality in Jingzhou, Hubei Province)", Radio Free Asia, September 24, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[28] "佛山失地村民维权风盛 各种形式与官博弈 (Rights Defense Movement Growing in Foshan, Guangdong Province)", Radio Free Asia, September 29, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin.

[29] "支持反腐上访者被扣押 称拥护中央行动 申请天安门遊行 (Shanghai Petitioners Taken Away After Submitting an Application to Assemble at Tiananmen Square to show support for Anti-Corruption Campaign)", Ming Pao, September 28, 2006, http://www.mingpaonews.com.

[30] Human Rights in China, "Shanghai Petitioners Appeal to Central Discipline Inspection Committee over Renewed Crackdown," September 15, 2006.

[31] Human Rights in China, "German Intervention Puts Fu Xiancai in Top Hospital – But Villagers Harassed over Investigation," September 18, 2006.

[32] "专访:区人大独立参选人孙不二和母亲遭拦殴 ("Pan-blue Alliance" Candidate for Local People's Congress Sun Buer and Mother Beaten in Hubei Province)", Radio Free Asia, September 12, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[33] "Another Tibetan Monk Arrested", Radio Free Asia, September 19, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[34] Committee to Protect Journalists, "Founder of popular Aegean Sea Web site arrested," September 20, 2006; "Another three Chinese dissidents in prison," AsiaNews, September 21, 2006; Reporters Without Borders, "Three cyber-dissidents arrested and websites closed in new wave of Internet censorship," September 19, 2006.

[35] "China Gears Up for Olympics: One More Human Rights Activist Arrested," AsiaNews.it, September 7, 2006. http://www.asianews.it.

[36] "Rights Campaigner Detained in China," AFP, September 7, 2006, http://news.yahoo.com

[37] "Another three Chinese dissidents in prison," AsiaNews, September 21, 2006; Reporters Without Borders, "Three cyber-dissidents arrested and websites closed in new wave of Internet censorship," September 19, 2006.

[38] "Another three Chinese dissidents in prison," AsiaNews, September 21, 2006; Reporters Without Borders, "Three cyber-dissidents arrested and websites closed in new wave of Internet censorship," September 19, 2006; "Detained Rights Activist and Lawyer Formally Arrested", SCMP, October 03, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[39] "中国网络维权人士郭起真出庭受审 (Chinese Internet Activist Guo Qizhen Stands Trial for Subversion)", Voice of America, September 12, 2006, http://www.voanews.com.

[40] Reporters Without Borders, "Cyber-dissident Deng Yongliang freed but still under threat from the authorities," September 21, 2006.

[41] "中国释放梵蒂冈任命的主教贾治国 (Bishop Julius Jia Zhiguo Released After 10 Months of Detention)", Radio Free Asia, September 26, 2006, http://www.rfa.org/mandarin.

[42] "Gang Leader Receives Death Sentence", People's Daily, September 27, 2006, http://english.people.com.cn.

[43] "葫芦岛一个黑社会性质团伙三名成员被判处死刑 (Trio Sentenced to Death for Murder and Assault in Liaoning Province)", Xinhuanet, September 23, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[44] "Two Men Executed for Killing Seven with Poison Gas in Robbery", People's Daily, September 20, 2006, http://english.people.com.cn.

[45] "北京一批重犯被执行死刑 刑前嘱咐骨灰莫进祖坟 (Two Men Executed in Beijing for Murder)", Xinhuanet, September 14, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[46] "'12•18'全国最大贩枪团伙案主犯被执行死刑 (Leader of Gun Smuggling Ring Executed in Gansu Province)", Xinhuanet, September 15, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[47] "原辽宁人大代表驾车杀人改判死缓 (Death Sentence of Former Liaoning People's Congress Delegate Reduced on Appeal for Showing Regret and Compensating Victims)", The Beijing News, September 13, 2006, http://news.thebeijingnews.com; 驾车杀人案改判让人疑窦丛生 (Commentary: Reduction of Death Sentence in Vehicular Manslaughter Case Questionable), China Youth Daily, September 14, 2006, http://zqb.cyol.com.

[48] "杀害英雄保安的凶手被判死刑 (Murderer of Security Guard Given Death Sentence in Guangxi Province)", Legal Daily, September 12, 2006, http://www.legaldaily.com.cn.

[49] "兰州'杀人练胆案'主犯被判死刑 (Two Murderers Sentenced to Death in Lanzhou, Gansu Province)", Xinhuanet, September 11, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[50] "雇凶杀人大代表 (Four Sentenced to Death for Murdering Cadre and Wife in Shandong Province)", Legal Daily, September 08, 2006, http://www.legaldaily.com.cn.

[51] "留美杀夫女硕士死缓 (Woman Who Studied in US Sentenced to Death with Two-year Reprieve for Murdering Husband)", Wen Wei Po, September 06, 2006, http://www.wenweipo.com.

[52] "贺州公安民警被杀案凶手一审被判死刑 (Murderer of Policeman Sentenced to Death in Hezhou, Guangxi Province)", Legal Daily, September 04, 2006, http://www.legaldaily.com.cn.

[53] "安徽临泉贩毒家族覆灭 6人获刑大姐死罪 (Leader of Drug Trafficking Ring Sentenced to Death in Linquan, Anhui Province)", Xinhuanet, September 27, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[54] "Drug Dealers Face Death Penalty", China Daily, September 13, 2006, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn; "建国以来海关查获最大毒品走私案终审 (Three Sentenced to Death in Biggest Heroin Smuggling Case Since Founding of PRC)", Legal Daily, September 07, 2006, http://www.legaldaily.com.cn.

[55] "安徽涉案金额最高职务犯罪案一审宣判 (Former Cadre and Businessman Sentenced to Death with Two-year Reprieve in Anhui's Largest Corruption Case)", Xinhuanet, September 07, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[56] "郴州市原副市长雷渊利被判死刑 (Senior Cadre in Hunan Sentenced to Death with Two-year Reprieve on Corruption Charges)", Legal Daily, September 06, 2006, http://www.legaldaily.com.cn.