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严家祺:08宪章将成为中国全民共识

July 14, 2017

今天刘晓波在北京病逝,中国所有不同政见者和所有为民主奋斗的人士浸沉在悲哀之中,在海外民运人士中间,同样怀着无尽悲痛。与北京的愿望相反,刘晓波的去世,不仅不能消除刘晓波的影响,而且使08宪章在未来的岁月中将传向全中国每一寸土地、每一个角落, 08宪章将成为中国全民共识,成为改变中国的巨大力量。

2008年,当刘晓波被判刑时,我就知道,刘晓波是08宪章第一受难者,但08宪章的实际起草人是千千万万六四的受难者之一的张祖桦,因为天安门母亲丁子霖希望刘晓波为张祖桦联系更多人签署08宪章的原因,也因为胡锦涛认识张祖桦的原因,居然因08宪章被捕的两个人中,释放了张祖桦而让刘晓波一人承担08宪章的责任。刘晓波参与了08宪章修改,是08宪章在国内最重要的联系人,刘晓波独自一人因08宪章承受了长达9年的苦难,他获得和平奖当之无愧。我在2013年英国Oxford大学出版社在香港出版的中文版《在人生的列车上》就记述了这一情况。这本书的《“青联”时期的胡锦涛》一节中说:“ 《0八宪章》是当代中国有重要历史意义的文件。二0一0年诺贝尔和平奖是奖给《0八宪章》的,它的起草人是曾任“中央国家机关团委书记”的张祖桦。张祖桦在“六四”后受到打击,离开了中央机关,在中国政法大学研究生院进修西方国家宪法,研究中国宪政问题,起草了《0八宪章》。因《0八宪章》征集签名规模越来越大,《0八宪章》公布前,二00八年十二月八日一天,张祖桦和刘晓波同时遭到逮捕。因为胡锦涛在团中央和全国青联工作时,认识和熟悉张祖桦,张祖桦得到了释放,而刘晓波被判处有期徒刑十一年。刘晓波参与修改了《0八宪章》个别地方,算不上是《0八宪章》起草人,因被监禁和参与《0八宪章》签名而获得了诺贝尔和平奖。北京市第一中级人民法院对刘晓波的《刑事判决书》中说,“证人张祖桦的证言证明:他与刘晓波于二00八年底共同制作完成了《零八宪章》,他也征集了签名,后刘晓波将《零八宪章》发表在境外网站”。对此,张祖桦发表公开声明说,这根本不是事实。二00八年十二月八日张祖桦被警方传唤时,当主审警员问到其他人包括刘晓波是否参与起草《零八宪章》时,张祖桦回答“不知道”。他只回答他个人做过的事和相关问题,其他人的事他不会回答。张祖桦:“十二月八日警方同时抓捕我和晓波时,《零八宪章》尚未公布,我怎么可能指认刘晓波将《零八宪章》发表在境外网站?

刘晓波去世,08宪章的其他302位中国国内第一批签署者和数万名签署者还活着,任何政权都不可能消灭分布在全中国和全世界这些签署者,更不可能消灭08宪章永存的精神。刘晓波去世,唯一的后果是,08宪章将成为中国全民共识。刘晓波永远与08宪章不可分离,08宪章将成为有四千年文字记载历史的、伟大的中华民族走向民主中国、走向自由、法治、富强、文明的指路明灯。

刘晓波和08宪章的精神永垂不朽!

(写于刘晓波去世当日,Washington DC 近郊)
 

——转自公民力量((7/13/2017)

中国人权双周刊》第213期,2017年7月7日—7月20日

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