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胡平:我们如何纪念“六四”30周年(图)

February 26, 2019

https://www.rfa.org/mandarin/pinglun/fushenqi/fushenqi-06302016123215.html/8964.jpg
八九六四前,学生在天安门广场参加抗议活动。(Public Domain)

今年是“六四”30周年。

历史上,凡是重要的日子,每年到了这一天都会有很多人纪念。逢十之年的纪念,往往规模更大,影响更大;因为逢十之年比别的年份更能唤起历史的记忆、国人的关注与媒体的聚焦。“六四”30周年的纪念活动,其重要性注定了会超过以往那些年,例如“六四”29周年、“六四”28周年,而且也会超过以后那些年,例如“六四”31周年、“六四”32周年。

等到“六四”40周年、50周年,大多数“六四”亲历者已经退出舞台,这就和今天我们纪念“六四”30周年不同。纪念“六四”30周年,仍然是以“六四”亲历者为主体,而纪念“六四”40周年、50周年就不会是再以亲历者为主体了。可以说,“六四”30周年的纪念,是以“六四”亲历者为主体的最后一次最受瞩目的纪念。

“六四”过去30年了。“六四”固然已经是历史,但那是一页还没有翻过去的历史。因为“六四”不仅仅涉及历史,而且还涉及现实。其他的纪念日或纪念活动,例如纪念反法西斯战争胜利60周年,纪念对犹太人的大屠杀,纪念柏林墙的倒塌等等,这些都仅仅是对历史的纪念。毕竟,法西斯政权和东欧共产政权都早已灰飞烟灭,其罪行都得到严肃的清算。纵然在某些地方,正义姗姗来迟,但毕竟不再缺席,正义的原则已经重新确立。

但“六四”不是这样,“六四”还没有成为历史,那个杀人的政府还坐在台上,还在继续压迫人民,死难者的名誉还在蒙受玷污死不瞑目,自由斗士还身陷牢狱或流亡海外,正义的原则还没有得到哪怕是最起码的伸张。“六四”还不是过去完成时,而是现在进行时。纪念“六四”不仅仅是纪念,它同时也是抗争。

“六四”不但属于中国,而且还属于世界。“六四”发生在举世瞩目的天安门广场,借助于现代传媒,全世界的人民都如同身临其境,见证了那场残暴的屠杀。“六四”屠杀不但是对全中国人民的良心的粗暴践踏,也是对全世界人民的良心的公然挑衅。我们纪念“六四”,不但是为了呼唤和激发中国人民的道义良知,也是为了呼唤和激发全世界人民的道义良知。

纪念“六四”30周年的意义如此重大,我们务必要把这次纪念活动办好。

 

——转自自由亚洲电台(2019-02-08)

中国人权双周刊》第255期,2019年2月15日—2019年2月28日

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