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In just over two months, under Xi Jinping’s personal command and direction, the novel coronavirus that initially emerged in Wuhan has spun out of control to become a once-in-a-century pandemic event that has caused the untimely deaths of hundreds of thousands of people around the world. [1] To...
HRIC welcomes the 2020 PEN/Barbey Freedom to Write Award bestowed on Xu Zhiyong, announced on June 4. The honoring and recognition of one of the most influential rights advocates in China today come as Xu is detained under “residential surveillance” in an undisclosed location and facing charges of...
Background After almost a century of colonial rule, the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984 between the United Kingdom (UK) and The People’s Republic of China (PRC) paved the way for the return of Hong Kong to the PRC in 1997. It established a Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) to be...

China faces a growing environmental crisis forcing a critical review of not only its economic growth model but also its ability to implement political and judicial reforms. China's rapid development has been fueled by energy-intensive, high-emission manufacturing and other industries, which rely primarily on polluting sources of energy. A transportation boom and the large number of cars on the road further contribute to pollution. Rapid urbanization leads to greater energy consumption and places additional burden on the environment.

June Fourth refers to the June 3-4, 1989 government military crackdown that ended the large-scale, peaceful protests in Beijing and other cities that spring and early summer. Despite persistent citizen demands for the truth and an accounting of the bloodshed, the authorities have offered nothing beyond their characterization that the protests were “counterrevolutionary riots”—a  label they later changed to “political disturbance” (政治风波)—which “the Party and state suppressed by using decisive measures.” (党和国家采取果断措施平息).

The notice says Guo Feixiong (real name Yang Maodong) was criminally detained on August 8, 2013 on suspicion of “gathering a crowd to disrupt order in a public place,” according to Article 80 of the PRC’s Criminal Procedure Law. He has been detained in the Tianhe District Detention Center in...

A timeline of the developments surrounding the extradition amendments introduced by the Hong Kong SAR government, which triggered a series of mass demonstrations, including a march of an estimated two million people on June 16, 2019, the largest in Hong Kong’s history.

About the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is the groundbreaking foundational document of the modern human rights regime. In 1948, it set out for the first time a set of fundamental, universal human rights to which all human beings are entitled. Starting as an aspirational treatise, it is now considered the part of the “International Bill of Human Rights” and it has shaped and informed almost every area of international law.

Simplified Chinese (316.1 KB)
Traditional Chinese (518.99 KB)
Promulgating Authority: 
NPC Standing Committee
Simplified Chinese (179.47 KB)
Traditional Chinese (258.97 KB)
Promulgating Authority: 
Supreme People's Court

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