Skip to content Skip to navigation

NGO Joint Letter Urging UN Member States to Speak Out Against Human Rights Rollback in China

February 3, 2018

[PDF version]

Your Excellency,

We write prior to the 37th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council to urge your delegation to send a clear message to China denouncing its rollback in respect for human rights.

Since President Xi Jinping assumed power in March 2013, Chinese authorities have unleashed a ferocious crackdown on human rights defenders, including lawyers, and undermined key legal protections for peaceful expression and association and the right to a fair trial. Five ongoing cases highlight these problems:

  • Liu Xia, kept under house arrest after the death of her husband, Nobel laureate Liu Xiaobo, in July 2017.
  • Wang Quanzhang, rights lawyer forcibly disappeared since July 9, 2015.
  • Gui Minhai, Swedish citizen arbitrarily detained since his October 2015 forced disappearance from Thailand.
  • Tashi Wangchuk, Tibetan cultural rights and education advocate, detained two years and awaiting a sentence on charges of inciting separatism.
  • Yu Wensheng, prominent human rights lawyer disbarred, then arbitrarily detained, in January 2018.

In March 2016, 12 UN member states spoke out collectively on China’s concerted effort to silence dissent and restrict fundamental freedoms, including in Hong Kong. At that session, and in the sessions that have followed, UN member states have regularly raised China in their national statements, with regard to general concerns about the restriction of civic space and arbitrarily detained human rights defenders such as Tashi Wangchuk, rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong, and Liu Xiaobo. Such concerted pressure, when applied consistently, has been an important factor in restraining Chinese government repression and in building the credibility of the Human Right Council within the Chinese human rights movement. Conversely, when the Human Rights Council and its member states remain silent, the Council’s credibility is undermined, emboldening China in its crackdown on dissenting voices.

Following President Xi’s consolidation of power at the 19th Party Congress in November 2017, a renewed commitment to a joint statement has never been more timely. Other forms of coordinated approaches could bring further pressure on China’s government, and could result in releases or sentence reductions for those arbitrarily deprived of their liberty.

Our organizations call on you, in your Item 4 General Debate statement at this and future sessions, to explicitly reaffirm your support for the 2016 Joint Statement and the issues it raised, in particular concerns about China’s failure to respect due process rights. China’s refusal to engage meaningfully with these concerns paints a grim picture of the government’s respect for international human rights law and its cooperation with UN human rights mechanisms.

We also urge your government, either individually or alongside likeminded delegations, to call on the Council to issue a clear message to China which includes:

  • calling for the immediate release of everyone detained for the peaceful expression of their political views, especially the five people noted above;
  • condemning “residential surveillance in a designated location,” which allows certain criminal suspects to be subjected to six months’ secret detention, often without access to a lawyer; and
  • urging that all relevant UN Special Rapporteurs be provided prompt access to the country, including Tibetan and Uyghur areas.

A collective show of support for civil society activists under threat will demonstrate the Council’s commitment to improving the human rights of all people in China and strengthen its credibility, as the UN’s premier human rights body, to meaningfully address human rights challenges around the world.

Your delegation’s strong, express commitment to the protection and promotion of human rights in China is particularly important as human rights defenders inside and outside China prepare for the country’s next Universal Periodic Review, scheduled for November 2018. For human rights defenders to have the courage to engage in this important process, with all the risks that it entails, it’s critical that they know that they are not alone. Taking the above actions will be an important step in that regard.

We look forward to discussing these and other matters with you at your convenience.

Please be assured, your Excellency, of our highest consideration.


  • China Labour Bulletin
  • Christian Solidarity Worldwide
  • CIVICUS – World Alliance for Citizen Participation
  • Human Rights in China
  • Human Rights Watch
  • International Campaign for Tibet
  • International Commission of Jurists
  • International Federation of Human Rights Leagues
  • International Service for Human Rights
  • Lawyers for Lawyers
  • Lawyers Rights Watch Canada
  • PEN America
  • Swedish PEN
  • The Tibet Advocacy Coalition*
  • World Uyghur Congress

* Including the International Tibet Network Secretariat, Students for a Free Tibet, Tibet Initiative Deutschland, Tibet Justice Center, and Tibetan Youth Association in Europe

Explore Topics

709 Crackdown Access to Information Access to Justice Administrative Detention All about law Arbitrary Detention
Asset Transparency Bilateral Dialogue Black Jail Book Review Business And Human Rights Censorship
Charter 08 Children Chinese Law Circumvention technology Citizen Activism Citizen Journalists
Citizen Participation Civil Society Commentary Communist Party Of China Constitution Consumer Safety
Contending views Corruption Counterterrorism Courageous Voices Cultural Revolution Culture Matters
Current affairs Cyber Security Daily Challenges Democratic And Political Reform Demolition And Relocation  Dissidents
Education Elections Enforced Disappearance Environment Ethnic Minorities EU-China
Family Planning Farmers Freedom of Association Freedom of Expression Freedom of Press Freedom of Religion
Government Accountability Government regulation Government transparency Hong Kong House Arrest HRIC Translation
Hukou Human Rights Council Human rights developments Illegal Search And Detention Inciting Subversion Of State Power Information Control 
Information technology Information, Communications, Technology (ICT) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) International Human Rights International perspective International Relations
Internet Internet Governance JIansanjiang lawyers' rights defense Judicial Reform June Fourth Kidnapping
Labor Camps Labor Rights Land, Property, Housing Lawyer's rights Lawyers Legal System
Letters from the Mainland Major Event (Environment, Food Safety, Accident, etc.) Mao Zedong Microblogs (Weibo) National People's Congress (NPC) New Citizens Movement
Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) Olympics One country, two systems Online Activism Open Government Information Personal stories
Police Brutality Political commentary Political Prisoner Politics Prisoner Of Conscience Probing history
Propaganda Protests And Petitions Public Appeal Public Security Racial Discrimination Reeducation-Through-Labor
Rights Defenders Rights Defense Rule Of Law Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Special Topic State compensation
State Secrets State Security Subversion Of State Power Surveillance Technology Thoughts/Theories
Tiananmen Mothers Tibet Torture Typical cases United Nations US-China 
Uyghurs, Uighurs Vulnerable Groups Women Youth Youth Perspective