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中國人權聯同全球320個非政府組織呼籲成立對中國的國際人權監察機制

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2020年09月09日

公開信收件人: 聯合國秘書長安東尼奧・古特雷斯, 聯合國人權事務高級專員米歇爾・巴切萊特, 聯合國各成員國

我們,以下連署機構,共同呼籲成立國際機制以處理中國政府的人權侵犯,並敦促閣下採取果決行動以達成此一目標。

2020年6月26日,50位聯合國人權專員史無前例地呼籲「為維護中國的基本自由採取果斷措施」。他們特別指出中國在香港、西藏和新疆的大規模人權侵犯,在新冠病毒疫情期間禁止信息流通,以及對全國各地人權維護者、記者、律師和批評政府人士的迫害。

我們各組織也十分關切中國侵犯人權為全世界帶來的影響。中國攻擊海外人權維護者,在世界各國打壓學術自由,並且從事互聯網審查與數字監控。我們強烈反對中國提倡不顧人權的發展,縱容有政府撐腰的採礦業者造成環境劣化,以及在華人士所受到的、或中國國家行為體在海外實施的種族歧視待遇。

我們遺憾中國積極扭曲聯合國人權理事會的職權,提倡「合作」先於問責,而且反對一切旨在向世界各地重大人權侵犯和國際犯罪追究責任的倡議。中國利用在聯合國非政府組織(NGO)委員會的席位,無故阻撓某些NGO獲得諮詢地位,同時卻認可許多政府設立的NGO(GoNGOs)。中國常阻止人權維護者進入聯合國設施,抹黑NGO場邊會議的講者是「恐怖份子」,還威脅各國代表團以嚇阻他們出席聯合國有關人權侵犯(例如新疆暴行)的場邊活動。

當聯合國人權事務高級專員、各種特別程序和數十個國家敦促中國遵守國際人權標準,中國卻反嗆這些忠告是「嚴重干涉」中國主權的「不適當說法」。

一個國家若認為自己可以不接受任何檢驗,就是對人權的根本威脅。中國作為全球超強之一而期望得到這種待遇,每個人都會受到影響。

我們因此支持聯合國專家們的呼籲,人權理事會應召開特別會議,對中國政府侵犯人權的幅度加以評估,同時應成立一個公正、獨立的聯合國機制,對這個問題進行密切的監測、分析並逐年發表報告。我們敦促聯合國秘書長指派一名特使,符合其《人權行動呼籲》,我們也呼籲人權事務高級專員履行其獨立職權,監測並公開報告中國的廣泛人權侵犯。我們支持這項呼籲,聯合國各成員國和所有聯合國機構都應該利用一切與中國當局交流的機會,堅持中國政府要遵守其國際人權義務。

我們懷著全球團結與伙伴關係的精神致函,誠盼閣下迅速著手抵制和補救中國當局作出的重大人權侵犯。任何國家都不應凌駕於法律之上。

 

謹上

  1. 21Wilberforce
  2. ACAT Belgium
  3. ACAT Germany (Action by Christians for the Abolition of Torture)
  4. ACAT-France (action des chrétiens pour l'abolition de la torture)
  5. ACAT-Switzerland
  6. Acceso a la Justicia
  7. Access Now
  8. Acción Solidaria
  9. Action des Chrétiens pour l’Abolition de la Torture au Burundi(Acat-Burundi)
  10. ACTION FOR DEVELOPMENT
  11. Adivasi-Koordination in Germany
  12. African Law Foundation (AFRILAW)
  13. AfricanDefenders (Pan-African Human Rights Defenders Network)
  14. Agir ensemble pour les droits de l'Homme
  15. Agora Society Malaysia
  16. Alliance Canada Hong Kong
  17. Alliance des Avocats pour les Droits de l'Homme
  18. ALTSEAN-Burma
  19. Amnesty International
  20. Amsterdam stands with Hong Kong
  21. Arab Watch Regional Coalition
  22. ARTICLE 19
  23. Asia Democracy Network (ADN)
  24. Asia Pacific Permanent Peace Alliance
  25. Asian Federation Against Involuntary Disappearances (AFAD)
  26. Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA)
  27. Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL)
  28. Asian Solidarity Council for Freedom and Democracy 
  29. Asociación Civil Fuerza, Unión, Justicia, Solidaridad y Paz (FUNPAZ)
  30. Asohorizonte
  31. Australia Tibet Council
  32. Australian Centre for International Justice
  33. Australian Lawyers for Human Rights
  34. Australian Uyghur Association
  35. Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales
  36. Benteng Heritage Musrum
  37. Body & Data
  38. Building Inclusive Society Tanzania Organization  (BISTO).
  39. CADAL
  40. Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies
  41. Cambodia Center for Human Rights
  42. Cambodian Alliance of Trade Union [CATU]
  43. Cameroon Women's Peace Movement
  44. Campaign for Uyghurs
  45. Canada Tibet Committee (CTC)
  46. Canada-Hong Kong Link
  47. CAN-Myanmar
  48. Central Taiwan Society
  49. Centro de Documentación en Derechos Humanos "Segundo Montes Mozo SJ" (CSMM)
  50. Centro de Justicia y Paz - Cepaz
  51. Centro para la Paz y los Derechos Humanos Universidad Central de Venezuela
  52. ChangSha FuNeng
  53. China Aid
  54. China Change
  55. China Constitutional Democracy Promotion Association
  56. Chinese Human Rights Defenders (CHRD)
  57. CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation
  58. Civilis Derechos Humanos
  59. Clean Clothes Campaign
  60. Coalition Burkinabé des Défenseurs des Droits Humains ( CBDDH)
  61. Coalition des Defenseurs Des Droits Humais (Benin)CDDH-Benin
  62. Coalition for Genocide Response
  63. Coalition Togolaise des Défenseurs des Droits Humains (CTDDH)
  64. COC Nederland
  65. Comité Permanente de Derechos Humanos - ACUEM
  66. Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative
  67. COMPPART Foundation for Justice and Peacebuilding
  68. Conectas Direitos Humanos
  69. CSW (Christian Solidarity Worldwide)
  70. DefendDefenders (East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project)
  71. Defensa en Accion
  72. Défenseur des droits de l'Homme au Niger
  73. Democracy China Media
  74. Dialogue China
  75. Droits Humains Sans Frontières
  76. East Turkistan Australian Association
  77. ECPM
  78. Endorois Welfare Council
  79. Espacio Público
  80. EXCUBITUS Derechos Humanos en Educacion
  81. Families of Victims of Involuntary Disappearance (FIND)
  82. Fédération Euro-méditerranéenne contre les disparitions forcées
  83. Federation for a Democratic China 民主中国陣線
  84. FIDA CAMEROON
  85. FIDH
  86. FOVIDA - Fomento de la Vida
  87. Frankfurt Stands With Hong Kong
  88. Free Tibet
  89. Freedom House
  90. Fridays for Future, PCT
  91. Friends of Beanstalk Association, Taiwan
  92. Friends of Canada India
  93. Friends of Tibet - Austria
  94. Friends of Tibet (NZ)
  95. Front Line Defenders
  96. FUNCAMAMA
  97. Fundacion Aguaclara
  98. Fundación La Tortuga
  99. Fundación Prodefensa del Derecho a la Educación y la Niñez
  100. Fundaciónpara el Debido Proceso Fundepro
  101. Fundaval
  102. Ghjtrn для трансгендерных людей и их близких T*Revers
  103. GIN-SSOGIE
  104. Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  105. Global Justice Center
  106. Global Pinoy Diaspora Canada
  107. Green Advocates International
  108. Groupe de Recherche et de Plaidoyer sur les Industries Extractives (GRPIE)
  109. Grupo de Apoio ao Tibete-Portugal
  110. Halifax Hong Kong Link
  111. Hanbyun (Lawyers for Human Rights and Unification of Korea)
  112. Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights
  113. Hong Kong Affairs Association of Berkeley
  114. Hong Kong Democracy Council (HKDC)
  115. Hong Kong Global Connect
  116. Hong Kong Watch
  117. HRIC 
  118. Human Rights Defenders Network-SL
  119. Human Rights First
  120. Human Rights Foundation (Japan) 【日本人権財団】
  121. Human Rights in China
  122. Human Rights Watch
  123. Human Rights Without Frontiers International
  124. Humanists International
  125. Humanitarian China
  126. Humanity Beyond Borders
  127. ICNA Council for Social Justice
  128. Illa Centro de Educación y Comunicación
  129. In Defense of Human Rights and Dignity Movement (iDEFEND)
  130. Independ Journalist Association of Vietnam
  131. India Alliance for Child Rights
  132. Institut des Médias pour la Démocratie et les Droits de l'Homme (IM2DH)
  133. Institute for Asian Democracy
  134. Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility
  135. International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute
  136. International Campaign for the Rohingya
  137. International Campaign for Tibet
  138. International Coalition for Papua
  139. International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect
  140. International Commission of Jurists
  141. International Society for Human Rights, Munich
  142. International Tibet Network
  143. ISHR
  144. Japan Uyghur Association
  145. Japan Uyghur Union
  146. Judicial Reform Foundation
  147. Justice Access Point Uganda
  148. Kalikasan People's Network for the Environment (Kalikasan PNE)
  149. Karapatan Alliance Philippines
  150. KontraS (The Commission for the Disappeared and the Victims of Violence)
  151. Lady Liberty Hong Kong
  152. Lawyers for Lawyers
  153. Lawyers' Rights Watch Canada
  154. Le Comité pour la liberté à Hong Kong
  155. Lesbian and Gay Federation in Germany LSVD
  156. LGBT social movement "REVERS"
  157. Liberty and Democracy Advocacy Club University of Calgary
  158. Liên Đoàn Công Giáo Việt Nam tại Đức
  159. Logos ID
  160. MAFAPO ( madres de los falsos positivos de colombia)
  161. Mazingira Network - Tanzania (MANET)
  162. Meru youth empowerment centre
  163. Miloon Kothari individually as an independent expert and former UN Special Rapporteur
  164. MINBYUN - Lawyers for a Democratic Society International Solidarity Committee
  165. Minority Rights Group International
  166. Monitor Social A.C.
  167. Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies
  168. Mouvement Lao pour les Droits de l'Homme
  169. Movimiento Manuela Ramos
  170. Ms. Enakshi Ganguly individually as an independent expert
  171. MUHURI (Muslims for Human Rights)
  172. Nafas LGBT Azerbaijan Alliance
  173. Nako cc
  174. Namibia Diverse Women's Association (NDWA)
  175. National Party of Japan
  176. Netherlands for Hong Kong
  177. NGURUKA DEVELOPMENT AGENCY
  178. No Business With Genocide
  179. NO FENCE
  180. Northern California Hong Kong Club
  181. NY4HK ( New Yorkers Supporting Hong Kong )
  182. ONG DEMOCRACIA EMPRENDEDORA
  183. ONG PAFED
  184. Otus Books
  185. Pacific Human Rights Initiative
  186. PEN America
  187. People Go Network
  188. People's Watch
  189. Persatuan Sahabat Wanita Selangor
  190. Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA)
  191. Philippine Human Rights Information Center
  192. Planet Ally
  193. Programa Venezolano de Educación-Acción en Derechos Humanos (Provea)
  194. Progressive Voice
  195. PROMEDEHUM
  196. PSCORE (People for Successful COrean REunification)
  197. Raoul Wallenberg Centre for Human Rights
  198. Red Corpora en Libertad
  199. Red de Activistas Ciudadanos por los Derechos Humanos (Redac)
  200. René Cassin, the Jewish voice for human rights
  201. Reporters Without Borders (Reporters sans frontières, RSF)
  202. Réseau International des Droits Humains RIDH
  203. Réseau Ouest Africain des Défenseurs des Droits Humains/West African Human Rights Defenders' Network
  204. Réseau Saharaius
  205. Rights and Security International
  206. RUDM
  207. RURAL DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE (RUWODI)
  208. Safeguard Defenders
  209. Save Our Borneo
  210. Save Tibet Austria
  211. Setara Institute for Democracy and Peace
  212. SFT Japan
  213. Society for Threatened Peoples - Germany
  214. Solidarité Chine
  215. Solidarity Sisters Network of Liberia (SoSNoL)
  216. SOS TORTURE BURUNDI
  217. Sounds of the Silenced
  218. Southern Africa Human Rights. Defenderss Network- SAHRDN
  219. Southern and Eastern Africa Trade Information and Negotiations Institute (SEATINI) Uganda
  220. Southern Mongolia Congress
  221. Sova Center for Information and Analysis
  222. Stand with HK@JPN
  223. Students For a Free Tibet- India
  224. Sustainable Holistic Development Foundation (SUHODE)
  225. Taiwan Kenkyu Rondan 台湾研究フォーラム
  226. Tanzania Human Rights Defenders’s Coalition
  227. Tata Trusts
  228. The Lesbian and Gay Association of Liberia (LEGAL)
  229. The Rights Practice
  230. The Society to Help Returnees to North Korea
  231. The Tibet Support Committee, Denmark
  232. Think Differently Center
  233. Tibet Committee of Fairbanks, Alaska and Alaskans for Tibet
  234. Tibet Justice Center
  235. Tibet Support Group Ireland
  236. TOHKnews
  237. Toronto Association for Democracy in China
  238. Transitional Justice Working Group (TJWG)
  239. T'ruah: The Rabbinic Call for Human Rights
  240. UCV
  241. Una Ventana a la Libertad
  242. United  Belize Advocacy Movement
  243. University of Waterloo Lion Rock Spirit
  244. Uyghur Association of Victoria, Australia
  245. Uyghur Human Rights Project
  246. Uyghur Projects Foundation
  247. Uyghur Refugee Relief Fund
  248. Uyghur Rights Advocacy Project
  249. VAJ Vietnamese Association in Japan
  250. Vancouver Society in Support of Democratic Movement
  251. Vancouver Society of Freedom, Democracy & Human Rights for China
  252. Vancouverites Concerned About Hong Kong
  253. Verein für sozial-ökologischen Wandel
  254. VETO! Human Rights Defenders' Network
  255. Viet Tan
  256. Vietnam Human Rights Network
  257. Visual Artists Guild
  258. Wanawake Tanzania Tunaweza (Tanzania Women We Can)
  259. Witness Radio - Uganda
  260. Women Against Violence and Exploitation in Society
  261. Women's March Global
  262. Working Group on India and the UN (WGHR)
  263. World Federalist Movement/Institute for Global Policy
  264. World Uyghur Congress
  265. Yayasan Lembaga Bantuan Hukum Indonesia (YLBHI) / Indonesia Legal Aid Foundation
  266. yBy Media
  267. Young Queer Alliance
  268. Youth Empowerment and Development Association-sierra
  269. Комитет "Гражданское содействие"
  270. Московская Хельсинкская группа
  271. Правозащитный совет Санкт-Петербурга
  272. Сахаровский Центр
  273. チベット問題を考える会 Japan Committee for Tibet
  274. مرصد الصحراء للسلم والديمقراطية وحقوق الإنسان
  275. 台灣南社
  276. 台灣客社
  277. 【台灣民間支援香港協會】 Taiwanese Civil Aid to HKers
  278. 國會調查兵團
  279. 日本ウイグル協会
  280. 華人基督徒公義團契 Chinese Christian Fellowship of Righteousness
  281. 香港黎明, Dawn of Hong Kong, 香港の夜明け

*連署團體共計321個。然而,其中有39個組織選擇匿名。

此公開信原載於人權觀察