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中国人权联同全球320个非政府组织呼吁成立对中国的国际人权监察机制

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2020年09月09日

公开信收件人: 联合国秘书长安东尼奥・古特雷斯, 联合国人权事务高级专员米歇尔・巴切莱特, 联合国各成员国

我们,以下连署机构,共同呼吁成立国际机制以处理中国政府的人权侵犯,并敦促阁下采取果决行动以达成此一目标。

2020年6月26日,50位联合国人权专员史无前例地呼吁"为维护中国的基本自由采取果断措施"。他们特别指出中国在香港、西藏和新疆的大规模人权侵犯,在新冠病毒疫情期间禁止信息流通,以及对全国各地人权维护者、记者、律师和批评政府人士的迫害。

我们各组织也十分关切中国侵犯人权为全世界带来的影响。中国攻击海外人权维护者,在世界各国打压学术自由,并且从事互联网审查与数字监控。我们强烈反对中国提倡不顾人权的发展,纵容有政府撑腰的采矿业者造成环境劣化,以及在华人士所受到的、或中国国家行为体在海外实施的种族歧视待遇。

我们遗憾中国积极扭曲联合国人权理事会的职权,提倡"合作"先于问责,而且反对一切旨在向世界各地重大人权侵犯和国际犯罪追究责任的倡议。中国利用在联合国非政府组织(NGO)委员会的席位,无故阻挠某些NGO获得咨询地位,同时却认可许多政府设立的NGO(GoNGOs)。中国常阻止人权维护者进入联合国设施,抹黑NGO场边会议的讲者是"恐怖份子",还威胁各国代表团以吓阻他们出席联合国有关人权侵犯(例如新疆暴行)的场边活动。

当联合国人权事务高级专员、各种特别程序和数十个国家敦促中国遵守国际人权标准,中国却反呛这些忠告是"严重干涉"中国主权的"不适当说法"。

一个国家若认为自己可以不接受任何检验,就是对人权的根本威胁。中国作为全球超强之一而期望得到这种待遇,每个人都会受到影响。

我们因此支持联合国专家们的呼吁,人权理事会应召开特别会议,对中国政府侵犯人权的幅度加以评估,同时应成立一个公正、独立的联合国机制,对这个问题进行密切的监测、分析并逐年发表报告。我们敦促联合国秘书长指派一名特使,符合其《人权行动呼吁》,我们也呼吁人权事务高级专员履行其独立职权,监测并公开报告中国的广泛人权侵犯。我们支持这项呼吁,联合国各成员国和所有联合国机构都应该利用一切与中国当局交流的机会,坚持中国政府要遵守其国际人权义务。

我们怀着全球团结与伙伴关系的精神致函,诚盼阁下迅速着手抵制和补救中国当局作出的重大人权侵犯。任何国家都不应凌驾于法律之上。

 

谨上

  1. 21Wilberforce
  2. ACAT Belgium
  3. ACAT Germany (Action by Christians for the Abolition of Torture)
  4. ACAT-France (action des chrétiens pour l'abolition de la torture)
  5. ACAT-Switzerland
  6. Acceso a la Justicia
  7. Access Now
  8. Acción Solidaria
  9. Action des Chrétiens pour l’Abolition de la Torture au Burundi(Acat-Burundi)
  10. ACTION FOR DEVELOPMENT
  11. Adivasi-Koordination in Germany
  12. African Law Foundation (AFRILAW)
  13. AfricanDefenders (Pan-African Human Rights Defenders Network)
  14. Agir ensemble pour les droits de l'Homme
  15. Agora Society Malaysia
  16. Alliance Canada Hong Kong
  17. Alliance des Avocats pour les Droits de l'Homme
  18. ALTSEAN-Burma
  19. Amnesty International
  20. Amsterdam stands with Hong Kong
  21. Arab Watch Regional Coalition
  22. ARTICLE 19
  23. Asia Democracy Network (ADN)
  24. Asia Pacific Permanent Peace Alliance
  25. Asian Federation Against Involuntary Disappearances (AFAD)
  26. Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA)
  27. Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL)
  28. Asian Solidarity Council for Freedom and Democracy 
  29. Asociación Civil Fuerza, Unión, Justicia, Solidaridad y Paz (FUNPAZ)
  30. Asohorizonte
  31. Australia Tibet Council
  32. Australian Centre for International Justice
  33. Australian Lawyers for Human Rights
  34. Australian Uyghur Association
  35. Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales
  36. Benteng Heritage Musrum
  37. Body & Data
  38. Building Inclusive Society Tanzania Organization  (BISTO).
  39. CADAL
  40. Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies
  41. Cambodia Center for Human Rights
  42. Cambodian Alliance of Trade Union [CATU]
  43. Cameroon Women's Peace Movement
  44. Campaign for Uyghurs
  45. Canada Tibet Committee (CTC)
  46. Canada-Hong Kong Link
  47. CAN-Myanmar
  48. Central Taiwan Society
  49. Centro de Documentación en Derechos Humanos "Segundo Montes Mozo SJ" (CSMM)
  50. Centro de Justicia y Paz - Cepaz
  51. Centro para la Paz y los Derechos Humanos Universidad Central de Venezuela
  52. ChangSha FuNeng
  53. China Aid
  54. China Change
  55. China Constitutional Democracy Promotion Association
  56. Chinese Human Rights Defenders (CHRD)
  57. CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation
  58. Civilis Derechos Humanos
  59. Clean Clothes Campaign
  60. Coalition Burkinabé des Défenseurs des Droits Humains ( CBDDH)
  61. Coalition des Defenseurs Des Droits Humais (Benin)CDDH-Benin
  62. Coalition for Genocide Response
  63. Coalition Togolaise des Défenseurs des Droits Humains (CTDDH)
  64. COC Nederland
  65. Comité Permanente de Derechos Humanos - ACUEM
  66. Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative
  67. COMPPART Foundation for Justice and Peacebuilding
  68. Conectas Direitos Humanos
  69. CSW (Christian Solidarity Worldwide)
  70. DefendDefenders (East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project)
  71. Defensa en Accion
  72. Défenseur des droits de l'Homme au Niger
  73. Democracy China Media
  74. Dialogue China
  75. Droits Humains Sans Frontières
  76. East Turkistan Australian Association
  77. ECPM
  78. Endorois Welfare Council
  79. Espacio Público
  80. EXCUBITUS Derechos Humanos en Educacion
  81. Families of Victims of Involuntary Disappearance (FIND)
  82. Fédération Euro-méditerranéenne contre les disparitions forcées
  83. Federation for a Democratic China 民主中国陣線
  84. FIDA CAMEROON
  85. FIDH
  86. FOVIDA - Fomento de la Vida
  87. Frankfurt Stands With Hong Kong
  88. Free Tibet
  89. Freedom House
  90. Fridays for Future, PCT
  91. Friends of Beanstalk Association, Taiwan
  92. Friends of Canada India
  93. Friends of Tibet - Austria
  94. Friends of Tibet (NZ)
  95. Front Line Defenders
  96. FUNCAMAMA
  97. Fundacion Aguaclara
  98. Fundación La Tortuga
  99. Fundación Prodefensa del Derecho a la Educación y la Niñez
  100. Fundaciónpara el Debido Proceso Fundepro
  101. Fundaval
  102. Ghjtrn для трансгендерных людей и их близких T*Revers
  103. GIN-SSOGIE
  104. Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  105. Global Justice Center
  106. Global Pinoy Diaspora Canada
  107. Green Advocates International
  108. Groupe de Recherche et de Plaidoyer sur les Industries Extractives (GRPIE)
  109. Grupo de Apoio ao Tibete-Portugal
  110. Halifax Hong Kong Link
  111. Hanbyun (Lawyers for Human Rights and Unification of Korea)
  112. Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights
  113. Hong Kong Affairs Association of Berkeley
  114. Hong Kong Democracy Council (HKDC)
  115. Hong Kong Global Connect
  116. Hong Kong Watch
  117. HRIC 
  118. Human Rights Defenders Network-SL
  119. Human Rights First
  120. Human Rights Foundation (Japan) 【日本人権財団】
  121. Human Rights in China
  122. Human Rights Watch
  123. Human Rights Without Frontiers International
  124. Humanists International
  125. Humanitarian China
  126. Humanity Beyond Borders
  127. ICNA Council for Social Justice
  128. Illa Centro de Educación y Comunicación
  129. In Defense of Human Rights and Dignity Movement (iDEFEND)
  130. Independ Journalist Association of Vietnam
  131. India Alliance for Child Rights
  132. Institut des Médias pour la Démocratie et les Droits de l'Homme (IM2DH)
  133. Institute for Asian Democracy
  134. Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility
  135. International Bar Association's Human Rights Institute
  136. International Campaign for the Rohingya
  137. International Campaign for Tibet
  138. International Coalition for Papua
  139. International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect
  140. International Commission of Jurists
  141. International Society for Human Rights, Munich
  142. International Tibet Network
  143. ISHR
  144. Japan Uyghur Association
  145. Japan Uyghur Union
  146. Judicial Reform Foundation
  147. Justice Access Point Uganda
  148. Kalikasan People's Network for the Environment (Kalikasan PNE)
  149. Karapatan Alliance Philippines
  150. KontraS (The Commission for the Disappeared and the Victims of Violence)
  151. Lady Liberty Hong Kong
  152. Lawyers for Lawyers
  153. Lawyers' Rights Watch Canada
  154. Le Comité pour la liberté à Hong Kong
  155. Lesbian and Gay Federation in Germany LSVD
  156. LGBT social movement "REVERS"
  157. Liberty and Democracy Advocacy Club University of Calgary
  158. Liên Đoàn Công Giáo Việt Nam tại Đức
  159. Logos ID
  160. MAFAPO ( madres de los falsos positivos de colombia)
  161. Mazingira Network - Tanzania (MANET)
  162. Meru youth empowerment centre
  163. Miloon Kothari individually as an independent expert and former UN Special Rapporteur
  164. MINBYUN - Lawyers for a Democratic Society International Solidarity Committee
  165. Minority Rights Group International
  166. Monitor Social A.C.
  167. Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies
  168. Mouvement Lao pour les Droits de l'Homme
  169. Movimiento Manuela Ramos
  170. Ms. Enakshi Ganguly individually as an independent expert
  171. MUHURI (Muslims for Human Rights)
  172. Nafas LGBT Azerbaijan Alliance
  173. Nako cc
  174. Namibia Diverse Women's Association (NDWA)
  175. National Party of Japan
  176. Netherlands for Hong Kong
  177. NGURUKA DEVELOPMENT AGENCY
  178. No Business With Genocide
  179. NO FENCE
  180. Northern California Hong Kong Club
  181. NY4HK ( New Yorkers Supporting Hong Kong )
  182. ONG DEMOCRACIA EMPRENDEDORA
  183. ONG PAFED
  184. Otus Books
  185. Pacific Human Rights Initiative
  186. PEN America
  187. People Go Network
  188. People's Watch
  189. Persatuan Sahabat Wanita Selangor
  190. Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA)
  191. Philippine Human Rights Information Center
  192. Planet Ally
  193. Programa Venezolano de Educación-Acción en Derechos Humanos (Provea)
  194. Progressive Voice
  195. PROMEDEHUM
  196. PSCORE (People for Successful COrean REunification)
  197. Raoul Wallenberg Centre for Human Rights
  198. Red Corpora en Libertad
  199. Red de Activistas Ciudadanos por los Derechos Humanos (Redac)
  200. René Cassin, the Jewish voice for human rights
  201. Reporters Without Borders (Reporters sans frontières, RSF)
  202. Réseau International des Droits Humains RIDH
  203. Réseau Ouest Africain des Défenseurs des Droits Humains/West African Human Rights Defenders' Network
  204. Réseau Saharaius
  205. Rights and Security International
  206. RUDM
  207. RURAL DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVE (RUWODI)
  208. Safeguard Defenders
  209. Save Our Borneo
  210. Save Tibet Austria
  211. Setara Institute for Democracy and Peace
  212. SFT Japan
  213. Society for Threatened Peoples - Germany
  214. Solidarité Chine
  215. Solidarity Sisters Network of Liberia (SoSNoL)
  216. SOS TORTURE BURUNDI
  217. Sounds of the Silenced
  218. Southern Africa Human Rights. Defenderss Network- SAHRDN
  219. Southern and Eastern Africa Trade Information and Negotiations Institute (SEATINI) Uganda
  220. Southern Mongolia Congress
  221. Sova Center for Information and Analysis
  222. Stand with HK@JPN
  223. Students For a Free Tibet- India
  224. Sustainable Holistic Development Foundation (SUHODE)
  225. Taiwan Kenkyu Rondan 台湾研究フォーラム
  226. Tanzania Human Rights Defenders’s Coalition
  227. Tata Trusts
  228. The Lesbian and Gay Association of Liberia (LEGAL)
  229. The Rights Practice
  230. The Society to Help Returnees to North Korea
  231. The Tibet Support Committee, Denmark
  232. Think Differently Center
  233. Tibet Committee of Fairbanks, Alaska and Alaskans for Tibet
  234. Tibet Justice Center
  235. Tibet Support Group Ireland
  236. TOHKnews
  237. Toronto Association for Democracy in China
  238. Transitional Justice Working Group (TJWG)
  239. T'ruah: The Rabbinic Call for Human Rights
  240. UCV
  241. Una Ventana a la Libertad
  242. United  Belize Advocacy Movement
  243. University of Waterloo Lion Rock Spirit
  244. Uyghur Association of Victoria, Australia
  245. Uyghur Human Rights Project
  246. Uyghur Projects Foundation
  247. Uyghur Refugee Relief Fund
  248. Uyghur Rights Advocacy Project
  249. VAJ Vietnamese Association in Japan
  250. Vancouver Society in Support of Democratic Movement
  251. Vancouver Society of Freedom, Democracy & Human Rights for China
  252. Vancouverites Concerned About Hong Kong
  253. Verein für sozial-ökologischen Wandel
  254. VETO! Human Rights Defenders' Network
  255. Viet Tan
  256. Vietnam Human Rights Network
  257. Visual Artists Guild
  258. Wanawake Tanzania Tunaweza (Tanzania Women We Can)
  259. Witness Radio - Uganda
  260. Women Against Violence and Exploitation in Society
  261. Women's March Global
  262. Working Group on India and the UN (WGHR)
  263. World Federalist Movement/Institute for Global Policy
  264. World Uyghur Congress
  265. Yayasan Lembaga Bantuan Hukum Indonesia (YLBHI) / Indonesia Legal Aid Foundation
  266. yBy Media
  267. Young Queer Alliance
  268. Youth Empowerment and Development Association-sierra
  269. Комитет "Гражданское содействие"
  270. Московская Хельсинкская группа
  271. Правозащитный совет Санкт-Петербурга
  272. Сахаровский Центр
  273. チベット問題を考える会 Japan Committee for Tibet
  274. مرصد الصحراء للسلم والديمقراطية وحقوق الإنسان
  275. 台灣南社
  276. 台灣客社
  277. 【台灣民間支援香港協會】 Taiwanese Civil Aid to HKers
  278. 國會調查兵團
  279. 日本ウイグル協会
  280. 華人基督徒公義團契 Chinese Christian Fellowship of Righteousness
  281. 香港黎明, Dawn of Hong Kong, 香港の夜明け

*连署团体共计321个。然而,其中有39个组织选择匿名。

此公开信原载于人权观察

错误 | Human Rights in China 中国人权 | HRIC

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