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UN Human Rights Council

Human Rights in China has submitted two NGO parallel reports to the United Nations Human Rights Council, in advance of the 2013 and 2009 Universal Periodic Reviews of China. (HRIC's other submissions to UN bodies include those to various UN treaty bodies and the World Summit of Information Society.)

Universal Periodic Review

The Universal Periodic Review  (UPR) is a peer review and dialogue-based mechanism whereby the human rights practices of each UN member state is examined once every four and a half years by other countries. The UPR, conducted at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, Switzerland, is based on three official documents: a national report submitted by the State under review, a compilation of UN information prepared by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), and a summary of reports submitted by non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders, also prepared by the OHCHR. The UN encourages each government to broadly consult with the public and civil society at the domestic level when preparing its national report.

In recent years, Chinese citizens have publicly demanded transparency and accountability in China's international human rights reporting, including in the drafting of its UPR national report.

2013 Universal Periodic Review of the People's Republic of China

On October 22, 2013, China underwent its second Universal Periodic Review. China submitted its national report on August 5, 2013. This review will focus on China's implementation of the recommendations it had accepted following the 2009 review and on any new developments or outstanding issues in fulfilling its human rights obligations and commitments. Member and observer states of the Human Rights Council will pose questions and make recommendations to China during an interactive dialogue with the Chinese delegation on October 22. China can either accept or reject these recommendations during the dialogue and/or provide a written response by the next plenary session of the Human Rights Council in early 2014, when its UPR outcome report will be formally adopted.

On March 20, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) officially adopted the Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) for China’s second UPR, a comprehensive evaluation of its human rights obligations under the UN system. As the official record of China’s review and its commitments, the report documents the questions, comments, recommendations, and China’s statements made during the interactive dialogue.

Of the 252 recommendations made by HRC member and observer States, China accepted 204 and rejected 48.And of the 204 accepted recommendations, China stated that 31 have already been implemented, and eight are being implemented.

HRIC has organized the 252 recommendations into the four charts below by the outcome category:

Chart 1: Accepted Recommendations

Chart 2: Accepted and Already Implemented Recommendations

Chart 3: Accepted and Being Implemented Recommendations

Chart 4: Not Accepted Recommendations

The charts group the recommendations by topic, and include the text of the recommendations as advanced by the member states and the names of the member states. Charts 2, 3, 4 also include China’s comments, as stated in the Addendum to the Report of the Working Group, Views on conclusions and/or recommendations, voluntary commitments and replies presented by the State under review.

HRIC Report, submitted to the Human Rights Council

The report outlines key concerns and recommendations, including cooperation with UN special procedures; administration of justice, rule of law, and the right to life, liberty and security of the person; and freedom of religion, expression, association, and peaceful assembly, and the right to participate in public life.

Related official documents:

  • 25th Session General Debate Item 4, Human Rights situations that require the Council’s attention, EU statement (March 18th): English
  • Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: English
  • China's 2013 national report: Chinese
  • OHCHR’s compilation of UN information for the 2013 PRC review: English
  • OHCHR's summary of stakeholders' submissions for the 2013 PRC review: English
2009 Universal Periodic Review of the People's Republic of China

China underwent its first UPR on February 9, 2009, which HRIC attended. During the session, member states orally presented their comments and raised issues and questions regarding specific areas of China’s human rights practices. One hundred and eleven member states signed up to present their oral statements. Due to time limits, most member states were not able to speak. China received more than 100 recommendations, of which China accepted 42 and rejected 50;

HRIC Report, submitted to the Human Rights Council

Post-UPR HRIC items

HRIC also prepared four charts that track recommendations regarding China made during the February 2009 Universal Periodic Review session:

Related HRIC items:

Related official documents:

  • China's 2009 national report: English, Chinese
  • OHCHR’s compilation of UN information for the 2009 PRC review: English
  • OHCHR's summary of stakeholders' submissions for the 2009 PRC review: English, Chinese
  • Member states’ advance questions for China’s UPR in 2009: English
  • UPR webcast of the 2009 review (February 9, 2009)
  • China’s opening statement at the adoption of the 2009 UPR outcome report: English (June 2009)


709事件 公眾知​​情權 司法公正 行政拘留 法律天地 任意羈押
公示財產 雙邊對話 黑監獄 書評 商業與人權 審查
零八憲章 兒童 中國法 翻牆技術 公民行動 公民記者
公民參與 民間社會 評論 中國共產黨 憲法 消費者安全
思想爭鳴 腐敗 反恐 向強權說“不!” 文革 文化之角
時政述評 網絡安全 社會民生 民主和政治改革 拆遷 異議人士
教育 選舉 被迫失踪 環境 少數民族 歐盟-中國
計劃生育 農民 結社自由 言論自由 新聞自由 信仰自由
政府問責 政策法規 施政透明 香港 軟禁 中國人權翻譯
戶口 人權理事會 人權動態 非法搜查和拘留 煽動顛覆國家政權 信息控制
信息技術 信息、通信、技術 公民權利和政治權利國際公約 國際人權 國際窗口 國際關係
互聯網 互聯網治理 建三江律師維權 司法改革 六四 綁架
勞改場 勞工權利 土地、財產、房屋 律師權責 律師 法律制度
國內來信 重大事件(環境污染、食品安全、事故等) 毛澤東 微博 全國人大 新公民運動
非政府組織 奧運 一國兩制 網上行動 政府信息公開 人物
警察暴行 司法評述 政治犯 政治 良心犯 歷史鉤沉
宣傳 抗議和請願 公開呼籲 公共安全 種族歧視 勞動教養
維權人士 維權 法治 上海合作組織 特別專題 國家賠償
國家秘密 國家安全 顛覆國家政權 監控 科技 思想理論
天安門母親 西藏 酷刑 典型案例 聯合國 美中
維吾爾族人 弱勢群體 婦女 青年 青年視野