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A Specific Question: When Will the “Two No Worries and Three Guarantees” be Truly and Fully Realized?

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February 16, 2020

In this article, Lu Dachun, a long-time petitioner who previously served a two year-sentence for petitioning-related activities, points out that although the central government has emphasized the need to solve the outstanding problems of "two no worries [about food and clothing] and three guarantees [of compulsory education, basic medical care, and security of housing]," and to achieve the goal of comprehensively building a well-off society, local governments have not implemented the policies properly. This failure, Lu states, has caused some disadvantaged families to fall into difficult or even desperate situation when they suffer a catastrophic disaster.

The writer offers the Lu Bin family of farmers in Peng'an County, Sichuan as an example: Lu Bin is fighting a lawsuit about his permanent disability due to work-related injuries; his wife is suffering from liver cancer and has no money for surgery; his 82-year-old mother is bedridden due to permanent disability but has no one to care for her; and his two children may have to temporarily or permanently drop out of school. The government's temporary assistance of a few hundred to a thousand yuan can't solve the layers of difficult and concrete problems described above. The writer recommends that the CPC Central Committee comprehensively inspect these problems to truly and fully realize the "two no worries and three guarantees."


特问何时才能真正全面实现“两不愁三保障”?!

陆大春

党中央着力解决“两不愁三保障”突出问题,是党中央实现“全面建成小康社会”的目标。但是,四川省蓬安县,一些说不起话的弱势家庭,在不幸遭遇各种大灾大难时,根本无法及时得到党委政府的任何温暖,即便是有人能到党委政府去为其苦苦哀求,也只是灾后偶尔能得到几百至千元的临时救助,根本无法解决燃眉之急的实际特殊困难问题。比如长期多年以来,城乡群众们因病致贫返贫,有的因费用小病拖大病等死,有的因费用被迫放弃医治,回家等死,有的病人和病属到处沿街跪地乞讨医药费的常见突出问题尚未得到根本改变,一人患大病,全家陷入困境甚至是难以自拔的绝境之中,因病债拖累一家几年至十几年甚至是几十年,影响一代甚至是几代人不能翻身的人间真实悲剧依旧突出。

有些大病受到医保支付目录、支付限额、用药目录、用药限量等限制性条款,全额自费药品多很了等等,都是很多大病患者不堪承受的重负。

比如蓬安县河舒镇尖峰社区二社,52岁的陆斌和42岁的尹利群夫妇家,连遭悲惨不幸的事实如下:

  1. 他们是2011年未建立社会保障关系的被征地农民,长期面临“种地无田、上班无岗、社保无份、创业无钱、最基本生存难,长期上访不能解决问题,阻拦工程政府不允许,除了被强制稳控不允许到上级去上访之外,就是无人理睬”的困境。本社两家邻居共四人为此于2019年状告蓬安县政府和河舒镇政府,征地行为违法,蓬安政府伪证应诉赢官司,两家邻居共四人已上诉至四川省高级人民法院;
  2. 患有糖尿病和膀胱炎的陆斌,外出浙江建筑打工,于2018年12月17日从两米高的架子上不慎坠落,摔成胸12椎体骨折,入住于浙江永嘉县人民医院术后,至2019年3月4日出院,已成终身残疾,据医嘱:1年后拆除内固定,如今在康复期,不能劳动挣钱,且工伤官司至今一直迟迟尚未了结;
  3. 陆斌82岁老母于去年不幸重伤骨折已成终身残疾卧床需专人护理;
  4. 尹利群于2020年1月14日,在四川大学华西医院查出患上肝癌,因无钱手术而返家筹集手术费用。他们家连遭悲惨不幸出现的实际问题如下:
  5. 尹利群春节前返家后,至今筹不到手术费用;
  6. 卧床需专人护理的82岁老母,无人护理;
  7. 尹利群娘家膝下无子赡养的79岁继父和69岁母亲无法正常生活了;
  8. 在蓬安锦屏高二十四班的儿子陆科君,和在蓬安河舒小学六年级二班的女儿陆美会,面临辍学或彻底失学。

当他们家托人到党委政府去为其苦苦哀求时,得到的答复如下:

  1. 春节前才给予了临时救助,现在不能再给临时救助了;
  2. 手术出院后根据政策申请医疗救助;
  3. 陆斌因工伤官司至今一直迟迟尚未了结的问题,可以申请法律援助;
  4. 在校儿女面临辍学或彻底失学的问题无法解决。

直至2020年2月10日托人发到网上后,2月15日政府才在网上发出了“经我镇与就读学校联系,其子女在义务教育阶段的学习生活学校将会尽全力解决,确保学生不因家庭困难而辍学”和“镇政府在前面已解决临时救助的情况下,也会继续根据实际困难对其进行临时救助”的公开答复。

但是,我要说明的:一是病人需要现钱入院做手术,是一燃眉之急的实际特殊困难问题;二是偶尔给予几百至千元的临时救助,根本无法解决上述困难重重的实际具体问题,无钱入院做手术,耽误了手术的最佳时间,人死了就没有根据政策申请医疗救助的必要性了。为此,希望蓬安和全国都能尽快把党中央着力解决“两不愁三保障”突出问题的精神落到实处,才能真正实现党中央“全面建成小康社会”的目标。否则,特问何时才能真正全面实现“两不愁三保障”?!

我认为“全面攻坚脱贫奔小康”的标准如下:

  1. 人人拥有基本生存权,即不再发生人被困死特别是被活活地饿死的事情;
  2. 人人拥有基本居住权,即人人拥有基本住房,城乡不再有无房户的事情;
  3. 人人拥有基本健康权,即凡是在医学上能够医治或者能够改善生存质量延长寿命的疾病,不再因贫穷而不能入院治病的事情;
  4. 每个未成年人都有接受教育的权利,即适龄学生不再因贫穷或家庭突遭不幸而辍学和失学的事情;
  5. 每个劳动力都有就业权,即凡是包括高等院校毕业生、退伍军人、被征地农民、企业下岗职工的适龄就业人员等等,都有就业的权利。

综上所述,依然还存在或发生上述事实的原因各异,比如征地拆迁中的株连式的强征暴拆等等。为此,特建议党中央必须全面巡视处理这些问题。

建议妥否,仅供参考。

建议人:陆大春
15390292672
2020年2月16日

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