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Reeducation-Through-Labor and Criminal Detention for Shanghai Petitioners on Eve of 18th Party Congress

November 6, 2012

Just days before the Communist Party of China’s 18th National Congress, at least four Shanghai petitioners have been ordered to serve Reeducation-Through-Labor (RTL) for “disturbing social order.” Sources told Human Rights in China (HRIC) that the petitioners, initially detained in late September, are Mao Hengfeng (毛恒凤), Tong Guojing (童国菁), Shen Yongmei (沈永梅), and Cui Fufang (崔福芳). Mao has been ordered to serve one year and six months; others one year each. A fifth Shanghai petitioner, Wang Kouma (王扣玛), was taken away by Shanghai public security in late September. His family received an official notice in mid-October that Wang was criminally detained “on suspicion of gathering a crowd to disturb public order.”

Wu Xuewei (吴学伟), Mao’s husband, told HRIC that he received the official RTL decision for Mao on November 5. Dated October 30 and signed by the Shanghai Municipal Committee on the Administration of Reeducation-Through-Labor, the decision cites two “unlawful” acts by Mao, her participation in two public events in Shanghai this year, one on January 5, to commemorate Wang Kouma’s mother, Teng Jingdi (滕金娣), who died in a black jail in 2008 after being taken into custody while petitioning in Beijing; the other on July 1, to commemorate Chen Xiaoming (陈小明), a housing rights activist who became seriously ill while serving a prison sentence and died in 2007, immediately after being transferred from the prison hospital to a local hospital. The RTL decision says that during these events, Mao, along with others, displayed banners, shouted slogans, and sang songs, which led to crowds of spectators that affected normal traffic and the “normal life of residents.”

Tong Guojing’ s wife, Zhang Fangxian (张芳贤), told HRIC that she received a notice in the mail on October 27 informing her that Tong has been ordered to serve one year of RTL because of his participation in the commemorative event for Teng Jingdi on January 5.

Wu Xuewei confirmed that the RTL decisions for Shen Yongmei and Cui Fufang were also based on their participation in the commemorative activities for Teng Jingdi.


For more information on Mao Hengfeng, see:


For background documents on Mao Hengfeng, see:


For more information on Wang Kouma and Tong Guojing, see:


For more information on Chen Xiaoming, see: