A timeline of the developments surrounding the extradition amendments introduced by the Hong Kong SAR government, which triggered a series of mass demonstrations, including a march of an estimated two million people on June 16, 2019, the largest in Hong Kong’s history.
While on vacation in Taiwan, a Hong Kong man, Chan Tong-kai, 19, strangles his girlfriend, Poon Hiu-wing, 20, also from Hong Kong. Source.
After returning to Hong Kong, Chan Tong-kai is taken into custody by Hong Kong police for theft and money-laundering. During questioning, he admits to killing his girlfriend. Source.
The Security Bureau proposes amending the existing Fugitive Offenders Ordinance (FOO) and the Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Ordinance (MLAO) to allow ad hoc extraditions to jurisdictions with which Hong Kong does not have existing rendition arrangements, allowing extradition of criminal suspects from Hong Kong to mainland China, Macau, and Taiwan. Source.
The Civil Human Rights Front (CHRF), comprising dozens of Hong Kong’s pro-democracy groups, calls the first protest against the extradition amendments; thousands march to the government headquarters in Admiralty.
Carrie Lam, Chief Executive of the Hong Kong SAR government, submits the proposed amendments to the Legislative Council (LegCo), citing the murder case.
Various sectors, including the legal and business sectors, immediately voice their concerns over the proposed amendments. The Hong Kong Bar Association issues a set of Observations, listing its concerns.
Thursday, April 25
Hong Kong bookseller Lam Wing-kee flies to Taiwan out of security concerns over the proposed extradition amendments. Lam was abducted from Hong Kong in October 2015 by mainland Chinese security forces. He was returned to Hong Kong in June 2016 after eight months’ detention in mainland China. Source.
Sunday, April 28
In the second protest called by Civil Human Rights Front, more than 100,000 march to the LegCo.
Monday, April 29
Chan Tong-kai is sentenced to 29 months' imprisonment for money-laundering. With the 13 months he has already spent in custody since his arrest, and a possible one-third sentence reduction for good behavior, he may be released as early as October 2019. Source.
Friday, May 17
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo expresses concern that the Hong Kong government’s proposed extradition amendments would “threaten Hong Kong’s rule of law.” Source.
Monday, May 20
The government, bypassing normal procedure, withdraws the bill from the Bills Committee and schedules a second reading in a full legislative session on June 12. Source.
Tuesday, May 21
Chief Executive Carrie Lam says LegCo needs to pass the extradition bill before summer. Source.
Friday, May 24
Under the direction of Secretary for Security John Lee Ka-chiu, the House Committee, with a pro-Beijing majority, dismisses the Bills Committee.
Thursday, May 30
Secretary for Security John Lee announces measures to limit the scope of extraditable crimes, including raising the threshold for extradition to crimes punishable by seven or more years of imprisonment. Source.
Widening concerns are expressed by various sectors in Hong Kong, including legal, academic, business, diplomatic, and press. Foreign governments and international bodies also raise their concerns. See a select list of those groups and bodies voicing their concerns and opposition here.
Taiwan authorities say they will not seek the extradition of Chan Tong-kai and will not accept extradition arrangements with Hong Kong.
Tuesday, June 4
Annual candlelight vigil to commemorate victims of the 1989 June Fourth massacre is attended by an estimated 180,000 people, in one of the largest crowds in years. Source.
Thursday, June 6
More than 3,000 lawyers clad in black stage a silent march from the Court of Final Appeal to the Central Government Offices to oppose the extradition bill. Source.
Sunday, June 9
Amid heavy police presence, an estimated 1 million Hong Kongers march from Victoria Park to the Legislative Council in Admiralty, to oppose the extradition bill. Crowd control measures included shutting down of some MTR stations and trains skipping stops near LegCo. Source.
Monday, June 10
Chief Executive Carrie Lam issues statement at 11 p.m. confirming that the second reading of the extradition bill in LegCo is set to commence on Wednesday, June 12.
Universities call for class-boycott starting Wednesday. Other sectors call for general strike on Wednesday.
Civil Human Rights Front, together with legislators and political parties, calls for rally to surround LegCo on Wednesday.
LegCo announces police will handle security for the LegCo complex on Wednesday.
Tuesday, June 11
LegCo Chairman Andrew Leung announces timetable for extradition bill consideration and voting: 66 hours for reading and debate to be concluded by 8 p.m., Thursday, June 20, to be followed by voting.
Civil Human Rights Front officially calls for rally starting at 11 a.m. on Wednesday around LegCo.
Various other forms of protest are announced for Wednesday, including strike by Social Workers Union, Artists’ Union, and Teachers’ Union; class-boycott by seven universities; and “drive slow” for Hong Kong Island Bus Service by the Bus Drivers’ Union.
Wednesday, June 12
In tears, Carrie Lam says in a TV interview that she has sacrificed a lot for Hong Kong and that she could not have “sold out Hong Kong,” but in the same interview refers to the protestors as spoiled children, saying “If my son was stubborn and I spoiled him and tolerated his stubborn behavior every time, I would just be going along with him.” (video)
LegCo announces delay of second reading of extradition bill.
Protests continue with thousands of demonstrators gathering in front of the LegCo complex in Admiralty. An estimated 5,000 riot policemen in heavy gear guard the LegCo building. In mid-afternoon, as protesters press toward the police phalanx, some throwing objects, including bricks, policemen fire tear gas, rubber bullets, and beanbag rounds at the protestors. Source.
Elsewhere, excessive police force against protesters and journalists is widely reported and documented in video footage. Incidences include:
News reports cite police use of tear gas on June 12 as greater than that used during the 79 days of the Occupy protest in 2014.
In the afternoon, Police Commissioner Stephen Lo declares clashes between protesters and police a “riot,” justifying the violent response, and calls on the protesters to go home. Source.
The Hong Kong Hospital Authority reports that 22 people were taken to public hospitals by Wednesday evening, but later reports that at least 72 people have been injured, two in serious condition. Source.
Civil Human Rights Front calls for rally on Sunday, June 16, and for schools and shops to strike on Monday, June 17.
Thursday, June 13
LegCo announces cancellation of second reading of extradition bill. No announcement on voting date. Source.
A canteen manager of Police Headquarters in Wanchai quits, paying back one month’s salary in lieu of advanced notice. His resignation letter reads: “I refuse to serve evils.” He later says in an interview: “It’s as if I am supplying [the policemen] with food and drinks that give them the strength go to out and beat up people—I can no longer accept this work.” Source.
Friday, June 14
Reuters reports that some Hong Kong tycoons are starting to move personal wealth offshore as fears rise over the extradition bill. Source.
Pro-establishment LegCo member Michael Tien calls for delay of extradition bill and says in a radio interview that the conflict between the police and demonstrators has forced a rethink of the government’s plan. Source.
6,000 mothers dressed in black stage a sit-in in Charter Garden holding signs saying “Don’t shoot our children.” A petition with 44,000 signatures objects to Lam’s claim of acting like a “good mother.” Source.
The Chinese Foreign Minister Lu Yucheng summons the deputy chief of mission at the U.S. Embassy in Beijing, Robert Forden, to complain about Washington’s comment about the extradition bill. A statement by the Foreign Ministry says: “China called on the United States . . . to immediately stop all interference in Hong Kong’s affairs and stop taking action that would affect the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong.” Source.
Carrie Lam meets with Chinese Vice Premier Han Zheng in Shenzhen to review the situation. Source.
Saturday, June 15
In a speech, Carrie Lam announces suspension of “current legislative exercise” on extradition bill, but not its withdrawal, arguing that withdrawing the bill would mean that it is groundless. Lam expresses “sorrow and regret” that she failed to convince the public that the bill was needed. Source.
In official statements, the mainland Chinese government says that it supports Lam’s decision to suspend the bill. Source.
The shelving of the bill does not appear to quell public anger. Claudia Mo, a democratic lawmaker, says, “Postponement is temporary. It’s just delaying the pain.” Source.
Hunger striker Minnie Li, a Shanghai born activist and lecturer at the Education University of Hong Kong, is hospitalized for fever and low blood sugar. Source.
A 35-year old protester, after hanging a banner from a Pacific Place building in the Admiralty district calling for the withdrawal of the extradition bill, falls to his death. Police declare it a suicide. Source.
Sunday, June 16
In the largest march in Hong Kong’s history, an estimated 2 million people—roughly one in four Hong Kongers—march from Victoria Park to the Legislative Council in Admiralty in continued protest against the extradition bill. The greatest concentration of protesters is in Admiralty, Harcourt Road, Hennessey Road, Causeway Bay, and Wan Chai. Most of the marchers wear black, to commemorate the protester who fell to his death the day before. Source.
Demands reflected in chants and placards include:
Protesters make way for ambulances in a dramatic scene. (Video)
In a written statement, Chief Executive Carrie Lam:
Hong Kong pro-democracy activist Joshua Wong is released from prison after serving one month of a two-month prison term for contempt of court related to the 2014 Umbrella Movement. He joins the protests and calls for the resignation of Carrie Lam. Source.
Monday, June 17
The Hong Kong police reverses its earlier characterization of the June 12 clashes between protesters and the police as a “riot.” Police Commissioner Stephen Lo Wai-chung says that only those who threw bricks and wielded metal poles against officers outside of LegCo would be accused of violating anti-rioting laws. “Others who have participated in the same public order event but have not engaged in any violent act need not to worry in committing rioting offences,” Lo says. Source.
Following the June 13 arrest of two protesters at Queen Elizabeth Hospital after they received treatment for injuries sustained on June 12, Pierre Chan, the medical sector LegCo member, states he has proof that the Hospital Authority allows police unhindered access to its system to get information on injured protesters. The Authority denies providing information of patients from the June 12 protests to the police. Source.
Tuesday, June 18
Chief Executive Carrie Lam apologizes in second press conference saying she “personally has to shoulder much of the responsibility,” but refuses to resign. Source.
In a joint declaration, protesters put forth four demands and set a deadline of 5 p.m. on June 20, for Carrie Lam to respond:
Wednesday, June 19
In a speech at LegCo, Secretary for Security John Lee apologizes for “causing social disputes and anxiety” but defends police’s use of tear gas and pepper spray against protesters on June 12 when dozens of people were injured and 32 people were arrested. He is criticized by pro-democracy lawmakers, including Charles Mok, who says, “Everything you have said today is polarizing the people. . . . You are the one that’s heating things up right now.” Source.
Thursday, June 20
Six student unions plan escalation-of-protest actions if the government does not respond to their demands by 5 p.m. They are student unions of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, University of Science and Technology, Education University, City University, Academy for Performing Arts, Hang Seng University and the Federation of Students. The deadline set by protesters is ignored. Source.
Friday, June 21
Thousands of protesters stage a sit-in outside the LegCo building, block lanes of Harcourt Road, and barricade the entrance to the Police Headquarters. One protest sign on the outside wall of the Police Headquarters reads: “We will never submit.” Source.
Saturday, June 22
Hong Kong’s Secretary for Justice Theresa Cheng rejects protesters’ demands to not charge people who took part in the protests on June 12, saying that any charges pressed by the Department of Justice are “based on the law, relevant facts and (our) prosecution rules.” Source.
Sunday, June 23
Civil Human Rights Front organizes a rally outside LegCo demanding accountability of police for abuse of power, with a focus on disproportionate violence against protestors.
In a joint letter, 32 former government officials and politicians, including Anson Chan and Martin Lee, appeal to Carrie Lam to:
Starry Lee, chairwoman of the pro-establishment party in LegCo, the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB), says the party “would not oppose” a full withdrawal of the extradition bill. Source.
Monday, June 24
Over 100 protestors gather outside and in the foyer of the Revenue Tower in Wan Chai, blocking entry into the building but allowing some employees to leave, in another wave of civil disobedience action. Source.
In her oral update at the 1st Meeting of the 41st Regular Session of the Human Rights Council, Michelle Bachelet, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, commends the decision of the Hong Kong authorities to delay passage of the extradition bill, “in response to the massive display of civic activism by a large proportion of the population,” but “encourage[s] the authorities to consult broadly before passing or amending this, or any other, legislation.” Source.
Wednesday, June 26
In advance of the G20 summit in Osaka (June 28-29) where China has said it “will not allow” discussion of Hong Kong’s extradition bill, protesters delivered a petition to 16 foreign consulates to urge them to “Back HK up at G20 Summit by Supporting: 1) Full Withdrawal of Extradition Bill, 2) Establishment of Investigation Committee on Police Brutality.” 1,500 protestors march to the U.S. and British consulates and EU’s representative office to deliver the petition; the protestors then split into three groups to go to the following consulates: Germany, South Korea, Argentina, Japan, Australia, Austria, Mexico, France, Italy, Canada, Brazil, Russia, Indonesia, and India. The last three consulates in this list did not accept the petition. Source 1. Source 2.
Thursday, June 27
Nine members of the Committee on Human Rights and Humanitarian Aid of the German parliament issue a statement to support Hong Kong’s people and urge German Chancellor Angela Merkel to bring up Hong Kong's autonomy at the G20 Osaka Summit. Excerpts from "The autonomy of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region cannot be compromised” (Die Autonomie der Sonderverwaltungszone Hongkong ist nicht verhandelbar):
“As members of the Human Rights Committee of the German Bundestag, we stand shoulder to shoulder with the demonstrators in Hong Kong who share our values of civil liberty, democracy and the rule of law. . . . We appeal to the Hong Kong Government not only to suspend the controversial legislative changes, but to formally withdraw [the bill] . . . . We urge German Chancellor Angela Merkel to stress in an upcoming discussion with Xi Jinping at the G20 summit that the autonomy of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region must not be compromised and that the principle of "one country, two systems" must be fully respected.”
On eve of the G20 Osaka Summit, dozens demonstrate in downtown Osaka in solidarity with Hong Kong’s anti-extradition protest. Source.
Friday, June 28
On June 27 and 28, crowdfunded full-page ads headlined “Stand With Hong Kong at G20” are published in 17 newspapers in at least 12 different countries, including the New York Times (U.S. and international), Guardian (U.K.), Asahi Shimbun (Japan), Süddeutsche Zeitung (Germany), Chosun Ilbo (South Korea), and Apple Daily (Taiwan).
Saturday, June 29
A 21-year-old student, Lo Hiu-yan, jumps to her death from a building in Ka Fuk Estate in Fanling. She leaves a message to fellow protesters written in red ink on a wall in which she reiterates the protesters’ demands and urges the protesters to persevere. Source.
The Civil Human Rights Front (CHRF) secretariat issues an open letter to Carrie Lam, urging her to respond to the protesters’ demands. Source.
G20 ad-campaign officially concludes with 20 newspapers running ads. Source.
Sunday, June 30
A pro-police rally is held in Tamar Park with between 53,000 (police estimate) and 165,000 (organizers estimate) people participating. Legislator Lam Cheuk Ting (Democratic Party) is attacked and beaten by police supporters attending the rally. Reporters and journalists covering the rally are reportedly assaulted. Source.
Pro-police protesters tear down signs, banners, and post-it notes at the Lennon Wall. Some also tear down the memorial for Marco Leung, the protester who fell to his death on June 15. Source.
A 29-year-old woman, Zhita Wu, jumps from a walkway of the IFC building in Central onto Man Cheung Street at 3 p.m. She is pronounced dead at 9 p.m. Wu left a message on her social media account supporting the protesters. Source.
Commemorative activities are held at the two sites of the suicide deaths, and the makeshift memorial at the Lennon Wall is reestablished.
Monday, July 1
In her first public appearance since June 18, Carrie Lam delivers remarks at a ceremony marking the 22nd anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to China and acknowledges: “What happened in recent months has caused dilemmas and divides between the government and citizens. It has made me understand that as a politician, I must remind myself I have to accurately get the pulse of the society. I have learned that even with good intentions, I have to be open and inclusive.” Source.
The annual flag-raising ceremony is moved indoors to the Wanchai Exhibition Center. Guests watch a live broadcast of the flag raising outside in Bauhinia Square. Source.
Protesters occupy the roads around LegCo before dawn, raising a black flag in place of the PRC flag, and lowering the Hong Kong flag to half-mast to commemorate those lost. Outside LegCo, riot police use pepper spray and batons against protesters. Several protestors are injured and 13 police officers are sent to the hospital after being splashed with an unidentified liquid. Source.
In the early afternoon at LegCo, protestors use metal trollies and metal bars to ram a glass panel next to the legislators’ entrance. Democratic Party lawmaker Roy Kwong, other opposition legislators, and other protestors attempt to persuade these protestors to cease the ramming. Pan-democratic legislator Leung Yiu-chung is tackled to the ground while trying to stop protesters from breaking into LegCo. Source.
The police try to persuade the Civil Human Rights Front (CHRF) to postpone or reroute the annual July 1 march, and official permission is withdrawn for Admiralty to be the march destination. CHRF refuses to postpone the march, and it begins in the early afternoon from Causeway Bay toward Central, a contingent destination in light of activities at LegCo. Source. Organizers say 550,000 take part in the march, and the police put the figure at 190,000. Source.
At 6:26 p.m., LegCo issues a red security alert for the first time in history, and the building is evacuated. Shortly after, the government issues a statement saying it “strongly condemns and deeply regrets the extremely violent acts committed by some protesters, ” and that “the police will take appropriate enforcement action to protect public order and safety.” Source.
After a long standoff, the police retreat from their posts guarding the entrance to the LegCo building. After smashing through the glass door, hundreds of protesters rush into building at around 9 p.m. The police appear to have evacuated the building. Once inside, a small group of protestors spray paint the walls with graffiti, including messages such as “Carrie Lam step down,” “The government forced us to revolt,” “It was you who taught us that peaceful protest is useless,” “There are no rioters, only tyranny,” and “Oppose Chinese colonialism.” Pictures of Legislative Council President Andrew Leung and former president Rita Fan are defaced, the Hong Kong official emblem is partially covered in black paint, and a British colonial flag is draped over the podium of the LegCo president. A protester destroys a copy of the Basic Law. Source & Source. However, protesters protect items of historic value, books, and personal property in the building. Source.
At around 10 p.m., the police release a video on Facebook announcing a deadline of midnight for the protestors to leave the building. Source. Protesters on-site and within LegCo begin discussions on whether to stay or withdraw.
Just before midnight, a few protestors read a declaration addressed to Hong Kong citizens explaining the decision to enter LegCo: “Since June, Hong Kongers have protested numerous times, including a march of 2 million, urging the government to withdraw the bill. The government refused to listen to the people. . . . The current Hong Kong government is no longer what the Hong Kong people are wishing for. . . . We hope Hong Kong can unite against the vicious laws and the suppressive regime, and safeguard Hong Kong together.” Source. The protesters move out of the LegCo building chanting “We leave together!”
Tuesday, July 2
Shortly after midnight, riot police enter the building. No protesters remain inside. Outside, protestors retreat from a baton charge by riot police. Source. Police begin firing rounds of tear gas, forcing the remaining protesters out of the Admiralty area. The police clear roadblocks and continue to fire tear gas at retreating protesters, who throw bricks, eggs, and umbrellas. By 1 a.m., all the protesters have left the area around LegCo. Source.
The police stop and search passengers of minibuses and cars leaving Central, searching the belongings of those wearing black, requiring them to remove their masks, and videotaping their faces. Source.
Chief Executive Carrie Lam, Secretary for Administration Matthew Cheung, Secretary for Security John Lee, and Police Chief Stephen Lo hold a press conference at 4 a.m. Lam condemns “extreme violence” by protesters, saying, “I can say here, whether it’s pan-democratic lawmakers or groups of young people, in future days, I am very willing to communicate about the matters they care about.” Source. Asked why she would not meet with pro-democracy legislators earlier, she replied, “With this level of violence . . . I’m sure the public will understand that going to the scene for dialogue was of no help.” Reporters question her lack of response to the three suicides, but she gives no specific response. Source. The Hong Kong Journalists Association (HKJA) question why questions related to the suicides were deleted from the official transcript of the press meeting. Source.
Independent Police Complaints Commission confirms receipt of over 100 complaints relating to anti-extradition protests since early June and that it will begin investigation. Chairperson Anthony Neoh clarifies that any information or potential evidence of criminal conduct, including that of protestors, will be handed to police. Source.
Wednesday, July 3
A 28-year-old woman, surnamed Mak, jumps to her death at her residence in Cheung Sha Wan, leaving a suicide note in support of the anti-extradition protests. This marks the fourth suicide related to the protests. Despite concerns about "copycats," her family members and close friends agree to share her message with media, and state that it is the government’s responsibility to put a stop to the young people’s despair. Source 1, source 2.
Arrests of protesters begin. Twelve are arrested for activities at the LegCo area on July 1 (unrelated to the break-in), the youngest of them aged 14. Eight more are arrested for "cyberbullying" police officers and releasing police officers' personal information online. Source 1, Source 2.
Thursday, July 4
Carrie Lam and Executive Council members reach out in secret to the student unions of Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and Chinese University of Hong Kong, inviting student leaders to attend a closed-door meeting. The student unions decline the invitations. In a joint press conference, student unions of all universities criticize the invitation as a "publicity stunt" and demand two conditions for any meeting to take place: 1) exoneration of all protesters facing charges and 2) that any meeting be in public. Source 1, Source 2.
Pastor Lau Chi-Hung and fellow activists commence a 50-hour hunger strike outside government offices in Admiralty in support of protesters. Source.
Friday, July 5
More than 800 Hong Kong mothers attend a rally at Edinburgh Place in support of young protesters, reiterating that their children are not rioters, urging the government to respect human lives, and calling on fellow Hong Kong citizens to support the movement. Source.
Sunday, July 7
More than 230,000 march in Kowloon, aimed at spreading messages of the anti-extradition movement to mainland Chinese tourists arriving in the Tsim Sha Tsui area as well as the High-Speed Rail station near Austin. Source.
Afterwards, protesters march along Nathan Road from Tsim Sha Tsui to Mong Kok, occupying the streets and stopping traffic. Legislators on site attempt to negotiate as protesters are trapped by barricades set up by police, which impede joining the procession as well as leaving the march (to comply with police demand to evacuate the area). When protesters attempt to slowly and gradually retreat, they are violently dispersed by police officers, equipped with shields, batons, and pepper spray who target protesters, journalists, and passers-by.
Live-streams and reports show that identification numbers on police officers’ badges are covered up. The Hong Kong Journalists Association criticizes the police for assaulting journalists on-site and causing undue obstruction to press activities. Six are arrested over the clashes. Source 1, Source 2, Source 3.
Tuesday, July 9
“Lennon Walls,” colorful collages of Post-it notes on wall, appear throughout all districts of the city in support of the protestors, with slogans such as “add oil Hongkonger” and “No China extradition.” First appearing during the Umbrella Movement in 2014, the message walls take inspiration from the Lennon Wall in Prague. Source.
Wednesday, July 10
200 police officers remove messages with personal details of police from a “Lennon Wall” in a pedestrian underpass near Tai Po MTR station. Source.
Saturday, July 13
An estimated 30,000 protestors (4,000 estimated by the police) march in Sheng Shui from North Sports Ground passing along eight streets against parallel traders (mainlanders crossing the border to purchase goods in Hong Kong to sell on the mainland). A similar march, to “Reclaim Shengshui,” was first held in 2012. Source.
After the march, protestors clash with the police when a bridge near the MTR station was clogged with people. Reportedly, one protestor panics when targeted by the police and tries to jump off the bridge but is stopped by a photojournalist and police officers. Protestors defend themselves with umbrellas against batons and pepper spray used by the police. Source.
Sunday, July 14
An estimated 11,500 protesters take to the street in Shatin shouting slogans like “The police knowingly broke the law” and “Fight on, Hong Kong.” Hundreds of protestors retreat into New Town Plaza shopping mall when the police start clearing the streets. At around 9 p.m., riot police inside the shopping mall use batons and pepper spray against the protestors. More than 40 people are arrested and 22 people injured. Police commissioner Stephen Lo defends the deployment of riot police blaming the protestors for the violence and says 10 police officers were injured. Source 1, Source 2.
Monday, July 15
Carrie Lam visits injured police officers from the weekend clashes at a hospital in Taipo and condemns the “violent protestors” as “rioters.” Source.
24 pro-democracy lawmakers issue a joint statement criticizing the police for “deliberately provoking conflict between protesters and police” and to demand that the police commissioner explain the incident, discipline the commanders and officers involved in the violence, and apologize to affected businesses and members of the public. Source.
The police state that they have arrested a man suspected of possessing explosives after finding cache of weapons and explosives, including petrol bombs, knives, corrosive acid, and 2kg of triacetone triperoxide
The police bar a planned Sunday protest from ending in Admiralty and Court of Final Appeal in Central, citing safety concerns related to explosives discovery in their decision that the protest end in Wan Chai. Source.
Sunday, July 21
430,000 protestors march in Wan Chai beginning Sunday afternoon calling for an independent inquiry into the excessive use of force by the police against anti-extradition demonstrators. The protests now focus on four demands: 1) complete withdrawal of the extradition bill, 2) retraction of “riot” characterization of June 12 protests, 3) unconditional release of arrested protestors, and 4) universal suffrage. Despite police urging that protestors leave after reaching Wan Chai, the march continue toward Admiralty. Source.
Hundreds of protesters surround Beijing’s liaison office and deface the building and a PRC national emblem. Source. Shortly after 8 p.m., riot police move towards the liaison office and remove road barriers placed by protestors. Groups of protestors flee but others charge forward. The police fire tear gas and shoot rubber bullets into the crowds during subsequent scuffles with protestors. Source.
A few hours after the end of the Wan Chai protests, violence erupts at the Yuen Long MTR station, in western New Territories, where hundreds wearing masks and white t-shirts, believed to be triad members, begin attacking people indiscriminately with sticks and other weapons. A total of 45 people are injured, including local resident s, and journalists and protestors, as well as Democratic Party lawmaker Lam Chuek-ting. Source 1. Source 2. Source 3.
Police take 35 minutes after first reports to arrive at the scene. Mall officials at Yoho Mall, next to the MTR station say that they tried calling the police but could not get through. Source.
Pro-Beijing lawmaker Junius Ho is videotaped around 10 p.m. in Yuen Long applauding men dressed in white t-shirts and declaring: “all of you are my heroes.”
Monday, July 22
Junius Ho admits meeting with attackers in white t-shirtsand that some of them are his friends. Source. Pro-democracy lawmakers note that during the Yuen Long violence the day before, reporting hotlines did not work and the local police station was closed. In a joint statement, Pro-democracy lawmakers denounce police as “colluding” with triads and “condoning” the attacks. They call on Police Commissioner Stephen Lo to resign and for an independent inquiry into the incident. Source. Senior leaders, including ex-ministers and former allies of Carrie Lam, call for the administration to initiate an independent inquiry into clashes between police and protesters. Source.
Tuesday, July 23
Police arrest six men on suspicion of “unlawful assembly” following violent attacks in Yuen Long. Several of the arrested men have triad backgrounds. Source.
24 pro-democracy lawmakers issue a joint statement denouncing the police for “colluding” with triads and “condoning” the attacks in Yuen Long. Source.
Dozens of masked protesters vandalize pro-Beijing lawmaker Junius Ho’s office in Tsuen Wan. They smash glass panels and spray graffiti, criticizing him for praising Yuen Long attackers the night before. Source.
Wednesday, July 24
Dozens of masked protesters bring trains to a halt during morning rush hour in an act of civil disobedience against the MTR Corporation, causing overcrowding on the platform and disruption of Island Line services. Source.
Over 300 mid-level civil servants issue a joint-letter criticizing Carrie Lam's administration as well as police handling of the anti-extradition protests. Source.
34 former senior officials and legislators launch a second petition urging an independent commission of inquiry into political decision-making and police-protester clashes. Source.
Pro-democracy lawmaker Eddie Chu calls for a full investigation into Junius Ho's involvement in the attacks in Yuen Long. Source .
Pro-democracy lawmaker Andrew Wan from the New Territories files complaint with Independent Commission Against Corruption, alleging misconduct by the Yuen Long district regional commander in relation to July 21 Yuen Long attacks. Source.
A spokesperson for China’s defense ministry condemns Hong Kong’s anti-government protests and reiterates that Hong Kong can call upon Chinese military personnel stationed in the city to intervene if necessary. Source.
Max Chung, a Hong Kong resident, submits application to the police to hold a march in Yuen Long on July 27 to protest the violent attacks on July 21. Source.
Thursday, July 25
The police reject Max Chung’s application and say a protest in Yuen Long could increase the likelihood of further violence, referring to 13 letters from Yuen Long district leaders and 1,700 letters from members of the public who are worried for their safety. Max Chung says he will still walk the route as scheduled. Source.
Friday, July 26
The police confirm and defend their use of 55 cans of tear gas, 24 sponge grenades, and 5 rubber bullets to clear crowds in Sheung Wan during the July 21 protest. Reports confirm this was the first time in Hong Kong’s history that the police have used sponge grenades as riot control weapons. Source.
Approximately 15,000 protesters including flight attendants and airport staff stage an 11-hour protest in an attempt to hold the government accountable for violent attacks on Yuen Long residents in the prior week. Protesters make a small airport Lennon Wall, collect more than 14,600 signatures in support of their demands, and distribute leaflets. They sit on the ground chanting, “Free Hong Kong” as travelers walk through the terminal. Source 1. Source 2.
Saturday, July 27
Approximately 288,000 people attend a protest in Yuen Long according to organizer Max Chung, despite protest application’s rejection by police. Source.
Sunday, July 28
Max Chung is arrested for “organizing an unlawful assembly” on July 27. 13 others are arrested in connection with the march on charges including unauthorized assembly, possession of offensive weapons, and common assault. Source.
16 people are injured and 49 arrested as a result of clashes between protestors and police in Sheung Wan. Source.
Tuesday, July 30
Four protesters charged with possession of offensive weapons at the July 27 Yuen Long protest are denied bail by the Fanling Magistrates’ Court, and their cases are remanded until September 3. Source.
Wednesday, July 31
44 protesters charged with rioting on July 28 are released on bail, on the condition that they report to the police each week. The rioting charge carries a maximum prison sentence of 10 years under the Public Order Ordinance. Source.
Thursday, August 1
Hong Kong police reject the application for a pro-democracy protest planned for Saturday, August 3, in Mong Kok, and tell organizers that protestors can gather in a playground instead. Source.
The Law Society calls for an independent inquiry into the recent political crisis, and the president of Baptist University calls for a “truth commission,” becoming the the third university chief to make a statement. Source.
The police arrest pro-independence Hong Kong National Party founder Andy Chan and seven others on charges of possession of an offensive weapon and possession of explosives without a license after a raid on a warehouse. Hundreds of people gather at Sha Tin and later Ma On Shan police stations in protest. Source 1. Source 2.
Friday, August 2
In the first of four days of planned consecutive mass protests, thousands of civil servants go on strike despite warnings by the Secretary of Administration and other civil servant organizations that civil servants must remain "politically neutral" and in support of government. Police deploy tear gas and fire pepper ball rounds without warning. Source 1. Source 2. Source 3.
Police announce seven more arrests on charges of unlawful assembly, in connection with the July 21 Yuen Long attacks. Source.
Saturday, August 3
Standoffs and clashes between the police and protesters occur in several locations throughout the city, including Mong Kok, Tsim Sha Tsui and Wang Tai Sin. Protestors besiege and vandalize police stations and defend themselves from police with umbrellas and barricades fashioned from road blocks, while police fire teargas and pepper spray and pin down protestors.
A peaceful protest attended by thousands of people in Mong Kok deviates from the approved route: protestors walk to Tsim Sha Tsui, taking over main roads in Kowloon, and later on leave blockades at the entrance of the cross-harbor tunnel.
Photos show police subduing demonstrators and demonstrators bleeding outside a police station in Mong Kok. Police release a statement saying protesters had hurled bricks into the station and set fire to objects nearby.
Protests spread to Wang Tai Sin as local residents confront police until late at night, demanding they release other protesters believed held at a nearby police station. Source.
Protestors are seen throwing a Chinese flag from a pier outside Harbour City into the sea. Former Hong Kong Chief Executive CY Leung offers a reward of HK$1 million for useful information leading to the prosecution of the persons removing the flag, and a government spokesman condemns protesters for “challenging national sovereignty”. Source 1. Source 2.
90,000 people, according to the pro-establishment organizers, or 26,000 people, according to the police, attend a rally in support of the police and the government in Victoria Park under the theme “a hopeful tomorrow.” Source.
Sunday, August 4
Simultaneous marches occur in Tseung Kwan O and Western Hong Kong. Source.
A spokesperson from the central government condemns the protesters for “violating” the national flag laws of the PRC and Hong Kong and offending state and national dignity. Source.
Police announce the arrest of 20 people during Saturday’s protest clashes for offences including assault and unlawful assembly. Source.
Monday, August 5
Workers from 20 business sectors strike in the biggest general strike in decades. The Confederation of Trade Unions estimates that 350,000 people take part. Strikers include teachers, lifeguards, security guards, construction workers, and engineers. Subway lines, buses and roads are suspended and blocked. More than 2300 aviation workers join strike, 224 flights are cancelled.
At 10 a.m., Carrie Lam holds her first press conference in two weeks, and blames protesters for disrupting the workday, harming the economy, and harboring ulterior motives of revolution.
Hundreds of thousands of protesters and workers on strike attend simultaneous rallies in seven districts in the afternoon. Two cars drive through barricades in Yuen Long and Sha Tin.
Police begin shooting tear gas in Admiralty at 5 p.m. Protestors in helmets, goggles, and gas-masks run towards the tear gas, extinguishing it with traffic cones and bottles of water. Riot police shoot tear gas from rooftops. Clashes spread throughout various districts as marchers and neighborhood residents rally to protest against recent behavior of police officers.
In Sham Shui Po, police fired tear gas at residents who say they weren’t protesting.
In Tsuen Wan, a mob attacks protesters and passersby with knives.
In Wan Chai, protesters throw Molotov cocktails at the police headquarters.
Hong Kong police say they have arrested over 500 people and fired 1000 rounds of tear gas and 160 rubber bullets since June 9. The police fire nearly 1000 rounds of ammunition—tear gas, rubber bullets, and sponge-tipped rounds—on Monday alone. Source 1. Source 2. Source 3. Source 4. Source 5.
Tuesday, August 6
In a press briefing, the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council in Beijing issues its strongest warning yet to Hong Kong protesters. A government spokesperson says, “Those who play with fire will perish by it…. Don D who play with fire will perish by it State Councille/3021703/polic. . . . . Don . . play with fire will firm resolve and immense strength of the central government.” Source.
12,000 Chinese police officers stage an anti-riot drill in Shenzhen, directly across the border from Hong Kong, with police facing “protesters” dressed in construction hats and facemasks. Shenzhen police issue an online statement saying “All police forces in Shenzhen are always ready!” but claim the drills are public security measures in preparation for the PRC’s 70th anniversary celebrations. Source.
Baptist University student union president Keith Fong is arrested for ‘possession of offensive weapons’ after buying 10 laser pointers. The student union secretary alleges the police use excessive force in the arrest. Hundreds of protesters surround the Sham Shui Po police station and nearby roads in support of Fong. The police use tear gas to disperse the crowd, and arrest at least 6 people. Source.
Wednesday, August 7
Around 3,000 lawyers and legal sector professionals march from the Court of Final Appeal to the Department of Justice at midday. In this second “lawyers’ march,” the protesters wear black and march in silence. They call upon justice secretary Teresa Cheng to address allegations of politically-motivated prosecutions. Source 1. Source 2.
In response to Keith Fong’s arrest, over 1,000 people shone lasers on the side of the Hong Kong Space Museum in Tsim Sha Tsui during the regular nightly laser show.
Thursday, August 8
Hong Kong Baptist University Student Union president Keith Fong is released from jail and taken to the hospital. Source.
Friday, August 9
The Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) issues a warning to Cathay Pacific, in response to a Cathay pilot’s earlier arrest during a protest. Staff who had taken part in “illegal protests,” “violent actions,” and “radical activities,” will not be allowed to fly in and out of the mainland; Cathay must submit identification details of all crew using mainland airspace; and crew lists must be approved by CAAC for flights to use Chinese airspace. Source.
Saturday, August 10
Several hundred families march in a permitted pro-democracy rally to “guard [Hong Kong] children’s future.” Source.
Day Two of a three-day peaceful sit-in demonstration continues at Hong Kong International Airport. Source.
Sunday, August 11
Day Three of a three-day peaceful sit-in demonstration continues at Hong Kong International Airport. Source.
Protestors march from Victoria Park, and deviate from the police-authorized route. Police officers charge and fire tear gas at groups of protestors in Wan Chai, Sham Shui Po, Cheung Sha Wan, and Tsim Sha Tsui. Source 1. Source 2.
Undercover officers disguise themselves as protesters to infiltrate a crowd in Causeway Bay and arrest at least a dozen people. Photos show one protester’s face being pushed by an officer’s knee into a pool of his blood as he is arrested. Source 1. Source 2. Source 3.
Police officers fire tear gas inside Kwai Fong MTR station, a confined space. Source.
Police fire pepper balls at protesters at close range at Tai Koo MTR station, and beat with batons and push protesters an escalator. Source.
A young woman is shot in the eye, reportedly through her goggles, with a bean bag round at close range by police in Tsim Sha Tsui and suffers a ruptured eyeball and maxilla fracture. Source 1. Source 2 Source 3.
A police officer is burned on the legs after being hit by a petrol bomb inside Tsim Sha Tsui police station. Source.
Three lawyers file a complaint alleging police deliberately denied them their right to see their clients. Source.
A UK student, anonymously named “K,” is detained by two undercover police officers in Causeway Bay, beaten in the head with a baton, disallowed from contacting his parents, denied access to a lawyer and denied access to medical treatment for “six or seven hours” despite suffering from a brain hemorrhage. Source.
Monday, August 12
More than 5,000 protestors fill Hong Kong International Airport’s arrivals hall. Many wear eye patches in solidarity with the woman injured by police on August 11. Source.
Airport authorities suspend all flights for the rest of the day and evacuate Hong Kong International Airport. Source.
Medical professionals wear helmets and eyepatches to protest police violence. Source.
Hong Kong police invite journalists to a demonstration of new water-cannon anti-riot vehicles. Source.
The Global Times reports that People’s Armed Police armored personnel carriers have been assembling in Shenzhen over the weekend “in advance of apparent large-scale exercises.” Source.
At a press briefing, China’s Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office spokesperson says “the first signs of terrorism” are emerging in Hong Kong’s protests. Source.
Cathay Pacific warns its staff they could be subject to disciplinary measures or fired for supporting or participating in “illegal protests.” Source.
Tuesday, August 13
The office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights issues a statement urging the Hong Kong government to act with restraint towards protesters and to immediately investigate incidents of police use of weapons, including tear gas, that may be in violation of international norms and standards. Source.
Flights resume at Hong Kong International Airport in the morning. By afternoon, thousands of protesters occupy the airport for a second day, causing all remaining flights to be cancelled. Source.
Protesters seize two men: one they claim is an undercover mainland Chinese agent, and the other a Global Times reporter. Police come to free the two held men and to disperse the crowd with pepper spray and batons. A protestor takes the baton from an officer and is caught on footage attacking the officer, who then pulls out a gun. Source.
Chinese state media refers to Hong Kong protesters as “mobsters.” Source.
More than 1,000 doctors, nurses, and other health care workers from 13 public hospitals stage lunch-hour sit-ins to protest and condemn excessive use of force by police. Source.
Carrie Lam defends police against accusations of excessive use of force in a press conference. Source.
Wednesday, August 14
Most flights operate without disruption. The Airport Authority posts a formal notice of an interim court order, issued late Tuesday night, prohibiting inciting, aiding, and abetting unlawful and wilful obstruction of proper use of the airport. Protesters are prohibited from entering the departure hall and all but two designated sections of the arrivals hall. Source.
Protesters issue apologies for the disruption and clashes at the airport during previous nights. Source.
Riot police fire tear gas at protesters pointing laser beams at Sham Shui Po police station after the protesters do not heed verbal warnings to stop. Riot police disperse and subdue protesters gathered outside Tin Shui Wai police station. Source.
Thursday, August 15
Over 350 government workers and civil servants launch a second petition condemning police use of force against protesters, and warn of a strike if there is no dialogue or concession. Source.
The police deny permission to the Civil Human Rights Front to hold a planned rally for the first time, scheduled to be on Sunday, August 18. Source.
Friday, August 16
Cathay Pacific CEO Rupert Hogg resigns over the airline’s handling of issues related to the Hong Kong protests. CCTV announces the resignation. Source.
Saturday, August 17
People’s Daily posts a video of the People’s Armed Police conducting mock clashes with protesters in Shenzhen. Source.
Protesters march and rally in London, Toronto, Sydney, Melbourne, New York, and other cities in support of the Hong Kong protests. Source.
Three separate rallies take place in Hong Kong, including one in which thousands of teachers participate. Source.
Sunday, August 18
1.7 million people, according to organizers (and 128,000 protesters, according to police) peacefully assemble in Victoria Park and march to the government headquarters in Admiralty. Source.
Tuesday, August 20
In early morning, a knife-wielding Hong Kong resident attacks three people who are posting messages on the Tseung Kwan O Lennon Wall. Hong Kong police apprehend him as he tries to enter mainland China at Lo Wu in the afternoon. Source.
In press conference, Carrie Lam promises to set up a platform for dialogue, and says the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) fact-finding study commenced on July 4 will expand its scope and seek help from overseas experts. She refuses to withdraw the extradition bill and offers no concession to protesters’ five demands. Source.
IPCC head Anthony Neoh says he is not against a judge-lead independent inquiry into police handling of the protests, one of the five demands of the protesters, but that this inquiry should focus on ways to improve police operations and address social problems facing youth, instead of delving into individual police officers’ culpability. Source.
Friday, August 23
In an unauthorized but peaceful protest, an estimated 210,000 Hong Kongers form human chains across Hong Kong totally 30 miles, called the “The Hong Kong Way,” inspired by 1989 anti-Soviet “Baltic Way” protests. Source.
Hong Kong police officers receive first batch of 500 new protective anti-riot suits from mainland China. Source.
Saturday, August 24
HK MTR closes four stations in the vicinity of Kwun Tong (Lam Tin, Kwun Tong, Ngau Tau Kok and Kowloon Bay) after 12 p.m., where thousands are headed for a protest that has been authorized by the police. Source.
Early Saturday afternoon, on the 12th weekend of protests, tens of thousands occupy roads in Kwun Tong, Kowloon Bay, and Wong Tai Sin in Kowloon. Source. Police fire tear gas and rubber bullets, while protesters use sling shots, throw bricks, and wield iron rods—repeating their five demands and criticizing the government for breaching their privacy through its use of “smart” monitoring lampposts. Source. Ten people are injured, including two in a serious condition and one man who was hit in his left eye with a rubber-encased bullet. Source.
Around 2:30 p.m., Kwun Tong protesters arrive at Ngau Tau Kok police station. They pull down a smart lamp-post revealing components provided by China’s mass surveillance supplier, Skynet. Source.
After having met with former officials and other high-ranking politicians, Carrie Lam posts an appeal for dialogue on her Facebook page. Source.
Chinese police confirm release of Simon Cheng, employee of the British Consulate in Hong Kong who was detained for 15 days after trying to make his way back to Hong Kong from the Chinese border town of Shenzhen. Source.
Sunday, August 25
Following a peaceful march of 10,000 people in Tsuen Wan, Hong Kong police fire tea gas and plastic bullets at protesters, and use water cannon trucks for the first time since protests began in June. Protesters retaliate with sticks, bricks, and fire bombs. Source. Six officers drew their pistols. One fires a “warning shot” into the air. Source. Hong Kong police defend police officer for his “natural reaction” in kicking a kneeling, unarmed protester. Source.
Around 400 protesters say they are “relatives” of police officers hold rally at Edinburgh Place in Central, calling for an inquiry into the cause of the current political crisis. Source.
MTR announces it will be close three stations served by Tsuen Wan because of protests. Source.
By the end of the weekend, total arrests number 86 people, ranging from age 12 to age 52. Source.
Citing public concerns over surveillance, a Hong Kong technology company, TickTack Technology Limited, confirms it will stop supplying parts for HKSAR’s “smart lampposts” which are targeted during protests over the weekend. Source.
Tuesday, August 27
Carrie Lam addresses advisers in the Executive Council, stating that police have used minimal force against the protesters, and that, “We will not fight violence with violence.” She refuses to answer the question as to whether uniformed police officers should apologize for their alleged assault of a 62-year-old man, currently in hospital. On her refusal to respond to protesters’ demands, she adds, “It is not a question of not responding, it is a question of not accepting those demands”. Source.
The Appeal Board on Public Meetings and Processions upholds a police ban of a rally outside Cathay Pacific headquarters, organized to protest the airline’s dismissal of the head of cabin crew, for comments on social media. Source.
A 20-year old suspect, accused of storming the LegCo building on July 1, is accused of criminal damage and of “entering or staying in the chamber area.” Two other suspects, aged 19 and 29, are also accused of “entering or staying in the chamber area” and of conspiracy to commit criminal damage. Source.
Police defend arrest of 15 Hong Kongers aged 12-15, referring to special protocols for dealing with underage detainees. A social worker was with the 12-year-old boy when he was arrested, with his hands tied together with cable ties. An officer is caught on camera saying to the social worker, “How dare you call yourself a social worker. If you really care about the youngsters, don’t let them get out here.” Source.
Wednesday, August 28
Hundreds of protesters gather to condemn Cathay Pacific for firing staff and caving to pressure from Beijing. Source.
30,000 people attend a rally hosted by the Hong Kong Women’s Coalition on Equal Rights at Chater Garden in Central Hong Kong, demanding answers from the police for alleged instances of sexual assault, accusing police officers of “using sexual violence as an instrument of intimidation.” Source.
Hong Kong workers announce general strike on September 2 and 3. Source.
Secondary students announce class boycott on September 2, declaring that they will block entrances to schools if they do not receive a response from the government within 10 days. Source.
Thursday, August 29
Convenor of Hong Kong Civil Rights Front, Jimmy Sham, and his friend are attacked by two masked men with baseball bats on the same day police ban a rally that Mr Shan had planned for Saturday. Source.
Independence activist and leader of the banned Hong Kong National Party Andy Chan is arrested on suspicion of rioting and assaulting a police officer during a previous protest in Sheng Shui. Source.
Friday, August 30
Pro-democracy activists Joshua Wong and Agnes Chow are arrested on charges of organizing, inciting, and taking part in an illegal assembly. Former president of the University of Hong Kong’s student union, Althea Sun is arrested on suspicion of conspiracy to destroy or damage property. Source. Sha Tin District Council member Rick Hui is arrested on suspicion of obstructing officers. Source. Pro-democracy lawmakers Cheng Chung-tai, Au Nok-hin, and Jeremy Tan are also arrested. Source.
The Civil Human Rights Front cancels march set for Saturday, August 31, after the ban by the Hong Kong police is upheld by the Appeal Board on Public Meetings and Processions. Source. The march will have coincided with the fifth anniversary of a decision by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress in 2014 stating that candidates for the office of Chief Executive to be elected in 2017 would be selected by a 1,200-member Nominating Committee. This decision reversed the Standing Committee’s 2007 decision that the election of the Hong Kong Chief Executive in 2017 “may be implemented by the method of universal suffrage.” Source.
Protestors defy ban on protest and first march in central Hong Kong toward the PRC Liaison Office in Sai Ying Pun. As the area is in virtual lock down with the metro station closed and two water cannon trucks stationed, marchers head in the direction of LegCo, where protestors clash with police. Police fires tear gas and blue-colored water cannons at the protestors. Some protesters throw objects and gasoline bombs, pile barriers and set small fires. Source. Source.
Protesters gather outside the police headquarters in Wan Chai. Some throw Molotov cocktails. Fires erupted on the road outside of police headquarters. Source.
All five MTR lines are suspended. Police officers from the Hong Kong Special Tactical Squad, known as the Raptors, storm into a MTR train at Prince Edward station and start hitting passengers with batons and pepper spray. Source. Source.
63 people are arrested. Source.
Sunday, September 1
Hundreds of protestors converge at the Hong Kong International airport. In the afternoon, the Airport Express rail service is cancelled and one of the nearest MTR station to the airport, Tung Chung station, is closed because of damage by protestors according to MTR. Source.
Monday, September 2
Police announce that they have arrested 159 people during the protests over the weekend, with 16 charged with rioting, describing the situation as a “catastrophe” while defending their use of tear gas and beating protesters with batons at Prince Edward MTR station. Police also deny any “error” in subjecting protesters to a two-hour lockdown without access to medical care. Source.
2014 “Occupy” student leader Agnes Chow wins High Court appeal against disqualification from running in election. Source.
Protesters gather outside Mong Kok police station to protest police decision to send “raptors”—the Special Tactical Squad—into Prince Edward MTR station on August 31. Source.
Tuesday, September 3
Carrie Lam declares full withdrawal of extradition bill. Many protesters see it as “too little, too late.” Pro-democracy lawmaker Claudia Mo describes the move as “us[ing] a garden hose to put out a hill fire.” Source.
A leaked 24-minute audio recording reveals Carrie Lam saying, in a private meeting with a group of business people the prior week saying, that she would “quit” if she had the choice. In the recording, she also expresses sympathy for police officers “who have been suffering tremendously” but does not address the protesters’ demands for an independent inquiry into police violence. She says that “the rule of law requires law enforcement” through arresting protesters who “may not be violent by nature but [who] are very willing to resort to violence” in order to reduce their numbers and address “early signs of anarchism.” Source. Source.
Hospital Authority says three protestors are sent to Kwong Wah Hospital for treatment. The three include a young man suffering neck trauma. Police is reported to have initially denied him first aid. Source.
Hong Kong Journalists Association (HKJA) accuses police of using “pepper spray against journalists at a close distance without any protesters around, without anyone charging and without issuing a warning” during gathering on Monday night. Source.
Twenty-five people are arrested across Hong Kong for “illegal assemblies,” including Keith Fong Chun-yin, leader of the student union at Baptist University. Source.
Wednesday, September 4
Police arrest at least 20 protesters on a bus in Kowloon Bay. One of the protesters is 15 years old. The police refuse to allow social workers on the scene to accompany underage protester. Source.
The Chairman of Cathay Pacific announces his resignation, three weeks after the company’s CEO, Rupert Hogg, stepped down as chief executive, amidst pressure from Beijing to “fall into line” following Hong Kong protests. Source.
A man who was arrested in connection with protests last month says he was “beaten up and abused” by police officers while in the police van and again at the station, denied access to a lawyer for over six hours, and subjected to an invasive search whereby police officers “strongly squeezed [his] genitals”. Source.
Hundreds bring flowers to estate in Fanling after 9th suicide in anti-extradition movement. Source.
Thursday, September 5
“Silver haired” protesters ask Carrie Lam to attend public forum on Sunday, dissatisfied with failure to respond to all five demands. Source.
Legislator Junius Ho announces that he has formed the “Public Monitoring Steering Concern Group," which sends inspectors into schools to monitor students striking. The legislator Liang Meifen says that teachers who refuse to act to stop minors from protesting may be held criminally liable. Source.
Pro-democracy activist leader, Joshua Wong, charged with illegal assembly, calls on the international community to increase its support for Hong Kong’s democratic institutions, saying that ahead of China’s National Day on October 1, the “most important battle now is to secure democratic elections for the city.” Source.
Friday, September 6
MTR announces it will preserve “relevant” security footage from its stations for three years. A crowd of protesters gather and kneel at Prince Edward MTR station, “begging” for the railway operator to release the CCTV footage from the clashes on August 31st. Source.
Friday, September 13
The High Court grants a woman who suffered an eye injury during clashes with police on August 11, to challenge the police refusal to provide a copy of the warrant used to access her medical records. Source.
Saturday, September 14
Fist fights break out across parts of Hong Kong between anti-government and pro-Beijing and pro-police supporters. In Amoy Plaza shopping center in Kowloon Bay, clashes intensify as pro-Beijing supporters sing the Chinese national anthem, waive the Chinese national flag and take down a nearby Lennon Wall. A Lennon Wall in Fortress Hill, on Hong Kong Island, is also cleared out. Source.
The pro-democracy group Free Hong Kong raises HK $8.3 million (US$1.1million) in crowdfunding to run advertisements on October 1. Source.
Sunday, September 15
Despite a letter of objection issued by the police, tens of thousands of peaceful protestors march west from Causeway Bay toward Admiralty, where the SAR government headquarters are located. Some protestors confront the police. The police respond by firing tear gas and spraying blue-dyed water from water cannons. Riot police officers are deployed. Source
More than ten black-clad protestors throw at least three firebombs at two traffic policemen in Wan Chai who draw their revolvers. Source. Protestors hurl bricks at government offices in Admiralty, and pile barricades and set a fire outside Wan Chai MTR station. Source.
During their retreat eastward, some protestors are attacked in Fortress Hill by a group of men dressed in white. In North Point farther east, various fights break out between protesters and white-clad men, with several journalists assaulted. At least one man in Wan Chai is seriously injured after being attacked by protestors. Source.
Hundreds of protestors gather outside the UK consulate in Hong Kong to deliver a petition, urging the UK government to support the Hong Kong democracy movement and publicly acknowledge that China has violated the Sino-British Joint Declaration by interfering in Hong Kong affairs. Source.
Journalism student Boaz So is arrested for carrying a butter knife in his bag while covering demonstrations on Sunday after having eaten cakes with classmates to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival. Source.
Monday, September 16
Hong Kong pro-democracy legislator Tanya Chan speaks at the 42nd Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva, urging the United Nations High Commissioner to “convene an urgent session and establish a Commission of Inquiry, to ensure justice and human rights for the people of Hong Kong.” Source.
In a statement, the Junior Police Officer’s Association in Hong Kong warns that members may use firearms with live ammunition if they feel they are under lethal attack by protestors, following incident on Sunday when firebombs were thrown at traffic policemen. Source.
Hundreds of students march through Hong Kong Baptist University protesting the arrest of Mr. So the day before. Source.
Friday, September 20
Police Public Relations Branch Chief Superintendent Tse Chun-chung holds a press conference, rejecting Amnesty International’s recent report which found a “disturbing pattern of reckless and unlawful tactics against people during the protests.” Source. Mr. Tse disagrees with the report, saying it is “unfair to the police” due to the anonymity of the complainants. Source.
Saturday, September 21
Pro-Beijing legislator, Junius Ho launches “Clean Hong Kong Day,” urging supporters to destroy pro-democracy “Lennon Walls” erected by protesters. Source.
In the afternoon, nearly 2,000 protesters march in Tuen Mun, protesting against middle-aged mainland women known as “dama” or “big mama” for upsetting residents with their loud singing and dancing in the park. Source. Police attack first aiders. Source. A 13-year-old girl is arrested for burning a PRC flag. Source.
Around 5 p.m., police officers start firing tear gas and pinning protesters to the ground. Protesters throw bricks and gasoline bombs in response. Source.
In the evening, hundreds of protesters stage a sit-in at a shopping mall near the Yuen Long MTR station. Source. More than 50 shops close as protesters gather to sing the new Hong Kong protest anthem, “Glory to Hong Kong.” Source. A protester is trapped in an alleyway and beaten by dozens of police officers. Source.
Sunday, September 22
By 7:30 a.m., 14 men and one woman have been taken to hospital. One is in serious condition. Six are stable. Source.
During the day, protesters gather in shopping malls in Sha Tin and Nam Cheong, targeting pro-Beijing or pro-police businesses. Police fire tear gas, while protesters build and burn barricades and destroy the PRC flag. Source. After being found with a can of spray-paint and a laser pen, a 14-year-old boy is arrested for possessing “offensive weapons”. Source.
In the evening, police arrest at least five people for blocking roads and burning objects outside Mong Kok police station. Riot police arrive at Nathan Road to clear protesters, after MTR announces it will close the Mong Kok and Prince Edward MTR Stations. Several individuals dressed in black wielding batons take part in subduing protesters and prevent journalists from recording the event. One woman dressed in black confirms she is an undercover police officer. Source.
Tuesday, September 24
Pro-democracy lawmaker Roy Kwong is ambushed, punched and kicked by three people when he is walking to his car in Tin Shui Wai. A fourth person was filming the attack. Source.
Thursday, September 26
Hong Kong’s first community dialogue is held at Queen Elizabeth Stadium with about 130 people from the public asking questions and venting their frustration at Carrie Lam and four ministers including the mainland affairs secretary Patrick Nip and the health chief Sophia Chan. Source.
A reporter at Apple Daily is punched and kicked by four men in Sau Mau Ping. Source.
Dan Garrett, an American author who has documented Hong Kong protests since 2011, is denied entry to Hong Kong after testifying before the U.S. Congressional Executive Commission on September 17on Hong Kong anti-government protests. Source.
Friday, September 27
Cofounder of the pro-independence Hong Kong National Party Andy Chan is attached and beaten with electric torches by three or four men wearing hats, sunglasses and masks. Source.
Saturday, September 28
Tens of thousands of peaceful protestors rally in Tamar Park celebrating the fifth anniversary of the start of the Umbrella Movement. The police use water cannons, tear gas and pepper spray against protesters allegedly throwing firebombs. Source.
Following the protests, the police conduct large-scale arrest and stop-and-search a number of buses in Wan Chai, Causeway Bay and Hung Hom looking for protestors. Source.
Despite failing to obtain a letter of no objection, protestors stage a “global anti-totalitarianism” march from Causeway Bay to Admiralty. The situation quickly turns violent when the police start firing tear gas and rubber bullets and clashes between the police and protestors goes on for hours in Causeway Bay, Admiralty and Wan Chai. A group of protestors vandalize Wan Chai MTR station. Source.
A 39-year-old Indonesian journalist from the Suara Hong Kong News was shot in the right eye by a projectile. Source.
A plain-clothes officer fire live warning shots to deter protestors. Source.
A masked man in yellow helmet throws red paint at canto-pop singer and activist Denise Ho at a march organized by the Taiwan Youth Association for Democracy in Taipei. Source.
Hong Kong Labor Party member Stanley Ho is attacked by four masked men, breaking both of his hands. The party condemns the assault and describes it as “white terror.” Source.
Tuesday, October 1
While Beijing celebrates the 70th anniversary of the Communist Party’s rule of China, thousands of protesters in Hong Kong defy police ban to march throughout the city., some shouting “There is no National Day celebration, only a national tragedy.” Before a march in Causeway Bay, Labour Party politician Lee Cheuk-yan says, “We are mourning those who sacrificed for democracy in China.” Source.
MTR closes several MTR stations in the morning. By 11pm, 47 out of 94 stations are closed. Source.
Protests turn violent with clashes between the police and protesters in 13 different locations including on Hong Kong Island, in Wong Tai Sin, Sham Shui Po, Tuen Mun, Tsuen Wan, and Sha Tin. Source. Source.
Police fires tear gas into a residential flat in Tsim Sha Tsui, breaking a window and forcing a family with an infant to flee. Source.
A minivan crashes into a crowd of protesters in Wong Tai Sin and is found burning six hours later. Source.
Around 4 p.m. in Tsuen Wan, a police officer shoots 18-year-old Form 5 student, Tsang Chi-kin, at close range in the upper left chest, three centimeters from his heart. The incident takes place on Tai Ho Road during clashes between the police and protesters, marking the first time a police officer shoots a protestor with live ammunition. Tsang was later charged with rioting and assaulting police. Source. Source. Source.
According to news reports, the police changed internal guidelines on use of firearms at 10 p.m. the night before, lowering the threshold event for which a police officer is allowed to use a firearm, from "attacks intended to cause death or grievous bodily harm" to "attacks intended to or very likely to cause death or grievous bodily harm." Other changes allow police officers facing "strong resistance" to use pepper spray, pepper water, tear gas canisters, hand-thrown tear-gas grenades, tear-gas water, thermal tear-gas dispenser, and pepper balls, in addition to subdue and control with force (as per previous guidelines. )Source.
At a midnight press conference, Hong Kong police commissioner Stephen Lo defends the shooting, saying the officer had given a verbal warning before opening fire and had acted in a “legal and reasonable” way. Source.
A total of 269 people are arrested; the police fire 1,400 tear gas canisters, 900 rubber bullets, 190 beanbag rounds and 230 sponge-tipped rounds, reaching record numbers in a single day. Six live rounds are fired. Source. Source. Source. At least 74 people are hospitalized for injuries, two in critical condition; 30 police officers are injured. Source. Source. At least 10 journalists from various media outlets covering the protests are injured. Source.
Wednesday, October 2
Hundreds of people march from Chater Garden in Central protesting the shooting of the high school student the day before. Protesters also gather at Tamar Park, in Sha Tin, and in Kowloon Tong. Students at Tsuen Wan Public Ho Chuen Yiu Memorial College, the school of the victim, organize a sit-in and other secondary schools students organize ad-hoc class boycotts. Source. After the headmaster of the victim’s school refuses to condemn the shooting, alumni also protest his silence. Source.
The 18-year-old student shot on Monday is in stable condition at Princess Margaret Hospital with a serious lung injury, having undergone a chest operation to have the bullet removed at Queen Elizabeth Hospital. Source.
Lawyer of the Indonesian journalist Veby Mega Indah, who was shot in the eye with a rubber bullet on September 29, confirms that the journalist will end up permanently blind in one eye. Source.
96 people arrested for rioting on September 29—including doctors, nurses, teachers, surveyors, social workers, and many students—have their cases heard in West Kowloon Magistrates' Courts. All are granted bail. Source.
Friday. October 4
Chief Executive Carrie Lam announces a face mask ban effective October 5, 2019. The ban prohibits wearing of masks or any facial covering that obscures the face in all authorized or unauthorized assemblies and processions and carries a penalty of a maximum one year prison term and a HKD 25,000 fine. The ban excludes police officers and reporters. The ban is declared under the Emergency Regulations Ordinance, which permits the Chief Executive to “make any regulations whatsoever which he may consider desirable in the public interest.” Source. Source.
The Hong Kong High Court dismisses application submitted by activist Lester Shum for emergency bid to halt the mask ban. Source.
Protests erupt in more than a dozen neighborhoods, including Central and Western Districts (Source), Taikoo (Source), and Wan Chai, Admiralty, with their protest chant change from “Hong Kongers, Persist!” (香港人！加油！) to “Hong Kongers, Resist!” (香港人！反抗！). Source.
An off-duty police officer drives a car into a crowd in Yuen Long, reportedly bumping a person. He then shoots a 14-year-old boy in the left thigh when he is surrounded by protesters. After the shot goes off, the officer is beaten and is hit by a petrol bomb thrown at him. Source.
Saturday, October 5
The MTR continues to suspend its operations “until further notice” after having shut down all its services on Friday night at 10.30 p.m. Dozens of shopping malls and banks are also closed in the wake of Friday night’s unrest. Source.
The 14-year-old boy who was shot in the thigh by police on Friday, October 4, is charged with rioting. Source.
Sunday, October 6
At 2 p.m., despite the pouring rain, thousands of protesters march in large and peaceful processions in Kowloon, Causeway Bay, and Victoria Park. Source. In Causeway Bay, protesters gather outside shuttered malls and shops, chanting “Hong Kongers, resist!” The demonstrations quickly turn violent. Source. Source.
A taxi in the middle of a crowd of protesters in Sham Shui Po, in Kowloon, picks up speed suddenly and rams into the crowd, reportedly injuring at least two people. Source. One of the injured, female, sustains open fracture on left leg and dislocation of right knee (Source). Protesters the drag the driver out of the taxi and beat him. Source.
A video circulated online shows a scene shot from high angle of police officers changing into black clothing, apparently in disguise as protesters. Source.
Despite assurances from authorities that professionals are exempted from the mask ban, riot police confront a journalist and remove his mask, saying, “Who gave you the privilege to wear a mask?” Source.
Chinese soldiers stationed in Kowloon warn protesters that they may be arrested for shining lasers at the police barracks. Source.
24 pro-democracy lawmakers file an application for injunction in the High Court to suspend the mask ban, accusing Carrie Lam of by-passing the legislature in breach of the constitution. Justice Godfrey Lam rejects the application, saying his reasons will be given on Tuesday. Source.
Monday, October 7
In a statement, the police describe the incident of a taxi ramming into protesters on October 6 as a “traffic accident.” Source.
A Hong Kong-based journalist who was hit by a petrol bomb during protests on Sunday recovers in hospital, having suffered a burn to the face. Source.
A male university student and a 38-year-old woman appear in court as the first people charged with breaching the anti-mask ban. Source.
The Education Bureau announces that starting from 11am on October 8, all schools will be required to report on the number of students who wear masks to school. Source. They are also required to report on students who boycott classes or who are absent “for abnormal reasons.” Source.
While security guards attempt to block the doors, riot police storm a shopping mall in Ma On Shan to arrest a man while also pushing a Stand News reporter to the ground, removing her glasses, threatening her with pepper spray, and taking her charging cable. Residents inside the mall criticize police for storming into a private area. They then protest outside Ma On Shan police station. Source.
Police accuse 19-year-old pregnant woman of “faking it” when her water breaks after she is pushed to the ground during Monday’s protest. They stall for 20 minutes before allowing her to be sent to hospital, and then threaten to send her to San Uk Ling detention center. When she is in hospital, a male police officer enters her delivery room to obtain her personal information. Source. Police then continue to guard her delivery suite. Source.
Tuesday, October 8
The taxi driver who rammed into the crowd of protesters on Sunday October 6, is hospitalized but not charged, while a 20-year-old man in the crowd is arrested for rioting. Source.
Nearly 200 firefighters and paramedics issue a joint statement condemning police obstruction of humanitarian aid. Source.
Jannelle Leung Hoi-ching, a pro-democracy Kwun Tong district council candidate, is attacked with a blow to the head by an unidentified man when she is distributing leaflets several hours after announcing her campaign. She is hospitalized with a head injury. Source.
Carrie Lam says she “won’t rule out” accepting help from mainland China in dealing with the Hong Kong protests. Source.
Wednesday, October 9
Hong Kong High Courts hears application by pro-democracy activist Edward Leung to appeal his six-year jail sentence on rioting conviction. The conviction stemmed from his involvement protests in Mong Kok on February 8 and 9, 2016, supporting street vendors being cleared by the authorities. The Court reserves its judgment until next year. Source. Hundreds of pro-democracy protesters gather outside the Court in support of Edward Leung, chanting, “Liberate Hong Kong, revolution of our times.” Source.
The taxi driver who rammed into the crowd of protesters on Sunday October 6, still not charged, receives a RMB52,000 donation from a pro-Beijing group. Source. The 20-year-old is accused of “vigilante beating” of the taxi driver. Source.
Michael Vidler, the lawyer representing the Indonesian journalist who was shot in the eye on September 29, accuses the police of failing to gather evidence from the scene at the time of the incident. He says that it was a group of lawyers who collected the rubber bullets and other related evidence from the scene five days later. Source.
It is reported that five security guards were arrested for attempting to stop police from entering the mall in Ma On Shan on Monday. Source. The security workers union issues a statement condemning their arrest. Source. Hundreds of people gather in the Ma On Shan shopping mall in support of the security guards. Source.
Hong Kong police confirm that in the evening of Tuesday October 8, a plain clothes Hong Kong police officer had dressed as a protester inside the closed Sham Shui MTR station, in order to conduct “an investigation.” Source.
The Hong Kong Community College dismisses Chan Wei-keung, a lecturer of 14 years, after his anti-protester comments spark outrage among students. Source.
A study of Hong Kong residents aged 15 and above shows that Hong Kongers’ mental health is at its worst in eight years, exacerbated by tensions arising from protests. Source.
After being arrested on the night of October 7, a 27-year-old protester remains in intensive care with brain hemorrhage resulting from an injury inflicted during the protest that night. Source.
A Chief Inspector at the police headquarters in Wan Chai tells 400 officers in a convening that they have the right “to remove a mask from anyone in a public place whenever they reasonably believe the person is wearing it to prevent identification.” Source.
Thursday, October 10
The Office of the Ombudsman says it has received more than 10,000 complaints about the police since June, but investigations into these complaints are limited by the scope of its authority. Source.
Chief Secretary Matthew Cheung Kin reveals that nearly a third of the protesters arrested since June are under 18. He describes the trend as “shocking” and “heartbreaking.” Source.
Friday, October 11
MTR re-opens all its stations after being shut for a week, and the Legislative Council holds its first session since pro-democracy demonstrators stormed the LegCo building in July. Source.
Indonesian migrant workers rally outside their consulate, urging action on reporter shot blind during protests. Source.
Hong Kong officials reveal that one-third of the 2379 protesters arrested since June are under 18; and 104 of them are under 16. Source.
The Police Deputy Commissioner threatens to arrest female student Sonia Ng and her family for slander after she alleges she was sexually assaulted in custody by the police. Source. Hundreds of protesters gather in Chater Garden to show their solidarity for Ng. Source.
Saturday, October 12
A woman who attempts to rip a face mask off a demonstrator in a protest is later discovered to be a prosecutor at the Department of Justice. Source.
After the assault on district council candidate Janelle Leung, 25, on October 8, a second candidate, Jocelyn Lau, 23, is attacked by a middle-aged man while distributing pamphlets. Source.
Sunday, October 13
Two people are arrested in Kwun Tong after an officer is “slashed in the neck” by a protester. Source.
Protesters vandalize a Starbucks branch in the Tseung Kwan O district, as they call on people to boycott allegedly pro-China businesses. Source.
Monday, October 14
In the early morning, police shoot Now news van driver in the head with a beanbag round. They then beat him at the police station and release him to hospital two hours later with a broken jaw. Source. A senior officer apologizes for the incident and promises to conduct an investigation. Source.
Police say that on October 13, protesters detonated a homemade bomb—the first time such a device was used in the Hong Kong protests. Source.
Students and friends gather to commemorate Chan Yin-lam, the 15-year-old girl who was found dead in the sea in September, at the Hong Kong Design Institute when she was a student. Protesters demand explanation from school authorities of the gaps in the CCTV footage from the day she was last seen. After the school fails to respond, the students vandalize school property. Source.
19 members of the Children’s Commission urge police to review their procedures in relation to their handling of underage arrestees. Source.
In the evening, 130,000 people gather at Chater Garden, pressing Washington to pass the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act. Source.
Over a hundred protesters gather in the rain at Southorn Stadium to support NBA manager Daryl Morey, who spoke out in defense of the Hong Kong protesters. They also burn a basketball jersey to denounce LeBron James’ comments. Source.
Tuesday, October 15
The United States House of Representatives approves the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, with the Senate vote next week. Source.
The Hong Kong Design Institute releases 20 more seconds CCTV footage relating to Chan Yin-lam, showing her in an elevator with a man on the evening she went missing and leaving the elevator. In the afternoon, students vandalize the library. Source.
The convenor of the Hong Kong Civil Human Rights Front, Jimmy Sham, is attacked in Kowloon in the evening with two men wielding hammers. When he is taken into the ambulance, he tells the reporter: “five demands, not one less”. Source.
Wednesday, October 16
During her policy address, Carrie Lam admits that she is not offering any political solutions, but says she hopes to do so after calm is restored. Source.
Guri Melby, a Norwegian Parliamentarian, nominates the people of Hong Kong for a Nobel Peace Prize. Source.
In a public opinion poll conducted by the Chinese University of Hong Kong from October 8-14, 71% of respondents oppose the mask ban, 62% believe the ban achieves the opposite of quelling the unrest, and 52.5% believe the SAR government bears the greatest responsibility for the violent clashes between police and protesters. Source.
Friday, October 18
Murder suspect Chan Tong-kai whose case triggered the extradition bill crisis agrees to surrender to Taiwan authorities after his release next week. Taiwan authorities urge Hong Kong authorities to keep him in custody in Hong Kong, “in order to investigate the truth and seek criminal liability for justice.” Source.
Sunday, October 20
Police fire blue-colored tear spray liquid through water cannons at a mosque in Kowloon, despite eye witness accounts that there were no protesters nearby. Source.
Monday, October 21
Carrie Lam arrives at the mosque in Kowloon to apologize to Muslim community leaders for the police’s “inadvertent spraying” of the mosque the day before. Source.
A 22-year-old man from mainland China is remanded in custody at Fanling Court where he faces one count of wounding with intent after allegedly stabbing a 19-year-old pro-democracy student surnamed Hung in the neck and stomach. The attack occurred on Saturday, October 19 when Hung was handing out protest pamphlets. Source.
Police refuse to suspend the officer who shot at the Kowloon mosque with a water cannon on Sunday, October 20, saying it would do nothing to solve the problem. Source.
Taipei says murder suspect Chan Tong-kai’s surrender to Taiwan authorities is not enough to prosecute him and requests the Hong Kong government to agree to a mutual legal assistance framework. Carrie Lam says the Hong Kong government would only provide assistance “within the legal limits of Hong Kong.” Source.
Tuesday, October 22
In a surprise reversal, Taiwan agrees to accept murder suspect Chan Kong-tai from Hong Kong. Vice-Chairman of the mainland affairs council, Chiu Chui-cheng, says while he regrets the Hong Kong’s refusal to agree to a mutual legal assistance mechanism, he says that in the interests of justice, “if Hong Kong will not handle it, [Taiwan] will handle it.” Source.
Four people who were struck by the water cannons outside the Kowloon mosque on October 20 file official complaints against the police, alleging that the police did not follow their own guidelines in using the water cannons. Source.
Wednesday, October 23
Chan Kong-tai is released from prison in Hong Kong after serving 19 months for money laundering charges. Chan apologizes to the victim’s family and says he will “surrender” himself to face trial in Taiwan. Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen says Taiwan will “not agree to his surrender in exchange for leniency” and again requests Hong Kong to provide “judicial assistance, especially in the area of evidence gathering.” Source. Hong Kong rejects Taiwan’s request to send law enforcement authorities to escort Chan to Taiwan. Source.
Hong Kong’s legislature formally withdraws the extradition bill that sparked the protest movement. Source.
Friday, October 25
The Hong Court high court issues a broad injunction banning people from publishing personal details about police officers and their families online. Source.
Saturday, October 26
Thousands attend medical profession assembly, criticizing police abuse and expressing concern for injured protesters who avoid going to the hospital for fear of arrest. Source.
Sunday, October 27
At 3 p.m., more than a thousand people gather at Salisbury Garden in defense of “civilians, journalists and the Muslim community” against police brutality. After some protesters throw objects at the police, officers retaliate with pepper spray and tear gas. Multiple clashes break out around the city throughout the afternoon and into the evening. One reporter is hit in the leg by a police projectile and the police demands others to remove their masks. Source.
At 4 p.m., hundreds gather at a paper crane ceremony to commemorate the people who have died or been injured during the protest movement. Source.
Monday, October 28
Several hundred Tuen Mun residents protest outside the Tai Hing operational police base over suspected tear gas testing at the base, which many residents claim caused them to feel unwell in the afternoon. After clashes between the two sides, police give a warning and fire tear gas canisters into the crowd. Source.
Tuesday, October 29
Joshua Wong is the first candidate to be disqualified from the district council elections, which will take place on November 24. Source.
Wednesday, October 30
More than 70 people—mostly residents—are arrested in Tuen Mun following another protest relating to claims of tear gas leaking from the Tai Hing operational police base. Source.
Thursday, October 31
Police ban a rally planned for Saturday, November 2, in Victoria Park and Tamar Park. Source.
The High Court grants a temporary injunction effective through November 15 banning users of messaging apps including Telegram and the “Reddit-like forum” LIHK from sending messages that incite violence or acts causing damage to property. Source.
Police fire tear gas to disperse a group of masked anti-government protesters and partygoers near the clubbing district Lan Kwai Fong. They also fire tear gas at masked protesters in Nathan Road. Source.
Saturday, November 2
Police discontinue a pre-approved peaceful assembly in Central minutes after it has begun. Later in the day, police use tear gas to disperse a gathering in Victoria Park which protesters characterize as an “election meeting” concerning upcoming district council elections, which, in principle, does not require police permission. Police also deploy water cannons in Central, Wan Chai, and Causeway Bay. Source.
Fires are set at the MTR Central Station, as protesters smash glass, leading MTR to announce its closure at 6 p.m. Protesters also vandalize the headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party-owned Xinhua News Agency. Source.
In Central, a firefighter accuses officers of firing a tear canister projectile into his fire engine. Officers push him up against the wall, and push away journalists nearby and use pepper spray against them. Source.
In Causeway Bay, a volunteer first aider suffers serious burns to his back after apparently being hit with a tear gas canister. Source.
Sunday, November 3
Riot police storm several shopping malls, including in Tai Koo Shing on Hong Kong Island and in Sha Tin in the New Territories, where some protesters gather peacefully while others have vandalized shops and restaurants. Source.
In Tai Koo Shing, four people are injured following clashes between police and protesters outside the shopping mall. Pro-democracy councillor Andrew Chiu has part of his ear bitten off by someone wielding a knife, another man is found unconscious in a pool of blood with wounds in his back, and a third is beaten by a crowd accusing him of starting the attack. Source.
Monday, November 4
Hundreds of angry students besiege the president of Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Wei Shyy. They demand that he condemn police brutality after a fellow student is reported to have suffered a brain injury after falling from a car park in Tseun Kwan O while fleeing tear gas fired during clashes between protesters and police early this morning. Source.
Police hold an emergency press conference to "express sadness" over student in critical condition after falling from car park in Tseung Kwan O the night before. They deny involvement of officers and refute claims of police obstructing an ambulance’s access to the student. Source.
Wednesday, November 6
While campaigning on a sidewalk in Tuen Mun, pro-Beijing lawmaker Junius Ho is stabbed by a man dressed as a campaign volunteer. Source.
Chow Tsz-lok, the 22-year-old Hong Kong student who fell from a car park building on Monday, November 4, dies at 8.09 a.m. Source.
Tung Pak-fai, the suspect who was arrested for stabbing Junius Ho on Wednesday, November 6, is charged with attempted murder and will remain in custody until February as he chose not to apply for bail. A spokesperson for the Chinese State Council’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office condemns the attack as “blatant violence,” which creates a “chilling effect . . . to achieve a political gain”. Source.
Magistrate So Wai-tak finds a 16-year-old boy guilty of one count of possessing offensive weapons in a public place and one count of possessing offensive weapons with intent, on the basis of his carrying a laser pointer, a modified umbrella and a hiking pole to a protest in September. Police discovered the items on the boy during a body search after his arrest near the Tuen Mun MTR station on September 21. Source.
Seven pro-democracy lawmakers are detained or face arrest for their “involvement in [causing] a fracas” over the now-withdrawn extradition bill at a local assembly session back in May 2019. The lawmakers claim the government action is an “excuse to postpone or cancel [the] November 24 district elections.” Source.
Monday, November 11
In a call for a citywide strike, protesters cause wide-spread traffic disruption, resulting in suspension of classes at 11 universities on Monday, and at 10 universities on Tuesday. Police enter the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), and the University of Hong Kong (HKU), leading to violent clashes and several arrests. Source.
In Sai Wan Ho, a police officer fires three live rounds and shoots an unarmed 21-year-old protester in the stomach at close range. The protester remains in critical condition following surgery. Source.
A 57-year old man is doused in flammable liquid and set alight after confronting a group of protesters at Ma On Shan station. He suffers head trauma and severe burns to his body as he “fight[s] for his life in hospital.” Source.
Tuesday, November 12
More than 1,000 demonstrators rally during the lunch hour in Hong Kong’s Central financial district. Police fire tear gas at demonstrators and arrest more than a dozen people. Police also fire tear gas at students rallying at the City University in Kowloon Tong and at the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) in the New Territories where protesters throw petrol bombs and bricks at police. A senior officer says the city is on “the brink of total breakdown.” Source.
In clashes that last for hours at a barricaded bridge outside the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK), police fire hundreds of rounds of tear gas and rubber bullets; students hurl gasoline bombs and bricks, and shoot flaming arrows. More than 100 injured students are taken to a makeshift first-aid clinic in a gym. Source.
During the negotiated ceasefire between protesters and the police, the vice chancellor of CUHK, Rocky Tuan, is shot with tear gas. Police also fire a water cannon despite announcing their retreat. Source.
Protesters create road blocks in over 13 districts to obstruct police reinforcements. The Hospital Authority announces 51 injured following the clashes. Source.
Wednesday, November 13
Bus routes, train services, and major roads are shut down as part of a general strike protesting the death of Chow Tsz-lok on Friday, November 8. Mainland students evacuate the city, and protesters erect barricades and roadblocks around the city, preparing for further clashes with police. Source.
In Central at lunchtime, workers support protesters through cheers and chants. Police clash with protesters and fire tear gas. Source.
A Stand News reporter is diagnosed with an incurable skin condition, Chloracne, after repeated exposure to dioxins released by tear gas. Source.
The Hong Kong High Court rejects an application for injunction by the Chinese University (CUHK) student union seeking to prevent police from entering the campus without a warrant. Source.
CUHK calls off all classes “with immediate effect until the beginning of Term 2 on 6 January 2020.” Several other universities suspend classes for the rest of the week. Source.
In Tin Shui Wai around 10 p.m., a 15-year-old boy suffers a serious injury from apparently being hit in the head with a tear gas canister. He is taken to hospital and undergoes brain surgery. Source.
In Kwai Chung around 10 p.m., an unidentified man aged around 30 and dressed in black is found on the street in a pool of blood. He is taken to hospital and declared dead. Police say he died from falling from height. Source.
Hundreds of young protesters fortify parts of the campuses of Polytechnic University and University of Hong Kong (HKU), in addition to those of CUHK, Baptist University, and City University. At CUHK, protesters carry supplies by foot including protective gear, food, water, and weapons. Source.
Thursday, November 14
Sporadic clashes break out between protesters and police near the Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Kowloon. On Hong Kong Island, protesters block roads surrounding the University of Hong Kong, causing traffic delays. At the Chinese University of Hong Kong, protesters barricade themselves inside the grounds and block all entrances for the third day in a row. Source.
Office workers come out in support of protesters in Central during their lunch hour, and in Tai Koo, in the northeastern part of Hong Kong Island. Source.
In the morning in Sheung Shui, a man dressed in black is taken to hospital after he is beaten by at least ten baton-wielding men. A young woman dressed in black also claims to have “narrowly escaped” being kidnapped by the baton-wielding men. Source.
A 70-year-old man dies after being hit in the head with a brick in Sheung Shui the day before, during clashes between protesters and police. Source.
Friday, November 15
White collar workers continue to show support for protesters by attending more lunchtime rallies– the fifth day this week. Friday’s rally includes the formation of a channel for black-clad “braves” to run through, carrying bricks in anticipation of a police crackdown. Source.
Two Democratic Party district election candidates announce they intend to file a civil claim against police for ill treatment during their detention. Source.
Saturday, November 16
Hong Kong journalists condemn a police officer for allegedly firing a sponge grenade at a radio reporter while he was covering protests in the early hours of Saturday morning. Police say they are investigating the incident and the officer involved has been put on leave. Source.
PLA soldiers from the army’s garrisons in Hong Kong clean up a protest site. Source. Article 14 of the Basic Law states, “Military forces stationed by the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region for defence shall not interfere in the local affairs of the Region. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may, when necessary, ask the Central People’s Government for assistance from the garrison in the maintenance of public order and in disaster relief.” Source. A Hong Kong government spokesperson is reported to have said that the soldiers’ assistance had not been requested. Source.
Sunday, November 17
Police clash with protesters around Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) throughout the day in the most violent confrontation since the protests began in June. Police use tear gas, rubber bullets and water cannons. Protesters resist and hit an officer in the leg with a flaming arrow. Source.
A reporter from Mad Dog Daily suffers serious injuries to his head and waist after being hit in the head by a blast from the police water cannon outside PolyU. Source.
By the evening, police take over all entry points to PolyU, trapping hundreds of people inside. Source. At 8.30 p.m., riot police advance on protesters at the Cheong Wan Road Bridge aided by two armored trucks, but are beaten back by Molotov cocktails. Source.
At midnight, police issue a warning that live ammunition may be used against protesters. Source.
Monday, November 18
At around 5.30 a.m., police enter the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU). Makeshift barricades are set on fire, with firefighters arriving later to put out the flames. Source. Police carry out many arrests near the campus; a large group of people are seen seated outside a hotel in the Tsim Sha Tsui district of Kowloon with their hands zip-tied behind their backs. Police arrest 51 people who they say “claim to be medics or journalists” outside PolyU. The regional police commander says anyone who walks out of PolyU will be arrested for rioting. Source.
Protesters trying to flee the campus are met with a “hailstorm” of tear gas and rubber bullets. They also try to rush a police cordon but are pushed back onto the campus. Student leaders say protesters suffered eye injuries and hypothermia after being struck by a stinging dye shot from a police water cannon.
At least 500 protesters remain inside the university in the afternoon. Some protesters escape by climbing down ropes or plastic hoses dropped from a bridge on campus, as supporters on motorcycles await them on the road below. At least 116 people are injured by the end of the day. By nightfall, 100 people (mostly parents of the protesters) stage a sit-in outside the school. Dozens of protesters lined up at the designated exit are arrested on charges of rioting. Source.
The Hospital Authority confirms 38 people were injured on Sunday. Source. Police announce 154 arrests over the weekend, bringing the total number of arrests to 4,491 since the protests started in June. Source.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says the United States is “gravely concerned” about the deepening unrest and violence, including at PolyU and other campuses. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell also calls on leaders in Beijing and Hong Kong to “de-escalate”. Source. The United Kingdom Foreign Office expresses its concern over the escalating violence at PolyU, emphasizing the vital need for the authorities to provide appropriate medical care to those who are injured, and “safe passage” for all those who want to leave. Source.
The Court of First Instance of the Hong Kong High Court rules the ban on face-covering at protests unconstitutional, saying it “goes further than necessary” in restricting fundamental rights. Source.
Hong Kong Police Commissioner Stephen Lo retires, saying that an independent investigation would be “unjust” as “police have not abused use of force.” Source.
The U.S. Congressional-Executive Commission on China releases its annual report, which highlights, among other matters, the “further erosion of Hong Kong’s autonomy and fundamental freedoms under the ‘one country, two systems’ framework.” It also recommends that Washington implement the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act to punish those who violate human rights. Source.
Tuesday, November 19
The National People’s Congress Standing Committee slams the High Court’s ruling declaring the face-covering ban unconstitutional, saying it is the only body that can judge and decide whether Hong Kong laws are constitutional. Source.
The Hong Kong Secretary for Food and Health, Sophia Chan says tear gas chemical ingredients should not be made public because doing so would affect the police force’s operational capabilities. Source. She says that based on internal studies, there is no evidence to support claims that tear gas poses major public health or environmental risks through producing dioxins or cyanide. Secretary for the Environment, Wong Kam-sing suggests that, based on the major sources of dioxin globally—hill fires and waste burning in the open air—dioxins in Hong Kong may be sourced to protesters’ fires and Molotov cocktails. Source.
The Hong Kong Department of Justice asks the Hong Kong High Court to suspend enforcing the November 18 ruling on the mask ban so that the ban can continue pending an appeal. Source.
According to the President of Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), by the afternoon about 100 protesters remain barricaded inside the university for the fourth consecutive day. Source. 300 minors surrender and 280 people are sent to hospital. Source. Supporters attempt to distract the police by disrupting the city’s train network. Source. The Hong Kong Secretary for Justice says all those who leave will be arrested for rioting. Source. Six people are arrested for attempting to escape the campus via the sewers. A 21-year-old student describes how she and others underwent a “painful” swim through the squalid water, which was filled with snakes and cockroaches. Source.
Over 200 people who tried to help those trapped inside the besieged PolyU campus on Monday, November 18 are charged with rioting in Tsim Sha Tsui, Jordan and Yau Ma Tei—areas around the university. They are brought to courts in six districts across Hong Kong, for hearings scheduled from 9p.m. to 1a.m.. The Chief Magistrate of the Eastern Magistrates Court, Qian Li, slams the prosecution for its unsatisfactory schedule and for wasting both the courts’ and lawyers’ time. Source. Source.
Former employee of the United Kingdom’s Hong Kong consulate, Simon Cheng, says, during his detention by mainland authorities, he was beaten, deprived of sleep, “shackled, blindfolded and hooded” by Chinese secret police as they interrogated him on the UK’s role in supporting the protests. On August 15, he was stopped at Shenzhen when he tried to reenter Hong Kong after a trip. Source.
Hong Kong’s Secretary for Justice, Teresa Cheng, says she has “no opinion” on Simon Cheng’s allegations of torture against the Chinese government. Source.
Thursday, November 21
Almost a hundred protesters remain inside the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) campus, which police have surrounded since Sunday, November 17. Although desperate to leave, protesters say they would rather be arrested than surrender voluntarily. Source.
Four months after the attacks of protesters at the Yuen Long MTR station, 36 people have been arrested but only six have been formally charged with rioting and conspiracy to injure others. Source.
In the evening at Yau Ma Tei near the PolyU campus, thousands of people try to encircle police officers in order to distract them and rescue those trapped inside. At around 11.30 p.m., a white van accelerates towards a fleeing crowd, followed by two police cars. Officers from the Special Tactical Squad exit from the van and chase the protesters. Some officers fire pepper balls at the crowd and a stampede ensues. One person breaks an arm but cannot receive treatment as police officers wield pepper spray and demand all medics to leave. Source.
Friday, November 22
A 43-year-old Hong Kong man is arrested for allegedly taking photographs of an elite police squad known as the “Flying Tigers,” who were involved in a clearance operation the previous weekend amid protests in Tsim Sha Tsui.
The Hong Kong High Court says it will wait seven days before declaring the anti-mask law unconstitutional in light of an imminent appeal by the government. Source.
An 18-year-old woman files a complaint with the Hong Kong Police alleging she was raped by four men during her detention at Tsuen Wan police station on September 27. Source.
A record turnout of over 71 percent of registered voters delivers a landslide victory for the pan-democrats in the district council elections, who win 389 out of 452 seats (up from 124) and gain control of 17 of the city’s 18 district councils. Source. Source.
Over 30 people are still trapped inside Hong Kong Polytechnic University for the eighth day in a row. Representatives tell reporters that those still stuck inside are suffering from panic attacks, starvation, and loss of speech. Source.
Hong Kong’s top judge, Geoffrey Ma Tao-li, says the independence of the judiciary is one of the “fundamental features” of Hong Kong’s legal system, as “guaranteed and spelled out in the clearest of terms in the Basic Law.” Source.
Monday, November 25
Hundreds gather in Tsim Sha Tsui East near Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) demanding the release of dozens of protesters who are still trapped inside the university, besieged by police since November 17. Source. Chief Executive Carrie Lam refuses to order the police to retreat, saying that the siege is part of the police’s role in upholding the rule of law. Source.
Later in the day, following pleas from the university, police agree to enter PolyU with a team comprising school principals, social workers, clinical psychologists and others, to negotiate the protesters’ retreat. The police promise not to make any arrests, to provide medical treatment to those who need it, and to treat the protesters similar to minors. Chief Superintendent Ho Yun-sing, district commander of Yau Tsim District says he will not rule out arresting them later. Source.
Tuesday, November 26
Chief Executive Carrie Lam says she is considering setting up an independent “review” committee to investigate the causes of the social unrest in Hong Kong. Source.
Hundreds of protesters gather at IFC Mall in Central Hong Kong and on the streets in Kowloon Bay. In Central, they express their support for the protesters who are still trapped inside Hong Kong Polytechnic University after major clashes with police there on Sunday, November 17. In Kowloon Bay, protesters occupy the crossroads between Sheung Yuet Road and Wang Chiu Road, halting traffic for 20 minutes, riot police arrive wielding batons, shields and crowd control guns, and holding a blue sign which tells people they are taking part in an illegal assembly. Source.
Amy Pat Wai-fan, 24, who was charged with two counts of rioting at the Mong Kong protests in 2016 and convicted in the District Court earlier this month on both counts, is sentenced to three years and ten months in prison. Source.
Newly-elected district council party member, Huang Guotong, is denied entry to Macau on national security grounds. Source.
Wednesday, November 27
Over 3,700 intellectuals in the international academic community sign a joint petition condemning police violence in Hong Kong and urging universities to deny police entry to campuses, in support of freedom of assembly and academic freedom. Source.
The 18-year-old protester, “Ms. X” who filed a complaint on October 22 after allegedly being raped by several officers during her detention at the Tsuen Wan Police Station in September, wins a court application to revoke a search warrant that allowed police to obtain her medical records and clinic surveillance footage after her complaint was filed. Source. According to anonymous sources, the woman was impregnated and had an abortion. Source.
President of the United States, Donald J. Trump, signs into law the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act and the Protect Hong Kong Act, which could sanction Hong Kong government for not maintaining its autonomy from mainland China under ‘one country, two systems’ framework. Source.
Thursday, November 28
In the first case where a Hong Kong court has criminalized the possession of a laser pointer as an offensive weapon, the 16-year-old boy who on November 8 was found guilty of possessing “offensive weapons” in a public place, and possessing “offensive weapons” with intent—on the basis of bringing a laser pointer, a modified umbrella, and a hiking pole to a protest—is ordered to attend a rehabilitation center at his sentencing hearing. Already in custody for two months, the boy will continue to serve a short custodial sentence and receive work training and counselling. Source.
Newly appointed Police Commissioner Chris Tang tells reporters during a tea gathering that the police “may consider” using wooden bullets against protesters, which Civil Rights Observer group says are more dangerous than rubber bullets and in breach of the spirit of the United Nations’ “Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials.” Source.
At noon, police end their 12-day siege on Hong Kong Polytechnic University. During their final search of the University, they find no remaining protesters. Source.
Saturday, November 30
Seniors join with students as part of a cross-generational rally of several hundred people at Chater Gardens in Central Hong Kong. Many sing “Glory to Hong Kong”—the unofficial anthem of the protest movement. Some wave U.S. flags to show their appreciation for the new U.S. laws, the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act and Protect Hong Kong Act. Source.
Residents gather to conduct a vigil outside Prince Edward MTR station, paying their respects to protesters who they believe were killed by police there three months ago. Police continue to deny the account and refuse to release full CCTV footage from the night. A few hundred protesters also gather in Kowloon Bay where they form a line and stand side by side, holding hands. Source.
In an opinion piece in South China Morning Post, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, urges the Hong Kong government to “prioritise a long-overdue process of meaningful, inclusive dialogue” and conduct “a proper independent and impartial judge-led investigation into reports of excessive use of force by the police. Source.
Sunday, December 1
At around 3 p.m., approximately 380,000 people gather to march from Tsim Sha Tsui Clock Tower to Hung Hom Stadium in the largest of three rallies approved on the same day, with “Don’t forget our original intentions” as its theme. The police revoke the notice of no objection issued just one hour later and clash with protesters across the city—in Tsim Sha Tsui, Whampoa and Mong Kok—using pepper spray, pepper balls, and tear gas, and carrying out many arrests. Source. Source. Officers storm into Tsim Sha Tsui MTR station where they use pepper spray against crowds and push a kneeling woman to the ground, who appears to be pleading with them. Source.
Police Commissioner Chris Tang, denies the existence of police violence in Hong Kong and criticizes the media for conducting a mass smear campaign against the police force through spreading “fake news.” Source. He rejects calls for an independent investigation into alleged police misconduct, refuses to apologize for the July 21 attacks in Yuen Long and confirms that the officer who drove his motorcycle into a crowd of protesters on November 11 is back on active duty. Source.
Monday, December 2
Thousands of people, including protesters dressed in black, the elderly, as well as families, march along a main thoroughfare on Kowloon’s Victoria Harbour waterfront chanting “five demands, not one less” and “disband the police force.” The march is cut short after riot police fire tear gas and arrest several people. Some protesters throw paving stones at police. At night-time, more tear gas is fired after dozens of protesters set up road blocks and vandalize restaurants and shops with ties to the mainland. Source.
At 12 p.m. in Chater Garden, over a thousand people from the advertising industry gather to kick-start a five-day strike in support of the five demands. Source.
Pro-democracy lawmakers introduce a private member’s bill (introduced by a legislator who is not acting on behalf of the executive branch) to amend the “colonial, draconian and out of date” public order ordinance. The bill seeks to reduce the maximum penalty for rioting from ten years in prison to three, and bring down the maximum penalty for unlawful assembly from five years in prison to six months. Currently, almost 6,000 people have been arrested during almost six months of protests. Source.
Yuli Riswati, an Indonesian migrant, domestic worker, and acclaimed writer who wrote about the protests, is deported, after 28 days in detention for overstaying her visa. She had a two-year contract beginning in January 2019 with her employer, who had requested that her visa be extended. Source.
Saturday, November 30
Secretary for Food and Health Sophia Chan says the government has never stopped consulting with experts on assessing the health risks of tear gas for society and how to deal with those risks. She says she will actively follow up on the issue. Source.
Tuesday, December 3
In the first sentencing hearing relating to vandalism during the Hong Kong protests, Acting Principal Magistrate Cheung Kit-Yee of Tuen Muen Court sentences student Edgar Kwok, 17, and another student, age 15, to correctional training. He also orders them to pay HK$285,000 (US$36,500) for vandalizing three rail stations during an anti-government protest in early September. Source.
Wednesday, December 4
A photograph of a female police officer pinning the 14-year-old female student to the ground by sitting on the head goes viral. Source. Hung Hom Division Commander Alan Chung defends the officer as having used minimum force. Source. The schoolgirl is one of four middle school students arrested by plainclothes officers at around 7 a.m. in To Kwa Wan for alleged possession of offensive weapons, acting in a disorderly manner in public, and criminal damage. The other three are 15-year-ol male students. Mr. Chung says they were part of a group of masked students who had gathered to try to block roads near Ma Tau Wai Road and Tam Kung Road and spray paint a passing bus. Source.
Secretary for Food and Health Sophia Chan maintains that the recent use of tear gas has not caused any significant increase in harmful pollution across Hong Kong’s districts, despite release of more than 10,000 tear gas rounds since June. Source.
During a debate at the Legislative Council, the Secretary for Labour and Welfare, Law Chi-Kwong, says that “compared dioxins resulting from our barbeque activities” the amount of dioxins in tear gas is “very minimal.” Source. Source. The Labour Department, believed to be under political pressure, delays releasing tear gas safety guidelines. Source.
Thursday, December 5
A motion put forward by 25 pro-democracy legislators to impeach Chief Executive Carrie Lam is defeated by the pro-Beijing camp in a 36-26 vote. Source.
Hong Kong police grant permission to the Civil Human Rights Front to convene a Human Rights rally on Sunday, December 7. Source.
The protester who was shot by a police officer in October 1, Tsang Chi-kin, appears in court on charges of rioting and assaulting a police officer. His case is adjourned to February 2020. Source. Source.
Friday, December 6
In the evening, around 20,000 people (according to the organizers) gather at Edinburgh Place in Central Hong Kong demanding authorities to stop using tear gas and release details relating to its chemical composition. The rally ends peacefully around 9 p.m. Source.
Dozens of secondary students gather in Kwai Ching, expressing their ongoing support for the protest movement and the need to continue to speak up against police violence. Source.
Saturday, December 7
In the afternoon, around 500 people gather at Edinburgh Place in Central Hong Kong to criticize the Hong Kong Immigration Department’s decision to deport Yuli Riswati on Monday, December 2. Source. Ms. Riswati, a domestic worker, writer and outspoken supporter of the Hong protests, says she was forced to take off her clothes in front of a male doctor during her detention. Source.
Sunday, December 8
In the first protest organized by Civil Human Rights Front to be approved by authorities in more than four months, hundreds of thousands (organizers estimate 800,000; police estimate 183,000) march from Causeway Bay to Central to show their ongoing support for democracy and human rights in Hong Kong. The protest coincides with the six-month anniversary of the start of the protest (June 9) and International Human Rights Day, December 10. Source. Source.
Police arrest eight men and three women, aged between 20 and 60, in relation to seized fire arms (including a semi-automatic pistol and 105 rounds of ammunition) that police say they found during a raid in the morning. Senior Superintendent Steve Li claims the group “planned to use firearms to create chaos during the protest march, including attacking police officers, or framing police officers for hurting passersby.” Source.
Monday, December 9
Five of the young men arrested the night before in connection with the police’s seizure of fire arms appear in court on a variety of charges for intention to harm and possession of fire arms and ammunition without a license. Their hearings are postponed until February 18, 2020, pending further investigation by police. One of the defendants says he was beaten in a dark room after his arrest, forced to unlock his phone, and forced to make a statement under threat of physical violence. Source.
Civic Party lawmaker Tanya Chan, convener of the pro-democracy camp, says 24 pro-democracy lawmakers and 390 incumbent district councilors and councilors-elect have signed a petition urging the government to separate the police pay rise from those due for other civil servants. Source.
Wednesday, December 11
Foreign experts recruited to ensure objectivity in the investigation into allegations of excessive force by police announce they are formally stepping down because they and the Independent Police Complaints Council (IPCC) have failed to reach “any agreed process” to enable the IPCC to conduct an effective investigation. They say the IPCC lacks the powers necessary “to meet the standards citizens of Hong Kong would likely require” in a society that “values freedom and rights”. Source.
According to the Security Bureau, as of November 28, 914 people arrested in connection to the Hong Kong protests were under 18 at the time of their arrest. 394 boys and 178 girls were between the ages of 16 and 17, while 240 boys and 102 girls were under the age of 16. Source.
Monday, December 9
Hong Kong police defuse two home-made bombs containing 10kg of explosives found at Wah Yan College in Wan Chai. Police are investigating who made the bombs. Source.
Thursday, December 12
According to the MTR Corporation, at around 1 a.m., six black-clad “rioters” hurl petrol bombs at two escalators and Maxim’s cake shop in Ngau Tau Kok MTR station, Kowloon. The station is immediately evacuated. No one is injured and perpetrators flee before police arrive. Rail services resume later in the morning. Source.
Health care activists (organizers estimate 1,800; police estimate 550) gather at Edinburgh Place in Central. They threaten the government with strikes from an expanded trade union movement and encourage Hong Kongers across the health sector to set up new unions to fight for the rights of staff and patients. Source.
In a record-breaking voter turnout, pro-democracy candidates win six out of seven seats on the council of the Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants, beating pro-government and independent opponents. Source. Source.
In the evening at Po Fook Memorial Hall in Tai Wai, thousands of Hongkongers from diverse backgrounds attend a memorial service for Chow Tsz-lok, a 22-year-old student protester who died in hospital on November 8 after falling from a carpark building and suffering a severe brain injury. Source. Human Rights Monitor criticizes police for harassing people as they stand in the queue, waiting to pay their respects. Source.
Friday, December 13
A document submitted by the Security Bureau to LegCo’s Finance Committee reveals: 1) Hong Kong police officers have received a total of HK$950 million (USD$122 million) in overtime pay June-November, 2) the force has been allocated a budget of HK$20.2 billion for fiscal year 2019–2020, and 3) Chief Executive Carrie Lam and her Executive Council will give pay rises of 4.75% to senior civil servants and 5.26% to those in lower and middle ranks. The Finance Committee—which has a pro-Beijing majority—votes down a democrats-proposed motion to summon police representatives to answer questions at the legislature. Source.
Tens of thousands of protesters gather at Edinburgh Square in Central, marking six months since the first major clash between protesters and police at the beginning of the protest movement. In addition to highlighting police brutality, they repeat the five demands and rally participants to write Christmas cards to protesters detained in prison. Source. Source.
At the Juvenile Court in Tuen Mun, Magistrate Kelly Shui sentences a 13-year-old girl to a 12 month probation order for burning the Chinese national flag outside the Tuen Mun Town Hall in September. As part of her sentencing, she is required to live at the reported address, abide by a curfew order, and participate in rehabilitation and group counselling. Source.
Five Hong Kong teenagers (three males and two females aged 15-18) are arrested on suspicion of murder, rioting, and wounding in connection with the death of a 70 year-old-man who was hit in the head with a brick during clashes between pro- and anti-government protesters last month. Police say they have been detained pending further investigation. Source.
Friday, December 13
At a LegCo meeting, Secretary for the Civil Service Joshua Law says the Security Bureau has “completed its study” into legislating a ban on insulting civil servants and that there is no timetable set for the proposed legislation. Source.
Saturday, December 14
Hong Kong police say they have foiled a second bomb plot (in under a week) after arresting three men allegedly testing home-made devices and chemicals in a secluded area in Tuen Mun early this morning. Officers seize a radio-controlled detonation device and protective gear, including shields, bulletproof vests, a steel plate, and gas masks. Source.
Sunday, December 15
Several clashes occur between police and protestors in Kowloon. Around 9:00 p.m., police arrest at least two people during clearance of a gathering of about 100 people outside Langham place in Mong Kok. At 10:40 p.m., riot police fire pepper spray at residents and journalists at the intersection of Nathan Road and Shantung Street. The police then head to Sai Yeung Choi Street South, where they raise a black warning flag for around ten seconds before firing several canisters of tear gas. At 11:25 p.m., several officers try to push back a group of reporters near the intersection of Shantung and Portland Streets. A photojournalist for Mad Dog Daily argues with riot police near the intersection and is pepper-sprayed, beaten with batons, arrested, and taken to Mong Kok police station. Source. Source.
Monday, December 16
In a press conference, Hong Kong Police Public Relations Branch Senior Superintendent Kong Wing-cheung provides an outline of police actions over the preceding week: 99 people were arrested, including 17 students; 27 tear gas canisters were fired on December 15 (total for the week); and five rubber bullet rounds were used with eight police officers injured. Source.
Mr. Kong defends a police officer who yelled at a sick elderly woman in the early morning in Mong Kok by saying, “all those who are sick, elderly, or children, should try and avoid such dangerous areas at around 1 a.m.” He also defends the detention of the Mad Dog Daily photojournalist the day before saying that the reporter’s “verbal abuse [was] very likely to cause breach of the peace at the scene.” Source.
The three men arrested in Tuen Mun on December 14 in an alleged bomb plot are charged with one count each of making an explosive substance and conspiracy to wound with intent. All three are denied bail. Source.
The Court of First Instance weighs whether to permanently shield personal information of 4.1 million voters from the public as it hears arguments from two sides. The Junior Police Officers’ Association (JPOA) argues that public access to voters’ names and addresses has led to doxxing of “politically exposed persons,” in breach of Article 14 of the Hong Kong Bill of Rights (right to privacy). The electoral authorities assert that there is no evidence to support a causal relationship between election register information and online doxxing. “It is likely the information comes from all sorts of internet media that has already been there,” a lawyer representing the electoral authorities argues. Source.
Secretary for Labour and Welfare Law Chi kwong outlines the powers of an independent “review” committee first proposed by Carrie Lam on November 26 to probe the political and socio-economic causes of the Hong Kong protests. Law says the committee will not be able to compel witnesses to give evidence and cannot make findings or adjudicate on individual complaints against the police force, since, according to him, that role is best served by the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC). Source.
Around 200 social workers attend a rally at Edinburgh Place, Central, starting a three day strike against the “humanitarian crisis” in Hong Kona and urging others to join. Source.
The Court of Appeal rejects applications for leave to appeal by Au Nok-hin and Gary Fan challenging a lower court’s decision to invalidate their elections to the Legislative Council, unseating them immediately. The Court upholds the lower court’s ruling declaring them “not duly elected,” given that Demosisto's Agnes Chow Ting and localist Ventus Lau Wing-hong—whose seats Au and Fan filled—were ruled to have been wrongly disqualified from running in the 2018 by-election on Hong Kong Island and New Territories East, respectively. Au and Fan must clear their offices by January 6. With only nine months left in the Legislative Council’s term, it is unclear whether a by-election will be held to fill their seats. Source.
Responding to a legal challenge by a woman referred to as “K,” High Court judge Godfrey Lam upholds the police’s refusal to provide K with a copy of the warrant used to access her medical records after she was injured in the right eye during clashes with the police on August 11. Judge Lam holds that although K’s privacy was affected, a person does not have a “freestanding right” to ask the police to show them a warrant and in this case and the police’s actions did not affect her right to access the courts. Due to losing the challenge, Ms. K is ordered to pay the government’s legal fees. Source.
Vice Chancellor of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Rocky Tuan, is among Times Higher Education’s list of people of the year for standing with students during protest confrontations on campus in mid-November. Source.
Going against the principle of presumption of innocence, Joshua Law, Secretary for Civil Service, defends suspending civil servants suspected of committing a criminal offence before a determination of their guilt, saying that employees must be “law-abiding, dedicated, impartial and politically neutral.” Source.
A leaked internal document from the Commissioner of Police, Chris Tang, to members of the Hong Kong police force reveals the force’s plans to ask the government for more pay, welfare support (including educational subsidies and housing arrangements), manpower, and supplies. Source.
Wednesday, December 18
Pro-democracy lawmakers pass three motions proposing to invoke special legislative powers to investigate alleged police brutality relating to the protests. Among the incidents cited are the June 12 protest at LegCo, July 21 Yuen Long attacks, and August 31 Prince Edward MTR clash. The proposals are expected to be voted down by the pro-establishment majority after discussions continue on Thursday, December 19. Source.
Hong Kong police freeze more than HK$70 million and arrest four people for alleged money laundering in connection with Spark Alliance, a non-profit group that raises donations to support Hong Kong protesters. The group denies the allegations and accuses police of “smearing” them. Source.
In the evening, all four are released on bail, including the director of a shell company whose account was closed by HSBC in November, following a police investigation into more than 50,000 deposits in June 2019 that totaled nearly HK$81 million. Source.
Following a three-day strike that began on Tuesday, December 17, hundreds of people join a peaceful march organized by social welfare workers calling on foreign countries to make laws addressing the “humanitarian crisis” in Hong Kong. Source.
More than 100 protesters rally near the HSBC headquarters in Central, criticizing the bank for allegedly helping the city’s police to shut down the Spark Alliance account—one of the main sources of funding for the protest movement. Source. HSBC says its decision to shut down the account was “completely unrelated” to the arrest of the four individuals the day before. Source.
Justice Keith Yeung of the High Court grants an application by a social worker for judicial review of an IPCC probe into police conduct during protests in June and early July. The court finds it “reasonably arguable” that IPCC had no authority to initiate such a study without any express statutory investigative or fact-finding powers. Source.
The Education Minister, Kevin Yeung Yun-hung, confirms that about 80 teachers and teaching assistants have been arrested—two of whom have been suspended—in connection with protest actions. He says tougher action is needed to “correct [the teachers’] errors and protect students.” Source.
Police arrest a 19-year-old man after he fires a shot with a pistol at plain clothes officers in Tai Po. No one is injured. Police search a nearby flat to find a cache of weapons including a semi-automatic rifle and more than 250 rounds of live ammunition. Source. Source.
Saturday, December 21
Protesters gathering at shopping malls throughout Hong Kong during the peak shopping weekend before Christmas are chased by riot police; several are arrested, and shops are forced to close. In Yuen Long, hundreds of protesters demand justice on the five month anniversary of the Yuen Long attacks. In Tsim Sha Tsui, protesters converge on Harbour City mall, popular with mainland Chinese luxury shoppers. Several protesters surround some men who they call “black dogs” accusing them of being undercover police officers. Source.
After being in a coma for more than a month, the teenager who was shot in the head with a tear gas canister on November 13 wakes up with slow response and uncertain prospects for recovery. Source.
Several retired judges turn down offers from the government to head an independent review into the underlying causes of unrest in Hong Kong. Source.
Sunday, December 22
Around 1,000 people gather at Edinburgh Place in Central to express support for Uyghurs in Xinjiang—the first protest of its kind. Organizers set up a banner on a stage that reads “Today Xinjiang, tomorrow Hong Kong, release Ilham Tohti,” the Uyghur intellectual and economist sentenced to life imprisonment in 2014 for “separatism.” Pro-independence activist Andy Chan says the Uyghur situation proves that “autonomy” under Chinese rule is a trap, and that China has broken its promise to allow Uyghurs to keep their religion and culture. Source.
At around 5 p.m., riot police arrest a protester for removing a Chinese flag from a flagpole near the pro-Uyghur protest. Riot police spray pepper spray and beat protesters with batons. One points a pistol and others fire at least two rubber bullets on a nearby footbridge, reportedly hitting a passerby in the leg with a projectile. Protesters throw objects such as plastic bottles at police. Around nightfall, police conduct large-scale searches around Central. Some protesters are seen lined up against a wall with their hands above their heads. Source.
Monday, December 23
David Su, the Hong Kong man who shot a live round at police in Tai Po on Friday night appears at Fanling Court to face charges in two separate cases: 1) conspiracy to wound with intent, for allegedly taking part in a conspiracy to unlawfully and maliciously injure police officers during a rally in Wan Chai on December 8, and 2) shooting with intent to resist lawful apprehension and possessing arms and ammunition without a license in connection to the December 20 shooting. Source.
Acting principal magistrate Don So Man-lung adjourns the conspiracy case to February 18, 2020 when the defendant will appear in Eastern Court alongside his five prosecuted accomplices. He will be brought to Court on Tuesday, December 24 for the second lot of charges. Source.
In his annual Christmas address, John Cardinal Tong of the Catholic Diocese of Hong Kong urges government to establish commission of inquiry. Source.
Hong Kong University Centre for Comparative and Public Law issues report urging government to explore amnesty as a viable path of resolution that does not violate principles of rule of law. Source.
"Be Water" makes Financial Times’ "Year in a Word." Source.
Riot police clash with thousands of anti-government protesters in and around shopping centers and hotels across Hong Kong. Protesters throw umbrellas and other objects at police. Police fire tear gas and beat some protesters with batons, with one point a gun at a crowd without firing. In Mong Kok, police use pepper spray to disperse protesters. At Mira Place mall in Kowloon, about 100 protesters break glass counters and spray anti-China graffiti on the walls and windows of a Starbucks—condemning the local owner’s daughter’s overt condemnation of the protesters. Source. In Yoho Mall, Yuen Long, a man runs from the police and injures himself after falling from the second floor of the mall. He is hospitalized. Source.
A group of black-clad protesters smash the glass walls of an HSBC branch in Mong Kok, spray-painting “revenge for Spark Alliance” on its all and starting a fire at its entrance. At Hang Seng Bank on Nathan Road, which is controlled by the HSBC group, protesters smash glass and damage ATMs. Source.
Police arrest 165 people (source) including an 18-year-old student, Kwong Wai-pong, who is stopped by police outside a storage facility in Kwun Tong and arrested for possessing explosive substances and smoke bombs. Inside the facility, police find highly flammable nitrocellulose, 10 smoke bombs, more than 30 types of chemical, and protest gear. Source.
Police manuals leaked to the Washington Post show frequent breach of guidelines and international standards on the use of force. Source.
Wednesday, December 25
During a stand-off on Nathan Road in Mong Kok in the early morning, police fire tear gas and pepper balls at protesters after they block major roads, vandalize banks, and throw petrol bombs at police vehicles. Source.
At about 2 a.m., a 16 year-old boy, surnamed Sin, falls from the rooftop balcony of a Taiwanese restaurant, after police search the premises for protesters. He is hospitalized with hand and leg injuries. Police deny using any force inside the restaurant. Source.
During daytime, protesters converge on various big malls to mount “shopping protests” (“和你Shop”). Police confront protesters with pepper spray in Shatin, Mong kok and Kowloon Bay, Source.
Thursday, December 26
For the third day in a row, protesters and police clash in and around shopping malls across the city. Police fire pepper spray and blue dye at protesters who chant anti-government and anti-police slogans. Police arrest more than 300 people. Carrie Lam accuses protesters of ruining the Christmas holiday and condemns their “[u]nprecedented violence, reckless and organized destruction” which has “become the norm.” Source.
Kwong Wai-pong, the 18-year-old student who was arrested for possessing explosive substances and smoke bombs on Christmas Eve is denied bail by the Tuen Mun Magistrates Court. Mr Kwong is among five people appearing on different protest-related charges at the Court. Source.
Police confirm that during December 24–26, 336 people were arrested—the youngest aged 12; 13 police officers were injured; and police fired 76 tear gas bombs and used 33 rubber bullets. Source.
Friday, December 27
A LegCo inquiry reveals that Hong Kong police have earned a total of HK$135 million in protest-related allowances since June—mostly related to work-related and meal allowances—on top of HK$950 million for overtime pay. Source.
Saturday, December 28
Around 150 demonstrators (according to police) gather at Sheng Shui plaza without previously notifying police. Police fire pepper spray—including against a journalist for Agence-France Presse. 20 people are arrested, the youngest aged 13. Source. Source.
Secretary for Education Kevin Yeung says that the Education Bureau has the power to dismiss the principal of a school that does not cooperate with a Bureau demand to investigate a teacher for involvement in the protests; the principal would be deemed “unfit to discharge their duties,” Yeung said. Source.
Sunday, December 29
A 17-year-old student surnamed Chu, who was beaten by police while he was leaving Tai Po Market station during a demonstration in September, says he has been diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and has had to skip his upcoming school exams. After being struck on the head, back, and limbs, Chu received two stitches on his head, underwent surgery for a fractured finger, and was hospitalized for two weeks. He now takes four types of psychiatric medications daily. Source.
A church in Taiwan offers humanitarian aid to 200 Hong Kongers who have fled the city. The pastor of the church says most of them have symptoms of PTSD. Source.
Monday, December 30
Hong Kong’s largest pro-establishment party, the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB) is said to be “scrambling” to find around 200 jobs for its out-of-work politicians and their staff after their crushing defeat in the district council elections last month. Party insiders say DAB is hoping to find positions for people with ties to pro-Beijing businesses. Source.
Tuesday, December 31
Police make several arrests after thousands of protesters briefly occupy a major road on Kowloon, while spectators count down to midnight along Victoria Harbour. Source.
Police arrest six people in Tin Shui Wai for posting on the Lennon Wall. They force them to kneel, including a pregnant woman who starts to vomit. She is forced to wait for hours before being sent to hospital. Source.
Wednesday, January 1
Hong Kong police arrest about 400 people across Hong Kong, after a peaceful pro-democracy New Year’s Day march of tens of thousands spirals into chaos. When scuffles break out near the HSBC branch in Wan Chai, police call off the march early, firing tear gas and a water cannon to disperse crowds. The total arrests since June are now 7,000. Source.
38 lawmakers and leaders from 18 countries, including Australia, Britain, Canada, Ireland, Lithuania and the United States, publish an open letter to Carrie Lam. They urge her to listen to the demands of the protesters and set up an independent probe into the police’s use of force, or otherwise face an international inquiry. Source.
During the protest, a policeman is caught on video taking off the protective goggles of Democratic Party lawmaker Ted Hui and pepper-spraying him directly in the face. Source.
Thursday, January 2
Hong Kong police said the officer who officer removed lawmaker Ted Hui’s goggles to pepper-spray him in the face was justified in doing so because he “displayed passive resistance and kept on arguing.” Source.
Civil Rights Observer confirms three of its volunteers were arrested the night before, in violation of international law under the Johannesburg Principles on National Security, Freedom of Expression and Access to Information, which states that monitors should not be denied access to areas when they believe a human rights violation is being committed. Source. The group condemns the police for its “indiscriminate arrests.” Amnesty International Hong Kong calls the targeting of independent monitors “especially disturbing.” Source.
The civil servants union criticizes the police for their early termination of a peaceful march on New Year’s Day. The government warns it to stay silent or face severe consequences. Source.
LegCo’s Education Committee approves the formation of a working group to review teaching materials in kindergarten and primary and secondary schools, to examine how school policy influences editing and [content] oversight of textbooks and teaching materials. Source.
Raymond Yeung, a teacher who was blinded in one eye by an alleged police projectile in June 2019, says he will file a legal challenge against the Police Commissioner in the coming weeks. The suit will seek compensation and a declaration that the police’s use of force against him was unlawful, a breach of common law, and an affront to the Basic Law and Hong Kong Bill of Rights Ordinance. Source.
Hong Kong pro-democracy district councilors from Central and Western district and Sai Kung district kick off the new term with a pledge to pursue protesters’ demands by setting up working groups to look into police action in their areas. The now-minority pro-Beijing camp forms its own group to monitor the use of district resources to prevent abuse for political aims. Source.
A photography professor at a U.S. university, Matthew Connors, is denied entry to Hong Kong and detained by immigration officials for five hours before being put on a flight back to New York. On his first trip to Hong Kong in August 2019 Mr. Connors was held by the police for several hours during a protest. Source.
Friday, January 3
A part-time senior Hong Kong police officer, surnamed Lo is suspended from duty for allegedly posting details of the police’s New Year’s Eve operational plans on the messaging app Telegram, in a group with almost 65,000 members, mainly protesters. He is the first officer to be suspended over misconduct allegations since the protests began in June 2019. Source.
Hong Kong police say they have identified the officer who fired a rubber baton round during demonstrations on September 29, 2019 but cannot confirm that it was the same shot that hit Indonesian journalist Veby Mega Indah in the right eye, causing her to permanently lose vision in that eye. Ms. Veby must bring her case against the officer before the end of March, to be within the six-month time limit for private prosecutions. Source.
Acting Chief Magistrate of Kwun Tong Magistrates’ Court slams the prosecution for gross delays after police refuse six requests to provide necessary documents to counsel of the defendant accused of assaulting a police officer. The prosecution promises to provide the documentation within four days and the case is adjourned to Tuesday, January 14. Source.
Beijing replaces its top representative at its Central Liaison Office in Hong Kong, Wang Zhimin, with, Luo Huining. The former Party chief of Shanxi Province, Luo has a record of successfully navigating factional differences in carrying out difficult assignments and working closely with the security services. The move comes two months after the Communist Party of China’s Central Committee called for measures to ”safeguard national security” in Hong Kong. Source.
A teacher from Tak Sun Secondary School is suspended for 14 days after being caught on leaked audio calling protesters “cockroaches,” in breach of the school’s code of conduct. Reporters believe this is the first time a school has barred a member of staff from the classroom over foul language against the city’s anti-government demonstrators. Source.
Sunday, January 5
About 10,000 people march peacefully in Sheng Shui district to protest parallel trading near the Chinese border. The crossing is used by thousands of mainlanders daily to bulk-buy goods such as infant formula from Hong Kong to sell at a profit in China, causing shortage in Hong Kong border towns. Violence erupts after police order protesters to disperse. Protesters throw petrol bombs at the local police station, and police use pepper spray in return, arresting 42 protesters. Source. Pro-democracy councilors condemn police for terminating the peaceful march after only 20 minutes and for making arbitrary arrests without warning. Source.
A suspected undercover police officer is pepper-sprayed in the face several times by other masked officers during the protest at Sheng Shui. It is only when he shows his police warrant card that he is helped away from the scene by other black-clad undercover officers. Source.
Monday, January 6
Another store (the second in six months) opens to support the “yellow economy” in Hong Kong through hiring protesters and refusing to buy China-made products. Source.
Hong Kong police accuse pro-democracy lawmaker Claudia Mo of spreading “fake news” during an interview with British media outlet Sky News on January 1, when she claimed police had sent undercover officers to vandalize shops during the New Year’s Day protests. Chief Superintendent Kwok Ka-chuen calls on her to join with the force to stop violence and restore peace. Source.
After receiving several complaints from protesters in custody at Lai Chi Kok Reception Centre relating to cold food and diarrhea, pro-democracy lawmaker Lam Cheuk Ting sends a letter to the Commissioner of Corrections urging the Department to make immediate improvements. Source.
The second store in six months opens to support the “yellow economy” in Hong Kong through hiring protesters and refusing to buy China-made products. Source.
Tuesday, January 7
Meeting for the first time since the district council elections in November, the Yuen Long District Council—now dominated by pro-democracy councilors—sets up a task force to look into the July 21, 2019 mob attack on passengers and protesters at the Yuen Long MTR station. Police do not attend, despite being invited. Source.
Jasper Law, a 25-year-old newly-elected localist district councilor becomes the chair of the North District Council. Source.
Wednesday, January 8
Residents say they were chased and beaten in early morning by 50 masked individuals who demolished the Lennon Wall in Kwai Chung, that police made no arrests and helped attackers get taxis. Source.
Pro-establishment groups rally in support of the seven white-clad men charged for participating in the July 21, 2019 Yuen Long attacks, saying the democratic legislator Lam Cheuk-ting “seduced” them into breaking the law. Source.
Pro-democracy leader Claudia Mo hits back against security chief John Lee’s allegations that Hong Kong protesters received foreign training, calling such claims “completely groundless.” Source.
Secretary for Education Kevin Yeung Yun-hung says that teachers’ comments made on social media platforms—including on personal sites—are subject to regulations and urges schools to consider suspension of teachers arrested for serious crimes even if they have not been charged. Source.
Secretary for Security John Lee reveals that Hong Kong police seized more than 3,700 mobile phones from anti-government protesters from June to November 2019, broke into the devices, and read the contents. He says police processed 1,429 cases relying on mobile phone contents as evidence and dismisses concerns about a possible abuse of power. Source.
During a vigil in Tseung Kwan O marking the 2-month anniversary of Alex Chow Tsz-lok’s death, riot police warn the 200 people gathered that they are participating in an unlawful assembly and that tear gas may be used. A plainclothes officer subdues a man; riot police spray another man in the face with blue liquid and detain at least two people. Source.
Thursday, January 9
Former British consulate employee Simon Cheng (who was detained in mainland China for 15 days in August 2019 and tortured by Chinese authorities while in custody) cuts ties with his family in Hong Kong in the “hope they can live in tranquillity and peace, without external harassment and threat.” Source.
The Hong Kong government begins its appeal of the Court of First Instance’s decision on November 18 to strike down the anti-mask law. The government argues that the legislation was justified given the ongoing threat from protests. Source.
Friday, January 10
A medical study estimates that one in five Hong Kongers have depression or post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD). 37.4% show symptoms of depression and 31.6% show symptoms of PTSD. Source.
Stand News, a Chinese-language media outlet in Hong Kong reports that it has received the latest of three emails from Hong Kong protester “Grandma Wong,” 63, who disappeared from the city in August 2019 and was held in detention in mainland China. In the email, dated January 9, Wong reveals that she is out of detention and is in Shenzhen awaiting trial for “picking quarrels and provoking troubles,” a charge commonly used against rights dissidents in mainland China. Source. Source.
Secretary for the Civil Service Joshua Law Chi-kong reveals that out of the 41 civil servants arrested for joining unlawful assemblies, 31 have been “interdicted and suspended from service.” If convicted, Law says they will be subject to “sacking or warnings, depending on the severity of the [Court’s] punishment.” Source.
In the Court of Appeal, Johannes Chan Man-mun SC represents 24 opposition legislators challenging the anti-mask legislation. He argues that the mask ban “goes to the very core of our freedom of expression,” as it leaves peaceful demonstrators in fear of retaliation and deprives others of political relief. Source. Chan also argues that gas-masks are needed even in peaceful protests, given the indiscriminate use of tear gas. Source.
Saturday, January 11
A traditional Chinese medicine doctor who offered humanitarian aid during the protests is reported to have been incommunicado since Wednesday, January 8. His roommate says he is being held in administrative detention in Guangzhou. Source.
Riot police arrest a teenager for putting up pro-democracy posters outside the British consulate, sparking concern amongst UK legislators about unlawful law enforcement on British territory. Source.
The pro-democracy youth-led political party Demosistō reveals that it has removed support for Hong Kong self-determination from its manifesto after two of its members—Joshua Wong and Agnes Chow—were barred from running in elections because of the party’s constitutional stance. Source.
Hong Kong authorities deny Kenneth Roth, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch, entry to the city, where he had planned to launch the organization’s “World Report 2020.” In the introductory essay of the report, which each year highlights a major human rights issue, Roth warns that the Chinese government is carrying out an intensive attack on the global system for enforcing human rights. Source.
Over 30,000 people attend “pre-march assembly” at Edinburgh Place in Central, ahead of an “Anti-Communist” rally scheduled for next Sunday, January 19. After the rally ends peacefully, several people are intercepted and detained by riot police, including local journalists who are subsequently released. Source.
A group of around 100 pro-establishment protesters march in Yuen Long, accusing pro-democracy lawmaker Lam Cheuk-ting of causing last July’s mob attack in the district and urging police to arrest him. Lam was among those injured by the mob. He accuses the group of twisting the facts in a planned and organised way to smear him. During the event, a Ming Pao reporter is surrounded, pushed, and kicked by protesters. Source. Source.
Beijing’s new envoy to Hong Kong, Luo Huining, pledges to work with leaders in Guangdong Province to push forward regional cooperation and integration, despite ongoing protests against mainland interference in Hong Kong affairs. Source.
After Human Rights Watch executive director, Kenneth Roth is denied entry to Hong Kong, Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang accuses the organization of instigating “anti-China activists” to “engage in radical violent crimes, and incite separatist activities hyping Hong Kong independence.” Source.
After the 12-day siege of Hong Kong Polytechnic University in November 2019 involving fierce stand-offs between police and protesters, the university formally reopens for the start of semester. Students and staff are required to pass through security gates and show identification cards. Some students say the security measures have turned the school into a “prison.” Source.
Lee Wing-ho, a photographer who briefly faced charges over an anti-government protest, applies to the High Court to challenge the legality of two court-issued warrants which allowed the police to access his mobile phone and other digital devices. Source.
The chairman of the Hong Kong Bar Association, Philip Dykes SC, highlights that prosecutors must take “public interest” into account when deciding whether to bring a case to court. He stresses that focusing only on whether there is sufficient evidence to secure a conviction is an “incorrect understanding” of the rule of law and contrary to the Prosecution Code. Source.
Over 30 shops and restaurants agree to join the protest-themed Chinese New Year markets on the weekend of January 18-19, as part of a campaign to support the “yellow economy”. Source.
Tuesday, January 14
Hong Kong police say they have defused a pipe bomb and arrested four men for manufacturing explosives after raiding an apartment where they found protest-related items such as Guy Fawkes masks and protective gear. Source.
The Hong Kong Bar Association submits a blueprint to Carrie Lam on how to establish an independent commission of inquiry to investigate the causes of the Hong Kong protests. Source.
Lau Wai-lun, a 31 year-old chef who was arrested in Mong Kok in August 2019 and later charged with obstructing police, applies to the High Court for judicial review seeking a declaration that the search warrant over his digital device was unlawful and in breach of the Hong Kong Bill of Rights Ordinance and Basic Law. His case follows the similar judicial review application filed by photographer Lee Wing-ho the day before. Source.
Kenneth Roth, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch, launches the organization’s “World Report 2020” at the United Nations in New York after he was denied entry to Hong Kong on Sunday, January 12. online. Source. Source.
Wednesday, January 15
The Hong Kong government says it has canceled its usual Lunar New Year fireworks display over Victoria Harbour planned for January 26 due to “public safety” considerations. Source.
Students and alumni of the University of Hong Kong rally in support of democracy activist and Associate Professor of Law Benny Tai, criticizing the university of procedural injustice as its management team prepares for a hearing to review his tenure. Source.
The Hong Kong government hits back at Human Rights Watch’s allegations of excessive police force at protests, saying that officers acted “in strict accordance with the law” and that if protesters expressed their views “in a peaceful and rational manner, there would be no need for the police to use force”. Source.
Carrie Lam announces that preparations for an Independent Review Committee are in their final stages and its formation will be announced next month. Source.
At a LegCo meeting, Hong Kong’s security minister John Lee avoids answering the question about whether the police force is planning to equip officers with electroshock weapons. Instead, he says, “The Security Bureau will support any method that helps police in handling violence caused by rioters more efficiently.” Source.
Thursday, January 16
Kwok Chun-fung, the founder of a volunteer medic group helping Hong Kong protesters is arrested in Guangzhou on charges of “soliciting prostitutes,” the same charge against Simon Cheng, an employee at the British Consulate in Hong Kong. Source.
The Independent Police Complaints Council (IPCC) announces it will postpone publishing its report that looks into the force’s handling of protests, due to the High Court’s decision on December 20 to judicially review whether IPCC has the power to proactively look into the issue. Source.
Police Commissioner Chris Tang and government staff walk out of a Central & Western District Council meeting when District Councilors raise a motion to condemn police violence. Source.
Police Commissioner Chris Tang says that the police are investigating a case of alleged gang-rape of an 18-year-old woman, referred to as “Ms. X,” in Tsuen Wan police station on October 22, on grounds of her “misleading police officers” and committing perjury. The victim’s lawyers call Mr. Tang’s comments “an outrageous further attempt to publicly discredit her, publicly undermine her complaint and diminish any prospect of a successful prosecution.” Source.
Friday, January 17
The High Court agrees to hear a legal challenge brought by Democratic Party legislator Ted Hui Chi-fung against the police, demanding they reveal the chemical content of the tear gas being fired at protesters. The court is due to hear the case on February 12, 2020. Source.
About 150,000 people (according to organizers) attend an anti-communist rally at Chater Garden. Riot police stop the rally at short notice and arrest the organizer Ventus Lau for "obstruction of police administration" and for violating the terms of permission for the protest. In Mong Kok, in clash with protesters, police fire tear gas into the crowd, and pepper spray reporters, including a journalist for Mad Dog Daily. Source. Source.
Monday, January 20
Beijing’s new envoy to Hong Kong, Luo Huining, urges the Hong Kong government to pass national security legislation, warning that failure to do so could open the door to “infiltration and sabotage” from outside and risk destroying the “one country, two systems” governance model. Source.
Au Nok-hin, an ousted pro-democracy lawmaker, is accused in court of assaulting two police officers during an anti-government rally on July 8, 2019 in Yau Ma Tei by hitting one officer in the shield with a microphone and using a megaphone right next to a second officer, causing the latter acute hearing loss in one ear. Au denies both counts, saying he was trying to stop officers from causing a stampede. Source.
Tuesday, January 21
On the six month anniversary of the July 21, 2019 mob attack in Yuen Long, eight victims, including pro-democracy lawmaker Lam Cheuk-ting, announce that they have filed a civil suit against Police Commissioner Chris Tang. They seek HK$2.7 million in compensation for the police’s failure to maintain public order and for abandoning their duties. Source.
After the government bans political-themed stalls at 15 official fairs, nearly a dozen independent fairs are set up across the city, selling protest-themed merchandise laden with references to the pro-democracy protests. Source.
Ventus Lau appears at the Eastern Magistrates’ Court on charges of “inciting others to participate in an illegal assembly” and “refusing to obey police orders.” He is released on bail on the condition that he keeps away from Chater Garden and the surrounding area. His case is rescheduled to April. Source.
Tai Po District Council passes a motion to retain the iconic Lennon Tunnel. Authorities refuse to attend the meeting and provide their written dissent instead. Source.
Wednesday, January 22
Frances Chu, a former Hong Kong police detective and forensics expert, says she believes the police have been using data-extraction devices from an Israel-based forensics company, Cellebrite, to break into smartphones seized from protesters. Source.
A police insider reveals that the two Hong Kong police officers who held up reporters’ identity cards in front of live streaming cameras on December 26 and January 19 have received warnings and may face disciplinary action following an internal investigation. Source.
Secretary for Education Kevin Yeung Yun-hung says that between June and December 2019, his bureau received 147 complaints of teacher misconduct related to anti-government protests. Initial investigations of 107 cases have found “wrongdoing” in 65 of them. Source.
Saturday, January 25
On the first day of Lunar New Year, just before 11 p.m., a group of black-clad protesters block Portland Street, marking the fourth anniversary of the Mong Kok “Fishball Revolution.” Riot officers arrive and fire tear gas, forcing passers-by to flee. Some find refuge at a nearby shopping center, Langham Place, where others help them to wash their eyes. Source.
Carrie Lam declares the Wuhan coronavirus outbreak an emergency and rolls out a series of measures to reduce further infection beyond the current five confirmed cases. The measures include requiring all visitors to fill out health declaration forms at all entry points to Hong Kong and suspending indefinitely all flights and high-speed trains from Wuhan. Lam rejects calls for closing the border with mainland China, saying it would be “inappropriate and impractical.” Source.
Sunday, January 26
James Chan Cho-ko, a Hong Kong action movie choreographer, and Chan Kin-tat, 72-year-old retiree, are linked to an alleged bomb plot in December 2019 targeting police officers. They are charged with two counts each in relation to possessing arms, ammunition, and weapons. Source.
Protesters throw petrol bombs at an empty public housing complex in Fanlin, in the New Territories, that has been earmarked to become a temporary quarantine zone to house people waiting to be tested for coronavirus infection, as well as frontline medical staff who are worried about infecting their families. Source.
Monday, January 27
Angry residents in the border town of Fanling vow to fight the government’s plans to turn an unoccupied public housing block into a coronavirus quarantine facility. Secretary for Food and Health Sophia Chan Siu-chee says that the facility is unlikely, they will more likely house medical staff or those who have been in contact with victims but show no symptoms, rather than patients with confirmed infections. Source.
Around 2.30 a.m., a bomb explodes in a men’s toilet at Caritas Medical Center in Cheung Sha Wan, Kowloon. Several hours after the explosion, a message is posted on Telegram, the encrypted messaging app used by protesters, that the attack is “only a warning” and “[w]e will take more actions to call for the closing of borders.” No one is injured and no one is arrested. Source.
Around 10.50 p.m., a cleaner discovers a toilet ablaze at King George V Memorial Park. No one is injured, but a toilet seat is seriously damaged. Source.
Tuesday, January 28
Around 10.25 a.m., a security guard at Shenzhen Bay Control Point discovers a palm-sized improvised explosive device inside a rubbish bin. No injuries are reported. Source.
More than 15,000 Hospital Authority (HA) employees join a new union—the HA Employees Alliance (HAEA)—threatening to strike if the Hong Kong government does not close its borders with mainland China. Source.
Wednesday, January 29
Small groups of protesters disrupt road and traffic services, declaring a new wave of strikes over the government’s refusal to close the city’s borders with mainland China to keep out the coronavirus. A train driver reports a fire near the tracks of the East Rail Line, which links Kowloon with the mainland. Police say they have arrested 17 people, 12 of whom are under 18-years-old. Source.
Pressure continues to mount on government to close all border crossings with mainland China to control the spread of the coronavirus: at least 90 nurses take sick leave at three Hong Kong hospitals (Pok Oi Hospital in Yuen Long, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital in Chai Wan, and Princess Margaret Hospital in Kwai Chung); over 4,600 medical workers announce strike on Monday, February 3; and 48 unions issue joint appeal to the government urging stepped up prevention measures including refusing all visitors entering from mainland China. Source. Source. Source.
Protesters target police in three petrol bomb attacks: shortly before 5 a.m., four black-clad attackers hurl petrol bombs at Tin Shui Wai Police Station; around 8 p.m., at least three petrol bombs are hurled at Kwai Chung Police Station; and at 11 p.m., at least two petrol bombs are hurled at a police vehicle in Mong Kok. Police say no one is injured. Source.
Thursday, January 30
Petrol bomb attacks on police stations continue: shortly after 2 a.m., three black-clad attackers hurl seven petrol bombs at the Hung Hom Police Station on Princess Margaret Road, Ho Man Tin; and at 5:30 a.m., at least two petrol bombs are thrown at Mong Kok Police Station on Prince Edward Road. Police say no one is injured but plan to increase security around officers’ quarters across the city. Source.
Chairs and vice-chairs of 17 District Councils co-sign a public statement condemning the government over its poor response to the coronavirus outbreak. Source.
Around 11 p.m., a group of masked men attack six people at Yuen Long MTR station. Two of the attackers are armed with retractable batons and some shout “cockroach,” referring to protesters. According to Yuen Long district councilor Ng Kin-wai, four of the victims had been checking posters on a “Lennon Wall” and the other two victims were passers-by who tried to stop the attack. Source.
Friday, January 31
The newly formed medical workers union, Hospital Authority Employees Alliance, announces that more than 6,700 of its members, or 10% of the sector, have committed to going on strike on Monday, February 3, if the government refuses to fully close all border crossings with mainland China. Source.
Monday, February 3
More than 2,500 medical workers, doctors, and nurses join the first day of strike organized by the union, Hospital Authority Employees Alliance (HAEA), to demand government actions to forestall a coronavirus outbreak in Hong Kong and protect frontline medical practitioners. The union raises five demands: (1) close all border entries from China, (2) distribute facemasks to the public, (3) ensure sufficient protection and resources for frontline medical workers, (4) provide adequate arrangements for "dirty team" medical staff working in quarantine wards, and (5) guarantee no reprisals for all strikers. Source. Source. Source.
Carrie Lam announces that more ports will be closed, with only two border entry-points to remain open (in addition to the city's airport) in an attempt to curb the number of travelers entering the city. However, she refuses a full entry ban demanded by many. She states that these measures are not in response to the strike. She condemns the actions of HAEA, calling their strike "extremist" and that such moves to pressure government will not succeed. Source.
Hong Kong confirms its first case of local human-to-human coronavirus infection. Source.
Tuesday, February 4
On Day 2 of the medical workers’ strike calling for full entry ban at the mainland border, Hospital Authority reports over 4,400 hospital staff are absent from duty. Source.
At bus stations in Tin Shui Wai district, residents in full protective gear conduct temperature checks of visitors coming from mainland China. At night, police fire teargas to disperse a protest rally. Source.
Hong Kong reports its first death from coronavirus. Source.
Wednesday, February 5
Doctors and nurses on strike gather at government headquarters to submit a written appeal to Carrie Lam as medical worker strike enters third day. Lam refuses to meet with them, while the Hospital Authority reiterates devastating impact of the strike on emergency services. Source.
Carrie Lam announces further border-control measures, including a mandatory 14-day quarantine for travelers from mainland China starting Saturday, February 8, 2020, with details of implementation and enforcement to be announced later. Source.
This measure proposed by Carrie Lam fails to address the fundamental concerns raised by the Hospital Authority Employees Alliance strike. Choosing traffic reduction instead of more effective screening or a full entry ban exposes Hong Kong to the risk of an outbreak, which the city's already overburdened healthcare system would struggle to handle. Her decision to maintain freedom of entry and impose a mandatory quarantine will also require more quarantine facilities, a shortage she had acknowledged two days earlier, on February 3, when she urged citizens to drop their opposition to government plans to use unoccupied units in residential neighborhoods as quarantine camps. Source.
Saturday, February 8
Over a hundred citizens gather in Tseung Kwan O to commemorate the three-month anniversary of the death of university student Chow Tsz Lok. After protesters put up makeshift roadblocks, police officers arrive and clear the scene with tear gas and pepper spray, arresting 119 people, including two reporters, five district councilors, and residents from nearby estates. One of the arrested reporters claims police officers threatened to rape him and verbally abused him with homophobic comments. Source. Source.
Thursday, February 13
Over 20 human rights groups issue a joint open letter to Chief Executive Carrie Lam, urging the administration (and the police) to respect international treaties on rights of assembly and “cease criminal investigations” into five human rights observers arrested on January 1 during the New Year’s march and November 18 at the siege on Polytechnic University. The groups contend that the arrests were “arbitrary since [the observers] only exercised their legitimate human rights work.” Source.
Friday, February 14
Government wins appeal in the judicial review raised against its decision to fence off Civic Square, a protest area outside government headquarters originally open to public until its occupation on September 26, 2014, which sparked the Umbrella Movement. In its decision today, the Court of Appeal upholds the policy of requiring government approval for gatherings at the Square, reversing the High Court’s ruling that such policy was unconstitutional. Source.
Saturday, February 15
Police public relations officer issues letter of complaint to Hong Kong Broadcasting Authority, accusing a news-commentary parody show on Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK) of smearing police officers carrying out coronavirus quarantine work. The parody depicts police officers in highest-level protective gear standing idly, while health officials and cleaners tasked with moving residents into quarantine were only given lowest-level protective gear. Source.
Wednesday, February 19
Citizens gather in Tseung Kwan O to commemorate student Chan Yin-Lam on the five-month anniversary of his death. Some participants set up temporary roadblocks; police officers disperse the crowd, using pepper spray on participants, journalists, and first-aiders. Source.
Friday, February 21
Protesters gather peacefully in Yuen Long, Prince Edward, and other places to mark six-month anniversary of the July 21, 2019 Yuen Long attacks, holding banners of “Never forgive, Never forget” and other protest slogans. Some participants celebrate the diagnosis of coronavirus infection of a riot-policeman on February 20.
To date, 36 individuals have been arrested in connection with the incident on July 21, but only six have been charged. Source.
Saturday, February 22
Apple Daily leaks a report written by the Chief Executive Office to the Central Government on the situation of the coronavirus outbreak in Hong Kong and the relevant measures being implemented to handle it.
Lam underscores to Beijing the outbreak is a valuable opportunity for the pro-Beijing camp to recover ground lost after its defeat in the November 2019 District Council elections and reverse public opinion with a view to win LegCo elections scheduled for September 2020.
In the report, Carrie Lam cites the mistrust and dissatisfaction with the administration resulting from the ongoing protests as factors that hinder the effective implementation of anti-outbreak measures. She reaffirms the administration’s rejection of “full border closure,” so as not to target travelers from the mainland, calling public opinion urging such closure “misguided.”
She condemns the pro-democracy camp for using the outbreak to attack the administration. Regarding the series of strike by medical staff in early February, she cites “radical anti-extradition protesters” in the medical profession as instigators who “stir up trouble,” using fake news and smear tactics to obstruct the implementation of effective measures. She states that the administration has ordered the Hospital Authority to strictly handle the strikers and not allow them to continue to work in hospitals.
The Chief Executive Office has refused requests for comment from media since the leakage of the report. Pro-democracy camp calls her actions “disgusting” for politicizing a public health crisis and using public safety and human lives as chips to salvage her political failure, while some members of the pro-establishment camp call her “hopeless.” Source. Source.
Monday, February 24
The vice principal of a secondary school is suspended from duty pending investigation, for sharing an ironic poem on his personal Facebook page that celebrated news that a riot-police officer was diagnosed with the coronavirus. Source.
Democrat Ted Hui launches private prosecution lawsuit against a taxi driver who drove into a crowd of protesters in October 2019, injuring several, including a man who sustained bone fractures in both legs. At least two protesters at the scene were subsequently charged with rioting, but no criminal investigation or charges have been brought against the taxi driver. Source. Source.
Saturday, February 29
A rally of hundreds in and around Mong Kok commemorating the six-month anniversary of the police storming of the Prince Edward metro station and arrest of demonstrators takes a violent turn. The police attack protesters with tear gas and pepper spray, while some protesters retaliate with petrol bombs. One officer draws his gun on protesters hurling water bottles and umbrellas at him, but he does not fire. Police arrest 115 protesters. Source. Source.
Monday, March 2
The Commissioner of Police, Chris Tang Ping-keung, reveals that, to date, over 7,700 people have been arrested in the nine months of protests. Among the arrested, 40% are students, a significant jump from 25% at the beginning of the school year in September 2019. Of the arrested students, 60% are in college and 40% in high school. Over the same period, the percentage of minors among the arrested has increased to 26% from about 6%. Source.
Wednesday, March 4
Former localist political leader Edward Leung is transferred to a maximum-security prison from Shek Pik prison following receipt of personal letters and Christmas cards. Leung ran in the Legislative Council New Territories (East) By-election in 2016 and was sentenced to six years in prison for “rioting” as a result of continuing to campaign in Mong Kok during a period of unrest. Leung’s 2016 campaign slogan, “Liberate Hong Kong, revolution of our times,” has since been adopted by Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement. Source.
Sunday, March 8
Hundreds gather in car park in Tseung Kwan O to pay tribute to deceased students Alex Chow Tsz-lok and Chan Yin-lam, both of whom died last year during the protests, sparking outrage. Police declare the gathering to be an unlawful assembly and cordon off the car park, trapping attendees for an hour before allowing them to disperse. A young man is arrested while others are searched. Source.
Dozens gather to protest government plans to convert Tai Po Jockey Club General Out-patient Clinic, located in a high-density residential area, into one of the 18 designated coronavirus clinics. Shortly after the start of the demonstration, riot police pepper-spray Man Nim-chi, District Councillor for Chung Ting, for allegedly failing to comply with orders to back away. Riot police subsequently arrest at least three people and pepper-spray a Now TV cameraman, exposing several bystanders, medics, and journalists to the irritant. Source.
Monday, March 9
Deputy Commissioner of Police Oscar Kwok Yam-shu defends the police force against accusations of police brutality at the UN Human Rights Council. The UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights last year criticized the Hong Kong police for defying international norms and standards in their use of weapons, creating “a considerable risk of death or serious injury.” Police have fired more than 16,000 rounds of tear gas, 10,000 rubber bullets, 2,000 beanbag rounds, and 19 live bullets, two of which hit and wounded protesters. Source. Source.
Monday, March 16
Pro-democracy lawmakers say the police are continuing to make arbitrary arrests of citizens in the wake of protests against a planned coronavirus clinic in Kwai Chung. Police in Kwai Chung arrested a food delivery worker and a first-aid volunteer after protesters gathered at the Kwai Luen housing estate on February 11. Democratic Party lawmaker Andrew Wan call on police officers to stop abusing their power. Source.
Tuesday, March 17
Opposition district councillors’ efforts to establish police oversight committees following public outcry over police brutality are being challenged by the Security Bureau and the Home Affairs Department, which assert that district councils do not have authority to establish such committees. District councillors argue that the councils’ legal authority is only now called into question because they are no longer in the hands of the pro-establishment camp. Source.
Wednesday, March 18
The High Court has ordered the MTR Corporation to hand over CCTV footage from Prince Edward and Lai Chi Kok Stations to Kex Leung Yiu-ting, a student seeking damages from the police for alleged assault. On August 31, 2019, baton-wielding riot police stormed the station, deploying pepper spray and assaulting dozens. Leung said he had not been participating in any protest but was arrested at Prince Edward station that night. Source.
Democratic district councillor, Janet Ng, is attacked by Article 23 supporters in Mei Foo, sustaining injuries to her jaw and arm. She describes the attack as premeditated and suspects the assailant is from mainland China. Source.
Sunday, March 22
Hundreds gather in Tseung Kwan O and Kwun Tong to commemorate Chan Yin-lam, the 15-year-old girl who was found dead and unclothed in the sea off Yau Tong on September 22, 2019. Chan has become a symbol for the pro-democracy movement because of her support for the protests and unresolved questions surrounding her death. Authorities said it was suicide, despite the fact that she was a good swimmer. Riot police are stationed at the three memorial sites and arrest at least two people who are said to have failed to present valid Hong Kong identity cards. Source.
Monday, March 23
Three petrol bombs are hurled into Sheung Shui Police Married Quarters, leaving two cars blackened but no injuries. When the firefighters arrive on the scene, the fire has already burned out. Officers arrest a 62-year-old local man in connection with the firebombing, the fourth such attack at the site in six weeks. The suspect is being held for questioning and has not been charged. Source.
Wednesday, March 25
Four men are arrested in connection with an assault on a pro-democracy activist trio on Sunday, March 22. Hendrick Lui Chi-hang, 37, Wong Ka-ho, 32, and their female assistant, 56, had tried to film and intervene an attack of a passerby by a gang believed to be guarding a booth that was collecting signatures to support Article 23 (national security) legislation. The trio, and an additional passerby, who were brutally kicked and punched by the gang, suffered injuries to numerous places on their bodies. Source.
Thursday, March 26
Cheng Lai-king, 60, chair of the Central and Western District Council, is arrested on the grounds of an antiquated law against sedition, after she reposted--and later deleted—a Facebook post with the name and identification number of an officer said to have shot an Indonesian journalist in the eye during a pro-democracy protest. The officer has yet to be held legally responsible for an act that permanently blinded the journalist. The sedition law was promulgated in 1938 during the British colonial era and has since been abolished in England. Cheng Lai-king’s arrest has been strongly condemned by multiple groups, most notably the UN, for being an abuse of the law and “a flagrant act against freedom of speech with an intent to create a chilling effect in society.” Source. Source.
Friday, March 27
Ronny Tong Ka-wah, a member of the Executive Council and former chairman of the Bar Association, defends the sedition law as necessary to punish hate crimes in the city. Critics slam the antiquated law as vaguely worded, politically charged, and an infringement on freedom of speech. Tong stresses that freedom of speech is not absolute and should be restricted on the grounds of protection of national security, public safety, and public health. Johannes Chan Man-mun, prominent constitutional law professor at the University of Hong Kong, believes that “[u]nder the normal operation of the government, Cheng would not be charged with this offence.” Source.
Monday, March 30
Siu Cheung-lung, 32, the administrator of a group on the social media platform Telegram used by pro-democracy protestors, is charged with three counts of incitement to commit wounding with intent, punishable by life imprisonment, for “provoking others to murder officers and bomb police stations.” Siu, an insurance agent, has also been charged with incitement to commit public nuisance, a count commonly used against leading pro-democracy activists. Acting Principal Magistrate Ivy Chui Yee-mei has adjourned the case until May 25 in Eastern Court and has remanded Siu in jail custody, after prosecutors objected to his release. Source.
In the latest episode in a string of attacks targeting police, three men throw petrol bombs at the Happy Valley Police Station. No one is hurt and no arrests are made. A week earlier, a 62-year-old man was arrested in connection with hurling three petrol bombs at the police married quarters compound in Sheung Shui. Source.
Tuesday, March 31
A 17-year-old student is remanded in jail by a court after he pled guilty to carrying a petrol bomb and hammer near a crime scene during a protest in November. Source.
Due to increasing concerns over police brutality, the group Civil Rights Observer presses suppliers not to sell stun guns to the Hong Kong police. The budget for the police force has increased significantly and police are contemplating introducing potentially lethal electric stun guns into their daily equipment. The United Nations have denounced electric stun guns as one of the highest-level weapons. Source.
Wednesday, April 1
Three high school students are arrested in connection with throwing five petrol bombs at the Tai Po Police Station, in the third firebomb attack on the city’s force in the past 10 days. Source.
Friday, April 3
Two UN independent experts made public today their January 2020 letter to China’s UN delegation in which they said, “[We] have reasons to believe that tear gas, pepper spray and other chemical agents have been used indiscriminately, unnecessarily and disproportionately.” Baskut Tuncak and Clement Voule, the Special Rapporteurs on hazardous substances and on rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and association, respectively, say that they have received no answer from both the Hong Kong SAR and central Chinese governments. The letter is now posted on the UN website and includes inquiry regarding details about the composition of tear gas and pepper spray, respective manufacturers, relief action for those affected by tear gas, and policies and procedures in using tear gas near schools. Source.
Tuesday, April 7
Pro-democracy activist Ken Tsang laments that “justice delayed is justice denied,” after the Court of Final Appeal rejected the appeal of police officers convicted of assaulting him during the Umbrella Movement six years earlier. Seven police officers were filmed by TVB kicking and punching the handcuffed Tsang during an operation in 2014. Tsang, now a district councillor, says he believes the officers would never have been brought to justice had the incident happened today. “Rule of law in Hong Kong is falling to the extent that it has decayed. No police officer is accountable for their evildoings. The seven of them might [all] walk free.” Source.
Hong Kong police report that during the fiscal year of 2019-20 (as of February 29 of this year), the police used 16,191 tear gas grenades, 1,491 bottles of pepper spray, 10,100 rubber bullets, 2,033 bean bag rounds, 1,880 sponge bullets, and 19 live bullets during operations to disperse demonstrations. Strikingly, they report that the police used their batons only 104 times, notwithstanding video documentation showing their systematic and extensive use in police actions throughout the protests. The police plan to have each frontline uniformed police officer equipped with a camcorder in 2021, citing its potential for de-escalation and restraint against police abuse. Source.
Thursday, April 9
The Court of Appeal rules that Hong Kong’s ban on wearing masks at unlawful assemblies is constitutional, partially overturning the lower court’s decision. The Court states that both the ban on facial coverings during lawful public gatherings, and the power granted to police officers to remove masks, were still unconstitutional. Last October, Chief Executive Carrie Lam invoked the Emergency Regulations Ordinance to ban face masks to quell protests. Source.
Monday, April 13, 2020
The PRC State Council’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office (HKMAO) and the Liaison Office of the Central People’s Government in Hong Kong (LOCPG) issue statements condemning the delay of the election of the chair and deputy chair of the Legislative Council’s House Committee. In their respective statements, HKMAO blames opposition lawmakers for “using procedural issues to maliciously cause the delay,” and the LOCPG accuses Dennis Kwok, LegCo member (Civic Party) who represents the legal functional constituency, of abuse of power in “deliberately causing the shutdown of the House Committee.” Source. Source.
In a response released on Facebook that day, Kwok states: “ The operation of the Legislative Council and its committees, as well as the powers of the President of the Legislative Council and the committees, are determined and handled by the members of the Legislative Council in accordance with the Basic Law, Rules of Procedure and other rules of procedure. The HKMAO and LOCPG possess no power or qualification to influence or comment on the operation of the Legislative Council and its committees, or on how legislative councillors should fulfill their duties.” Source. Source.
Tuesday, April 14, 2020
At a press conference, pro-democracy lawmakers criticize the HKMAO and LOCPG accusations as trampling on the “one country, two systems” principle and a violation of Article 22 of the Basic Law, which states: “No department of the Central People's Government and no province, autonomous region, or municipality directly under the Central Government may interfere in the affairs which the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region administers on its own in accordance with this Law.” Source.
Wed, April 15, 2020
On National Security Education Day, Luo Huining, Director of the Liaison Office, says in a video message: “Hong Kong’s system for safeguarding national security has always been imperfect. . . It is necessary, as soon as possible, to put more effort into [that] system and the implementing mechanisms. . . . Hong Kong must not be allowed to become the breach for national security risks.” Luo characterizes the anti-extradition protests as advocating “Hong Kong independence” and “radical, violent criminal activities” that “seriously endangered national security. . . We should have zero tolerance . . . for any acts that endanger the fundamental rule of law in Hong Kong.” Source.
In a video address on the same day, Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam echoes Luo on the need to bolster mechanisms in Hong Kong to safeguard national security, and assert the anti-extradition protests have seriously challenged the rule of law in Hong Kong. But she goes one step further in describing the appearance of “extremist acts, which approach acts of the terrorism” (@4:00 on video) Source.
Friday, April 17, 2020
The Liaison Office (LOCPG) issues a statement asserting that it and the State Council’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office (HKMAO) are “authorized by the central government to be responsible for the management of Hong Kong affairs and are not the ‘various departments of the central government’ referred to in Article 22 of the Basic Law, and of course have the power to represent the central government . . . [and] exercise supervisory power.” Source.
Saturday, April 18, 2020
Fifteen prominent pro-democracy figures in Hong Kong are arrested, on suspicion of organizing or participating in alleged “unauthorized assemblies” in August-October 2019 in protests against the controversial extradition bill. The arrested individuals include former and current Legislative Council members, prominent senior barristers, veteran democracy activists, and youth leaders. The arrests are an escalation that indicate dwindling space for the exercise of fundamental human rights and freedoms guaranteed under international and local law in Hong Kong. All are later released on bail, with their court hearings scheduled for May 18, 2020. The 15 pro-democracy figures arrested on April 18, 2020 are:
Saturday-Sunday, April 18-19, 2020
In three different and self-contradictory statements, the Hong Kong SAR government revises its position on whether the Liaison Office (LOCPG) is a department referred to in Article 22 of the Basic Law.
Statement 1 acknowledges that the LOCPG is subjected to the terms of Article 22 of the Basic Law—thus, refuting the LOCPG’s statement on Friday, April 17, that it is not: "The LOCPG is one of the three organisations set up in the HKSAR by the Central Government in accordance with Article 22(2) of the Basic Law . . . the LOCPG and its personnel shall abide by the laws of the HKSAR in accordance with Article 22(3) of the Basic Law." (This statement has since been removed from the Hong Kong government website but has been preserved on archive.is.) Source.
Statement 2, issued a few hours after the original statement, does not mention Article 22 of the Basic law. It simply says: “‘The LOCPG is one of the three organisations set up in the HKSAR by the Central Government . . . The LOCPG and its personnel shall abide by the Basic Law and laws of the HKSAR.’" The statement also echoes the LOCPG statement that it has supervisory power: "[The LOCPG] is entrusted with the authority and responsibility to represent the CPG to express views and exercise supervisory power on major issues. . .” Source.
Statement 3, issued in the early hours of April 19, reversed its earlier two statements, by saying that the LOCPG is not an entity referred to in Article 22 of the Basic Law: “The Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the HKSAR (LOCPG) is an office set up in the HKSAR by the Central People's Government, not ‘offices in the HKSAR set up by departments of the Central People's Government’ as stated in Article 22(2) of the Basic Law.” Source.
Sunday, April 19, 2020
In a press release that eerily echoes mainland Chinese authorities with regard to public expressions and comments on events, a government spokesman defends the Saturday arrests and says, "The police are duty bound to handle every case in a fair, just and impartial manner,” and that people should not make "baseless speculations" about the cases as "it would create a public discussion which may amount to a trial by the public." Source.
Monday, April 20
In a statement, the Hong Kong Bar Association affirms that Beijing’s agencies in Hong Kong have no power to “supervise” the city’s internal affairs: “In any event, there is no provision in the Basic Law which confers on the [P.R.C. State Council’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office] HKMAO and [the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong, LOCPG] the power of ‘supervision’ over affairs which the HKSAR administers on its own.” Pro-democracy lawmakers have demanded clarification from the government on the constitutional status of the LOCPG. The Bar Association asserts that both the LOCPG and the HKMAO are bound by the Basic Law, including the prohibition on interference in the city’s internal affairs as set out in Article 22. Source.
Tuesday, April 21
Chief Executive Carrie Lam apologizes for the confusion surrounding the role and status of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office (HKMAO) and the Liaison Office (LOCPG) under the Basic Law. Lam disputes assertions that the LOCPG does not have the right to comment on the Basic Law, the governance of the SAR, and its internal affairs. She calls those characterizing the “constitutional, lawful, and reasonable remarks” as “intervention” by the central government as people “harboring ulterior motives.” Source.
The Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office (HKMAO) issues three consecutive articles to criticize Dennis Kwok, Legislative Councilor for the legal functional constituency, assert that the central government has the power and responsibility to maintain the constitutional order of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, and affirm support for the arrests of the 15 pro-democracy figures by Hong Kong police on April 18. The HKMAO warns that if any Legislative Council member violates the oath, he must bear legal responsibility, and accuses Dennis Kwok of deliberately violating the oath and abusing his power. Source. Source.
Wednesday, April 22
Two teenagers are jointly charged with murder, wounding with intent, and rioting in connection with the death of an elderly man who was filming a clash between rival protesters during the city’s political unrest last year. Luo Chang-qing, 70, died in November due to a blow to the head when pro-democracy supporters and government loyalists started hurling bricks at one another in Sheung Shui. Source.
Civic Party lawmaker Dennis Kwok believes he will be ousted from the Legislative Council, after repeated attacks by Beijing for oath violation and misconduct in public office. Kwok retorts that if a lawmaker performing his duties based on the Rules of Procedure or opposing certain bills could be seen as breaking his oath and violating the principle of “one country,” then the Legislative Council will become “a Hong Kong version of the National People’s Congress.” Source.
Organizers of a major May 1 Labor Day protest in Hong Kong have vowed to press ahead with their march in defiance of a police warning to cancel it because of coronavirus. The Confederation of Trade Unions (CTU) insist the =demonstration could go ahead without breaking social-distancing rules. Source.
Friday, April 24
China authorities announce intention to prosecute Belizean businessman Lee Henley Hu Xiang. Lee was arrested in Guangzhou on November 26, 2019 on allegations of providing capital to anti-China groups based in the United States, colluding with foreign forces to interfere in Hong Kong affairs, and supporting activities that endangered China’s national security. In October 2019, Chinese authorities arrested Taiwanese national Lee Meng-chu in Shenzhen for allegedly stealing state secrets for foreign forces after he visited Hong Kong in August to support pro-democracy activities. Source.
Pro-democracy lawmaker Au Nok-hin has been sentenced to 140 hours of community service after being convicted of assault by using a loudspeaker near a police officer during a protest in July 2019. Au laments the erosion of Hong Kong’s rule of law: “What options are left for Hong Kong people to achieve real rule of law? The judgement today is just the first one, there will be a second and third. . . . On a personal level the paranoia is beyond my tolerance.” Au is also one of the 15 pro-democracy figures arrested on April 18 in connection with protests in August and October 2019. Source.
District Court Judge Kwok Wai-kin expresses sympathy for defendant Tony Hung, who stabbed three pro-democracy citizens in front of a “Lennon Wall” inside a Tseung Kwan O pedestrian subway. In December 2019, Hung pled guilty to three counts of wounding with intent. Judge Kwok sentenced Hung to a 45-month prison term, a reduction from six years to life imprisonment, saying that Hung was a victim of the pro-democracy protests which affected his livelihood as a tour guide and his crime was a “mishap” that would not have happened had there not been protests. Source.
Sunday, April 26
Hundreds gather at a Taikoo Shing shopping mall to chant pro-democracy slogans amid calls for the resumption of protests following a dip in the number of coronavirus cases. Two large groups of riot police arrive on the scene holding pepper spray cans and shields to disperse the peaceful crowd. Tai Koo Shing West District Councillor Andrew Chiu says: “I condemn [the] police for deploying so [much] manpower to threaten peaceful citizens, especially on behalf of my constituency as its district councillor.” Hours later, Chiu’s assistant is injured by police outside a restaurant far from the mall. Source.
Monday, April 27
After a backlash from activists against Judge Kwok Wai-kin for expressing sympathy for a defendant who pled guilty to stabbing three protesters, the judiciary confirms that Judge Kwok will no longer adjudicate criminal proceedings involving protesters from the pro-democracy movement. On April 24, Judge Kwok sentenced the defendant, Tony Hung, who stabbed three pro-democracy citizens in front of a “Lennon Wall” in Tseung Kwan O, to 45 months in jail. Source.
Tuesday, April 28
In the second peaceful protest of the week, over 100 people gather at the International Financial Centre’s mall in Central to sing the pro-democracy anthem, “Glory to Hong Kong.” The protesters mark the first anniversary of a march against the extradition bill organized by the Civil Human Rights Front and demand the release of those arrested during last year’s protests. Police enter the mall five minutes before the protest is expected to start at 6:30 p.m. and fine at least two people for violating social distancing rules. Police have been accused of cracking down on the pro-democracy movement under the guise of enforcing coronavirus measures. Source.
The Hong Kong Bar Association’s chairman Philip Dykes, in a letter addressed to Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Erick Tsang Kwok-wai, copying Secretary for Justice Teresa Cheng and Chief Executive Carrie Lam, urges the city government to clarify whether Beijing’s supervisory power over the city extends to the judiciary and prosecutors. Dykes asks pointedly: “Does the claimed power of supervision extend to these bodies? If it does, how can the power be reconciled with the notion of independence?” Dykes’ letter comes one day after the city’s justice secretary declared that the central government’s Liaison Office in Hong Kong has supervisory powers and is not bound by Article 22 of the Basic Law. Source.
Wednesday, April 29
In a communication sent on Thursday, April 23 and made public today, United Nations Special Rapporteurs urged the Hong Kong government to review and reconsider key aspects of its terrorism and sedition laws to insure compliance with international human rights treaties that apply to Hong Kong. The Special Rapporteurs stated: “We note that imprecise and overly broad definitions of terrorist actions can include actions protected by human rights law, such as peaceful actions to protect . . . labour rights, minority rights or human rights, and, particularly, the right of association and peaceful assembly.” Emphasizing that “counterterrorism laws are not the appropriate mechanism for the restriction of human rights,” they cautioned against invoking “national security as a justification for measures aimed at suppressing opposition or to justify repressive practices against its population.” Source. Source.
Hong Kong localist activist Edward Leung loses an appeal against his jail term in connection with “rioting” during the 2016 Mong Kok unrest. In June 2018, Leung was sentenced to six years in jail after pleading guilty to assaulting a police officer and being convicted of one charge of rioting. The Mong Kok unrest was triggered by the authorities’ attempts to clear street hawkers, which escalated into violent clashes between police and protesters. Leung’s sentence seems disproportionately lengthy when compared with Tony Hung’s 45-month jail time on conviction of three counts of wounding with intent. Source.
Friday, May 1
Labour Party vice-chairman Mak Tak-ching is arrested in the morning on suspicion of obstructing police shortly after he and several members of the Labour Party and the League of Social Democrats begin their march from Admiralty Center to the government's headquarters to protest the ban on the annual May 1 Labour Day demonstrations. Eight of the participants are fined for violating the public gathering law, even though they had moved in groups of four in compliance with social distancing measures. Source.
During the day, 3,000 riot police swarm the streets in anticipation of Labour Day protests that do not materialize. At around 7p.m., pro-democracy protesters gather at the New Town Plaza in Sha Tin to join in a peaceful singalong similar to the two that took place earlier this week at Taikoo Shing and in Central. Police enter and threaten the crowd to disperse and then pepper spray people indiscriminately, including journalists. Source. Source.
Monday, May 4
Civil society groups are planning to organize activities on May 9, May 10, June 12, June 16, and July 1 and urge Hong Kongers not to give up the fight for democracy. The activities include: (1) an epidemic prevention seminar on May 9, (2) a protest calling for Carrie Lam to step down on May 10, (3) a rally marking the one year anniversary of the extradition bill that sparked mass protests on June 12, (4) a rally on June 16 calling for the five demands, and (5) an annual protest on July 1 that has been held since Handover Day in 1997. Source.
In a video interview, former detainees at Pik Uk Correctional Institution accuse correctional officers of severe abuse and torture in which the pro-democracy protesters remanded to the institution were beaten, had their heads repeatedly bashed against the wall, and slapped for singing “Glory to Hong Kong.” Some protesters recall being beaten once or twice a week while others say they were beaten four to five times a week. In February, one man tried to hurt himself because he could no longer withstand the abuse. Activists demand an independent investigation into the allegations and holding those involved accountable. Source.
Legislative Council President Andrew Leung tells reporters that, according to outside legal counsel, pro-Beijing lawmaker Starry Lee, the incumbent House Committee chair running for reelection, has the duty and power to end the deadlock over the election of a new chair. Source.
Tuesday, May 5
Media mogul Jimmy Lai Chee-ying is barred from leaving Hong Kong as part of his bail condition after he pleaded not guilty to one count of criminal intimidation for allegedly threatening to injure a man, identified only as X, during the June 4, 2017 vigil in Victoria Park. Speaking outside West Kowloon Magistrate Court, Lai urged Hongkongers to fight on while former lawmaker Lee Cheuk-yan expressed regret over prosecutors’ bid to impose additional bail conditions, which he learned just minutes before the afternoon hearing. Source.
Netizens gather at Tuen Mun Town Plaza to sing “Glory to Hong Kong” and to chant pro-democracy slogans. Riot police flood the plaza, some in plain-clothes, to film the protesters and to cordon off the mall. Source.
Chief Executive Carrie Lam affirms Legislative Council president Andrew Leung’s assertion that Starry Lee, the incumbent House Committee chair, has the power to handle non-urgent legislative business. In response, pan-democrats are pursuing external legal advice before the next House Committee meeting on Friday to “seek an independent opinion to allow the public as well as the legislators and the chief executive to have a different perspective,” according to Civic Party lawmaker Tanya Chan. Source.
Joshua Wong, Secretary-general of the pro-democracy group Demosisto, and Shiu Ka-chun, lawmaker for the social welfare sector, lay out allegations made against officers at Pik Uk Prison and demand accountability for the extreme abuse and torture suffered by detainees. Source.
Wednesday, May 6
China’s Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office (HKMAO) issues another intimidating warning to Hong Kong by calling protesters a “political virus” and threatens that the city will never be calm until “poisonous” and “violent” black-clad demonstrators are eliminated. The HKMAO statement is the latest in Beijing’s escalating rhetoric towards pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong and its crackdown on pro-democracy leaders in the lead up to the September Legco elections. Source.
People gather at the Kingswood Ginza mall in Tin Shui Wai in the evening for another singalong protest, and riot police rush in to disperse the crowd, cordon off the mall, and issue tickets for violating social distancing rules. District Councillor Lam Chun attempts to get an officer to stop kicking and punching an unarmed civilian to no avail. Source.
Thursday, May 7
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says the first annual report on Hong Kong’s autonomy will be postponed until after the Chinese government’s annual Two Congresses conclude on May 28. The Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act requires the State Department to annually evaluate Hong Kong’s record on human rights and the rule of law, and mandates sanctions against those deemed responsible for the erosion of the city’s autonomy from China. Source.
Friday, May 8
Pro-Beijing and pro-democracy legislators fight over occupying the empty chairperson’s seat before the House Committee session. The incumbent Committee chair, Starry Lee, reaches the seat first and is protected by security guards. Lawmaker and social activist Eddie Chu Hoi-dick attempts to climb a wall to reach the chair but is removed from the room by four security guards, each holding a limb of Chu’s. Others are dragged or knocked down and pro-democracy legislator Claudia Mo is hit on the head by a flying placard. After taking the chair, Lee expels pro-democracy members from the room and issues warnings to them about breaching procedural laws. Source.
Ten people are arrested after a fight between pro-democracy and pro-Beijing camps at a Lennon Wall in Wong Tai Sin district. A group of about 20 people carrying handy tools and paint seen removing pro-democracy messages at the Lennon Wall was confronted by local residents. Three Wong Tai Sin district councillors claim that some attackers who remained at the scene when the first batch of police officers arrived were not arrested, accusing police of sheltering criminals. Source.
Protesters gather at the IFC mall at around 1p.m. for a “Lunch With You” protest, responding to online calls promoting the demonstration as a legal effort to publicize coronavirus-related information. Fifteen minutes later, police warn the crowd to disperse and cordon off the mall. Nelson Tang, a student journalist for the Hong Kong Baptist University Student Union Editorial Board, is stopped and searched by the police. Tang is then pushed to the floor by an officer and taken behind an exit door, while several reporters and Tang himself shout that he was being beaten. Reporters are hit by police’s pepper spray and treated by volunteer first-aiders at the scene. Source.
Sunday, May 10
Around 230 people are arrested, including pro-democracy lawmaker Roy Kwong, who is hospitalized after being grabbed and pushed to the ground where an officer kneels on his neck. At around 8 p.m., over 100 riot police officers suddenly rush the crowd at Sai Yeung Choi Street South and deploy pepper spray, hitting at least one man and several reporters. Source.
Hong Kong’s Fire Services Department states that an arrested suspect was found dead inside a police car when an ambulance arrived swiftly in response to the police’s call on Thursday, May 7. The deceased suspect was arrested for damaging a moving vehicle with a glass bottle and toppling over a nearby motorcycle. Source.
Monday, May 11
In an interview with pro-Beijing newspaper Ta Kung Pao, Chief Executive Carrie Lam says that, aside from the Education Bureau, both school management and sponsoring bodies have a responsibility for gatekeeping teaching materials, as misconceptions could filter into subjects such as liberal studies, a critical thinking course Beijing has blamed for inciting students to take part in pro-democracy protests. In response, Hong Kong’s largest teachers’ union states that most principals and teachers carry out their jobs professionally and urges her to apologize and withdraw her “insulting” comments. Source.
Tuesday, May 12
The Hong Kong government has consulted the legislature’s House Committee incumbent chair Starry Lee on resuming the second reading of the controversial national anthem bill. The proposed law has been criticized as an attempt to erode freedom of expression by penalizing alterations and derogatory performances of “March of the Volunteers,” punishable by a fine of up to HK$50,000 and three years’ imprisonment. Source.
The Hong Kong government cautions youth against reporting on protests following the detention of two student journalists during Sunday’s protests. Police on-site called one of the student journalists a child laborer and mocked him for his height. One officer was visibly angry while interacting with the young reporter and had to be restrained by another officer. The Hong Kong Journalists Association’s latest survey showed record decline in press freedom as journalists face increasing threats and tightening restrictions. Source.
At a Yuen Long District Council meeting, after pro-democracy legislator Roy Kwong accuses officers of “attacking” reporters in a “terrorist-like” manner, Hong Kong police chief Chris Tang admits police treatment of the press during Sunday’s protest dispersal operation in Mong Kok was “undesirable,” adding that officers should have been more professional. Source.
Police threaten protesters and journalists with force and pepper spray in effort to disperse a singalong protest in Tsz Wan Shan Shopping Center. Source.
Wednesday, May 13
U.N. human rights special rapporteurs urge Hong Kong authorities to immediately drop the criminal prosecution of 15 pro-democracy activists who participated in peaceful protests last year, stating that “Nobody should be subjected to administrative or criminal sanctions for taking part in a peaceful protest, even if the regime governing protests requires an authorization.” Source. Source.
A young woman, Ms. X, who reported her gang rape by police officers inside Tsuen Wan Police Station on September 27, 2019, accuses Commissioner of Police Chris Tang Ping-keung of attempting to discredit her during a Yuen Long District Council meeting on May 12. During the meeting, Tang alleged the young woman was a fugitive and that the police were planning to arrest her on suspicion of misleading officers. Ms. X’s lawyer denied that Ms. X was under investigation. Ms. X also revealed that police dismissed her case after failing to investigate. Source.
Protesters gather in small groups in accordance with social distancing measures in mock celebration of the 63rd birthday of chief executive Carrie Lam at the at New Town Plaza mall. Police fire pepper spray at the crowd, with one officer in plainclothes targeting a journalist and a protester. Source.
Friday, May 15
Activists and legal experts condemn the Independent Police Complaints Council’s report which found the police force’s response to the city’s protests to be justified and within regulations. Hong Kong watchers and pro-democracy figures express skepticism over the findings. . The IPCC has no powers to compel the disclosure of information. Last year, an international expert panel on the IPCC resigned citing the lack of a process for effective investigation. Source. Source.
The president of the Legislative Council Andrew Leung has appointed pro-Beijing lawmaker Chan Kin-por as presiding member of the House Committee, replacing democrat Dennis Kwok. Source.
First protester charged with rioting is sentenced to 4 years’ imprisonment. Source.
Saturday, May 16
Plain-clothes officers arrest eight people at a protest in East Point City mall in Tseung Kwan O. Dozens of people also gather to protest at Yoho Mall in Yuen Long and New Town Plaza in Sha Tin. Source.
Monday, May 18
Pro-Beijing lawmaker Starry Lee has been elected House Committee chairperson, winning an overwhelming majority of the votes despite a short-lived protest from democrats. The Hong Kong government has pushed for the passing of a controversial National Anthem bill this month. The proposed law would penalize deliberate alterations to the anthem and derogatory performances. Source.
In the West Kowloon magistrates court, the 15 arrested prominent pro-democracy leaders hear the charges against them. Their cases are adjourned until June, to allow the prosecution to prepare for a move to the district court. All the defendants have been released on bail. The group was arrested last month on charges relating to the organization of and participation in a number of last year’s protests. Five of them face longer sentences over an additional charge of “incitement to knowingly take part in an unauthorized assembly.” Source.
Tuesday, May 19
The Hong Kong government is extending its coronavirus social distancing measures, including a ban on public gatherings of more than eight people, to June 4, in effect banning the annual June Fourth candlelight vigil in Victoria Park, an event that attracts hundreds of thousands of people who commemorate victims of the bloody crackdown on the 1989 Democracy Movement in China. Critics say the decision is specifically aimed at preventing the vigil to take place. Lee Cheuk-yan, chairman of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements in China, the vigil’s organizer, said it is unreasonable to ban political rallies while schools reopen and religious activities are permitted. Source. Source.
Wednesday, May 20
The Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China urges participants to adopt the “be water” strategy used in protests, amid concerns the June Fourth vigil will be banned this year due to the extension of social distancing measures. Lee Cheuk-yan, who chairs the alliance, reiterates the inconsistency between banning the gathering while reopening schools and allowing large religious gatherings while: “It is very clear that they have the political objective of suppressing gatherings in Hong Kong.” Mak Hoi-wah, a standing committee member of the alliance, said one of the plans under discussion with district councillors is to distribute candles on the streets, and then call upon people to light them together at 8 p.m. Source.
Thursday, May 21
A draft Decision is presented to the National People’s Congress currently in session that will authorize the NPC Standing Committee to draft national security law for Hong Kong aimed at prohibiting acts of “secession, subversion of state power, subversion of state power, terrorism, and foreign interference.” The draft Decision states that the legislation, when passed, will bypass the Hong Kong legislative process and be directly inserted into Annex III of Hong Kong’s Basic Law, which contains a list of national laws related to defense and foreign affairs that are applicable to Hong Kong. According to the draft decision, which is expected to be adopted by the NPC at the end of its session on May 28, relevant mainland government departments will be allowed to set up local agencies to carry out enforcement measures. The draft Decision has triggered immediate and widespread fear among the people of Hong Kong that such legislation would pose serious and unprecedent threats to fundamental rights and freedoms. Source. Source. Source.
U.S. senators are introducing a bipartisan bill to sanction Chinese party officials and entities who enforce the new national security law in Hong Kong, and to penalize banks that do business with those entities. Senator Chris Van Hollen (D-MD) and Senator Pat Toomey (R-PA) said they had been working on the bill, which aims to defend human rights in Hong Kong and pressure China to preserve the territory’s special status. Source.
Sunday, May 24
Thousands of demonstrators gather in Causeway Bay at around 1 p.m. to march to Wan Chai to protest Beijing’s intent to impose national security legislation on Hong Kong. Hong Kong police fire tear gas and water cannons at protesters. At least 180 people are arrested, mostly for alleged participation in an illegal assembly. Among them is Sha Tin District Councillor Raymond Li. Source. Source.
Monday, May 25
The Hong Kong Bar Association issues a statement highlighting fundamental constitutional and legal concerns raised by Beijing’s move to impose national security legislation on Hong Kong. Source. Source.
Tuesday, May 26
After police fine citizens HK$2,000 for gathering with a “common purpose,” including protesters staging pro-democracy sing-a-longs at malls, Hong Kong’s health department clarifies that the definition of “group gatherings” depends on the circumstances, such as whether the gathering was planned, participant interaction, and the length of the event. Activist David Webb points out there is no mention of “common purpose” in the public order ordinance. “Do a thousand people on a beach have a “common purpose” because they all went there to enjoy the beach? If so then why hasn’t the Government cleared the beaches?” he is quoted as asking. Source.
PRC’s Ministry of Education plans to send about 60 "teaching instructors" from Hunan, Hainan, Anhui, and Liaoning to schools in Hong Kong and Macau, according to directives posted to official websites by provincial education bureaus. The teachers are being sent to teach patriotic education, according online recruitment notices. Source.
Sources say Beijing’s national security law for Hong Kong will block Hong Kong’s foreign judges from handling national security trials, deepening concerns about the city’s judicial independence. The legislation, which remains subject to change, would also see both central and city government security agencies set up in Hong Kong, according to sources. Source.
Wednesday, May 27
Hong Kong police arrest 396 people during day-long protests and skirmishes across the city, as residents protest against the proposed national anthem law which would criminalize ridicule of China’s national anthem. Several days have been set aside in the Hong Kong legislature for debate on the bill and the vote is scheduled for June 4the 31st anniversary of the crackdown on the 1989 Democracy Movement in China. Police fire pepper balls into lunchtime crowds as people shout slogans. Officers stop and search residents, including students, and force arrestees to sit in rows on the ground. Of the 396 people arrested, half are students and about 100 are children. Offences include possession of offensive weapons, possession of instruments fit for unlawful purpose, unlawful assembly, and joining unauthorized assemblies. Source. Source.
The draft national security legislation for Hong Kong is reported to have broadened its scope to include “activities” as well as “behavior”—a change that local groups see as adding organizations as targets. Source. Source.
Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen condemns Beijing’s Hong Kong national security law and announces that Taiwan will launch the "Hong Kong Humanitarian Aid Action Project" to improve Hong Kongers' "residency, settlement, and care" in Taiwan. Source.
The State Department officially certifies that Hong Kong is no longer autonomous from China, according to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in a statement that holds implications for the future of economic ties and could lead to removal of Hong Kong’s special trade status based on its autonomy from China. The State Department is required by the Hong Kong Policy Act to annually assess Hong Kong’s autonomy. Source. Source.
Preeminent legal scholar Johannes Chan sets out five reasons as to why the National People’s Congress’s draft Decision regarding Hong Kong’s national security legislation does not comply with Hong Kong’s Basic Law. Source.
Thursday, May 28
The National People’s Congress, China’s top legislature, passes a resolution by near unanimous vote authorizing its Standing Committee to tailor-make a national security law for Hong Kong, prohibiting acts of secession, subversion, terrorism, and activities by “foreign forces that interfere with the affairs of Hong Kong SAR.” The law, when passed, will require the Hong Kong SAR government to set up new institutions to safeguard national security and allow relevant organs of the mainland government to set up institutions in Hong Kong to “perform” duties related to the protection of national security. Source. Source. Source.
Friday, May 29
In a press conference, President Trump says the United States will roll back some of the special preferences the United States has granted Hong Kong. Trump also threatens to impose sanctions on Chinese and Hong Kong officials “directly or indirectly involved in eroding Hong Kong’s autonomy” after China’s legislature approved a resolution to impose national security legislation in Hong Kong. Source.
The U.S. and UK succeed in securing an informal discussion in the UN Security Council on China’s move to impose national security legislation on Hong Kong, after the U.S. failed attempt earlier this week to put the item on the Security Council’s formal agenda. China accuses the U.S. of taking the UN hostage and warns Western nations to stay out of China’s internal affairs. Source.
The UK government says if China imposes national security legislation on Hong Kong, it would “extend” visa rights for Hong Kongers holding or eligible for a British National (Overseas), or BNO, passport, numbering approximately 2.9 million people. The UK Home Secretary Priti Patel is quoted as saying: “If China imposes this law, we will explore options to allow British nationals overseas to apply for leave to stay in the UK, including a path to citizenship.” Source.
Monday, June 1
For the first time in 30 years, Hong Kong police formally ban the candlelight vigil in Victoria Park to commemorate victims of the military crackdown on the 1989 Democracy Movement, citing Covid-19 measures. Lee Cheuk-yan, an organizer of the vigil and chair of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China, urges people to light candles individually and to observe a moment of silence. “With this ban, and a disastrous national security law looming, it is not clear if Hong Kong’s Tiananmen vigil will ever be allowed to take place again,” said Joshua Rosenzweig, Amnesty International Deputy Director for East and South-east Asia. Source.
The Hong Kong Companies Registry grills Coming Dawn, an e-platform seeking registration, over its political stance, raising concerns over censorship. The platform provides job matching services for Hong Kong protesters with businesses that support the pro-democracy movement in the “yellow economic circle.” In 2017, the registry refused to allow the pro-independence Hong Kong National Party to change the name of a shell company it purchased to “HKNP Limited” on the grounds that advocating independence was deemed contrary to the Basic Law. The following year, the registry used a similar reason to reject an application by pro-democracy party Demosisto to register as a limited company, after sitting on the application for nearly two years. Source.
As protesters face sustained and widespread police brutality, the Office of the Ombudsman requests that the Hong Kong Police Force make publicly available the full content of the Police General Orders, a code of conduct for police officers which provides guidance on the use of force and arrests, etc. Currently without access to the key relevant chapters, the public has limited means to monitor and report police misconduct in violation of the Police General Orders. Source.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says the U.S. is considering opening its doors to people from Hong Kong in response to China’s push to impose national security legislation on Hong Kong. Republican Senate leader Mitch McConnell says he hopes the Trump administration will soon find ways to “impose costs on Beijing” for curbing freedoms in Hong Kong and agrees that the U.S. should mirror other democracies in opening its doors to Hong Kongers. Source.
A Hong Kong court acquits 20-year-old Lam Tsz-ho of rioting after raising doubts regarding the credibility of police testimony. Lam, a student, is the first pro-democracy protester to be acquitted in connection with an incident that allegedly occurred during last year’s unrest. Source.
Tuesday, June 2
The political party Demosisto files a complaint with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights regarding the abuse of pro-democracy protesters held in the Pik Uk Correctional Institution, a facility in Sai Kung used for inmates aged 21 or under. Demosisto cites the cases of three protesters who had been beaten and verbally abused by Correctional Services Department (CSD) guards. Source. Source.
Wednesday, June 3
UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson states he is ready to offer a right to live and work in the UK to nearly three million Hong Kong citizens eligible for a British National Overseas passport if China presses ahead with the national security legislation for Hong Kong. Source.
About a hundred people commemorate the 1989 Democracy Movement outside of Lai Chi Kok (Correctional) Reception Center, so that pro-democracy protesters detained inside could join in spirit, by raising candles and chanting slogans. Source.
Beijing denies any international obligations under the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration that it signed with the UK government. Foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian says in a press conference: “The basic policies regarding Hong Kong declared by China in the Joint Declaration are China's statement of policies, not commitment to the UK or an international obligation as some claim.” Source. Source. Source.
Thursday, June 4
Hong Kong’s legislature passes a controversial bill criminalizing insult of the Chinese national anthem. The law is passed after a number of pro-democracy lawmakers are ejected for staging a noisy protest to stall proceedings and will be effective June 12. Offenders who are found guilty of deliberately altering “March of the Volunteers” risk fines up to HK$50,000 or three years in prison. Source. Source. Source.
In defiance of a police ban, thousands gather in Victoria Park in Causeway Bay for the annual candlelight vigil to commemorate the victims of the military crackdown on the 1989 Democracy Movement. People hold candles and chant slogans. Unlike past years, most shout slogans for Hong Kong, including ones calling for independence, such as “Free HK, democracy now!” and “Hong Kong Independence, only way!” Some sing the unofficial anthem of Hong Kong’s pro-democracy protests, “Glory to Hong Kong.” Source. Source.
Hundreds gather in Mong Kok to mark the 31st anniversary of the crackdown of the 1989 Democracy Movement. Some demonstrators try to set up roadblocks with metal barriers, prompting officers to use pepper spray to disperse them. Source.
Friday, June 5
Dozens of Hong Kong protesters march through IFC mall in Central, chanting pro-democracy slogans a day after thousands gathered in a vigil for the anniversary of the crackdown of the 1989 Democracy Movement. Protesters of all ages join the march in the heart of the city's financial district, which ends peacefully after an hour. Source.
Monday, June 8
Activists urge Hong Kongers to dress in black and join street booths on June 12 as the city marks the one-year anniversary of the clash in 2019 between pro-democracy protesters and police outside the legislature. Rally organizer Ventus Lau Wing-hong will postpone a planned assembly at Tamar Park, since police are expected to ban the move under current Covid-19 social distancing rules. Lau will instead organize street booths in 12 districts and a religious gathering in Central to remind the public about the protests. Source.
Tuesday, June 9
During lunchtime protests, hundreds of protesters gather in several shopping centers to chant pro-democracy slogans and sing the unofficial anthem of the movement, “Glory to Hong Kong.” In the early evening, hundreds gather in Chater Garden and in streets in Central to chant pro-democracy slogans to mark the first anniversary of the pro-democracy movement. Dozens of riot police charge at them, firing pepper spray. They conduct body searches and order people to leave. In total, 53 people (36 men and 17 women) are arrested in Central on suspicion of taking part in an unauthorized assembly or for other offences. Source. Source.
Chief Executive Carrie Lam says Hong Kong needs to prove its residents are “responsible and sensible” citizens of China in order to preserve its promised way of life and systems under one country, two systems. Lam hopes everyone, “including the administration and legislators,” has learned a lesson following the pro-democracy protests. Lam adds that “Hong Kong cannot afford to be more chaotic anymore,” urging people again to support the controversial national security laws being imposed by the Chinese central government. Source. Source.
Mr. Justice Godfrey Lam Wan-ho of the High Court issues a 35-day deadline for the police to respond to Legislative Councilor Ted Hui Chi-fung’s application for details on the tear gas police used in his constituency in Central and Western districts. The information Hui sought included the tear gas ingredients, chemical compounds emitted, and details of the models used. Hui plans to use the information to challenge the legality, reasonableness, and proportionality of police deployment of tear gas, and help those who intend to seek claims over injuries caused by the weapon. Source.
Department of Justice revises charges against protesters who entered Legco chamber on July 1, 2019 to rioting, with maximum 10-year sentences. Source.
Wednesday, June 10
John Lee Ka-chiu, Secretary for Security, reveals that the Hong Kong police are setting up a dedicated unit to enforce the coming national security legislation. The unit will learn how to apply the law to actual situations, and to gather intelligence and evidence in respect to activities or acts described in the law as unlawful. The unit will also have investigative capability and an action arm. Source. Source.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe will take the lead among Group of Seven (G7) countries in drafting a statement on China’s plan to introduce a controversial national security law in Hong Kong, as Tokyo joins Washington and London in putting pressure on Beijing. Japan did not join the United States, Britain, Canada, and Australia when they issued a statement regarding the national security law on May 28, and instead issued a separate statement expressing “deep concern” and summoned the Chinese ambassador to Japan. Source.
China’s foreign ministry issues a “fact sheet” defending Beijing’s decision to impose a national security law on Hong Kong following international concern that the proposed legislation would undermine the city’s freedoms and autonomy and destabilize the business environment. The statement disputes six “typical falsehoods” about the move by Beijing. It addresses matters including the proposed law’s legitimacy and legality, the urgency for Beijing to act, implications for the “one country, two systems” principle by which Hong Kong is governed, and the city’s freedoms and business environment. The statement also says the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration is “not relevant” to the national security law, and that “other countries and organizations have no right to meddle in Hong Kong affairs on the grounds of the joint declaration.” Source.
Thursday, June 11
At least three vigil organizers and media tycoon Jimmy Lai Chee-ying will be prosecuted over the gathering of thousands of people in Victoria Park on June 4 to mark the anniversary of the crackdown of the 1989 Democracy Movement. Writing on his Facebook page, Lee Cheuk-yan, chairman of the Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China, said officers informed him he would receive a court summons for inciting people to take part in an unauthorized assembly on June 4. Lee said the prosecutions were expected “in retaliation” for exercising their right of assembly. Source.
A Hong Kong court has accepted private charges filed by Democratic Party lawmaker Ted Hui against a traffic police officer who shot a protester with a live round at an anti-extradition demonstration last year. The officer will be summoned to court to face three charges. The charge of shooting with intent to do grievous bodily harm carries a maximum sentence of life imprisonment. The other charges are discharging ammunition with reckless disregard for the safety of others and dealing with a firearm in a manner likely to injure or endanger the safety of others. Each carries a maximum sentence of seven years of imprisonment. Source.
Friday, June 12
Thirteen pro-democracy figures, including media mogul Jimmy Lai Chee-ying, will face prosecution over incitement charges in connection with the banned June 4 candlelight vigil in Victoria Park to mark the anniversary of the crackdown of the 1989 Democracy Movement. The others who have been informed by the police of their impending prosecutions include standing committee members of the Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China: Andrew Wan Siu-kin, Cheung Man-kwong, Leung Yiu-chung, Mak Hoi-wah, Chiu Yan-loy, Chow Hang-tung, and Leung Kam-wai, as well as the Labour Party’s Kwok Wing-kin and Civil Human Rights Front vice-convenor Figo Chan Ho-wun. The case will be taken to court on June 23. Source.
Hundreds of demonstrators take to the streets in districts including Causeway Bay, Sha Tin, Mong Kok, Tai Po, Yuen Long, and Kwun Tong to mark the anniversary of the first major clash between protesters and police, on June 12, 2019, seen as the beginning of the months-long anti-extradition protest movement. A man is arrested for allegedly attacking a protester singing “Glory to Hong Kong” with a knife in Kwun Tong. Police fire pepper spray at demonstrators and arrest 35 people for offenses including wounding, participating in an illegal assembly, participating in an unauthorized assembly, misconduct in a public place, and possession of offensive weapons. Among those arrested in Causeway Bay is pro-democracy lawmaker Ted Hui Chi-fung. Source. Source.
Monday, June 15
Thousands of people mourn the death of protester “raincoat man” a year after he fell from scaffolding in Admiralty. Leung Ling-kit was standing on top of scaffolding outside the Pacific Place mall donning a yellow raincoat. He had hung a banner calling for the withdrawal of the extradition bill release of arrested protesters, as well as lifting the “riots” for the demonstrations. In the evening, thousands place white flowers and placards around a shrine featuring a yellow raincoat in memory of Leung. Source.
Fifteen prominent pro-democracy leaders prosecuted over last year’s protests have applied to have their criminal proceedings put on hold, pending a proposed judicial challenge against the transfer of their case to a higher court, where they could face heavier penalties. Prosecutors had applied to move the case to the District Court, which can pass a maximum jail term of seven years. Principal Magistrate Peter Law Tak-chuen agreed to the defendants’ request and will hear counsel from both sides on July 15 on whether to suspend the present case until the resolution of the judicial challenge. Source.
Secretary for Justice Teresa Cheng indicates the impending national security legislation will not adhere to the city’s common law system: “It is impracticable and unreasonable to expect that everything in a national law, the National Security Law, will be exactly as what a statute in the HKSAR common law jurisdiction would be like. Yet of course, the legislation should be clear and understood in the HKSAR.” Source.
At a seminar in Shenzhen, Deng Zhonghua, deputy director of the cabinet-level Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office, says the central government reserves the right to assert jurisdiction over cases “in very special circumstances” when applying the new national security law, but local authorities will be responsible for the rest. Deng stresses such cases would be rare, and they would still be prosecuted according to the rule of law as upheld in Hong Kong. Pro-democracy lawmakers question what the exceptional cases Deng refers to would be, raising fears that the law could be used to persecute Beijing’s critics and even have them tried across the border. Source.
Tuesday, June 16
Secretary for Justice Teresa Cheng Yeuk-wah hints that the Department of Justice could consider intervening in a string of high-profile private prosecution proceedings initiated in recent months. Since February, cases have been brought against a taxi driver accused of ramming his cab into a crowd of demonstrators, a police officer who shot a protester, a lawmaker said to have assaulted an opposition counterpart, and public officials accused of misconduct. Democratic Party lawmaker Ted Hui Chi-fung says Cheng’s statement would pave the way for prosecutors to step in and derail privately launched proceedings that target members of the police force. Source.
Wednesday, June 17
In a joint letter to Li Zhanshu, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, 86 non-government organizations, including Amnesty International, Human Rights in China, Human Rights Watch, and Freedom House, urge the withdrawal of the planned national security legislation for Hong Kong, saying it threatens basic rights and freedoms. Meanwhile, China’s top legislature announces it is speeding up the timetable for drafting and deliberation of the legislation. Source. Source. Source.
Hong Kongers who breach the new national security law, particularly in cases involving foreign interference, could be extradited to mainland China for trial, according to Tam Yiu-chung, Hong Kong’s sole delegate to China’s National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC). Source.
Foreign ministers of the Group of Seven (G7) countries issue a rare joint statement on the planned national security legislation for Hong Kong: “We strongly urge the government of China to reconsider this decision.” Source.
Thursday, June 18
To allay investor concerns about the impact of a new national security law on Hong Kong’s status as a financial hub, Vice-Premier Liu He, President Xi Jinping’s top economic aide, said that Beijing “will adhere to the policy of ‘one country, two systems’, and give support to Hong Kong as it plays the role of an international financial centre.” The statement comes as the national legislature pushes ahead with a review of the bill. Source.
Taiwan has drawn up a plan to provide humanitarian support, including a basic living allowance, to Hong Kongers seeking asylum on the island out of fear of prosecution at home for alleged involvement in the pro-democracy protests. The Taiwan-Hong Kong Service and Exchange Office would be set up under the Taiwan-Hong Kong Economic and Cultural Cooperation Council – a semi-official organization established in 2010. Source.
The draft National Security Law for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) of the People's Republic of China is submitted to the National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee, state media reports: “The draft makes explicit stipulations on what constitutes four categories of criminal acts and their corresponding criminal responsibilities.” Source.
Saturday, June 20
Xinhua releases an “explainer” of the draft national security law for Hong Kong containing more details about the law than were previously known:
Monday, June 22
The Hong Kong Bar Association Vice-Chairperson Anita Yip criticizes the proposed provisions of the Hong Kong national security law, as reported by Xinhua that allow the chief executive power to select judges to handle cases involving national security: “[I]t is totally an executive interference. Judicial independence is a cornerstone [of the rule of law]. Letting the chief executive select a judge to try a case is unheard of,” Yip said. Source.
Tam Yiu-chung, Hong Kong's sole delegate on the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, reveals that all candidates running for Hong Kong's upcoming Legislative Council election will be required to sign a letter pledging their allegiance to the Basic Law and even the proposed national security laws. Tam says failure to comply could result in the disqualification of a candidacy, but a final decision will be made by the city's election affairs officers. Nathan Law Kwun-chung, one of the lawmakers who was disqualified over the oath, says the move reflects Beijing's fear that pro-democracy candidates could win a majority in the Legislative Council, even though the electoral system is designed to favor pro-Beijing candidates. Source.
Tuesday, June 23
European Union leaders warn President Xi Jinping of “very negative consequences” over Beijing’s plan to introduce a national security law in Hong Kong, while pressing for progress on market access and climate change in a sign of Europe’s hardening approach to China. Following an EU-China summit via video conference, Ursula von der Leyen, who leads the European Commission, says in a press conference, “The national security law risks seriously undermining the ‘one country, two systems’ principle.” Source.
Zhang Yong, vice-chairman of the Legislative Affairs Commission of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee, says Hong Kong’s leader must have the power to pick judges to oversee cases under the new national security law to avoid “dual allegiance” among those with foreign nationality. Yong also brushes off concerns this would undermine judicial independence, insisting it had nothing to do with jurisdiction and the central government should always have the final say on matters of national security. Source.
Wednesday, June 24
Martin Lee blasts the Hong Kong government’s handling of the long-awaited legal challenge over police officers’ lack of identification during the past year of protests and accuses his opponents of withholding key information. Opening the case in the High Court, Lee says the government could not even identify the existence and timing of a decision to end the time-honored practice for uniformed officers to display their unique identification numbers while executing their duties, nor the reasons for introducing it, despite its duty to disclose relevant facts and documents when responding to judicial challenge. “I’ve never seen a case where the government behaves in this rotten way,” says Lee. Source.
Hong Kong police have charged seven people in connection with the August 31, 2019 Prince Edward MTR incident, with some facing charges of rioting. On the day of the incident, dozens were injured by special tactical officers from the police force who stormed into the MTR station wielding batons and deploying pepper spray inside train carriages and on the platform. Fire services medics were denied entry whilst journalists were evicted from the station amid city-wide pro-democracy protests. A total of 69 people have been arrested on suspicion of unlawful assembly, property damage, and other charges. Source.
Thursday, June 25
Police use pepper spray and arrest at least 14 people, aged 14 to 55, for illegal assembly in Yoho Mall during a “shopping protest” against Beijing’s impending national security law. In the evening, after two more protesters are taken away by plain-clothes officers, police fire pepper spray at a small group of demonstrators nearby. Source.
The U.S. Senate approves the Hong Kong Autonomy Act that would strengthen the U.S. government’s ability to sanction those violating China’s commitments to Hong Kong under the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration and the Basic Law. Source.
Friday, June 26
The Hong Kong Journalists Association and the Hong Kong Photojournalists Association write to U.N. agencies in a formal complaint about repeated violent attacks on journalists by the Hong Kong police: "Since the start of this year, such obstructions have become more systematic, targeted, and larger in scope, including the insistence by officers that journalists verify their identity before trying to work, large-scale stop-and-search operations, with police going so far as to detain reporters at the scene [of protests], or driving them away.” The letter cites an HKJA survey showing that more than 80 percent of journalists covering the protests have experienced police violence or been prevented from doing their jobs by police. Source.
Hong Kong democrats criticize the government for wasting taxpayer’s money after spending nearly HK$7 million on promoting the controversial national security law. Despite the Chief Executive’s statements that she did not know what the law entails, the government has amounted a campaign calling for public support of the law on billboards, trams, buses, TV, and radio, and in social media and newspapers. Source.
Fifty UN independent experts call for decisive measures to protect fundamental freedoms in China and urge China to abide by its international legal obligations, including under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Sino-British Joint Declaration, and withdraw the draft national security law for Hong Kong. Source.
Sunday, June 28
Police arrest 53 people for unlawful assembly from a crowd of several hundred in a “silent protest” against the national security law that moves from Jordan to Mong Kok. In Yuen Long, a pro-Beijing group wearing white “Protect Alliance Hong Kong” shirts set up a promotional stall near Long Ping MTR station to collect signatures in support of the law. Two men from the group attack a mother and her nine-year-old over differing political opinions, injuring the boy’s eye. Source. Source.
Monday, June 29
China announces visa restrictions on U.S. individuals who “behave egregiously” in relation to Hong Kong affairs, without specifying whom or how many will be targeted. The act is in response to Washington’s decision last week to restrict visas for Chinese officials who undermine Hong Kong’s semi-autonomous status. Source.
To prevent pro-democracy protests marking the July 1 anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to China, police sources reveal that a lockdown around the venue—the Convention and Exhibition Centre in Wan Chai—is in effect. Sources say over 4,000 riot police officers and three water cannons will also be on standby across the city from Tuesday evening to deal with possible unrest in reaction to the expected passage of a new national security law. Source.
A video of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) sharpshooters undergoing intensive live-fire drills in Hong Kong circulating on social media is seen as a warning to “separatists” ahead of Beijing’s passage of a national security law for Hong Kong. Source.
Tuesday, June 30
The National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) unanimously passes The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The law is inserted into Annex III of the Basic Law, bypassing Hong Kong legislature, and goes into effect at 11:00 p.m. The law criminalizes acts of secession, subversion, terrorism, and collusion with foreign and external forces to jeopardize national security. The law asserts global jurisdiction on acts committed in or outside of Hong Kong by residents or non-residents of Hong Kong and imposes penalties including life imprisonment for offenders and expulsion of non-residents. Source. Source. Source.
In video, Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam addresses UN Human Rights Council: “I urge the international community to respect our country’s right to safeguard national security, and Hong Kong people’s aspirations for stability and harmony.” She maintains that the legislation would only target a minority of people who have broken the law, while the basic rights and freedoms of the majority of Hong Kong residents would be protected. Source.
Political activists say they plan to defy the police ban on the July 1 march as 4,000 police officers are reportedly deployed to handle unrest. Source.
Ninety politicians and organizations from across the world issue a joint statement condemning Beijing’s passing of a national security law for Hong Kong. They call on countries to impose Magnitsky-style sanctions against Chinese and Hong Kong officials complicit in the passing of the new legislation and urge the implementation of “lifeboat” operations for Hong Kongers who may now face political persecution. Source. Source.
U.S. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross announces just hours before Beijing passes a national security law for Hong Kong that the U.S. will restrict Hong Kong’s access to “sensitive US technology,” likely the first in a potentially long line of steps towards removing the city’s special trading privileges, and a further tightening of the screw on China’s access to hi-tech goods. Hong Kong could be moved from a group of countries that receive export license exceptions, including Australia, Britain, and Taiwan to a category that includes Russia, Syria, and Venezuela. Ross says “the risk that sensitive US technology will be diverted to the People’s Liberation Army or Ministry of State Security has increased, all while undermining the territory’s autonomy.” Source.
Hong Kong activists are deleting social media profiles and closing down campaign groups after Beijing passed a new security law that many fear could land them in jail. High-profile activists Joshua Wong, Nathan Law, and Agnes Chow have resigned from their pro-democracy group, Demosisto, and the group itself has announced its closure hours after news of the law’s passage. So did Hong Kong National Front, a pro-independence group, which says its work will continue abroad in Taiwan and the U.K. Studentlocalism, another pro-independence group, has also announced its closure. Source.
Wednesday, July 1
More than 370 protesters are arrested as police fire teargas, pepper spray, and water cannon at thousands of people protesting the new national security law, concentrated in Causeway Bay and Wanchai, defying a police ban. Police are seen pinning protesters to the ground, shooting pepper balls at people who heckle them, and targeting journalists with water cannon and rounds of pepper spray. Police reveal that 10 of the arrests are for offences related to the new security law, including holding signs or flags advocating for Hong Kong independence. Of those arrested is a 15-year-old girl who waved a Hong Kong independence flag. Source.
U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson denounces China’s imposition of a security law on Hong Kong as a “clear and serious” violation of its treaty with Britain, vowing to introduce a bespoke five-year visa for as many as 2.9 million Hong Kong citizens with British national (overseas) status. After the five years, they will be able to apply for settled status, Johnson says. After another 12 months with settled status, they will then be able to apply for citizenship. Source.
Joshua Braithwaite, U.K. Ambassador to the United Nation at Geneva, delivers a joint-statement on behalf of 27 countries at the Human Rights Council condemning China’s new national security law: “We urge the Chinese and Hong Kong governments to reconsider the imposition of this legislation and to engage Hong Kong’s people, institutions and judiciary to prevent further erosion of the rights and freedoms that the people of Hong Kong have enjoyed for many years.” Source. Source.
Hong Kong’s localist and pan-democratic politicians face an uncertain future ahead of September’s Legislative Council elections, as the newly passed national security law has effectively empowered authorities to disqualify candidates and halt their overseas activities. Activists Nathan Law Kwun-chung and Joshua Wong Chi-fung, who earlier vowed to run for September’s elections under the Demosisto umbrella, say their recent withdrawal from the group will not deter them from running as independent candidates. Source.
The U.S. House of Representatives joins the Senate in approving a bill to rebuke China over its crackdown in Hong Kong by imposing sanctions on groups that undermine the city’s autonomy. The bill targets police units that have cracked down on Hong Kong protesters, as well as Communist Party of China officials responsible for imposing a strict “national security” law on Hong Kong. The measure would also impose sanctions on banks that do business with entities found to violate the law. Source.
Thursday, July 2
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison says Australia is working on a plan to provide safe haven to Hong Kong residents after China’s “very concerning” decision to push ahead with the new national security law. Source.
China says it will take countermeasures against the U.K. should it grant residency to Hong Kongers fleeing a harsh new national security law, promising that the U.K. would “bear all consequences.” The comments, from the Chinese embassy in the U.K., come after Prime Minister Boris Johnson said the UK would offer nearly three million Hong Kong residents with British National (Overseas) status (BNO) the right to settle in the U.K. Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab admits there is little Britain can do to “coercively force” China if it does block Hong Kongers from coming to the U.K. Source.
In a statement, Hong Kong’s chief justice Geoffrey Ma Tao-li weighs in on the new national security law for the first time, spelling out how cases will be handled under his watch and stressing the judiciary will have the final say on the choice of judges and that political considerations should not be a factor. Some senior legal figures accuse Ma, due to retire in 2021, of failing to address real concerns and even whitewashing grave implications over a new arrangement that would clip his full power to tap judges in national security cases. Source.
Nathan Law, one of Hong Kong’s most prominent young democracy activists, announces his departure from the city in response to the new National Security Law: “I have already left Hong Kong and continue the advocacy work on the international level.” In the short English message to journalists, Law declines to specify which country he had gone to. Source.
Monday, July 6
Following the first meeting of the Committee for Safeguarding National Security (CSNS) of the HKSAR, established under Article 12 of the National Security Law (NSL), chaired by Chief Executive Carrie Lam, the Hong Kong government gazettes implementation rules of Article 43 of the NSL. The implementation rules specify circumstances under which Hong Kong police are empowered to conduct searches at private properties without a warrant, restrict suspects’ movements, freeze their assets, intercept communications, and require Internet service providers to remove information. Source. Source.
Dozens of protesters gather at around 6 p.m. at APM mall in Kwun Tong to hold a silent protest while holding blank placards. The stunt comes after the government said the popular slogan “Liberate Hong Kong, revolution of our times” was illegal. Upon arrival, the police disperse the peaceful protest and arrest eight people. Source.
The Hong Kong government orders schools to review and remove books that might breach the new security law. Among those withdrawn from shelves is one by prominent activist Joshua Wong, another by pro-democracy lawmaker Tanya Chan, and multiple other titles written by Chin Wan, a scholar who is seen as the godfather of a “localist” movement advocating greater self-determination for the city. Source.
Hong Kongers are finding creative ways, including wordplay, to voice dissent and subvert CCP dogma, following the passage of the security law and arrests of people displaying now forbidden political slogans. Source.
Tuesday, July 7
Hong Kong’s justice minister Teresa Cheng Yeuk-wah says that citizenship will not affect foreign judges’ appointment to hearings of cases involving national security. Cheng declines to say if a foreign judge has been appointed. Source.
Wednesday, July 8
All Hong Kong civil servants employed from July 1 will be required to swear allegiance to the Hong Kong SAR in writing and uphold the Basic Law, with the rule applying also to serving officers whose duties are deemed “crucial” or “sensitive.” Source.
Critics slam the Hong Kong government for allowing police to intercept communications and request personal data from service providers under the new national security legislation, citing privacy infringement risks. Source.
Senior Hong Kong lawyers warn of fewer judicial safeguards and limited channels to seek redress under the National Security Law, saying that several law enforcement powers, traditionally requiring a judge’s approval, can now be signed off by the city’s leader or high-ranking police officers in investigations relating to national security. Source.
Thursday, July 9
Australia will suspend its extradition treaty with Hong Kong and give 10,000 Hong Kongers on student and temporary visas a pathway to permanent residency in response to the National Security Law. China slams Australia’s move as a serious violation of international law. “Australia will have to bear all consequences because of that,” says Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian. Source.
Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Erick Tsang Kwok-wai warns the pro-democracy parties that their primary election this weekend could breach the National Security Law, as well as the city’s election laws, but organizers and candidates vow to proceed. Source.
Friday, July 10
Hong Kong’s top court will hear the legal challenge brought against the government’s ban on masks imposed during the pro-democracy protests last year. Source.
Hong Kong police raid the Public Opinion Research Institute (PORI) office in Wong Chuk Hang. The polling organization is a co-organizer of this weekend’s primary legislative election for the pro-democracy camp. Police say they have a warrant and confiscate PCs, according to Stand News. Source.
Monday, July 13
Over 600,000 Hong Kongers vote in the democratic camp’s unofficial primaries in advance of the September Legislative Council elections. Chief Executive Carrie Lam warns that the aim of delivering opposition lawmakers “may fall into the category of subverting the state power – one of the four types of offences under the national security law.” Source. Source.
Thirteen pro-democracy figures, including Jimmy Lai Chee-ying, face incitement charges in West Kowloon Court over their participation in the police-banned June 4 vigil in Victoria Park. They are scheduled to appear in the same court on September 15 pending further police inquiries. Source.
Australia will allow approximately 10,000 Hong Kong passport holders currently living in Australia the opportunity to apply for permanent residence once their visas expire. Source.
Tuesday, July 14
Beijing’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office (HKMAO) condemns the weekend democratic primaries as being “illegal” and a challenge to the National Security Law. The Liaison Office singles out Benny Tai for trying to carry out Hong Kong’s “color revolution,” and accuses the organizers of colluding with foreign powers in a “serious provocation” of Hong Kong’s electoral system. Source. Source.
The New York Times announces it will relocate its Hong Kong-based digital news operation to Seoul, South Korea. In a memo to staff, Times editors and executives who oversee the paper’s international coverage and operations write: “China’s sweeping new national security law in Hong Kong has created a lot of uncertainty about what the new rules will mean to our operation and our journalism. . . . We feel it is prudent to make contingency plans and begin to diversify our editing staff around the region.” Source.
Wednesday, July 15
Chinese foreign ministry says China will sanction U.S. institutions and individuals after U.S. President Donald Trump issues an executive order to end Hong Kong’s special trade status and signs the Hong Kong Autonomy Act into law, which authorizes “mandatory sanctions” against any foreign individual for “materially contributing” to the violation of China’s promise to Hong Kong under the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration and the Basic Law. Source. Source.
Lo Kin-hei, vice-chairman of the Democratic Party and chairman of the Southern District Council, and four others are charged with unlawful assembly for participating in a protest at Hong Kong Polytechnic University in November 2019. They have been released on bail and will appear in Kowloon City Court on August 21. Source.
Au Nok-hin, one of the organizers of the weekend democratic primaries, resigns from his post to protect his safety after Beijing issued statements warning that the primaries were illegal. Source.
The 15 prominent pro-democracy figures arrested on April 18 drop their judicial review challenge to the transfer of their case to the District Court where they could be subject to higher penalties. Source.
Thursday, July 16
Hong Kong police admit to having plainclothes officers in Yuen Long on July 21, 2019, before the attack in and around Yuen Long MTR station. On July 21, 2019, a gang of over 100 rod-wielding men stormed Yuen Long station and left 45 people injured. Citizens accuse the police of colluding with the attackers and arriving late to the scene. Notably, uniformed officers were seen walking from the MTR station while emergency calls were ignored by police. Source.
Friday, July 17
Shi Yanan, a criminal law expert at Renmin University in Beijing, says the principle of double criminality, when a suspect can only be extradited from one jurisdiction to another if the person is suspected of an act that is a crime in both jurisdictions, should apply under to Hong Kong’s even if the principle is not spelled out in the National Security Law. Source.
An exclusive report by Taiwan’s Up Media says that Kao Ming-tsun, the acting head of the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Hong Kong, left Hong Kong when asked to sign an affidavit expressing support for the “One China” policy in exchange for a visa extension. Source.
Under President Donald Trump’s executive order, the United States will stop training the Hong Kong police force and other local security services at the International Law Enforcement Academies (ILEAs). The executive order also ends the Fulbright exchange program for China and Hong Kong. Source.
Monday, July 27
Over ten democratic candidates, including Joshua Wong, are forced to respond to letters from returning officers concerning their eligibility to run in the September Legislative Council elections, including their political stance, the national security law, U.S. sanctions, and other issues. Source.
Tuesday, July 28
China suspends Hong Kong’s extradition treaties with Canada, Australia, and the UK, mirroring the western countries’ moves to end extradition treaties with Hong Kong. On July 28, New Zealand joined the three countries in suspending its extradition treaty with Hong Kong. Source. Source.
Chief Executive Carrie Lam and members of the Executive Council discuss postponing the September Legislative Council elections for a year due to the third wave of the coronavirus pandemic. No decision is reached. Pro-democracy figures suspect that this is a political move to counter another democrat victory. In response, the United States and Australia push Hong Kong to commit to a “free and fair” Legislative Council election, and the European Union and the UK promise to watch the polls on September 6. Source. Source.
Wednesday, July 29
The national security unit arrests four student members of a now defunct pro-independence group, Studentlocalism, including Tony Chung Hon-lam, a former member, over a Facebook post that stated the group’s mission to transform Hong Kong into a republic. Police say cite possible violation of Articles 20 and 21 of the National Security Law, which prohibit acts of organizing, planning, committing or participating in altering the legal status of the city. Source.
Thursday, July 30
Twelve pro-democracy candidates are banned from running in September’s Legislative Council, with the potential of more to come. Returning officers cite as reasons the candidates’ pledge to vote down the government’s budget and other proposals, previous calls for foreign governments to sanction the city over the national security law, and advocation for Hong Kong independence. Source. Source.
Former lawmaker Au Nok-hin, one of 15 pro-democracy figures arrested on April 18, will plead guilty to organizing and taking part in an unauthorized assembly during last year’s protests. Ten of the other defendants, including Jimmy Lai Chee-ying and Martin Lee Chu-ming, will plead not guilty and will challenge the legality of their prosecution at the trial. The remaining four defendants are still deciding. Source.
Friday, July 31
In the first extraterritorial use of the National Security Law, Hong Kong police have issued arrest warrants for six pro-democracy activists living outside the city, including an American citizen. Chinese state-owned television CCTV says they are wanted for “incitement to secession and collusion with foreign forces.”
The six are:
Chief Executive Carrie Lam announces she will invoke the Emergency Regulations Ordinance to postpone the September Legislative Council elections for a year due to the pandemic, a decision she says is backed by Beijing. Source.
The four students arrested on July 29 for secession under the National Security Law are released on bail and ordered by police to remove online posts that could constitute an offence. The students are also banned from leaving the city in the next six months and are required to report back to the police once a month. No charges have been made. Source.
Chinese Human Rights Defenders and Human Rights in China join 16 other organizations in signing a joint letter to foreign ministers of over 40 governments to call for condemnation of the national security law in Hong Kong. Source. Source.
Sunday, August 2
Zhang Xiaoming, deputy director of the State Council’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office, discusses legal issues surrounding the postponement of the Legislative Council elections with various sectors in Hong Kong. Source.
Monday, August 3
China suspends Hong Kong’s extradition treaty with New Zealand in response to New Zealand’s ending of its extradition treaty with Hong Kong. Source.
Tuesday, August 4
After Hong Kong’s national security police unit issued arrest warrants on six pro-democracy activists residing outside of Hong Kong, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo pledges protection of Hong Kong pro-democracy activists and condemns China for its move. Source.
Tong Ying-kit, the first to be charged under the national security law, applies for a writ of habeas corpus at the Court of First Instance, in an unprecedented challenge that will be the first test of how the city’s judges will deal with common law rights vis-a-vis rights under Beijing’s non-common law system,. Source. Source.
Hong Kong authorities deny that postponing the Legislative Council elections and allowing Beijing to decide legislative matters arising from the postponement infringe on the public’s constitutional rights. Source.
Wednesday, August 5
After pleading guilty in July, pro-democracy activist Agnes Chow is convicted of inciting protesters to besiege police headquarters in Wan Chai while taking part in an unauthorized assembly on June 21, 2019. Joshua Wong and Ivan Lam Long-yin were also charged but pleaded not guilty. Source.
Thursday, August 6
Twenty-five pro-democracy activists, including Joshua Wong, Jimmy Lai, and members of the Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China, are formally charged with “knowingly taking part in an unauthorized assembly” on June 4 in Victoria Park to mark the anniversary of the crackdown on the 1989 Democracy Movement. Lee Cheuk-yan, chairman of the Alliance, is charged with organizing the assembly. They are expected to appear in court on September 15. Source.
Hong Kong’s Foreign Correspondents’ Club (FCC) issues a statement warning that tense relations between the United States and China have led to a “highly unusual” delay for foreign journalists seeking to renew or secure visas in Hong Kong, hurting press freedoms in the city. Source.
The U.S. imposes economic sanctions on Carrie Lam along with 10 other former and current top Chinese officials for their role in undermining Hong Kong’s autonomy. The others on the Treasury Department’s Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) list include Hong Kong's secretaries of justice and security, the city's police chief, and senior leaders in Beijing's Liaison Office in Hong Kong. Sanctions involve blocking assets and property interests of these individuals and prohibiting Americans and businesses from dealing with them. Source. Source.
The U.S. consulate in Hong Kong issues a statement calling allegations that its diplomats and staff were colluding with pro-democracy activists “ludicrous” and highlights the chilling effect of the “draconian” national security law. The statement condemns the national security law for being “ill-defined, vaguely worded and far-reaching,” as reflected in China’s allegations that merely meeting consulate representatives could fall under collusion. Source. Source.
Monday, August 10
In a major crackdown on the opposition newspaper Apple Daily, Hong Kong police arrest six individuals connected to the paper’s parent company, Next Media, under the National Security Law: Jimmy Lai, founder of Next Digital, two of Lai’s sons, and the company’s chief operating officer, chief executive officer, and chief financial officer. Also arrested the same day are activist Agnes Chow Ting; Wilson Li, a freelancer for Britain’s ITV and formerly of student activist group Scholarism; and Andy Li, a member of an election monitoring group. According to the police, they have been arrested on “suspicion of collusion with a foreign country and/or external elements to endanger national security, conspiracy to defraud and other offences.” Lai’s top aide, Mark Simon, who is not in Hong Kong, is wanted by the police. Beginning mid-morning, over 200 police officers, including Police Tactical Unit personnel, raid Next Digital’s headquarters in Tseung Kwan O in a search operation lasting nearly nine hours. Source. Source. Source.
Tuesday, August 11
The ten individuals arrested on Monday, including media tycoon Jimmy Lai and activist Agnes Chow Ting, are released on bail. Chow reveals her passport has been confiscated and bail is set at HK$20,000, along with a surety of HK$180,000. Their release follows editor-in-chief Ryan Law Wai-kwong’s announcement that Apple Daily will be filing a court injunction to bar police from accessing materials seized during the raid of its headquarters. The high-profile arrests have drawn international condemnation and fueled local protests in the evening, with dozens of protesters waving copies of Apple Daily during singalong mall protests in Mong Kok, Sha Tin, and Causeway Bay. Source.
Hong Kongers throw their support behind Apple Daily after its founder Jimmy Lai is arrested. Apple Daily prints an increased 500,000 copies, with a photo of police taking Lai away on the front cover with the headline: “Apple will fight on.” From 2 a.m. residents line up to buy copies of the paper, with many purchasing stacks for friends, family, and neighbors. Readers declare they would buy the paper even if it is made of blank pages. Hong Kongers also sweep up shares of Next Digital stock, boosting its share price following Lai’s arrest. Source.
The National People’s Congress Standing Committee extends the term of the current Legislative Council by at least one year until the election, allowing four pro-democracy lawmakers disqualified from re-election to stay on. Whether the four—Alvin Yeung Ngok-kiu, Kwok Ka-ki and Dennis Kwok of the Civic Party, and the accountancy sector’s Kenneth Leung—can continue in their roles without any conditions is left to the Hong Kong government. In a joint statement, 22 democratic lawmakers argue Beijing's extension of the Legislative Council term violates the Basic Law. Source. Source.
Wednesday, August 12
Released on bail, Jimmy Lai receives a warm welcome from his staff upon his return to Apple Daily’s headquarters. Lai encourages his staff to keep up the fight: “‘Fight on! Let’s fight on . . . We have the support of the Hong Kong people. We can’t let them down.’” Source.
Thursday, August 13
During his weekly Apple Daily livestream, Jimmy Lai expresses shock over the swiftness of his arrest when the international community is still closely monitoring China’s actions in Hong Kong. He believes it reflects the disorderliness of the regime in which the top and bottom ranks are not in sync. Source.
Five pro-democracy activists including Martin Lee petition for judicial review of warrant granting police broad powers to search their phones. Source.
According to a recent survey by the American Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong, about four in 10 members of the American business group are debating relocating from the city due to concerns over the National Security Law. About 39 percent of the 154 firms are planning to move capital, assets, or operations out of the city while 61 percent say they do not have exit plans. Source.
Friday, August 14
Tsang Chi-kin, a pro-democracy student shot in the chest by police on October 1, 2019, is outraged that the Legal Aid Department denied his application for legal aid in connection with his personal injury claim against the police. The Legal Aid Department claims the police’s use of force was “reasonable.” Source.
Saturday, August 15
The UK government bars its military from training of the Hong Kong police force and two other organizations as its relations with China sours. The government has been criticized for its training contracts with armies from countries with “appalling human rights records,” including China and Egypt and being “complicit in their abuses.” Source.
Education groups condemn the firing of Bottle Shiu Ka-chun from Hong Kong Baptist University and Benny Tai Yiu-ting from Hong Kong University as political suppression, with nearly 4,000 academics signing a petition to retract their dismissals. Source. Source.
Monday, August 17
The Hong Kong Education Bureau removes “sensitive” topics such as separation of powers, civil disobedience, freedom of the press, human rights, and police violence from high school liberal studies textbooks. Liberal Studies is a mandatory course aimed at strengthening students’ critical thinking skills and knowledge of current affairs. Source.
During a hearing of the Canadian House of Commons Special Committee on Canada-China Relations (CACN), experts urge Canada’s Liberal government to rise to action to help the 300,000 Canadian citizens in Hong Kong, along with the thousands of Hong Kong pro-democracy activists. Sharon Hom, executive director of Human Rights in China, reminds western countries that the fight is not over in Hong Kong and the core strategy should be to help Hong Kongers achieve what they want. Source. Source. Source.
Wednesday, August 19
The U.S. follows the UK, Germany, France, Australia, and Canada in suspending its extradition treaty with Hong Kong, along with two bilateral treaties, due to concerns arising from the imposition of Beijing’s national security law on Hong Kong. Source.
Thursday, August 20
The postponement of the Legislative Council election and Beijing’s decision to allow incumbent lawmakers to serve out their extended terms has led to a division between pan-democrats, who mostly want to stay on for their extended terms, and localists, who are calling for a collective boycott of the extension for violating democratic principles. The democrats will poll Hong Kongers to let them decide the fate of the seven democratic lawmakers. Source.
Friday, August 21
The Hong Kongers polled to decide whether the seven democratic lawmakers should serve out their extended terms in the Legislative Council are divided with no majority view. There will be another poll in late September. Source. Source.
Australia introduces new visa arrangement that could provide 10,000 Hong Kong passport holders with an easier path to permanent residency. Source.
Tuesday, August 25
The High Court refuses bail to Tong Ying-kit, the first person charged under the national security law. Tong’s next court date is on October 6 at the West Kowloon Court. He has been detained at Lai Chi Kok Reception Center since July 6 for allegedly riding his motorcycle into a group of police officers at a July 1 protest, while carrying a flag with “Liberate Hong Kong; revolution of our times” printed on it. Source.
Hong Kong’s Immigration Department has rejected, without providing reasons, the work visa application by Hong Kong Free Press’s incoming editor, Aaron Mc Nicholas., The rejection is a first for the journalist and the news outlet. Other news outlets are hit with unprecedented visa delays, raising concerns that visa issues are here to stay. Source.
Wednesday, August 26
Sixteen people are arrested in connection with last year’s pro-democracy protests, including two Democratic Party lawmakers, Ted Hui and Lam Cheuk-ting. Thirteen of the arrests are in connection with the July 21, 2019 Yuen Long MTR incident in which over 100 rod-wielding men indiscriminately attacked passengers, journalists, and protesters. Lam Cheuk-ting is arrested on suspicion of rioting during the Yuen Long attack, as well as conspiring with others to destroy or damage property and perverting the course of justice July 6, 2019 in a protest in Tuen Mun Park. Ted Hui is arrested in connection with the same Tuen Mun Park protest. Democratic Party chair Wu Chi-wai condemn the arrest: “The prosecution is ‘calling a deer a horse’ and twisting right and wrong,” adding that Hui and Lam were in Tuen Mun Park to mediate disputes as councilors, as widely reported by local media. Source.
Thursday, August 27
The China Coast Guard confirms that activist Andy Li, one of those arrested on August 10 under the National Security Law for collusion with foreign forces and money laundry, is detained in mainland China for “unlawfully crossing the border.” Li was among a group of about 10 Hong Kongers on board a boat headed for Taiwan that was intercepted by the Guard’s Guangdong force in Chinese waters on on Sunday, August 23. Source.
Hong Kong democrats launch a "Black Clothes Against Police Lies" campaign, urging people to wear black to protest the arrests of democratic lawmakers Ted Hui and Lam Cheuk-ting on Wednesday and Hong Kong police’s distortion of facts related to the July 2019 Yuen Long attack. Source.
Friday, August 28
Results from the Hong Kong Institute of Public Opinion issued poll show the majority of Hong Kongers surveyed believe democratic lawmakers should collectively resign from the Legislative Council rather than serve their extended terms. Source.
Sunday, August 30
Dozens gather at the Moko and Langham Place malls to mark the anniversary of last year’s violent police crackdown on protesters at the Prince Edward MTR station. Over 100 officers enter the malls to disperse the protesters. Police stop and search those in the malls and fine 29 people for violating social distancing measures. Source.
Monday, August 31
Police arrest at least twelve people in Mong Kok following a protest marking the anniversary of last year’s police crackdown on protesters at the Prince Edward MTR station. Nine are arrested for unlawful assembly and three for disorder in public places, assaulting a police officer, and possession of an imitation firearm. Source.
Tuesday, September 1
Chief Executive Carrie Lam says there is no separation of powers between the executive branch, legislature, and judiciary in Hong Kong. Her remarks follow the support voiced on Monday by the Secretary for Education for deletion of the phrase “separation of powers” from Liberal Studies textbooks. Dennis Kwok, Civic Party legislator who represents the legal sector, blasts the chief executive’s comments, saying: “It’s ludicrous and it’s an offence to the common sense of the Hong Kong people.” Source. Kwok points out that the separation of powers is an important constitutional principle in the common law system, which Hong Kong maintains. Source.
Hong Kong police reveal they are searching for eight suspects linked to protest activities in 2019, including the storming of the Legislative Council on July 1 and an unlawful assembly on August 31 who have jumped bail. Source.
Wednesday, September 2
In a statement, the Hong Kong Bar Association says that the Basic Law unambiguously prescribes and delineates the separation of powers principle, refuting the Chief Executive’s claim the day before. Source.
A 25-year-old man, reportedly a victim of the July 21, 2019 mob attack in Yuen Long, is arrested and accused of rioting. Source.
Police rearrest 25 people in connection with the siege of Polytechnic University on November 18, 2019 for unlawful assembly. One individual faces an additional count of possessing an offensive weapon, a laser pointer. They are due to appear in court next Wednesday, September 9. Police also warn defendants from fleeing the city. Source.
Lawmaker Raymond Chan is the first in the democratic camp to announce his decision not serve an extended term in the Legislative Council. Source.
The Court of Appeal rejects an appeal application by ousted localist lawmaker Baggio Leung against his “unlawful assembly” conviction and four-week jail sentence. His prosecution stemmed from an attempt by him and several others to barge into the Legislative Council chamber on November 2, 2016.. Source.
Thursday, September 3
Seven UN independent experts make public their September 1 communication to China urging the review and reconsideration of the National Security Law to comply with international law. The communication details their numerous concerns over provisions in the Law that constitute violations of China’s international human rights obligations. Source. Source.
A 14-year-old boy suffered a gunshot wound from a live round fired by Hong Kong police during an anti-government protest in Yuen Long on October 4, 2019 is charged with “rioting.” The boy also faces a count of causing grievous bodily harm with intent. Source.
Friday, September 4
In a set of new guidelines, “The National Security Law – A Guide for Teachers of Global Politics and Global Citizenship,” the English Schools Foundation (ESF), Hong Kong’s largest international school group, instructs teachers not to express their views on local politics in the classroom or advocate that could undermine the Hong Kong or central governments’ authority. Source.
Sunday, September 6
Hong Kong opposition activist Tam Tak-chi, a leading figure of the group People Power, is arrested by the Hong Kong police’s national security unit on suspicion of uttering seditious words. Senior Superintendent Steve Li tells the press, without identifying the arrestee, that officers arrested a 47-year-old man in Tai Po in relation to sedition in public or on social media: “[f]rom the end of June to last month, he set up street booths 29 times in different places, mostly in Kowloon.” Source.
Hundreds take to the street in three neighborhoods in Kowloon—Jordan, Mong Kok, and Yau Ma Tei—to protest the National Security Law and the Hong Kong government’s decision to postpone legislative elections for a year. Protesters were pepper-sprayed by uniformed and plainclothes police and were physically attacked by the latter. Hong Kong police arrest at least 289 people, charging one person on suspicion of violating the national security law. Source.
In the Mong Kok protest, a 12-year-old girl, running away from police, is tackled and pinned to the ground by officers. The video of the police attack goes viral, drawing public outrage. Source.
Monday, September 7
In separate statements, the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong S.A.R. (LOCPG) and Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office (HKMAO) of the State Council—
two Beijing agencies overseeing Hong Kong affairs—declare the city has no separation of powers, quoting the “guiding ideology” laid down by the late paramount Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1987 during a meeting with the committee drafting the Basic Law, Hong Kong’s constitution. Source. Source. Source.
A lawyer who has been hired to represent one of the twelve Hong Kong residents detained by the China Coast Guard on August 23 while attempting to flee to Taiwan by boat says all of them are being denied access to lawyers. Source.
Police issue a statement on Facebook that they had used “minimum necessary force” in subduing the 12-year-old girl who was fleeing during a stop-and-search action in Mong Kok on Sunday. Source.
Tuesday, September 8
Tam Tak-chi, the opposition leader arrested on Sunday, September 6, becomes the first person to be charged with sedition since the city was returned to Chinese rule. He faces five counts of “uttering seditious words” under a rarely used colonial-era law. Officers say Tam is held for using words “inciting hatred, contempt against the government and causing discontent and dissatisfaction among the Hong Kong people.” Source.
Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam says the 12 Hong Kong residents arrested at sea “will have to be dealt with” by mainland China. Source.
Wednesday, September 9
Facing a public outcry over her earlier statement that there is no separation of powers in Hong Kong’s government, Chief Executive Carrie Lam repeats her stance that the city's government is "executive-led" and accountable to the ruling Chinese Communist Party in Beijing. Source.
Wong Chi-yan, 17, arrested in November 2019 for possessing a laser pointer and spray pain for unlawful purpose, is acquitted after a magistrate finds the arresting officer failed to present the entire truth about the arrest. Source.
After being denied access to his client, a mainland Chinese human rights lawyer representing one of the 12 Hong Kongers detained in Shenzhen for attempting to flee to Taiwan by boat fears that Chinese authorities may have appointed two “state” lawyers for his client. Source. Source.
Hong Kong police disclose on Facebook that they arrested more than 10,000 people between June 9, 2019 and September 6, 2020, in connection with anti-extradition protests, but charged only 2,210, or 22 percent of the total arrested. Source.