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Item 751 — 825 (3241)
Like layers of haze and smog, Mao Zedong's ghost continues to linger over China today. Agnes Smedley (1892-1950), [1] Mao’s Western confidante, using her feminine intuition, noticed that there was a door of Mao's that was never open to anyone. As a matter of fact, Mao had more than one door. Let us...
This is an era in which our lives are constantly bombarded with information. In this era, people all seem content with the bustle and constraints in their lives; and yet, they also appear to be faintly troubled and worried about the future. People seem to be living, but they also seem not to be...
Born Under the Red Flag Hu Ping discussing his essay, “On the Freedom of Speech.” Peking University, November 17, 1980. Photo courtesy of Hu Ping. NextGen: Envisioning Future A third-grade class in Guangzhou, 1999 This Little Era Students in class. Beijing, February, 2011. Photo credit: ToGa...
In China— At the bottom of the abyss Is still a road! In China— People fallen into the abyss Can still be marchers! In China— When the abyss floats this way and that The presence of the world is uncertain! In China— Some are bound to seize the opportunity to take off Some are bound to be surprised...
In 1978, 35 years ago, as China began to thaw from the dark ice age of Mao’s totalitarian rule, groups of young people from the bottom rungs and cracks of a closed society came out one after another to gather together. On the “Democracy Walls” in Beijing, Shanghai, and other cities, were not only...
My first trip to China was in May 1972, just three months after Nixon’s visit! I accompanied my husband, Jerome Cohen, who was the China adviser to a small delegation of the Federation of American Scientists invited on the first scientific exchange after 23 hostile years between the two countries...
One day in 2008, my 13-year-old daughter Lingling saw me organizing my grandfather Yan Cangshan's belongings. "Who is this?" she asked. "Was he very famous?" "He's your great-grandfather, my paternal grandfather," I responded. "He was a famous doctor of traditional medicine in Shanghai, and his...
Human Rights in China has received information that Guangdong lawyer Liu Shihui ( 刘士辉) was detained on Sunday afternoon, January 5, by authorities at the Dadongjie police substation in the Yuexiu District of Guangzhou. According to information available online, he has since been transferred out of...
On December 13, Liu helped Chen Jianfang file an Administrative Complaint and a Request for Administrative Compensation against the Baiyun airport police and the Baiyun border inspection officials for preventing Chen from going to Geneva on September 14, 2013 to attend a human rights training and...
In this statement , the group condemns the detention of Liu Shihui on January 5 when he was inquiring at the Dadong Jie police substation in the Yuexiu District of Guangzhou about three individuals taken into custody the day before. The group calls Liu’s detention unlawful and demands his immediate...
From Andrew Jacobs and Chris Buckley with The New York Times , “ China Sentences Xu Zhiyong, Legal Activist, to 4 Years in Prison Other participants in the New Citizens Movement and similar protests also face prosecution, including two who stood trial in the two days after Mr. Xu’s trial. Four...
From Phayul.com, “ Trial of Chinese activist Xu ends without verdict, foreign journalists attacked ”: Xu’s two lawyers, Zhang Qingfang and Yang Jinzhu, told Human Rights in China (HRIC) that they and Xu remained silent during most of the court hearing to protest the “unjust nature” of the trial. In...
From David Wertime with Foreign Policy, “ Turn On, Tune In, Drop Out ” : Sharon Hom , executive director of overseas Chinese NGO Human Rights in China , told Foreign Policy that her organization has heard reports of Wang spending 60 days in solitary confinement. The post may have been an oblique...
In this opinion piece, HRIC senior policy advisor Gao Wenqian explains why the continued veneration of Mao is the biggest obstacle to China’s social transformation. Gao is the author of the book Zhou Enlai: The Last Perfect Revolutionary , which is banned in China. Read the essay in the New York...
In the indictment, the authorities use publicly calling for “equal education” and “disclosure of officials’ assets” as their main justification for charging Ding Jiaxi and Li Wei with “gathering a crowd to disrupt order in a public place.” Translated by the people. Beijing Municipal Haidian...
In the indictment, the authorities use publicly calling for “equal education” and “disclosure of officials’ assets” as their main justification for charging Xu Zhiyong with “gathering a crowd to disrupt order in a public place.” Translated by the people. Beijing Municipal People’s Procuratorate, No...
The defense statement argues that, not only were there procedural violations in the trial—witnesses were not being informed and the trial proceeded without jurors— but the prosecutor’s allegations were inconsistent with the facts, and there was a serious lack of evidence to support the charge of “...
“Shun” (舜) is a legendary leader of ancient China—one of the “Five Emperors”—who lived in 23rd-22nd century B.C.; it is also my name. Actually, my parents originally named me “Xin,” after the protagonist in the Japanese television show, Oshin . They hoped that like the protagonist, I would...
Three witnesses scheduled to testify at the trial of rights defender Zhang Lin ( 张林 ) were held by police at different guesthouses and were prevented from going to the trial, according to Zhang’s mother, Mrs. Duan RuiHua (段瑞华) . The three witnesses were Li Wenge ( 李文革 ) , Qian Jin ( 钱进 ) , and Wang...
Charming. Above all, charming. I never thought I would write those words about a member of the Communist Party of China who, in the CPC’s traumatic early years when he was not yet twenty, associated with Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Madame Sun Yatsen, Zhu De, and other historic leaders. Set during 1926-...
I was born in the Yijishan Hospital (originally an American missionary hospital) in Wuhu City, Anhui Province, on September 4, 1960. My father was a high school graduate who worked as a high-level mechanic at the Wuhu Shipyard. He also once worked as a pistol-packing security officer, charged with...
Sun Juchang, a Qingdao resident, worked for two years in Algeria as a laborer. The company that hired him had lured workers with promises of high wages but, once on the ground, paid them poorly, made them work 12 hours a day without days off, and did not provide medical care for sick workers. After...
  • Zhang Lin and Zhang Anni
In a letter that outlines the human rights abuses Anhui dissident Zhang Lin has suffered, Zhang’s two daughters urge the Chinese authorities to release their father and call on world leaders to pay attention to his and other political prisoners’ cases. Zhang will be tried on December 18 for “...
“Farewell to a classmate leaving the countryside to work in the city.” Drawing by Hu Ping, 1972. Courtesy of Hu Ping. No event has had a bigger influence on me than the Cultural Revolution. First, it is because the Cultural Revolution was a major event in its own right. Second, it is because of my...
The ups and downs in life are different for everyone. God gives each person different trials. Satan also tests people in many different ways. But fortunately, when God created human beings, the spirit he breathed into them constitutes common characteristics that make a person human: conscience, a...
In a statement that cites Chinese laws and United Nations standards, a group of 132 lawyers and legal professionals call on central government authorities to stop abuses of lawyers committed by local authorities. In a joint statement, the Chinese Human Rights Lawyers group outlines the following...
Promulgating Authority: 
Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Public Security
National People’s Congress
Supreme People's Procuratorate
In 1983, I spent five weeks traveling around China with my family on our first visit to the country. In those days, less than a decade after the death of Mao Zedong and the end of the Cultural Revolution, people were still wary of speaking to foreigners. Although my young daughter and I attracted...
This book demolishes one of the last surviving myths about communist rule in China: that there was a “Golden Era” from the time of “liberation” in 1949 until the launch of the Great Leap Forward in 1958. For too many people outside China, the idea has prevailed for too long that this was a period...
I’ve read about a dozen China prison memoirs over the years, and nothing has affected me the way Liao Yiwu’s prison diary has, with its detailed and graphic descriptions of prison life. I attribute the impact of this book to Liao’s skills as a poet, his writer’s nose for detail, and his willingness...
  • Liu Ping
The trial of three asset transparency advocates— Liu Ping ( 刘萍) , Wei Zhongping ( 魏忠平) , and Li Sihua ( 李思华) —concluded today at Yushui District People’s Court in Xinyu, Jiangxi Province. The court did not issue a ruling. All three were tried for “illegal assembly”; Liu and Wei were charged with...
Liu Jiacai, a Hubei activist, was criminally detained on August 12, 2013 by the Yichang Municipal Public Security Bureau on suspicion of “inciting subversion of state power.” The charge was subsequently changed twice, ending with “picking quarrels and provoking troubles.” In addition, the district...
Rights defender Zhou Li ( 周莉) told Human Rights in China that she was taken into custody early morning December 3 from outside the Yushui District People’s Court in Xinyu, Jiangxi Province. Zhou, based in Beijing, had gone to the court to show her support for Liu Ping ( 刘萍 ) , Wei Zhongping ( 魏忠平...
On day two of the trial of three asset transparency advocates in Jiangxi, eyewitness accounts and Weibo posts describe a large-scale verbal and physical assault on the defendants’ lawyers and relatives outside the Yushui District People’s Court in Xinyu, Jiangxi Province. Liu Ping ( 刘萍 ) , Wei...
Fang Zheng , male, born October 14, 1966 in Hefei City, Anhui. In 1985 Fang was accepted to the Beijing Academy of Physical Science as a student of sports physiology. He graduated in 1989. Testimony of Fang Zheng, wounded : I was a senior about to graduate in 1989 when the student-led movement for...
Xie Jingsuo , male, born on February 19, 1968, was killed at age 21, on Chang'an Boulevard, near Liubukou, in Beijing, on the morning of June 4, 1989. At the time, he was a student at the Light Industry Engineering College in Beijing. His ashes rest in Futian Public Cemetery in Beijing. Testimony...
Yang Minghu , male, born February 1, 1947, killed at age 42; before his death, he was a staff member of the legal department of the patent section of the China Trade Promotion Commission; before dawn, at about 2:00am on June 4, 1989, he received a gunshot wound at Nanchizi that split his bladder...
Xiao Bo , male, born in June 1962, was a native of Longshan County, Hunan Province. He was accepted to Beijing University in 1978 and received a master's degree in 1985. He stayed on there to teach in the chemistry department. He was killed in the late hours of June 3, at Muxudi. A bullet hit him...
Zhao Long , male, born in Shanghai on February 2, 1968, killed at 21. He was waiting for a job assignment before his death, and was working at Longfu Market temporarily. Around 2:00 a.m. on June 4, 1989, he was killed at West Chang'an Boulevard between the Minorities Palace and Liubukou. He was hit...
Qi Zhiyong , male, born on May 15, 1956, was 33 when he was wounded. He was originally a Grade Six painter in the Beijing No. Six Municipal Construction company, but now works as a self-employed street peddler. On June 4, 1989, at 1:20 a.m., he was wounded in West Rongxian Alley, in Xidan District...
Sun Hui , male, born in Shizuishan City, Ningxia, in 1970. He was 19 when he was killed. Before his death, he was a student in Class 4, Year 1988 of Department of Chemistry, Beijing University. He was killed around 8:00 a.m., June 4, 1989. His ashes are currently kept at home in Shizuishan City...
Family members of Sun Hui Today’s eyewitnesses are the family members of former Beijing University student Sun Hui. Sun was born in Ningxia in 1970, the youngest of three siblings. He has an older brother and an older sister. His parents, who are employed in the mining industry, worked very hard in...
The June Fourth Massacre: A Crime Against Humanity Human Rights in China analyzes the significance of the unprecedented action to document specific crimes committed in the June Fourth Massacre, concluding that the testimonies and the victims' list present convincing evidence of crimes against...
"People see life as joy and light; death as fear and darkness. But on the scales of human worth, life and death balance each other. Without understanding the heaviness of death, one's life is insubstantial." Jiang Peikun (Scholar and husband of Ding Zilin) Recounting her journey from bereaved...
Zhang XX , male, born on April 3, 1961. An instructor at an unnamed Beijing college. Testimony of Zhang XX, wounded : At 6:00 p.m. on June 3, 1989, I set out for Tiananmen Square with two friends to see the Goddess of Democracy. When we arrived at 8:00 p.m., there were many people in the Square...
Yang Yansheng , male, was born on February 27, 1959, and killed at the age of 30. He worked in the computer lab of the editorial department of China Sports News. Yang was shot at 7:00 a.m. on June 4, 1989, on Zhengyi Road while tending someone who had been wounded. The bullet, which hit his liver,...
Wu Xiangdong , male, born August 13, 1968, 21 when he was killed; worked at the No. 4 Workshop of the Beijing East Wind Television Factory and was a third-year student of business management at the Beijing Instrument and Meter Workers' University. Wu Xiangdong was shot at about 11:00 p.m. on June 3...
Yang Hanlei , male, born March 24, 1970, killed at age 19; before his death, Yang was a cook at the Beijing Liufang Guest House; before dawn on June 4, he was killed in the vicinity of the Beijing Hotel, at west Nanchizi. He was shot on the left side of his body in the lower stomach and spleen area...
Ye Weihang , male, born in Beijing on February 10, 1970, killed when only 19 years and four months old; he was a junior in Beijing Senior High School No.57; he was killed on June 4, around 2:00 a.m., at Xinhua Park, in front of the dormitory some hundred yards east of the Muxudi bus stop; he was...
Jiang Jielian , male, born in Beijing on June 2, 1972, had just passed his 17th birthday when he died. He was a junior at the High School attached to People's University. Around 11:10 p.m., on June 3, 1989, he was killed behind the flower bed in front of Building 29, on the north side of Fuwai...
Yuan Li , male, born July 7, 1960, graduated with a Master's Degree from Northern University of Transportation. He worked in a research department for automation at the Ministry of Electrical Engineering. Before his death he had been accepted as a graduate student at Stevens Institute of Technology...
Wu Guofeng , male, born on July 3, 1968. Wu was not yet 21 when killed. Before his death, he was a student in the class of 1986 at the Department of Industrial Management, China People's University in Beijing. He was killed in the early morning of June 4, 1989; the location of his death is unknown...
Wang Nan , male, born on April 3, 1970, 19 years' old at his death. Before his death, he was a junior student in Class 2 at Yuetan High School in Beijing. At 3:30 a.m. on June 4, he was killed at the south end of Nanchang Street, south of Tiananmen Square. A bullet went in from his left forehead...
Liu Jinhua , female, was born February 26, 1955, and died aged 34. She worked in the general administration office of the PLA. On the evening of June 3, 1989, she died behind the Yanjing Hotel from a bullet wound to the head. Her cremated ashes were first kept at the Laoshan Memorial Hall, then...
Kuang Min , male, born on November 3, 1962, killed at age 27; he was a full-time technician of the production technology department of the Beijing Fork Lift Main Factory; on the night of June 3, 1989, he was killed in Muxudi, Beijing; the bullet entered from the back, piercing the liver; his family...
Ya Aiguo , male, was born on January 10, 1967, and died aged 22. He was unemployed. A bullet went through his skull at 10:00pm on June 3, 1989. His ashes were buried in his home town, Tianjin. Testimony of Zhang Zhenxia, mother of Ya Aiguo : On June 3, 1989, my son brought home some pork and asked...
Ma Chengfen , female, a retired soldier, was born in 1934 and killed at the age of 55 by martial law troops at 11:00 p.m. on June 3, 1989, as she was sitting outside the No.4 Dormitory for Retired Officers of the PLA Political Bureau. The bullet struck her in the right side of her abdomen, making a...
Peng Jun , male, born in November 1959 and killed at the age of 30. Before his death he was a driver and worker in the Beijing office of the Materials Bureau of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps Command Post. He was killed suddenly on June 5 near the East Gate of Chaoyang district. His...
Duan Changlong , male, born on October 19, 1965, in Beijing. When he became a victim of the massacre of June 4, 1989, he was not yet 24 years old. His ashes have been placed in Wanan Public Cemetery in the western suburbs of Beijing. Prior to his death he was a senior student at the department of...
Chen Laishun , male, born March 2, 1966, killed at age 23; before his death, he was an undergraduate student in the journalism department at the China People's University, class of 1989; before dawn on June 4, 1989, at about 2:00 a.m., he was struck by a bullet and killed on the rooftop of a low...
Shi Yan , male, was born in Dalian, Liaoning Province in August 1962 and killed at the age of 28. He was a musician with the musical troupe of the Beijing Air Force Political Department. On June 4, 1989, he was killed on one of the overpasses. He was shot in the temple and twisted his right hand...
Wang Zhiying , male, born on July 27, 1954, killed at age 35; he worked at the transmission manufacturing plant at the heavy automobile casting factory of the Beijing Number Three Universal Machine Works; he was killed at midnight on June 3, on an intersection of Zhushikou, by a bullet that...
Dai Wei , male, born on January 5, 1969 and killed at the age of 20. Before his death he worked as a cook at the Hepingmen Roast Duck Restaurant. At 11:00 p.m. on the evening of June 3, he was killed en route to work. His ashes have been lain to rest at Changping Cemetery. Testimony of Liu Xiuchen...
Yang Ruting , male, born August 23, 1948, killed at age 41; before his death, he was the deputy department head of the administrative branch of the electrical equipment factory at the Beijing First Machine Tool Plant; he was killed on June 3, struck by bullets in his right arm and lungs; now his...
The trial of Liu Ping ( 刘萍) , Wei Zhongping ( 魏忠平) , and Li Sihua ( 李思华) resumed today at the Yushui District People’s Court in Xinyu, Jiangxi Province. It is scheduled to continue tomorrow. HRIC has compiled and translated the following Weibo postings by the defendants’ supporters and lawyers, and...
In a public statement, 132 lawyers, including many of the most active in rights defense in China, protest what they called the “barbaric manhandling” of lawyer Zhang Jun (张军) on November 27 by personnel at a local court in Wuhan, Hubei Province. Zhang went to the court to file a case and refused to...
Lawyer Wang Yu ( 王宇 ) met with detained rights defender Cao Shunli ( 曹顺利 ) for more than an hour on Wednesday, October 30. Wang, who has been retained by Cao’s family to represent Cao, was the first person outside law enforcement who has had any contact with Cao since her disappearance on September...
According to informed sources, rights activist Guo Feixiong ( 郭飞雄 ) met with lawyer Chen Guangwu ( 陈光武 ) on November 14, the first such meeting permitted Guo since his detention on August 8. Guo was officially arrested on September 12 and is accused of “gathering a crowd to disrupt order in a...
On November 13, 2013, the Shenzhen Municipal Intermediate People's Court upheld the “embezzlement” conviction of police officer Wang Dengchao ( 王登朝 ) and overturned the “obstructing official business” conviction, which had carried a one-year prison term. On the embezzlement conviction, the court...
In an election held in New York today, the United Nations General Assembly elected China to the 47-member Human Rights Council, the UN's top human rights body, for a three-year term (2014-2016). “China must uphold the highest human rights standards not only required by international human rights...
In advance of the November 12 Human Rights Council elections, HRIC urges China to honor the pledge it has made for its candidacy: “to protect the rights of the people to be informed of, participate in, express views about and oversee government affairs.”
On November 13, 2013, the Shenzhen Intermediate People's Court upheld the “embezzlement” conviction of Wang Dengchao and sentenced him to 11 years’ imprisonment. Today, a farewell letter written by Wang Dengchao in prison was published on Sina Weibo.
The daughter of Liu Ping, one of the three asset transparency advocates on trial in Jiangxi, said that, during the morning session of the first day of the trial on October 28 at the Yushui District Court in Xinyu, the six defense lawyers demonstrated a strong ability to defend their clients in...
In their statement , the six lawyers explained that the termination of their representation of their clients was based on the defendants’ belief that the court’s behavior so far indicates that it would not be possible for the lawyers to conduct a proper defense.
Sources told Human Rights in China that on October 28, Shanghai police took away nearly 100 protestors who were seeking information on the cause of activist Shen Yong’s ( 沈勇 ) death.
From Chris Buckley with The New York Times, “ Clashing Views of China’s Human Rights Record at U.N. Hearing ”:

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